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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gltclman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrlgcl 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detlg 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 

Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Be  tiles  da,  Maryland 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Gregory  Jankunls 

Assistant  Editors 

Keith  A.  Nier 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowski 

Student  Assistant 
Bethany  Jankunls 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bell 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  • 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  diaries  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 




The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected' 
items  contained  on  these  reels 

may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 


1888.  Patents  (D-88-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent 
attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other  letters  relating  to  domestic  and  foreign 
patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters.  Included  are 
letters  pertaining  to  patents  for  the  electric  lamp,  the  kinetograph,  the 
phonograph,  the  talking  doll,  the  sextuplex  telegraph,  and  ore  milling.  There 
is  also  correspondence  about  the  International  Union  for  the  Protection  of 
Industrial  Property  and  about  efforts  to  reform  the  U.S.  patent  system.  Among 
the  correspondents  are  Edison’s  agent,  George  E.  Gouraud,  and  his  patent 
attorneys,  Richard  N.  Dyer,  Heniy  W.  Seely,  and  Lemuel  W.  Serrell. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
routine  correspondence  from  patent  attorneys  regarding  interference  cases, 
application  fees,  and  routine  patent  matters;  unsolicited  correspondence  from 
individuals  wanting  to  act  as  Edison’s  patent  attorney  or  solicitor. 





Thomas  A, 


Dear  Mr. 

In  your  case  oh  applying  converters  to  electric  raiV 
wavs,  we  have  found  an  English  patent  to  Stamens  and  Halske,  No.  10, 
926,  A.  D.  1886,  which  describes  the  application  'of  alternating  cur¬ 
rent  apparatus  to  electric  railways.  This  is  not  early  enough  to 
aftect  your  U.  S.  case,  hut  it  makes  it  necessary  to  change  your  for¬ 
eign  cases  somewhat  and  to  limit  them  to  the  use  of  straight  current 
transformers.  Your  case  in'the  United  States  has  been  held  up  for 
interference;  we  presume  it  is  with  Seamans  and  Halske,  although  we 
may  be  mistaken  in  this.  If  with  them  and  they  rely  upon  their  Eng¬ 
lish  patent,  which  seems  to  be  their  earliest  patent,  there  will  be 
no  doubt  of  your  success.  We  thought  this  matter  would  he  of  interest 
to  you. 

Your  application  for  patent  on  electrical  indicators  wherein  you 
employ  a  standard  battery  at  the  central  station,  has  been  allowed 
without  objection  and  with  first-class  claims.  We  are  taking  this 
patent  at  the  expense  of  the  Lamp  Company  and  will  have  it  issued  ira- 

Law  Offices  of 

No.  40  WALL  STREET, 

New  /York, _ 

Edison,  Esq. , 
lge,  N.  J. 
Edison:  -- 


mediately  unless  you  desire  for  sor 
take  foreign  patents.  Kindly  let 

reason  to  withhold  ity'or  want  to 

s  hear  about  thii 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street. 

I,  A,  K  ^  Ne^  York,-....: - ....188 


In  your  case  No.  599  on  direct  generation,  the  patent  office  has 
withdrawn  its  requirement  to  furnish  a  working  apparatus  in  view  of 
arguments  we  have  filed;  but  they  still  assert  that  the  apparatus  is 
inoperative.  They  say,  however,  that  this  objection  will  be  overcome 
if  you  will  file  an  affidavit  “setting  forth  that  an  apparatus  con¬ 
structed  in  accordance  with  the  specification  has  been  tested  by  him, 
(you) ,  and  found  to  be  operative.  “  This  would  seem  to  be  an  easy 
way  out  of  the  difficulty,  and  will  enable  us  to  get  some  good  claims 
for  you  on  the  generation  of  electricity  by  dry  decomposition  of  a 
chemical  compound  under  conditions  of  heat  and  rarefaction.  If  you 
have  never-,  tried  this  experiment  we  suggest  that  you  do  so,  so  that 
you  can  make  the  affidavit,  or  conclude  to. abandon  your  case. 

Yours  very  truly, 

February  2,  1888, 

Mr.  Batchelor. - 

Referring  to  the  attached  extract 
from  a  letter  addressed  to  Mr.  Edison  by  Dyer  &  Seely,  under  date 
of  1st  instant,  Mr.  Edison  desires  to  see  you  about  it. 


"...  In  your  case  No,.  -599  on  direct  generation,  the  patent 
office  has  withdrawn  its  requirement  to  furnish  a  .working  appar¬ 
atus  in  view  of  arguments  we  have  filed,  but  they  still  assert 
that  the  apparatus  is  inoperative,  •  They  say,  however,  that  this 
objection  will  be  overcome  if  you  will  file  an  affidavit "setting 
forth  that  an  apparatus  constructed  in  accordance  with  the  speci¬ 
fication  has  been  tested  by  him  (you)  and  found  to  be  operative." 
This  would  seem  to  be  an  easy  way  out  of  the  difficulty  and  will 
enable  us  to  get  some  good  claims  for  you  on  the  generation  of 
electricity  by  dry  decomposition  of  a  chemical  compound  under  con¬ 
ditions  of  heat  and  rarefaction.  If  you  have  never  tried  this 
experiment  we  suggest  that  you  do  so,  so  that  you  can  make  the 
affidavit,  or  conclude  to  abandon  your  case." 

(Signed  )  Dyer  &  Seely, 

,,,  J>  ■/ 

Mr  A.  n.  Tate,  Care  of 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange ,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: -- 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  wall  Street, 

We  have  your  letter  of  the  I3th  inst  enclosing  a  letter 
from  Col.  Gnuraud  of  the  26th  ult. ,  which  letter  we  return.  There  is 
no  such  thing  as  filing  a  provisional  specification  in  this  country 
as  there  is  in  England-,  applications  for  patents  are  made  here  by  the 
filing  of  the  completed  specifications  and  drawings  at  once.  Unlike 
England,  however,  the  patent  does  not  hear  date  until  after  the  ap¬ 
plication  has  been  .  passed  upon  by  the  Patent  Office  and  the  patent 
is  actually  issued.  The  inventions  covered  in  the  papers  we  sent  to 
Col.  Oooraud  are  included  in  Mr.  Edison's  applications  in  this  country 
Nos.  741  &  742,  which  were  filed  Nov.  26,  1887.  Mr.  Edison  is  well 
acquainted  with  the  practice  and  should  you  require  further  informa¬ 
tion  he  can,  undoubtedly,  give  it  to  you,  or  we  Should  be  pleased  to 
do  so'if  you  will  let  us  know  on  what  points  you  desire  inor<detailed 

We  have  ourselves  received  a  letter  from  Col.  Oouraud  dated  the 
31st.  ult.  in  which  he  speaks  of  certain  alterations  made  in  foreign 
cases  and  says  that  he  has  written  Mr.  Edison  about  them.  If  not  too 

Law  Offices 



No.  40  Wall  Street. 

New  York, . . . . . 188 

A.  0.  Tate.  2 

much  trouble  will  you  kindly  send  us  the  paper  showing  the  alterations 
so  that  we  can  take  a  copy  Of  it  and  put  it  in  our  file  to  keep  our 
record  complete. 

Col.  Gouraud  also  seems,  from  his  letter- to  us, to  be  anxious  to 
take  further  patents  abroad;  he  mentions  especially  the  multiplica¬ 
tion  of  phonograms.  We  assume  that  the  discoveries  of  Edison  .in 
wax  compositions  and  in  the  method  of  making  phonograms  to  prevent 
cracking  and  in  details  of  the  phonograph  would  also  be  of  the  highest 
value.  We  suppose  Mr.  Edison  has  this  foreign  matter  well  in  mind 
and  will  instruct  us  when  he  wants  anything  in  this  direction  done. 
However,  since  we  understand  the  machine  is  to  be  put  upon  the  market 
very  shortly  and  it  takes  some  time  to  prepare  foreign  cases,  we  would 
suggest  that  you  call  Mr.  Edison’s  attention  to  the  matter. 

Yours  truly, 


Law  Offices  of 


A  J- L  ,  i;  *-*-*-> 

UTC  ^s±sLc  .lsC< v&L  *'« - ^  New  Y0RWeh.p4ja.ry... 24, . --188  8.  . 

De“  ‘,rSls“: 

Your  application  No.  2OT,  filed  Feb.  28,  1831,  now  r 
h“  “,ls  °lal"  ~ 

*As  s <^lfT  r  an  eieetrie 
“lamp, a  flexible  high  resistance  filament  of  graphite  or  plumbago,/ 

substantially  as  set  forth." 

This  claim  is  : 

_ _ 

’ejected, principally  on  ceAhin  English  uatents 

c^cJ^-  9  «*2i-c.  «-/f 

winch  describe  thin  strips  or  pencils  made  of  £raphi te,  Tbpse  of  I 

course  do  not  meet  the  claim,  but  yie^PatentJlffice  requires  th&tjou^ 

shall  furnish  specimens  made  by  y|jur  invention,  an  d  Wf/Jcan  do  nothing 
/ — ^ y  j-'CA- — c. — 

further  with  the  case  unless  such  specimens  are  furnished^  If  you  ,  ' 

^f^zrCZZ^  i?C~ 

think  the  matter  worth  prosecutingCAve  must  have' the  specimens  he/’e 

not  later  than  March  2d  next.  The  ^plicati^iseribes  the  process 
of  making  filaments  by  pressing  IffiaocmJQfXYXXX  powdered  mateiSl  into 
sheets  and  then  stamping  the  loops  out  of  such  sheets. 

If  you  don’t  Gare  to  go  on  with  the  case  please  let  us  know. 

Yours  truly, 

In  taking  up  the  application  of  Edison  and  Kenny  on 

autographic  telegraphs  for  amendment  we  find  that  it  will  be  necessary 
for  us  to  file  an  additional  description  giving  precise  instuetions 
as  to  how  to  operate  the  machine.  We  do  not  see  very  well,  how  we  can 
do  this  without  the  assistance  of  Mr.  Kenny.  Will  you  kindly  ask  him 
to  arrange  with  us  by  telephone  so  that  he  can  call  at  our  office  and 
prepare  the  description  with  us?  This  must  be  done  within  a  day  or 
two  since  we  have  only  about  a  week  within  which  to  file  the  amend¬ 
ment  in  Washington. 

Yours  truly, 




*s.  T 

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P.O.Box,  260. 


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Law  Offices 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

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No.  40  Wall  Street, 



Dear  Sir:- 

We  enclose  a  <d  py  of  the  drawing  of  your  old  appli¬ 
cation  No.  339  on  ore  separaters.  This  case  oueht  to  be  acted  upon 
this  month  or  else  abandoned.  It  occurred  to  us  from  what  you  said 
in  relation  to  your  recent  experiments  .a*wi‘separating  by  static 
•attraction  that  perhaps  an  apparatus  the  character  off  this 
application  is  not  operative,  and  in  tlat  case  you  will  not  proba¬ 
bly  want  to  prosecute  it  any  further. 

Will  you  please  let  us  know  at  once  about  this,  whether 
you  wish  us  to  do  anything  with  the  application? 

Tours  truly, 

National  Electric  light  Association, 


SUBJ,3C'r'  '  Office,  218  Best  German  Stre, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  13sq.  , 


Baltimore ,  Tuly  2,  ltidd" 

3^0- o-C. 

Molno  Park  Neve  Jersey. 

The  Legal  Committed  of  the  National  Ele 

txr^o  0-<3f  l  ^ 

Association  have  prosecuted  the  w ovj  of  obtaining  le^/slation  from 

Congress,  relative  to  the  patent  system,  with  constant  eiTSvt  for 
some  months  past,  and  have  succeeded  in  securing  for  the  Mil  cre¬ 
ating  a  Court  of  Patent  Appeals  the  endorsement  of  the  Supreme. 

Court  of  the  United  States,  the  Commissioner  of  Patents  and  the 
Bar.  They  have  also  secured  the  consent  of  the  Sub-Committoo  of 
the  Judiciary  Committee  that  have  the  bill  in  charge,  to  report  it 
favorably  to  the. Committee  of  the  whole.  The  only  difficulty  that 
wo  are  contending  with  at  present,  is  the  procrastination  of  the 
members  of  the  Judiciary  Committee,  and  the  fact  that  there  are 
several  Other  bills  ahead  of  ours  upon  the  calender  which  must  bo 
disposed  of  before  ours  can  bo  taken  up. 

V/hon  our  bill  is  reached  it  will  bo  necessary  for 
the  members  to  consider  it  with  groat  care  and  particularity,  and 
unless  they  are  previously  instructed  with  reference  to  its  details 
will  spend  a  good  deal  more  time  upon  it  than  wo  would  like. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  il  "■ 

If  tho  members  of  tho  Association  a  •-  really  inv¬ 
ested  in  having  this  bill  pas  sod,  they  no  w  have  it  in  lioir  poYfor 
to  render  Of  f  .cion t  assistance  to  the  Commii.t.o  by  giving  the  mar.-- 
►fi  no  son cl  attention.  What  wo  need  just  now  is  an  opportunity 
to  explain  the  details  of  tho  bill  to  the  members  of  tho  Tudi:ciary 
Oorranittoo  under  such  circumstances  as  will  insure  their  attention 
to  what  wo  say,  and  their  consequent  familiarity  with  tho  details 

of  the  bill  when  it  comes  before  the  Committee  of  the  whole  from 


tho  Sub- Committee.  You  of  course  appreciate  tho  great  ■  difficulty 

of  petting  the  members  of  Congress  to  give  time  enough  toi  the  con¬ 
sideration  of  any  measure  in  which  they  are  not  personally  inter¬ 
ested  to  understand  its  bearing.  To  accomplish  this  result,  there 
seems  to  be  but  one  course  to  be  pursued,  and  that  is,  that  some 
members  of  the  Association  shall  come  to  Washington,  got  tlioir  own 
members  of  Congress,  and  such  members  of  the  Committee  as  they  may 
choose  together,  by  moans  of  entertainment  or  otherwise,  and  make 
in  this  way  an  opportunity  for  tho  explanation  of  the  details  of 
tho  bill.  if  th members  of  tho  Association  will  do  this,  and  do 
it  promptly,  wo  may  be  able  to  have  our  bill  jiassed  by  the  House 
before  its  adjournment.  V lo  can 

at  least  succeed  in  getting  it 

|3x-JL,€-  fL^-s~^ ^ 

'<C7(^G.  — i/'**— «— -*^~  - 

0i  -^a_5)— '■^jfifcv!_<7  ^->>U^^o^Ji_  °-£Lc_x>J<L 

Law  Offices  of  • 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

N ew  York, . . . Augutft  6th 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 

Orange, New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

We  have  from  Col.  Gouraud  a  letter  dated  July 
26th  1888/ and  also  powers  of  attorney  for  34  countries.  The  powers 
of  attorney  and  the  letter  we  hand  you  herewi th, with  the  request 
that  you  sign  the  papers  and  have  the  proper  certificates  placed 
upon  them  in  accordance  with  Col.Gourdud* s  letter.  This  we  would 
have  done  ourselves  but  our  entire  Qffice  force  is  away  on  vaoatiQn^ 
and  we  understand  that  Mr  .Tate's  stenographer  .Mr. McGuire  .has 
before  attended  to  the  sane  kind  of  work.  We  cad!  your  attention 
to  the  last  clause  of  Col.Gour^’s  letter  to  the  effect  that  the 
powers  for  European  countries  should  be  forwarded  at  once  without 
waiting  for  the  other  powers, should  there  be  any  delay  in  securing 
execution  of  some  of  the  papers.  We  also  desire  to  can  your  atten¬ 
tion  to  another  matter.  As  we  understand  it,  and  under  the  instruc¬ 
tions  which  we  have  given  Col.  Gour<$  in  each  case  that  we  have 
forwarded, he  is  not  to  take  patents  except  for  fourteen  years  or 
longer.  Now  some  of  the  countries  for  which  he  has  forwarded  pow¬ 
ers  of  attorney  do  not  grant  patents  for  fourteen  years  and  unless 
ha  can  withhold  the  issuance  of  patents  in  those  countries  until 

our  patents  here  are  granted^he  would  be  violating  the  instructions 
by  taking  such  patents. Of  course  we  do  not  know  what  instructions 
you  may  have  given  Col.  Gourod  other  than  those  you  have  transmit¬ 
ted  through  us  and  we  simply  call  your  attention  to  this  matter  in 
order  that  it  may  not  be  overlooked. 

__  ‘  s  {q/Z'VtTc 

''Lap&s  ,  ^ y^  d’kJ  ~  S' 0 , 

xPos+ecjit py  ■*  J  9?7GsmJ!y  <f.  /ypr,  c^-  ^o. 


<2-1,0  P^z^c^an  ^y. 

QrC^x *?£s ^^r- eh^ 

&L,  ^^ce-  <*.*? 

dcu^^y-yy  a£Lo  yL&*<LJ,  . 

T - //  q^Ijp^^,  ^9-zJe^j,^ 

■Jp^xJLc^tJ^Z^ q-0^  <3*^^  <*-J£)  o^//JtJ 

ojb.  ,  &L^ec^y~7 )  *  <*~0 

caCcl-^  ,  / 

r/V><^<-' tf.e^/  f'O  (^~(^o  ^lSLA2^Ct^C^)  ^^<t— 

'tp^',  p^e_ 

/%t:  y^C  /; J 


Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tat-e:- 

I  return  yourletter  of  the  8th  inst.  with  the 
years  marked  opposite  the  countries  as  requested  by  you.  You  will 
notice  that  the  countries  which  do  not  come  within  Col.Gouraud's 
instructions  are  Mexico,  Denmark,  and  Russia, in  which  countries 
no  patents  are  granted  for  terns  as  long  as  fourteen  years.  In  the 
Argentine  Republic,  Portugal, probably  Austria, Spain,  Turkey  and 
Italy  patents  can  be  obtained  for  a  less  tern  than  fourteen  years 
and  would  be  unless  Col.Gouraud  followed  the  instructions  strict¬ 
ly.  I  have  written  our  European  agents  in  accordance  with  Mr.Edi- 
son's  request  to  ascertain  the  terms  of  the  patents  Col.  Gouraud 
has  taken  in  Austria,  Italy,  Denmark,  Russia  and  Portugal. 





R*  N,  by er,  Bsq., 

40  Wall  street, 

,:'.  ••• 1  :-V 

New  York  Oity. 

/ffl  l' 

c®*«  Gouraud  has  sent  ^blank  powers  of  attorney  for  the 

following  oountriea:- 

"■'?■■*«  •#«>.:*  f  \s* 

Argentine  Republie 
/U-Oapi  of  Good  Hope 

/  v  -New  South  Wales 
/  V-  New  Zealand 
/.<-  XAPo  rtugal 
/(•  South  Australia 
i  Tasmania 


Germany-  - 
Mexico  ••' 
Norway  —AT  . 
Spain  vs&tf-T 
Turkey  a;  /£.»  ■  •- 

Denmark  - 
Italy-  >■  ■■ 
Peru  -  to 
Russia  s, </'<*" 
Sweden  • 

W1U  you  kindly  rmrk  opposite  eaeh  of  these  sountriaa  the 
tarm  of  years  for  ftoieh  Letters  Patent  are  issued.  rwa&  to 
writes  Ool,  Gouraud  a  very  strong  letter  in  ra(prd  to  pmt^^  and 

will  be  in  your  office  to-morrow  morning  to  di souse  - 

with  you, 

Yours  truly,  /^/Jffy7r^ 

Br®r«tSiv'  Secretary. 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York,. 

August . 18th . (88  8 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange, N. J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

I  enclose  you  a  letter  1  have  Just  received  from 
Col.  Gouraud.  He  admits  himself  that  he  has  taken  patents  on  the 
two  previous  cases  in  countries  granting  patents  for  short  terms- 
that  is  less  than  fourteen  years.  The  remark  in  his  letter  that  he 
fails  to  understand  the  object  s&  taking  patents  for  only  fourteen 
years,  strikes  me  as  being  the  heigl^of  audaciousness  in  view  of 
the  fact  that  this  matter  was  fully  explained  to  Col.  Gouraud  when 
he  was  here  by  myself  and  1  think  also  by  Mr.Edison  because  Mr. 
Edison  told  me  that  Col.  Gokraud  understood  fully  he  was  t0  take 
patents  only  for  terms  of  fourteen  years  or  longer. 

1  send  you  this  letter  to  take  such  action  in  the 
premises  as  you  think  best. 

very  truly, 

[ENCLOSURE.  AUGUST  7,  1888?] 

Messrs.  PYEP.  &  SEELY, 

#40  'Vail  St l-o <it, 


Pear  Sirs:- 

CASE  86. 

I  am  this  morning  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the 
i!7th  ult;  advising  that  the  provisional  and  complete  Specification 
in  connection  with  the  abobe  had  been  forwarded  by  you  per  sep¬ 
arate  packet.  This  has  also  come  to  hand,  and  1  have  put  the 
matter  in  the  printer’s  hands. 

V/ith  reference  to  your  remark,  that  no  foreign  patents 
should  be  applied  for,  that  does  not  extend  to  14  years,  i  must 
say  that  1  fail  to  understan  the  ob.iect.  Of  course,  in  the  2 
previous  cases,  the  long  tern  countries  have  been  ajbjbliod  for  in 
the  first  instance,  and  after  we  had  received  advice  of  the  fitting 
afxihmx  filing  in  them,  we  proceeded  with  the  short  term  countries 
which  wo  thought  were  worth  applying  for. 

Yours  faithfully^ 


Fh*r*.°  ■  ) 

Law  Offices  of 

No.  40  Wall  Street. 

New  York,-..... 

-August  35th . is; 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq. 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

v  v  A"  v 


We  have  a  letter  from  Col.Gouraud  enclosing  * 
set  of  powers  of  attorney  for  case  87similar  to  the.,set 
he  sent  for  Case  86.  We  will  hold" these  papers  subject  to 
your  in - - ^ 

Yours  tiuly. 


t  llOuX  IvV  l  v\  lji'  7 

ik  tezz.  ctr^t  <Zrf 

■  A  U - —  /  /r-— ■/*- 




•  ■  ■ . .  . .  . ~ . . . - 




i  1^0  NASSAU  STREET,  (morse  building.) 

,  „  .  Okea AUlyST”SeVh  1888  ‘l" 

'  '  '  ,:,u:  botlvtuq  ootiu  etU/Tlotiiaoi  wti  wliBluoxio 

lx*UidBil  Xonoe-ieq  biova  ot  ylno  aoox 
aiilT  .kounitaciuatb  oiow  slediX  viit  aeolrw 

Dear  Mr  Edison; 

•  eeartOB  exri  oJ-  loienq 

•  •llte  ,10390  0  oM  aVR|i^if4mfAtfo0oafio°e71iSori.tio5i0f  yest>?rday  Re 

bs  on  collateral  issue 
i  h  ortt  o*ierlv.'  oaco  j 
-  -Oft ^  P-er/nitftinejbAp v  J*Wx  t£e.  ftorrgpt  (  idea^  ror^  obtaining  suc- 

f  dt  cersistfud.  irfesfldtes  is^flje  warfgra^  Ij^tho^  enemy  Ss^ap- 

"^'priWScl  f&'ti'idh®  xf  a'dtimth^A./fftt  #eje is^^.b^tl;^  w ijLl^be^  fought  at  a  known 

H  po^  Mi{  t'Wtf,xtyTTbV'i!arAtonalbJl(Sd  ftio  mass  all  their  strength  and  re- 
onola  rnxri  jinivi  X  1  ^  B  /;ef,ijSifd°  tax.  -xol 

n el  the  atta cV fbu t*  (lr Jr ; ‘hf  xytfl ru  tljq)  rsar„.or  a,  sudden  plunge  upon 
*°°  8aw'  oi  noitorutrax  ri}  ^  faA  wo'n  •*neS« 

9^*^rtf5mrtnVae,^rn/^'  sjyjji^^or  unimp^ran't  ^Weyjf^r.ejjun^^^red^  Small 

^((rjuSV) jngaHo£t endear ry  the  day  .  A  well  planned  ^skirmitsrfl’¥'rHtP:mtfyicbe  or 

oigJf^ater  importance  •  in  the  outcome  tennis  tt^llRg'Web&t  tleafougtt 
a  Oil  it, at  titteomui  -t9tl  a,ari  fl0  ' 

ae-fiPTM  the.  masterjr  of  a  principal  point.  '  0  onraaeiq  oe 

«o»8  IXi-Ob  I  ,a owl  xwiwci  airf  +  , 

-’xoqmx  exit  yljXq$,fetxe,f  Q1S  years  of  practise*  a‘t  t^o '1ft^4Yir®hgP«mi:chtiI  have 

■fe9Xbd^h  saneaSAd  gi/j.  njany+£f^ercely  fought  1  iti'ga^Vns^lf  -Wav^ffe'dlnaoto  the 
.obrtu  ^'fiWcl’fls'ionfith&t Tgt^a^g^is^ of  the  greatest \mpo?t^ff6tff’iltet')me  ill¬ 
ustrate  by  a  few  of  my  own  cases^.  A  few  years  k  fia’lled 

irfi&  clSW&ulItktri,oni(by  ay  lawy  er  who  was  being  g r o s si eM 6 dX by  a 

onxlj'fjo  yldnojiii  ‘  a'Ilwo«* 

newspaper.  fHetJha4d>f*«.Q;igI),tn^Juitjoa^ainst  the  proprietor  of  the  Jour¬ 
nal^  bu?  H  flSdfcA«o»ff8ctxIf.^e9J[iager  grew  more  "and  mo^e  relent . 
has  emu  tedptotbp  £&$&$*¥„  different  °.ourse *  Instead^p^sterig  the 

main  suit  to  trial  (  for  the  deft" was  weii°$^?arfci  t-03;frig^t)  I  a- 

doptad  the  policy  of  delay  and  meantime  commenc'ed VJIlfiOTTA 
gainst  the  American  News  Company  claiming  heavy  damages1 against 

them  for  circulating  the  libel.  As  they  were  the  principal  medium 

.  BWii  ntUo  TS1J8UA  T” .Vo 

of  circulating  the  journal,  the  shoe  pinched  tight,  and  they  (  anx¬ 
ious  only  to  avoid  personal  liability)  refused*  $  o'*1  hankie''  the  paper 
unless  the  libels  were  discontinued.  This  btb8gji'?H{ie  newspaper  pro¬ 

prietor  to  his  senses.  JnoaibS  -ji?  icpc 

oH  yei-if-lBsy  1o  rroi inaitivnoa  -iuo  ot  ■nrfJm«r»t>fI 

In  the  late  case  of  Armstrong  Vs  Me  Gcegor,  which  was 

a  case  where  th  0° do f t* sold^X is^ea^'ln  ltK'QviibQ:!ic  etxr<5Aa?i'gfellrf'6r1  twenty 

fitte  th  ou  s and°  d o liar s'*, ^n'*  w?i  i  eft*  Vtitf'fyl’rty  m£n,ei  ieVi't  ^tid^'ant  erqvit  able 

interest  tJ  and^  poo k*e t ed} We  n/l&ky8,*  by0 •fe^t't^hgl up>  sal fedaiTn  hgainst  the 

p l"a  int  iff3  to*  o'ri TseV  'fiis'1;4'nt(4r0^ttV  '•fl’fe  ifripltyitnada  •&  .suddftp 

for  ancP  o b t a i ne*d  *a  t^enfpdVsfi^y  ^fojfarfotidnfb/nes^rM-nAinfif 

agents  from  “drspbs'ing“or‘  mw  pun^.i  um>  t«“tt.rtWVor:yJa"  o'ri/jse 

Hems  ^hs-JACiniwvion.manons  t(.,frtor  an  injunction  to  him  was  orub 
with  fhe  fiftpShetton^awm 

lo  fi(Uoh9inP°*?ft^r9{a^n”  xx^v^  ^  ^  v,,eo  (I!^0 

ilsool shSi becamf ^grgajtly  disturbed  and  just  as  1  anticipated°si»8nlSfttught 
.o  ........  »„  »•«». 

■■tu  o to  /A?-  iuaarK " 

-.1X1  oof  ,aumeans  ^0  f^l  it  ig  at: 

XoltJlS  . 

1  v.  wji  /»  egoarjo  rtwo  v«n  Tu  j 

awl  tan 

f  ' '  without  knowing  H8W&*  *c»ncar^nR,»  fig* 

„  ^m^L9STS  a  in- 

Wa„,  .  ci a -trio o  ine,eTUJ,  , 

in.1%ieih<er'  4He  iauftjfds  rttodtest 
i  patent  or  the ^afSSft'f  *bT«arWaiwtws?om  und01' 

'  yu  ojiiDbu 


1  1  ( TrlhgerS  ;atriy 

peeled  points  anV an5 utfe^tAted  gu^fcdiftttipns  and 
r  ±£*w  neb  Giit  tol  ,  ial,#  0,  j±M  ^ 




140*  NASSAU : STREET?  (morse  building.)-  " 

so  worry,  h arrays,  annoy,  fret* and  nag'  them3 f IWlll1*!) e fef63ie  ? 

•!;r  ‘"  v-*V:0'J  Y.J.lertoa,toq  o*  a aontboert  ni  lloavm  Mari  I  A  ^ 

burden.  Let  roe  take  one  or  two  comparatively  unimportant  patents 

11  i;  Wh i' oh1-  •’they' <ar efjrtm flriihg %g:.  rfShsyjyhPKP  TJ)o\or^o°\he 

sama  that  they  will  bo  off  their  guard,  for  all  their  ^tr^anp t  h  i s 


centred  in  the  maih^px'fcaH'fc's Ijii.tiifia-tyiiqns  now  pending.  If  our  victory 

■•^8v«p\S' sli'ght'>ii'Ywi>uld  .cause  it  to  be  heralded  far  and  wide  in 

the  press  and  my  newspaper  connections  and  experience  would  stand 
:  i~ni od  ni  od  oi  me  I  .tsrti  rtoih  ym  oi  eons'ielot  yd  hnil  I  .3.1 
ine  in  good  service  in  this  particular, 

-lorid-xe  inominioqrja  ertt  i>Xem  oeeolrj  oa  , ychaenT  hnn  yobrioM 

Should  you  and  your  associates  do  me  the  honor  to 
i  ■.  *om  ae«  of  wiaoJj  troy  'li  te9ioh  oaoriJ  toil*  to 
retain  me  in, the>premises  I  will  do  all  in  my  power  to  achieve  for 

you  satisfactory  results  and  while  T  oan  make  ho  promises  I  will 
guarantee  thnt  onoe  I  start  in,whenever  the  infringers  hear  the 
name,  of  Edison  they  wilT  become '  very'' weary  r;‘>  ;  v  ■  , 

Concerning  compensation  I  would' simply  say  that  I 
should  allow  the 'character  of  the  work  I  do  as  it  appears  to  you 
to  determine  its  monetary vvalue.  and  if ,  in  your  Judgment  no  b.enefi- 
oial  results  are  attained  then  my  fees  would  be  nothing.  All  neces 
ary  disbursements  and  expenses  would  of  course,  be  defrayed  by  you. 

I  desire  it  distinctly  understood  as  a  matter  of  pro 
fessional  ethics  that  should  I  accept  your  retainer  I  do  not  desire 
to  interfere  in  any  wise  with  your  present  Attorney  Mr  Tomlinson. 
For  the  line  of  campaign  which  I  would  adopt  in  the  particular  mat¬ 
ters  entrusted  to  me  X  wohIh 

lely  responsible  and  further  if 

should  desire,  , to  be  entirely  . unhampered.  Or  course  T  'v/ouli'riiak'e  no 

radical  move  without  first  submitting  to  you  in  writing  my  reasons 

r  utfMo£h?i  y°ur  approval. 

111  j0nJ  ««W  asa  fma  JeT5  ,  yonna  ,  a;  irru;:-  .«o°q  ^oviVc^ffrm^jf^v/^fo  ^rto'0^^”3^^,0!00*'81'  With  0 

you  an'if1  your  avs scfb PffVe 'ahyc ?timrt5 rand. -mo re , rf.u  1  ly.  discum 
" \ he 'matW r  /  *  0rI ,+  1  [°  iodine «a  titril  'no  yo  1juw  ^ 

rioloiv  mo  II  .anihnsq  won  « 

ahxv.-  hno  ib'j  hehlmarf 

(  avwryf-iTiitTai/.  (»ouaJs:  q  ^ 
1  oJ  if!  o a ti/io  ijXu^v 

hnsle  W«o»  osnexioqxe  tea.  enoiJoonnoo  loqnqawen ' ym  fin*  e8e4 

P.S.  I  find  by  reference  to  my  diary  that  I  am  io  be  in  OoUrl  next 
'  .  ,  _  .laluoi Jiaq  axrtJ  nx  eolvtoe  boor,  nx  >.'n, 

Monday  and  Tuesday,  so  please  make  the  appointment  either  before 

nT;  *"**"  °b  8e>taiooa“c  *n»  noy  hlt/ortS  . 

or  after  those  dates,  if  you  desire  to  se 
101  svsxrloe  0J-  -iewoq  ym  nx  lie  oh  Xixw  X  seexmei^ 

lixw  I  eeeimoiq  oh  osiem  nso  X  eiiriw  tea  sJI»eoi  not orta ttae  lo.~ 

P,U  $0!l  .#■«*.  j  oeno  j„rtj  botea^- 

enimi  t  i  ;>  b  oj 

seuen  11A  .aniiWon.ed  filuow  aool  ym  noriJ  henlc/l^a  "e-ia  bJIhso-j  ' 
•  noy  yo  hoyailoh  ed.  oe-iwoo  1o  hi  now  aeenoqxs  hna  stnanoa'/udaxb  yrc 
tnq  1o  lolJam  a!:«a  fcooieiehnu  YUoniJaib  Ji  oiiesh  I 
eiieeb  Jon  oh  I ;  •lenioJei  mov.  Jqeooa  I  bXnoxfs  JariJ  j. c rt o i  s,-^ 
.nosnxlmoT  iM  yen-toJJA  Ineesiq  moy  riJlw  eexv/  yna  nx  eit-Vis-Jra  oj 
-Jam  talwai J"iaq  eriJ  nx  Jqobe  llirow  1  xloiilw  .naianmao  Io  crtl.t  t  ’  .>• 

^Dictated ) 

Law  Offices  of  h'  w‘  6EELy' 


No.  40  wall  Street, 

New  York,.... August...  Sis  t _ _ 4888 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Mr,  Tatel- 

If  you  will  gat  Mr.  Edison  to  sign  all  of  the 
powers  of  attorney,  declarations  fto.  which  you  have  from  Mr.  Gouraud, 
including  those  in  the  bundle  which  our  Mr.  Dyer  left  with  your 
stenographer  two  days  ago, we  would  be  pleased  to  make  an  appoint¬ 
ment  by  telephone  to  meet  you  at  our  office  and  go  over  the  entire 
matter,  lfe  have  discussed  it  fully  with  Mr.  Edison  and  understand 
just  what  he  wants.  This  ought  to  be  done  at  once  since  Ool. 

Gouraud  needs  the  powers  irrmediately. 

Yours  very 



'  0-0  Wu/.l  Qfated, 

zVfo-ui  fy/auf,  . /  JOO  / 

(Dictated)  fS  . 


Law  Offices  of 

.  DYER  &  SEELY, 


No.  40  WALL  STREET, 

Thomas  A yfedis  on  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  will  remembi 

New  York,  Sep  tember . 3rd . i888 

-(.■  'ft  [  '■  (  ^  0  ! 

U  ,ss  ^  ,,  , '  S'  L 


i  i ntkrfe/enclb 


cuit  is  made  up  of  a  number  of  conductors  Sfith  thre-  switch  s  fo_, 

In  {/ 

throwing  any  one  of  them  into  use.  Your  testimony  ^as  tajcen,.same 
r  r  ‘  ^ 

16th  1886,  Westinghouse  has  t  akai  test: 

that  you  have'  an  int'er^efencfe  with 

0  f-\). t  '  » 

Westinghouse  on  a  converter  system  in  which  th'e  high  tensionA  city 

o  ; '■-'■■■■ 

:  with  thre-  switches  for 

tyl  O-  -vC\  {AX'/  J  U 

testimony  was  taken  scene  ”  J 

time  ago  and  established  your  date  of  invimfion  l^t*about  November 

r  CD  -X't'L  &  C-Wt-v  0  f 

.  to  show  that  he  made  A 
<rA(.  V  ■  (  ,  us  U 

the  invention  in  September  1886.'  WefcVinghJUw  and (ftis  ii tries ses'  '  kl 

have  not  been  cross-examined  for  the  Ve^^lthaV when  4e\nterfor-  . 
ence  was  first  declared  you  stated  that  you  wished  Mr.  Tomlinson  to/ 
cross-examine  Westinghouse  personally.  We  allowed  Westingh^/se  to 
take  his  testimony  with  the  understanding  that  the  witnesses 
should  be  afterward  produced  for  cross  examination, and  in  accordance 
with  your  in  struct  ions,  we  have  waited  until  Mr.  Tomlinson  should 
be  able  to  attend  to  the  matter.  We  do  not  see  now,hoTOvey  how 
we  can  obtain  much  more  time  and  we  do  not  think  it  will  be  pos¬ 
sible  to  reserve  the  cro  ss-examinat  ion  until  Mr. Tomlinson’s  return. 

In  view  of  this, will  you  please  instruct  us  as  to  your  wishesUt 
does  not  appear  to  us  that  you  have  much  chance  of  success  in  the 
interference  as  Westinghouse  seems  to  be  pretty  certain  in  his 

proofs  and  is  some  two  months  ahead  of  you  on  th  e  invention, 
perhaps  it  would  be  best  to  drop  the  matter. 

Yours  truly, 

rlef  •sv' 


Law  Offices  of  h‘  w-  8EeLV’ 



No.  40  Wall  Street. 

New  York, — SoE  terober. _ 488  8 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

X  have  your  favor  of  the  7th  inst.  enclosing 
descrip  tion  of  Shallenbergor 's  meter.  This  matter  has  already  been 
talked  over  between  Mr.  Edison,  Mr.  Upton  and  myself.  I  have  for¬ 
warded  thefde scrip  tion  to  Mr.  Upton  since  he  is  having  the  question 
of  infringement  of  various  patents  looked  into.  Do  not  overlook 
the  payment  of  Dyer  &  Seely's  account  on  phonograph  matters. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Dear  Mr  Edison;' 

•xuoY  ylo’xT  yi9V 

(jlpasmuoh  as  yourself  and  associates  kxawsax 

a ^newspap 

know  me\p  r  inoipa-iay .  as,  a  (newspaper  writer,  and  may  naturally  in  con 
sequence  entertain  doubts  as,  to  whether  I  can  successfully  as  a  law¬ 
yer  conduct  the  infringement  suits  about  which  we  have  talked,  I  b®; 
leave  to  submit  to  you  and  them  a  rew  original  endorsements  from 
lawyers  of  the  most  eminent  standing,  written  when  I  was  a  candidate 
for  membership  in  the  lawyers  Association.  Senator  Mills  is  one  of 
the  leaders  of  the  Bar  of  Central  New  York;-  Hon  Joel  B.  Erhardt 
is  a  lawyer  of  eminence-  Ex-police  Commissioner  of  New  York,  Reoeiv 
er  of  the  Northern  RR  etc  etc  and  of  course  you  know  of  Hon  W.H. 
Wickham  who  was  formerly  Mayor  of  New  York.  In  addition  to  this  1 
will  mail  you  tomorrow  certified  copies  or  the  Record  of  the  Suprem 
Court  of  the  State  of  New  York  showing  that  I  was  appointed  by 
the  Court  sole  Trustee  of  an  estate  where  I  had  in  my  custody  at 
times  over  $125,000.  in  cash,(  being  under  only  $20,000)  bonds) 
and  that  I  conducted  the  said  estate  for  over  five  years  with  high 

credit  and  approval  not  only  or  the  Court  but  of  the  cestuis  que 
trust.  (  Vide  the  certified  copies) 

I  am  very  desirous  of  obtaining  a  portion  of  your  le¬ 
gal  work,  the  growing  importance  of  which  I  thoroughly  recognise 

(X.  • 

’ t 


<3MJA^  (yUxct'\>L^U-^  (L-on^i 
jUkU  {/ItiXit.  c  (i  (f  (roxi 

1^-jjCn-C  (X'.ULtLX^.CL.XLA^  ftxot|  XcXcJ^v^.  'to  ^ 


(Doboci  ■/L' 


(^CYot  eU-U 

£  ■>!  (rCCoO  ,4  . 



^  Km 

cco ili^vOT  i 


f-£>YU-  C'-\M,<-  I'VA.v.j  G>  teUTJ  <5W  ^CCOiU'  of  VWM  J, 

icrf^-^w  pAo-rar  (  ,-; 

^  X^kxP'rWXl  UA^U^LK^AAi1  XfcX  ^XX-  ,.v 

-  '  -^J  f.j  A  -  - 

Law  Offices  oi 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Osar  Tatet- 

We  met  Mr.  Fox  and  Mr.  Connery  to-day  and  went  over 
the  situation  as  to.  the  patent  in  Mexico.  It  appears  that  one  pat-, 
ent  has  been  applied  for  by  Mr.  Go uraddSe  agent  in  the.  City  of  Mex¬ 
ico,  but  it  will  not  be  issued  until  we  forward  its  corresponding 
copy  of  the  U.  S.  Patent.  Mexican  patents  being  granted  for  ten 
years, we  withheld  the  Mexican  powers  which  were  among  the  sets  of 
powers  Mr. Gounadtfsent.  us  for  execution. The  phonograph  never  having 
been  patented  in  Mexico,  as  we  understand,  might  .still:  be  possible 
to  get  a  patent  corresponding  with  the  old  1878  patent.  Upon  this 
point  we  wish  you  would  ask  Mr.  Edison  if  he  has  any  recollection 
of  taking  a  patent  in  Mexico.  No  patent  was'  taken  by  Serrell. 

On  talking  the  matter  over  with  Mr.  Connery  and  Mr. 

Fox, we  reached  the  following  conclusion:  that  we  had  better  procure 
properly  certified  copies  of  all  of  Mr.  Edison’s  U.  S.  Patents, 
eight  in  number,  relating  to  the  phonograph,  and  forward  these  to 
the  attorney  in  Mexico  with  in  struct  ions,  to  select  from  among  the 
copies,  those  corresponding  with  the  case  he  has  already  filed.'and 

to  prepare  one  or  more  oases  on  the  other  patents.getting 
ble  a  broad  patent  on  the  phonograph  corresponding  to  the 
ent . 

if  possi- 
1878  pat- 

Before  taking  this  step, I  would  like  to  know  from 
you  if  the  matter  is  in  such  a  condition  that  we  can  proceed  in 
this  manner  or  will  it  be  necessary  for  us  to  communicate  with  Col. 
GourWTand  get  his  instructions  as  the  responsible  party. 

Another  point,-  These  copies  with  their  proper  cer- 
titicates  will  cost  us  in  the  neighborhood  of  $S200  we  think.  Will 
Mr.  Edison  see  that  this  outlay  is  reimbursed  to  us,  if  Col,  Gourack^ 
should  fail  to  pay  it?  We  ask  this  bec^-ause  sone  time  ago,  Col. 
QouiwrfTwrote  us  to  get  a  lot  of  these  certified  copies,  and  we  wrote 
him  what  the  expense  would  be  and  asked  him  to  remit, but.  he  has 
failed  to  do  so. 




No.  40  Wall  Street, 

Alfred  0.  late  , 

Edison’s  Laboratory 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  enclose  two  Portugese  powers  of  attorney.  We  wish 
you  would  have  Mr.  Edison  put  his  initials  in  the  margin  of  each 
of  them  opposite  the  place  where  we  have  made  the  interlineation, 
as  indicated  in  pencil.  We  sent  out  most  of  the  powers  of  attorney 
to  Col.  Gouraud  on  last  Saturday  and  will  send  the  rest  on  next 
Saturday.  We  will  write  you  fully  about  this  matter  in  a  day  or 
two.  Please  return  to  us  these  two  Portugese  powers  of  attorney 
so  that  we  can  get  them  into  Saturday’s  mail. 

at  once, 

Law  Offices 



No.  40  Wall  Street. 

New  York,... _ _ _ 488  8 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq, 

Edison’s  Laboratory  , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  to  day  sent  to  Col.  Gouraud,  two  Portugese 
-powers  of  attorney  which  complete  the  powers  for  cases  86  &  87,  the 
others  having  been  forwarded  some  time  ago.  Mr.  Edison  desired  us 
not  to  send  to  Col.  Gouraud  any  powers  for  countries  in  which  the 
tern  of  the  patent  is  less  than  fourteen  years, and  we  have  there¬ 
fore  retained  the  powers  signed  by  Mr.  Edison  for  Mexico,  Peru, 
Hawaii,  Argentine  Republic,  Russia  and  Denmark.  In  the  powers  for 
Austria,  Italy,  Portugal  and  Turkey,  in  which  countries^ patent s 
arc  granted  for  different  terms  up  to  fifteen  years, we  inserted  a 
clause  to  the  effect  that  the  powers  were  only  to  obtain  patents 
for  fifteen  years  and  for  no  less  term. 

We  return  Col.  Gouraud's  letter  to  Mr.  Edison,  of 
Sept.  7th, 1888  .  Prom  this  letter  the  Colonel  would  appear  to  have 
a  wrong  idea  of  what  the  point  is  about  patents  in  short  term  ooujt  - 
tries.  He  says  he  is  advised  that  it  is  safe  to  file  short  term 
countries  after  all  the  long  terms  have  been  filed.  Of  course  he  is 
wrong  in  this, since  the  law  in  the  United  States  limits  a  patent 

A.  0.  T. 

to  the  term  of  the  prior  foreign  patent  having  the  shortest  terra, 
not  to  that  of  the  earliesl  foreign  patent, which  I  should  imagine 
must  be  Col..  Gouraud's  idea.  The  relative  dates  of  the  prior  for¬ 
eign  patents  have  nothing  whatever  to  do  with  the  matter. 

Col.  Gouraud's  explanation  in  regard  to  Denmark  seems 
satisfactory.  He  however  says  nothing  about  Portugal  and  we  have 
been  confidentially  informed  by  our  agent  in  Paris  who,*  we  instruct¬ 
ed  to  look  into  the  matter,  that  two  Portugese  patents  have  been 
granted  for  five  years  each.  As  I  understand  the  agreement  between 
Mr.  Edison  and  Col.  Gouraud, this  is  a  direct  violation  of  it. Our 
agent  also  informs  us  that  in  Russia  two  ten  year  .patents  have  been 
applied  for, but  they  had  not  been  aotually  issued  at  the  time  the 
search  was  made.  Col,  Gouraud  does  not  say  whether  he  is  making 
any  effort  to  keep  the  Russian  patents  from  issue.  However,  as  it 
takes  a  long  time  to  procure  patents  in  Russia,  the  chances  are  that 
it  will  be  all  right  there. 








,sP££>?*-e&£.  «=-^?  *# “~ 

y&s*'  ^  <*-z**f  izzttz" 



Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, - October  lath  . 

•  p'  / 



Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 


New  Jersey. 

Dear  Si  r:  - 

X  enolose  specifications  and  copies  of  drawings 
for  cases  809,  810  and  811  relating  to  phonographs.  Will  you  please 
sign  and  return  these  papers. 

I  also  enolose  two  sets  of  blanks  for  caveats, one 
for  the  caveat  on  phonographs, and  the  other  for  the  one  oir"'the~” 
’kinetoscope'.  If  you  will  sign  these  papers  and  retnrri''them  I  will 
have  the  caveats  filed  at  once.  The  phonograph/iiavoat  has  been  de¬ 
layed  by  reason  of  the  length  of  time  requ-fred  to  make  the  drawings. 

Yours  truJLy, 

A  v 

Thomas  A.  Edison  ! 


Dear  Si  r:- 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

N ew  York, . Q.o,tobQr  ii7th 

*'  iJ  r 

?  foreign  countrit 

We  enclose  a  list  of  foreign  countries  and  colonie: 
with  the  agency  charges  for  obtaining  patents,  attached, which  we  be¬ 
lieve  corresponds  with  the  last  list  we  sent  you.  You  will  see  that 
the  total  amount  of  the  agency  charges  is  $1947.50.  We  will  take 
out  these  patents  for  you  for  $3100, which  will  include  cot*nsBl 

fees, and  all  ordinary  expenses.  In  most  of  the  countries  in  the 
list,  the  charges  include  taxes  for  one  year.  You  will  remember 
that  we  first  sent  you  another  list, but  the  present  list  was  made 
after  going  over  the  first  one  with  you  and  revising  it.  You  will 
see  that  Natal  is  included  in  the  list.  We  are  not  sure  whether 
you  intended  to  include  Natal  ,but  if  you  do  not  wish  to  take  a 
patent  in  that  colony,  the  total  amount  above  mentioned  for  our 
charges  will  be  reduced  by  $110. 

Yours  truly. 





$  15. 











Great  Britain 






New  South  Wales 


New  Zealand 






















South  Australia  75. 


(Dictated ) 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, _ Noventoer  5th 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  carefully  considered  the  letters  of  Col. 
Oouraud  and  Mr.  Hardingham  enolosed  with  your  letter  ofJ0ctober  Slst 
In  neither  of  these  letters  is  the  date  of  the  Portugese  patents 
granted  on  cases  84  and  85, mentioned, and  it  is  therefore  impossible 
to  say  definitely  how  the  United  States  Patents  are  affected  by 
th  ^The  dates  of  these  Portugese  patents  were  given  us  in  a  let- 
r  from  Mr.  Brandon, our  agent  in  Paris, which  letter  I  think  we 

handed  to  you .sometime  ago.  We  would  be  glad  if  you  would  look  for 

Case  84  included  two  United  States  oases, Nos. 741 
and  742, on  which  patents  have  been  issued, viz.  patents  382414, dated 
May  8th  1888  and  386974  dated  July  Slst  1888.  If  the  five-year 
Portugese  patent  was  dated  prior  to  May  8th  1888,  there  is  no  ques¬ 
tion  that  under  the  present  construction  of  the  Statute  these  two 
United  States  patents  are  limited  to  five  years  from  the  date  of  the 
Portugese  patent.  The  prolongation  of  the  Portugese  patent  after 
the  issue  of  the  United  States  Patents  has  no  affect  upon  them  for 


' A.0.T.2 

the  Courts  have  held  that  what  controls  the  term4  of  the  United 
States  patent  is  the  term  for  which  the  foreign  patent  was  original¬ 
ly  granted  and  not  the  term  to  which  it  may  subsequently  be  pro¬ 

With  regard  to  Case  85,  this  included  six  United 
States  appli cat  ions,  and  patents  have  been  granted  here  on  two  of 
these, viz.  Nos.  382417  and  382462  both  dated  May  8th  1888; and  the 
same  remarks  apply  to  these  two  patents.  If  the  Portugese  patents 
were  dated  after  May  8th  and  before  July  31st, apparently  the  only 
patent  affected  by  them  is  No. 386974. 

If  Col. Gouraud.  succeeds  in  getting  the  Portugese 
patents  extended  to  fifteen  years,before  any  of  the  other  United 
States  Patents  included  in  Case  85  are  wil  1  probably 
save  these  patents, when  issued,from  the  limitation  to  five  years.  In 
our  opinion  this  will  probably  be  the  case.  It  is  not.  however  en¬ 
tirely  beyond  auestion, since  it  is  a  point  which  has  never  yet  been 
deoided  by  the  Courts  whether  if  a  foreign  patent  is  originally 
issued  for  a  short  term, and  before  the  issue  of  the  United  States 
patent  is  extended  to  a  longer  term,  it  is  the  original  terra  or  the 
prolonged  term  which  controls  the  United  States  patent.  You  will 
see  that  the  whole  matter  depends  on  what  is  found  to  be  the  date 
of  the  Portugese  patents.  If  Col.Gouraud  had  followed  the  under¬ 
standing  we  had  with  him  to  furnish  us  constantly  with  the  dates 
and  numbers  of  all  foreign  patents  which  he  obtained, we  would  be 


A.O.T.  3 

in  possession  of  all  necessary  information, but  he  has  never  sent  us 
any  information  of  this  character. 

Mr.  Hardingham’s  views  seem  to  be  substantially  cor- 
rectjOn  the  supposition  that  he  believed  the  Portugese  patents 
would  be  extended  to  fifteen  years,  before  the  issue  of  the  corres¬ 
ponding  United  States  patent s, which  seems  to  be  his  idea; but  as 
you  will  see,  this  is  not  the  true  state  of  the  case. 

We  return  the  letters  of  Col.Gouraud  and  Mr.hard- 

ingham  herewith. 

Yours  truly, 

9cA^.sV  ‘  /• 

_  Law  Offices  of 


(Dicta  ted  )  No.  40  Wall  Street 

New  York,.. _ November  9th _ 48g8 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  arranged  with  Mr.  Townsend  to  continue  your 
cross-examination  in  the  cut  out  interference  on  next  Tuesday  at 
11  o'clock.  We  both  went  to  Orange  on  Wednesday  the  date  which 
the  examination  was  adjourned,  but  learned  that  you  had  gone  to  New 
York  and  therefore  had  to  adjourn  over  again  to  next  Tuesday.  Will 
you  please  try  to  be  on  hand  on  that  day,  or  if  there  is  anything 
to  prevent  your  doing  so, please  let  me  know  at  onoe. 

Yours  truly, 


N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  your  letter  of  the  lath  in  at.  enclosing  one 
from  the  French  Edison  Company.  The  French  patent  on  electric  lamps 
referred  to, is  No.  174710  dated  December  17th  1887  and  it  relates 
to  the  municipal  Ian®  now  used  in  this  country  in  which  a  cut  out 
is  operated  by  the  fusing  of  a  third  wire  sealed  in  between  the 
lamp  wires.  We  enclose  a  copy  of  the  specification  which  was  for¬ 
warded  to  our  agent  in  Paris  Nov.  29-1887.  Patents  corresponding 
to  this  were  applied  for  in  England  December  lath,  1887, in  Germany 
December  17th,  1887  and  in  Belgium  December  17th  1887.  Vfe  applied 
for  these  patents  in  accordance  with  instructions  from  Mr.  Upton  am 
Mr.  Edison  and  their  cost  we  charge,?  against  the  Edison  Lamp  Com¬ 
pany.  The  cases  were  prepared  within  a  few  days  before  they  were 
forwarded.  The  same  invention  is  contained  in  an  application  for  <*. 
a  United  States  P-t^t  filed 

The  patent  for  electric  motors  referred  to, is  on  what 

Mr.  Edison  called  his  pyromagnetic  motor.  The  French  patent  is  No. 

174196  dated  and  filed  Nov  fip  rpu_  _  „ 

ea  lo87«  The  papers  were  forwarded  to  Ifr. 

Brandon  November  4th  1887.  A  corresponding  patent  was  applied  for 
in  England  December  5th  1887.  We  enclose  also  a  copy  of  the  speci¬ 
fication  sent  to  Paris  for  this  patent.  '.I'hese  patents  were  charged 
against  Mr.  Edison  personally. 

We  believe  this  covers  all  the  points  inquired  about. 
Will  you  please  return  the  copies  when  you  are  throu^i  with  them? 

Yours  truly. 

,  '  Toronto — Ontario. 

November  23rd.  1888. 

Dear  Sir/- 

As  requested  by  you  I  now  send  -you  a  statement  of 
!the  Law  in  Canada  in  regard  to  the  time  within,  which  it  ■' 

'is  incumbent  upon  a  Patentee  to  commence  the  construction- 
manufacture  of  an  invention  patented 'to  him,  and  also-  to  stat"e'*r; 
the  Law  in  regard  to  the -.importation  of  machines  and  of 
parts  of  machines  covered  by  such  patents.  ' '  < 

Section  37 '  of  chapter^!  of  the  Revised- Statutes  o  f  ' Canada). '  , 
of  1883  provided?  that  "Every  Patentgranted'^mder  this  Act 
snail  be  subject  to  the.-  condition  that  such1  Patent  and  all  ■ 

the  rights  and -privileges  thereby  grafted. shall  ccase.and  ’' 

determine,  and  that  the  Patent  shall  be  null  and  void  .at.,  the  ;  j 
end  of  two  years  from  the  date  thereof  unless  the  Patentee  or  his. 
Legal  representatives  within. that' period  commence  and  after  .  ^  . 
such  commencement  continuously,  crirry  on  in  Canada  the  constructii 
-ion  or .manufacture  of  the  invention  patented  in, such  manner  •/ \\ 
that  any  per-sbn  desiring  to  use  it  may  obtain  it  or  cause  it  tjfcv! 
be  made  for  him  at  a  reasonable  price  at  some  Manufactory  or  ).  • 
Establishment  for  making  or  constructing  it  in  Canada 

and  that  such  Patent  shall  be  void  if  after  the  expiration 

'  •"  '  -  '  ■  ' 
of  twelve  months  from  the  granting  “thereof- ^the  Patentee  or  his  ;)  ■■■ 

legal  repjre sentative,  etc.  cause ^to  be,, imported  into  Canada  ;:..  ) 
the  invention  for  which  the  paten  teas’  granted  and  if  any  tlispute  j 
arises  as.  to  whether  a;  patent  has  or  has  ' hot  •  beborae  null  and ; yb'.S 
void  under  the  provisions  of  this:  section  fsubb  dispute  shall  -  j 
]  be  decided)  by,'. tne  Minister  or  the  Deputy  Minister,  of  Agricu3tB^)j| 

i  whose'  decision  in  the  nia tier  shall  be  final. J 

. 1  ,...J  . 


The  ssecond  sub-section  of  the  above  section  also  provides 
that  "  When  the  Patentee  has  been  unable  to  carry  on  the 

I  ' ' 

construction  of  manufacture  of  his  invention  within  the  two 
years  above  raeiitioned  the  Commissioner  of  Patents  may  at  fe ny 
;iine  not  more  than  three  months  before  the  expiration  of  that..' 
;erm  grant  to  the  Patentee  an  extension  of  the  term  of  two  ’ 
rears  on  his  proving  to  t$»e  satisfaction  of  the  Commissioner 
that  he  teas  for  reasons  beyond  his  control  prevented  from 
;omp  lying  with  the  above  conditions  The  Commissi  oner’ may: grant 
to  his  legal  representatives  for  the  whole  or  any  part' 1  of  Ithe 
5atents  an  extension  for  a  further  term  not  exceeding  cjnp  j 
^ear  beyond  tne  twelve  months  quoted  by  this  Section  - 

If  the  Patentee  or  his  legal  representative  shovt  cause 
satisfactory  to  the  Commissioner  to  warrant  the  granting  of 


[atent  Act  of  1872  under  which  Section  the  following  points  '  : 

ave  been  decided  by  the  commissioner  of  Patents  before  whom 
uch  questions  usually  come  “  That  the  intention  of  the  i:J 

egislature  is  to  guard  against  the  danger  of  Canadian.  Patents’' 
granted  to  aliens  being  made  instrumental  to  secure  the  /  ’  1  '■ 

Canadian  Market  in  favour  of  Foreign  patents  to  the  detriment  ■  / 
°f  Canadian  Industry  .  The  jurisdiction  over  such  causes  i: 

I !f  dispute  as  may  arise  ttvested  in  the  executive  for  the  purpose -•i 
f  avoiding  over  strict  application  of  the  provision.  •  f  •  V  /  .Vj 
It  is  intended  as-  a  sort  of  protective  policy  in  favour'' o f '  ' 
tnadian  labour  and  the  Legislature  has  provided  a  kind  of  i  V 
uternal  Tribunal  in  the  Commissioner  of  Patents  the*  niturai-  -  !| 
■otector  of  Patentees  to  that  every  case  should  be  ad-judicate|; 
!?n  ia  a  liberal  manner.'  The  duty  of  the  Tribunal  is  to  !  'ij 
ply.  the  remedy  if  the  mischiefs  provided  against  by  the  •  •Ij 

■fetute  have  been  really  comitted  in  intent  or  effect  but  on/-,  >| 

e  other  hand  also  to  guard  against  l  e  cruel  injustice  of/  •  •  •  '•”! 
flicting  such  a  punishment  the  total  destination  of 
acquired  or  vested  right  when  no  real  danger  was  either 
'[intended  or  done  * 

^  "The  Law  has  not  in  contemplation  to  force  on  penalty 
>£  iprfkture,  the  patentee  to  actually  fabricate  his  invention 
jwith  his  ovm  capital  within  a  specific  establishment  with  his' 

|wn  tooibs  and  to  keep  a  stock  for  every  moment  of  the  existence  . 

3f  his  privilege  .  The  Commissioner  goes  on  to  instance  the; 
j'.iase  of  a  patent  for  a  proeess,  A  railway  bridge  and  a  mail  J 
3ag  and  to  say  that  in  all  those  cases  it  does  .lie  within' 
the  power  of  others  than  the  Patentee  to  say  whether  the 
Invention  shall  or  shall  not  be  used  at  a  given  time  ar  at  any 
'  And  the  real  meaning  o'f  the  Law  is  stated  to  be  that  :  ' 

,  -  —  T° w v  ,r ^  -v'“ u,i:  :-s  ; 


the  Patentee  at  the  end  of  two  years  be  ready  either  to 
furnish  the  article  xtsxl-f  himself  or  to  lice  nsc  ithe 

right  of  us 

using  it  on  reasonable  terms  to  any  person  desiring  to'  use  it  ' 

and  this  desire  must  be  in  fact  a  bona  fide  serious  anti 

substantial  proposal,  the  offer  of  a  fair  bargain  accompanied'- i 
with  payment 'the  rule  is  again  stated  thus  -  The  words 


carry  on  in  Canada  the  construction  or  manufacture  mean  that/'  \ 
lany  citizen  of  the  Dominion  has  a  right  to  exact  from  the  ■  '  •  V  | 
jPatontee  a  .license  of  using  the  invention  obtained'' or  ohtain'!the  | 
article  patented  for  his  use  at  the  expiration  of  two  years 
Idelay  o#i  condition  of  applying  to  theowner  for  it  andit  dn  payment  ■ 
■o'f  a  fair  royalty.11  !  .  p  1 

These  points  were-  decided  by  the  Commissioners  in  the. "case  « 
of  Barter  V  Smith  in  an  elaborate  decision  rendered  in 'February1 

1877.  In  the  same  case  they  also  discuss  the  following  quodtion 

i  !  '  •'  '  i  j  / 

which  had  been  submitted  to  the  department .  “  Is  it  coriside/cu" 
as  construction  sufficient  to  harfd  the  Patent  if  anx  article.  \ 

-.I  '  !  '  \  ' 

composed  of  various  parts  is  imported  in  parts  .and  put  \ 
together  and  constructed  in  a  Canadian  Manufactory.  The  J 
lissioner  says  that  every  ease  must  stand  on  its  own  merits 
.that  no  general  answer-  can  be  given,  and  instances  as  a  case 
•f! hat  would  not  infringe  the  Law,  a  patent  granted  for  a 
Composition  of  matter,  all  the  ingredients  of  which  would  be 
'products'  not  to  be  found  in  this  country,  a  compound  -of  exotic  : 
gums  ad  extracts  for  instance.  In  the  case  of  the  Toronto 
|Tele?hone  Company  versus  the  e-  Telephone  Company 
decided  in  January  1885,  the  facts  were  that  the  value  of  each 
hand  Telephone'was  about  two  ($2.00)  dollars,  the  value  of  the-:rrSv| 
[material  90  /  and  of  the  labour  $1.10  In  that  ease  every 
pntt'of' the'  Telephone  was  imported  "ready  mhde  and  the’parts"' 


merely  put  together  or  assembled  in  Canada  at  an  expense  in  i,  •  i 
putting  together  of  from  thirty  cents  to  twenty-seven  cents  '  \ 

per  instrument,  and  it  was  held  tint  th*  protective  policy 
of  the  Patent  Act  had  been  in  intention  and  fact  disregarded  .. 
and  defeated  to  a  very  large  amount  (  that  is  to  the  extent  of  t) 
difference  between  $1.00  and  30  /  per  instrument*  )  of  Lhc  indus¬ 
trial  manufacturing  value  of  the  patented  article,  and  for  this 
among  other  reasons,  the  pa.tsnt  was  held  to  become  null  and  void. 

In  the  case  of  Mitchell  V  Hancock  decided  .ir.  January  1806, 
it  was  argued  -  l mat.,  in  as  much  as  the  patent  was  for  an 
invention  consisting  of  a  new  combination  of  old  elements  the 
importation  of  the  elements  in  their  separate  state  was 
not  the  importation  of  an  invention,  and  it  was  held  that  if 
the  elements  made  use  of  as  constituents  of  a  combination 
secured  by  the  patent  are  imported  to  be  used  as  such  this  iinpo:  a 
ation  is  the  importation  of  the  .  patented  article  and  conseque: 
tly_ the  manufacture  does  not  take  place  in  Canada  and  the 
patent  becomes  void. 

The  results  may  be  summarized  thus;  - 
You  can  import  all  you  like  for  one  year  from  issuing  of  I 

>ur  patent  and  lay  in  a  surplus  stock  if  you  like. 

After  one  year  you  must  not  import. 

After  two  years  any  citizen  of  Canada  lias  a  right  to 
iquire  from  you  a  license  for  using  the  invention  or  to  :  j 

■tain  the  article  patented  for  Ms  use  on  payment  of  a  fair 
yalty  or  price.  V  ! 

I  But  you  are  only  called  upon  to  supply  the  demand,  if  it  ‘  ; 

ists,  not  to  «iOrk  up  a  demand  not  to  manufacture  by  ahticipati  JTV  ; 
elessly.  .  !li-.  ■  ’  I 

The  invention  must  be  really  and  substantially  maiiufact- 


l§1,  Queerj  Vidtoi'ih,  jSti'eet, 


24th  November,  1888.. 

T. A. Edison  Eeqr, 



My  Dear  Edieon:- 

'  the  Patents  have 


exceedingly  annoyed” to”find  that  the  datee  of 
Messrs  Dyer  4  Seely  as  . 

t  been  sent  to  ;you  ■< 

Law  Offices  of  h'  w'  seelv- 




New  York, .  .December  1st _ 1gs8 

A,  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Orang  e, 


Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  your  letter  of  November  loth,  ffe  assume  that 
you  refer  to  the  phonograph  patents  taken  out  recently  on  features 
of  the  new  phonograph.  We  have  obtained  seven  of  these  Canadian 
patents  and  they  are  all  dated  October  19th  1888.  The  Canadian  law 
allows  ono  year  from  the  date  of  the  patent  to  import  the  invention 
into  Canada  and  two  years  from  the  same  date  to  commence  manufacture 
The  date  from  which  you  must  calculate  is  October  19th  1888. 



Yours  truly. 

Law  Offices  of  h'  w'  mLV' 



( Di  c  ta  ted )  Na  40  WALL  STREET' 

New  York, . December-brd - 188  8 

Dear  Sirl- 

ffe  have  procured  certified  copies  of  the  patents  on 
the  phonograph, which  had  been  issued  to  Mr.  Edison,  up  to  the  time 
of  your  letter, in  Mexico,  and  which  are  eleven  in  number.  Will  you 
please  let  us  know  where  we  shall  send  these?  Five  patents  were 
issued  last  week, which  of  course  were  not  included  in  this  number, 
and  five  more  will  be  issued  to-morrow.  Do  you  want  copies  of  those 
patents  also  for  use  in  Mexico?  If  a  complete  set  of  the  phonograph 
patents  is  required  you  ought  to  have  these  ten  patents  also. 

Yours  truly. 

■pccA  '«wf  -  (p.jro  »M<7  H  fl  it,  ) 

Law  Offices  of 

(Dicta  t  ed  )  (patent  business  exclusively) 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 

John  F.  Ott  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 


•  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  shall  g o  to  the  laboratory  on  Wednesday  morning  and 
I  wish  you  woul'd  get  Martin  Force  to  meet  me  and  look  up  the  matter 
of  the  carbonized  anthracite  coal  about  which  1  talked  to  you  on 
Saturday.  I  went  to  the  lamp  factory  to  day  to  inquire  about  it, 
but  they  told  me  th  ere  that  all  the  records  and  note  nooks  had  bem 
sent  to  the  laboratory  and  are  now  in  the  Galvanometejr'building 
there.  I  wish  you  would  look  these  up  to-morrow  (Tuesday)  so  as 
to  have  all  the  information  ready  forme  on  Wednesday.  I  do  not  see 
why  you  sent  me  to  the  lamp  factory  to  see  Force  when  he  has  been 
working  at  the  laboratory  for  a  week  past. 

Yours  truly. 

New  York, . December  10th _ <88  8 


(Dictated  ) 



No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . Deo  ember  13th  i8g  8 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 



Dear  Sir  :  - 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  lath  Inet.  we  have 
to  say  that  the  only  items  in  our  bill  against  the  Edison  Phonogram 
Co.  which  we  return  herewith, that  relate  to  the  doll  phonograph, are 
the  three  items  .against  which  we  have  marked  the  word  "doll*. 

All  the  other  items  relate  to  the  phonograph  itself  . 

UqiuS  Tf 'IP® 

Law  Offices  of 


In  referenoe  to  the  conversation  I  had  with  you  yes¬ 
terday  about  the  foreign  phonograph  patents, I  have  to  say  that  the 
coun trice  in  which  Ool. flouraud  has  been  taking  or  wishes  to  take 
patents  as  indicated  by  the  powers  of  attorney  which  he  has  sent  us, 
are  the  following:  England,  Queensland,  Tasmania,  Victoria,  New 
Zealand,  New  South  Wales,  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  South  Australia,  Brazil 
Austria,  Germany,  Prance,  Italy,  Spain,  Norway,  Sweden,  Belgium, 
Turkey  »  Portugal,  Mexico,  Peru,  Hawaii,  Denmark,  Argentine  Repub¬ 
lic  and  Russia.  Of  these  countries  the  following  grant  patents 
only  for  fourteen  years  or  longer  and  I  understand  that  in  such 
long  term  countries  there  is  no  objection  to  Ool.  Gouraud  taking 
out  patents  before  the  United  States  Patents  are  issued:  England, 

Queensland,  Denmark ,  Victoria,  Now  Zealand,  New  South  Wales,  Cape 
of  Good  Ho|>e,  South  Australia,  Brazil,  Germany,  Spain,  Prance,  Nor- 

A.O.T.  2 

10 .‘years,  Denmark  from  3  to  10  years,  and  Russia  froin  3  to  10 
years.  In  these  countries  I  think  you  should  send  definite  instruc¬ 
tions  to  Col.  Gouraud  that  he  is  not  to  apply  for  any  patents  until 
h.  is  informed  by  us  that  the  United 'States  Patents  have  been  issued 
and  that  there  is  thus  no  further  objection  to  the  issue  of  short 
tern '^fo  reign  patents;  •  '  ' 

•***  1"' ‘  ’  ‘^'Oie^foiiow  ihg  'countries  grant  patents  for  various 
terms  up  to  15  years:  Portugal,.  Turkey,  Argentine  Republic, Austria 
^arid  ItaiTJr3n° tft'eee^'oounir ies  ‘you  'should  'instruct'  Col.  Gouraud  not 
^S^t^l^y^pa^n^Wi^aV-^^  thK  fe^s  for  the  entire  ten.  of 
•^ificinjy8i|i,i|l«c|'h#l*ai4iiir|fitil  ttyi  United  States  Patents  are 
‘Us sued'^elfd|B!'a^piy|ng ,^n 'suteHJountr^es.  =:  In; Austria  and  Italy  he 
if  the  p^Atent  in  this  eoun- 

1  T* f  ^  .•**«  '‘applies  tc  Portugal,1  Turkey  and  Argentine 

point.'-' 1  have  included  Ails- 
^‘a'5*d*Ita|y  oiong^  the'  countries  which  gfant  'patents  for  varying 
1  the  Court*  iii  Austria  have  decided 

-thai'*%ve,W'-  A^*t!r^«i> patent  ‘ks*  granted  for  10  ybara,  and  it  is  prob- 
albie  therefore  that  Austrian  patents  may  not  seriously  limit 
tin i teil  Sts tesj  Patents.  The  question  ishowever  still  opened  to 
doubt /sinbe  the  effect  of  the  decisions  of  the  Austrian  Courts  on 
this  point  has  never  been  settled  by  the  Courts  here.  As  the  decis¬ 
ions  here  now  stand  when  the  taxes  on  an  Austrian  patent  are  only 
paid  for  one  year  the  United  States  patent  i8  limited  to  one  year 

A.O.T  .3 

from  the  date  of  the  Austrian  patent.  I  think  it  entirely  probable 
that  when  the  Courts  here  do  consider  this  matter  in  the  li^it  of 
reeent  Austrian  decrees  and  decisions, they  willy.decide  that  the 
Austrian  patents  are  granted  for  fifteen  years, but  until  the  point 
is  definitely  bottled  here  think  it  is  better  to’ apply  for  the 
full  term  in  Austria  so  as^  to  have  no  point  which  will  be  opened 
to  litigation  ihere. niere  |e  no  harm  in  being  entirely  on  the  safe 
side.  -c  *'  v  t-  •  ■ 

5  ’ ^«4„wish  you  would  try  to; impress. on  Col.Oouraud 
the  necessity  o_f  sending  we  full  inf ormat ion  as  to  what  foreign  pat¬ 
ents  he  has|alread£  taken  or  applied  for.  Until  we  have  su oh  infor¬ 
mation  we  h£re  no  i^sa^of^iow  our  United  States  patents  stand. It 
is  not  at  all  impossible  that  base  of  the  important  patents  which 
have  been  reeen|ly  feranted;here  have  boon  limited  to  8  years 
by  some  Portugpse  or  Ivesian  short,  term  patent  whioh  Oouraud  has 
taken,  and  if;  this  is  sou  we  'ought  to,  knot 

a  You  had  better  make  haste  ,.to  get  .the  signs  tare  of  Mr. 

Edison  to  the  powers  of ^attamey  for  Case  88  which 

you  have  had  for 

some  time.  After-  thijy  aye  all  signed  we. wili  decide  whether  to  re¬ 
tain  any  of  them  which  Relate  to  short  term  countries.  You  suggest 
in  your  letter  of  ttfe  4th  inst.  that  we  should  outline  a  system 
to  “h*de  A  for  our  being  kept  posted  l^Ool.Oouraud’e  movements, but 
I  see  nothing  that  oan  be  done, except  to  have  Col. Gouraud  send  us 

A.0.T.4;v  j  g  |  5  j  «  o  •  «  |  f 

a  list  »how§8  |o  Iambus  £d&at  &  o§  th$  pa|ent.  whijh  $  ha.  f 
already  urylerjeecf  se|,anj  ahowi^  afeo  ?he  tern  If  |e  pat-" 

ent  |r  t|e  4mb<$  o|years  *pr  whio|  lu|pald  tfe  fees.agd  h|reafte| 

?e”fer?e  I®1^*  !°r5r  ^“l8  |  PaJen£he|hould  l|forI  ua,  * 

K  W  mg  tlga  dgtea£and;jnun|er£  an  I.  all  „e§eaa£ry  £nfo nation  4out  \ 

ij. :  g  st  f  |  s  |  I  |  |  :  i  §  f  .  | 

«  *  J  !°°iso|paua  ha|  Wi|ttdh  u*  inlregfrd  to  M&le&  pft-  * 

eya  to  whethej  h|  sh|uld«Pro|e ed|to  |tako%hern  out.btj  afiwe^  | 
u&er|tan|  th$t  y£u  |ro  gumpi  aStinJ  ditreo|y  *th  him  Sn  that.8  *, 
m0te|weShav|  nog  rfajg  t*  i  Aur|elv|s.  |a  ^p.  thalno  Max|anf- 
patents  h£ve  lv«n«r*n*  n6  w„  w  __ 53?  .  ,,3  j?  A;  2  ~ 

Gouraud  and  wish  you  would  return  it  to  me  after  reading  it.The 
powers  £f  attorney ^,e  Vef  *s  to  arW  tttha.Swhigh  jrpu  haye“noWg  X  *  | 

Jhave;  anawer)d  ^aa|io4he|sk| about  fus#ia,*y  cabf>t  tSllilg  | 
him;;to  pay  |ho  £axf»  for  lg  ye*rs |buf  su^ea|ingj  that  h£eh§«ld~  3 
hold  thj  Au|tr|n  rapp|ea|ion|unll  1 1.|  thj  United  StaL|atL  S 
are  issued. ?Aa  |  .aid  abowf  .iShavJ  n|  a|swe?ed  the  q«.£ie*.b&t  ! 

Yours  truly. 



(nictated ) 

Docombor  lttth, 1888. 

Col.  George  E.  Gouraud, 

181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.  C, 

London,  England. 

Dear  Sirl- 

Your  letter  of  November  17tli  was  duly  received. With 
regard  to  the  Austrian  patent  on  Case  88  we  cabled  you  "10 
but  why  not  hold  Austria  till  patents  are  issued  here".  In 
explanation  of  this  we  have  to  say  that  we  are  quite  familiar 
with  the  various  decisions  and  decrees  which'  have  been  made 
in  Austria  with  reference  to  the  terms  of  patents  there, but 
as  the  decisions  of  our  Courts  now  stand,  an  Austrian  patent 
on  which  the  fees  have  been  paid  for  only  one  year  is  consid¬ 
ered  as  a  one  year  patent,  and  the  United  States  patent 
granted  afterward  is  limited  by  it  to-  one  year.  Several 
one-year  patents  have  been  decided  to  be  so  limited.  The 
question  of  how  the  Austrian  decisions  affect  the  matter  has 
never  been  decided  as  yet  in  this  country  and  until  this 
point  is  definitely  settled  we  cannot  advise  Mr.  Edison  to 
permit  any  Austrian  patents  to  be  taken  in  advance  of  the 
corresponding  United  States  patents,  unless  the  fees  for 
fifteen  years  are  paid.  While  we  think  ourselves  that  the 
position  as  stated  in  your  letter  will  probably  be  held  to 
be  the  corroct  one,  still  there  is  doubt  on  the  subject  and 
it  is  much  safer  and  better  that  the  point  should  not  be 
left  open  for  litigation  hero;  and  it  is  for  these  reasons 
that  Mr,  Edison  is  compelled  to  insist  on  the  fees  being  paid 
for  the  full  term  of  fifteen  years.  Of  course  however  after 
the  corresponding  United  States  patents  are  issued  it  is  of 
no  consequence  what  the  term  of  the  Austrian  patent  is, and 
since  the  issue  of  the  United'  States  patent  does  not  prevent 
a  patent  from  being  obtained  in  Austria,we  suggested  in  .our 
telegram  that  you  should  not  apply  for  the  Austrian  patents 
until  after:  the  patents,  are  issued  here.  We  shall  be  glad 
to  notify  you,  if  you  wish' us  to  do  so, when  the  patents  cor¬ 
responding  to  Case  88  are  issued. 

Wo  do  not  understand  your  request  for  powers  of  attor¬ 
ney"  in  Case-.t88irj;nr  Which,.  you .  have  already  sent  us  complete 
powers  for  Mr.  Edison’s  signature.  . These  powers  we.  sane  time 
ago! handed- :.toi  Mr.  Tate  to,  have  .them  signed  by  Mr.  Edison  and 
they  have  not  been  returned  to  us.  We  shall fo.rward  them 
-tosy.oui  as  so.on  last  we  .get,  them  and  can  have  tham  legalized 
by  the  Consuls.  We  have  told  Mr..  Tate  what  you G's,ay- about 
Mexican  tpaten-ts. ■.an.d;;weJ  understand  that  he  is  oomhuni eating 
directly  with  you  about  this.  ' 

istjlvt-1  iiSM.ver,3j..;,unf9.rtunate  .that  you  have  never  furnished 
us  or  Mr.  Edison  with  any  informat  ion  ^  as  to  the  Relates,  and 
numbers: ;oft  the JP.afeents .y.oij  have. procured  in  the  different 
countries.  We  would  beAfelad  if  you  would  furnish,  us' full 
inf  orraat  ton-con-  vfig  jilts. as  possible , men’ t  ioning 

the  terms  for  which  you  have  paid  the  fees  in  each  country. 

We  received  from  Messrs,  hroxol,  Morgan  &  Co.  check 
for  on  your  account  ,for  which  we  thank  you. 

Yours  truly, 


N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  old  application  Ho.  178  filed  Maroh  10th  1879 
has  the  following  claim*: 

1.  A  continuous  incende*oent  eonduotor  for  an  eleotric 
lamp  consisting  of  a  tube  of  line  or  othea  non-conductor  which  is 
with  difficulty  fused,  containing  partiole*  of  metal  or  metallio 
oxide*  and  to  which  the  eleotrioal  conductors  are  connected,  sub¬ 
stantially  as  set  forth. 

8.  A  continuous  incandescent  eonduotor  for  an  electric 
lamp  consisting  of  a  metallic  oxide  which  is  itself  a  conductor 
of  eleotrioity  .substantially  as  set  forth. 

The  Patent  Office  requires  you  to  furnish  specimens 
of  these  inoandesoent  conductors.  We  have  either  to  furnish  such 
specimens  or  to  abandon  the  application.  Do  you  care  to  do  anything 
about  it?  If  so  the  specimens  should  be  filed  this  week  and  we  > 
would  be  glad  if  you  would  give  it  your  immediate  attention. 

Yours  truly, 



Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . December  Slot  .|88  8 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Care  Thomas  A. Edison  , 

N.  J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tate: 

We  have  a  bill  for  the  office  rent  for  $750  covering 
the  quarter  ending  February  1st,  1889.  Heretofore  you  have  paid 
$125  of  this,  which  you  then  divided;aceoniing  to  our  aocounts,  equal¬ 
ly  between  Mr.  Ediscn  and  the  Edison  Electric  Digit  Co.  of  Europe. 

I  have  deferred  calling  your  attention  to  this  bill  owing  to  the 
changes  that  have  been  going  on,  but  I  w  ill  expect  of  course  that 
you  will  continue  to  pay  the  amount  at  least  to  the/gi&'Sf  next  May- 
otherwise  it  will  be  a  personal  loss  to  me.  Kindly  send  me  a  check 
for  $125  at  your  earliest  conv  enionoe. 

Yours  very  truly 

'h»  /Ac 


([k?  re  {<'->  )  <-  t  (  L(^<2  o,  e«-  *  €  yJ^ 

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^  tr-L-lSI*  /lei 

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Law  Offices  of 
'YER  &  SEELY, 

No.  40  Wall  Street, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.  / 

Orange,  / 

N ew  York, . December  87th, 

We  have  received  from  Col.  Oouraud  a  list  of  the 
foreign  patents  for  the  phonograph  which  he  has  applied  for  and 
obtained.  The  list  seems  to  be  conplote  except  that  he  does  not 
state  what  terms  he  paid  the  fees  for  in  Austria  and  some  other 
countries.  We  have  asked  him  for  this  information. 

We  have  made  a  careful  examination  of  the  schedule 
and  it  appears  that  the  only  patent  which  has  been  seriously  affect¬ 
ed  by  foreign  patents  is  Unitod  States  Patent  No.  386074  dated  July 
31st,  1888  which  app ears  to  be  limited  to  five  years  from  May  30th 
1888,  the  date  of  a  Portugese  patent  issued  under  Sot  84  for  five 
years.  It  a 33  oars  that  this  Portugese  patent  has  been  extended  to 
fifteen  years  since  the  issue  of  the  United  States  patent, but  under 
the  decisions  this  subsequent  extension  has  no  effect  on  the  limit¬ 
ation.  The  United  States  patent  ref  err  ed  to  is  one  of  considerable 
importance, as  we  understand, covering  the  phonograph  as  it  existed 
in  November  1887  and  haffing  a  number  of  claims  to  constructions 
whidi  are  used  in  the  present  phonograph.  The  oths*’  United  Stated 
patent  which  is  included  under  Case  84  was  fortunately  issue! 
a  few  days  beforo  the  Portugese  patent  was  granted. 

A.O.T.  S3 

Under  Sot  85  a  Portugese  patent  was  issued  for  five 
years  from  June  88^,1888,  but  as  it  accidentally  happened  the  only 
Patents  so  far  issued  here  under  this  set  were  issued  before  that 
•day, and  as  the  Portugese  Patent  has  now  been  extended  to  fifteen  will  probably  not  affect  the  patents  which  we  still  expect 
to  obtain  under  that  set. 

We  have  advised  Ool.  Qouraud  that  there  is  now  no 
objection  to  his  obtaining  short  term  patents  under  Set  84,sinee 
both  the  Unitdd  States  patents  which  are  included  in  that  set 
have  been  issued. 

Yours  twly, 


o  etc  C^Ct ttsccdsA-- 

J-^-yC  J-A-" 





1888.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-88-47) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial 
development  of  the  phonograph.  Included  are  letters  about  the  exhibition  of 
the  phonograph,  requests  for  information  about  the  phonograph,  and  a 
typescript  of  a  recorded  phonogram  message.  Some  of  the  letters  relate  to  the 
donation  of  a  phonograph  to  the  Hemenway  Southwest  Archeological 
Expedition.  There  is  also  correspondence  regarding  Edison’s  competitors, 
Charles  S.  Tainter  and  the  American  Graphophone  Co.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Gaston  &  Marsh,  Edison’s  phonograph  agents  in  Detroit; 
Franck  Z.  Maguire,  Edison’s  agent  in  Philadelphia;  and  P.  Everitt,  a  New  York 
engineer  who  was  involved  in  a  phonograph  experiment. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-88-01  (Batteiy). 

tftjr°y  <nfv'  (Dictatdd) . 



•ft  .  ”  TIME!  AND 'SP^Ep''RECORDINd  'G'AUdJESj ji!  j 



91- Liberty; Street,  New  York. 

- -  ,  r  t  iJ  <&?<■.  J  i  1  3  3. 

T.  A.  Frit  son,  Fra  . 

Grange,  N..J, 

Dear  Fir: 

Wishing  you  the  camp  l  intent  s  of  the  .  season  for 
old  ■  acquaint  ance  sake  etc.  I  have  just  noticed  a  refer¬ 
ence  t  o  an  apparatus  which  may  interest  you,  and  which 
may  have  escaped  your  notice.  It  is  referred  to  in  the 
Oct.  '  57.  manner  of  the  ."Blatter  P'ur  Taubstunaae  noil  dung ", 
L  is  Forchhauw«e  r‘  s  Phonoscope.  The  de  script  to7i,< Shows 
it  solves  the  problem  of  the  optical  representation  of 
the  pitch  of  the  voice  in  the  simplest  and  clearest  man¬ 
ner)  and.  that  it  see 7.1s  to  realize  the  invention  imagined 
by  a  Moffet,  and  written  about^,  some  time  prev  iously 

"When  6-07/a?  good-  genius  shall  give  us  a  substance  so 

sensattve  that  the  human  voice  projected  against  it 
shall  produce  a  permanently  visible  impre  ssi  on,  differ¬ 
ing  with  the  different  tones  laade ,  then  will  the  labof-s 

I  1  thought  this  account  a  nd  or  it.  ism  v'f  iht  he  of  snf 
ficienf,  interest  to  you  in  connect  ion  with  your  Phono¬ 
graphic  expe  rtms  ret  s.  I  have  read  the  description  in  the 
"  Puh\2  ic  PrirfZ&'ii  of  t/our  new  Phono g  rapes,  and  she  2  2  ’nope 
soon  I  to  have  a  talk,  with  one.  I  we  ll  rememhe  r  what,  you 
conside  red  some  TO  years  ago  could  he  done  with  the 
Phonograph,  and  eve  supposed  you  were  only  resting  on 
the  ’mO-tter^  to  make  its  final  appearance  ;,.ore  oerject. 

Very  truly  yours 


flouse.  •  of5  -l\j<z  ■  JfaulisI"  Ralljers 

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Box  383,  South  Bethlehem, 


Dear  Sir:- 

I"  re±‘oronoe  *o  your  letter  of  13th  inst.,  please 
repoi  t  bo  me  when  you  are  ready  to  commence  your  term  of  employ¬ 
ment  in  connection  with  the  Phonograph.' 


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A.O.  Tate  Esq. 

G/O  T.A.  Edison  Esq. 
Welland  Park, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Will  you  please  inform  me  how  soon  I  could  have  two 

I  want  them  for  presentation  to  friends  of  mine, 
Directors  of  the  O.P.  Railway. 

Please  state  what  they  will  sell  at  also. 

Yours  truly. 



n°:r::|  w.  j.  mcdonald,  manager, 

Union  Mills,  Fluvanna  Co.,  Va., 

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t  ,JAPANAN00HINAA“',  New  York,  June  4th,  1888. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

On  Saturday  night  last,  June  2nd,  at  the  meeting  of  the 
Nev/  England  Soc'y,  on  your  behalf,  as  requested,  I  extended  the  in 
vitation  to  the  Society  to  visit  your  laboratory  on  Thursday  even¬ 
ing,  June  9th  at  8  p.m. ,  to  the  extent  of  150  members,  gentlemen 
only.  A  loud  call  was  at  once  made  for  tickets  for  ladies  in  the 
families  of  members.  I  was  then  obliged  to  make  use  of  your  further 
favor  and  kindness  by  stating  that  you  would  give  a  matinee  exhibit 
tion  of  the  phonograph  on  Saturday,  June  9th  at  4  p.m.  At  the 
close  of  the  meeting,  41  members  had  taken  tickets,  with  applica¬ 
tions  for  6?  ladies.  Without  doubt,  the  whole  number  of  150  gen¬ 
tlemen  in  the  evening  and  150  ladies  in  the  afternoon  will  all  be 
made  up,  and  I  am  sure  you  will  confer  upon  them  a  great  pleasure 
in  allowing  than  to  inspect  your  laboratory  and  to  witness  exhibits 
of  the  wonderful  phonograph.  I  was  appointed  chairman  of  a  commit¬ 
tee  with  Messrs.  Harvey  and  Bere,  to  take  charge  of  the  matter  for 
the  Society  and  will  call  at  the  laboratory  at  half  past  seven  on 
Thursday  evening,  probably  with  the  other  two  gentlemen  of  the  com 
mittee,  to  assist  you  in  receiving  them.  Kindly  bear  in  mind 

these  dates  and  should  you  have  anything  to  suggest,  please  use  the 
telephone  in  Orange  on  Tuesday  or  Wednesday  evening. 

I  congratulate  you  upon  the  addition  to  your  family  and  trust 
that  Mrs.  Edison  and  the  little  one  are,  as  I  hear,  getting  on 

2  93  &  295  BROADWAY. 

293  &  295  BROADWAY. 

_ June  11th. 








<0**'GN  °r*C* 
PARIS.  * 

&c.  &c. 

T.  A.  Edison.  Esq. 

Orange.  N.  J •. 

Dear  Sir;  — 

I  have  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor,  saying 
that  you  have  not  yet  tried  the  experiment,  in  oonneotion  with  the 
pronograph,  whioh  I  suggested.  I  note  that  you  expect  to  make 
the  experiment  either  Monday  or  Tuesday,  and  shall'  be  muoh 
obliged  if  you  will  send  me  a  taiegram  stating  when  you  expect  to 
test  it,  as  1  should  muoh  like  to  be  present. 

Yours  very  truly. 

fJ-cA^ro/pf)  (Po/f) 

•New-^-srk, . 

l  .  A  <0P^wii.v«-T_v " 



CiAJ^uA  ^  c^-y  -  fat 

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</  ^A-C/6'A-  <M.  fafa^Ob  J^U'  K-<//  Oy^ 

4fz4  —J/L-O-^sA-  .  Ii2/X<7 

t/A  ''(r^bC  A- \r~  JtybLo-^ Cfab 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

"The  Edison  United  Mfg.  Co"  NEW  YORK. . June  27,  1888. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

If  you  mil  permit  me  to  mate  regard  to 

the  Phonograph,  it  may  be  of  dome  nso  te'yon,'  «  u'L  not 
n  a  laboratory  of  T,  a.  Ed" 

already  been  suggested  or  thought  of. 

Charge,  n.  j„ 

As  you  are  aware,  a  professional singer^has  to  undergo 
a  very  thorough  course  of  study  as  to  details  .0/  articulation,^, 
modulation  of  voice,  effect, and  many  other  minor  points., ^ 
depend  altogether,  upon  the  use  of  his  or  her  voice,, 
depend  entirely  upon  the  criticism  of  others.  It , Bems 
me  that  your  Phonograph  ought  to  be  absolutely  invaluably  ,tp  Uv<?  nQ  f 
professional  singers,  for  the  reason  they  can  study^he,  ***»„*  ■ 
of  their  own  singing  by  hearing  it  repeated  -to  themS.elveS;|B.a  before  , 
thing  which  they  cannot  possibly  arrive :  at, dn /any 'other  way*  out  to  J 
Of  course  I  do  not  mean  to  assert  that  a*rfli*er  'caifcipfeKhetofcis  oojU  1 
or  her  own  .voice,  but  it  is  a  fact  t&fetnqfoeyi fc'khrfot  ifctidejrstandt tor  In  j 
and  study  their  own  defects  as  thouotfghly  >£*  t^V^Fou’l'dKbyettheT  my  cj 
use  of  the  Phonograph.  1  am  an  amateur  to^<hc^<iirfd^}.in8on  win 
stand  until  a  few  nights  ago,  when  I  "sa^g1  «  tfe  ^hWgra^h  Iterator! 
at  the  Laboratory,  what  a  valuable  fh°^-thTsr^  f&  *&&£$&  <* »  and 
':r>  c,,ln«»9k,  signed  by  Hr.  Edison, 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

In  replying  please  address 

•‘The  Edison  United  Mfg.  Co” 

It  made  me  tired  to  hear  the  repetition  of  myself,  and  gave  me  hints 
to  cure  many  defects. 

I  should  think  that  a  great  many  of  the  instruments 
could  be  sold  to  conservatories  of  music  and  teachers  of  sing¬ 
ing,  and  I  should  think  that  this  matter  could  be  artistically 
worked  up  in  the  circulars  of  the  Company. 

If  this  is  stale  news,  please  excuse  my  troubling  you 
with  this  letter  but  it  is  written  with  good  intentions. 

Yours  truly, 

Edison  Lamp  Company. 

Harrison,  N.  J 

a.  o.  yJz  .• 


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Thomas  A.Edison,Esq#, 


Orange, Hew  Jersey# 

Dear  S  i  r  :  - 

RE.TH13  PHONOGRAPH.  Two  of  the  Little 
Sisters  of  the  Poor  came  here  yesterday  soliciting  a  subscrip¬ 
tion.  They  wished  to  know  regarding  the  P  H  0  N  0  G  R  A  P  H 
^-and  stated  they  wished  it  for  a  special  purpose.  The  founder 
/r~  thG  °rdGr  is  110W  livine  in  France, and  the  Mother  Superior  in 
,  Newark  desires  to  hove  the  founder  speak  a  blessing  into  the 

/  PH  0  N  0  G>R  A  P  H  ,and  have  it  brought  to  America# 

Z  ZP 



Phila.  July  3ft 

mm  v  r ■  w 

"ul ' 

- tvfr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  >J.  yjjj 
Dear  Sir:  J 

'  As  you  are  well  aware  f^iavpvt^ 

h0artily  Interested  In  the  success  of  the  ^dl^arf  Phi 
on-  one  account  I  am  glad  the  sale  was  made  and  ^tfhanjji^fou 
and  Mr.  Gilliland  for  the  respect  you  have  spfftfn  mv  Ifontij^ct.  ^ 
I  would  be  Indebted  to  you  If  you  could  IglveMf  an  oppartaHiity 
to  place  some  of  your  new  Inventions  either  f Myth is^-State 
or  for  the  country  at  larger-  I  am  thoroughly  ^featia£^d/  that 
the  parties,  whom  I  would  Interest  in  any  enliferp^iiir'  would  ^ 
meet  with  your  hearty  approbation.  (j/lr 

If  you  could  give  me  an  opportunity  to  place  the 
Phonograph  In  South  America  or  Mexico  I  think  I  could 
successfully  do  so  in  a  short  time.  I  have  corresponded 
with  Col.  Gouraud  upon  this  subject:  It  seems  to  me  this 
matter  can  be  handled  best  In  this  country.  If  Sol.  Gouraud 
would  be  willing  to  third  the  profits  with  myself  and  one 
other  I  could  I  think  place  the  invention  without  any  further 
trouble  on  his  part. 

I  would  be  indebted  if  you  would  be  kind  enough  to 
send  me  a  letter  of  introduction  to  Mr.  Jesse  H.Lippincott.  I 
should  like  very  much  to  njpet  the  gentleman  and  run  over 
APbsmatvt ors .T  -  ?  . 

■V.  ■ ■ 

that  Mr .Edison  has  consented  to  exhibit  his  new  Per 
fected  Phonograph  at  the  next  Fair  to  be  held  at  Buffalo  in  September. 
Our  Exhibition  follows  imnediately  on  the  Buffalo  Fair,  and  I  write 

to  ask  if  you  could  kindly  obtain  Hr:Fdison>s  consent  to  the  Phono¬ 
graph  being  forwarded  for  our  Exhibition  at  Toronto  on  the  close  of 
the  Buffalo  Fair.-  Mr  .Robinson,  Manager  of  the  Buffalo  Fair,  has 
advised  me  to  write  to  you  and  sake  this  request.  He  will  see  that 
it  is  forwarded 'on  here,  if  you  assent  to  the  proposition,  or  the 
person  having  it  in  charge  to  be  sent  on  here,  l  believe  if  Mr. 
Edison  were  spoken  to  on  the  subject  he  would  readily  grant  us  this 
request.  Your  early  reply  will  be  esteemed  a  favor.  If  there  are 
any  expenses  in  the  matter,  we  shall  be  glad  to  meet  you  in  that 
direction, if  necessary. 

Yours  truly, 

Manager  anti  Secretary. 

Mo.  2,34  Broadway, 

NEW  YORK,  July  31st,  1888. 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear.  Sir  :  - 

If  possible,  we  would  be  pleased  to  receive  from  you 
some  information  or  guarantee  as  to  certify  to  the  perfection  and 
practicability  of  your  Phonograph. 

Certain  parties  in  Cleveland,  Ohio,  with  whom  we  have 
been  corresponding,  are  desirous  of  obtaining  some  recommendation 
as  to  its  use,  and  if  such  data  can  be  furnished  them,  these  will 
assure  you  the  immediate  orders  of  several  Phonographs. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  at  an  early  date,  we  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 





^  r«tn  B-  j /\f<nf  ^  Pe^fu/iv^nia 

-AugU8-t-4th7—i888? —  ,?8f 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Your  favor  of  3d  Inst.,  just  to  hand. 

I  will  take  up  the  Phonograph  for  Japanand  China  with 
pleasure  if  you  will  give  me  reasonable  option;  and  I  think 
I  can  carry  it  through  to  your  satisfaction^  How  soon  could 
Count  Mltkiewltz  and  some  members  of  the  Chinese  legigation 
see:  the  Phonograph  at  your  laboratory?  I  would  say  that  the 
Count  has  a  hold  on  these  Chinese  which  no  other  foreigner 
can  secure.  He  is  no  fraud.  I  suppose  there  have  been 
fifty  attempts  to  secure  the  concession  which  he  received. 

There  is  another  thing  which  I  intended  to  mention 
in  ray  last  letter  I  overlooked;,  :  Some  months  ago  I  had 
a  conversation  with  Mr.  Gilliland  in  regard  to  the  Phonograph 
figure  business:  that  IS,  a  nlckle  dropping  attachment  for  a 
Phonograph,  I  know. of  course  that  you  have  sold  this  along 
with  your  other  improvements,  but.  I  wish  to  tell  you  that  I 
had  a  talk  with  Mr.  Erastus  Wyman  and  Hon.  Benj.  Butterworth 
upon  this  subject, they  were  very  much  taken -w  with  the  idea, 

and  Wyman  agreed  to  go  in  with  us  and  form  a  company.  The 
automatic  Weighing  Co;  of  which  he  is  in  control  to  handle 
the  Phonograph  figure's.  As  this  matter  is  so  far  on  the 
way,  could  not  possibly  be  in  better  hands,  and  as  Mr.  Wyman  is 
of  the  opinion  that  he  will  get  a  chance  at  it, would  it  not 
be  judicMus  to  present  the  matter  to  the  New  Company  and 
see  if  they  will  agree  to  the  orglnfezation  of  a  sub-company 
simply  for  the  purpose  of  handling  these  figures,  with 
Mr.  Wyman  as  President  on  what  terms  they  see  fit. 

I  would  be  much  indebted  if  agreeable  to  you  if 
you  woujd  send  the  letter  of  introduction  to  Mr.  Lippincott 
that  I  spoke  of  in  my  last  letter. 

You  have  probably  read  the  article  of  Mr.  Sumner 
Tainter  in  the  Electrical  World  of  recent  date  upon  the 
Graphophone.  Tainter  is  a  good  fellow,  but  his  article  is 
;  away  off*  I  notice  he  quotes  largely  from  my  article  on 
;  the  Graphophone  written  in  1886  in' Harpers  Weekly^ and 
j  reproduces  the  cut  8  &ct.  I  may  say  that  in  thie  first  part  of 
the  article (which  he  did  not  quote)  I  gave  you  full  credit 
for  the:>invehtlon  of  the  Phonograph  and  thenidilated  upon 
Mr.  Tainter*  8  invention  of  the  wax  cylinder;  If  I  had  seen 
your  patents  I  would  not  have  spread  on  the  subject  so  much; 

In  writing  that  article  I  was  guided  by  the  information  I 
received  around  the  Bell  Laboratory.  I  was  thoroughly  con¬ 
vinced  as  soon  an  I  saw  your  patents  that  you  owned  the 
,  Graphophone  from  a  to  lzzard. 

Very  truly  yours, 



^  ^  -  ■  \  ’"V  ^  -W>  % 

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Gaston  &  Marsh, 

149  Griswold  Street. 

by  C.D.M. 



DEAR  SIR:  — 

September  18th, 

The  writer  arrived  in  Detroit  with  Phonograph,  the  latte? 
however,  going  by  express.  Some  of  the  wire  on  the  field  magnets 
was  wound  too  loosely,  and  in  consequence  the  jolting  the  machine 
received  threw  the  strands  of  wire  up  on  the  wooden  revolving 
table,  the  friction  stopping  the  motor.  This  "bug*. was  soon  found 
and  then  the  instrument  worked  beautifully.  Acting  on  your 
suggestion  we  have  tried  the  Phonograph  in  taking  a  speech  and 
find  it  O.K.  even  thnnghthe  epeelce^  tum  hi 

The  battery,  zincs,  extra  cylinders',  and  ch  romic  acid  not 
yet  arrived;  presume  Ott  has  had  too  much  on  hand  to  attend  to 
this  as  yet.  The  Photograph  of  treadle  machine  is  here.  Thanks 
very  much.  As  soon  as  Wangeman  gets  back,  would  it  be  too  much 
for  us  to  ask  for  a  far  musical  cylinders?  Those  of  the  young 
lady's  are  not  good— her  fault,  however.  We  have  delayed  the 
Press  exhibition  a  few  days  until  the  Me  Millen  matter  is  settled. 

Gaston  &  Marsh, 

149  Griswold  Street. 

Bept.18  .1888im 

Mr. Thomas  A.Edison, 


Deai*  Sir!-  Want  to  &dd  a  point  About  the  North  Anerican  people. 
It  would  appear  that  the  Altered  fejapftophone  Co.has  the  whip  hand 
of  Lippinoott.  Writer  learned  while  on  train  that  the  Wisconsin  Go. 
tendered  Lippinoott  f  last  W  thoir  payment,  for  which  he  would 
onjy  give  them  the  bcapany'fc receipt them  off  when  they 
asked  for  franchise.  They  4e$UBdd  M  him  fad  cash  without  the 
franchise, and  the  teaUtV  do  •stafads.  This  may  V6  on  account  of  the 
North  American  Hot  having  dftfchor'ity  to  issUO  franchise  since  th* 
have  money  yet  id  jpsy  ypyjbut  it  struckf  us  that  the  Graphophone 
Co., having  the  nppqr  Lapp  of  |<ippi?icftitj|  Ih,  soma  naimer.was  dic¬ 
tating  new  c«tdii±o*8  'to  -hH4,Snd  he  did  not  ^ow  what  would  come 
next.  We  knd\y  psp&ge  M  afpep  ha  had  i  spued  con¬ 
tracts  for  th£  pr^Rfiliatiijn  cptpjplps.they  dictated  a 

clause  to  him, compelling  the  Wipe  of  the  North  Anni- 

lean  Phonograph  tqb-campmiy*~  ,to  addi,*and 

Jesse  H.Lippincott,Sole  of  tha  Amaricm  Graphophone  Co,* 

You  discussed  this  point  with  vs*iter,you  will  remember 

We  understand  (but  don’t  vouch  for  the  tr  uth  of  the  state¬ 
ment)  that  the  man  who  was  to  organize  the  New  England  Co. failed 
and  that  it  has  been  offered  Cheeyenr  and  the  other  New  Yorkers. 

Also,  understand  that  Cheeeyer  has  not  yet  accepted  his  option  on 
•  N.Y.Oity,(dont  vouch  for  this  either)  though  Lippincott  says  that 
the  $300,000  of  stock  that  the  Metropolitan sigied  to  sell 
is  practically  all  disposed  of  at  50c.  There  are  a  good  many  other 
lesser  lumors, which  presume  wculd  not  interest  you.  Our  Co., we  be- 
lieve,will  l?e  on:a  sa  fe-  basis  within  a-  few.  day.s^  c 

Gaston  &  Marsh, 
149  Griswold  Street. 

Mr.Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  j. 

Detroit, _ ■  Sept.  21st,  1888. 

Dear  birl—  Yesterday  afternoon  we  gave  our  exhibition 
to  the  press, and  it  was  a. success  in  every  way-so  far  as  the 
Phono gra ph,  went, but  on  some  points, as  usual, the  papers  got 
mipd.  We  have  sent ’you  a  bundle, and  if  you  have  time  to  ex¬ 
amine  them, you  will  see  that  the  Phonograph  v/as  out  m  the  sun, 
while  the  Graphophone  occupied  rather  the  shady  side  of  the 
fenc  e.  The  writer  made  a  try  at  public  speaking  (not  1  or 
2  feet  away  from  the  phonograph, but  4  feet)  turning  to  the 

right  and  left  moving  away  sideways  and  turning  clear  around^ 
back  to  the  machine.  It  came  out  wonderfully  clear.  We  had 
type-setting  and  type-writing  etc.  There  was  but  one  failure, 
and  that  was  a  recitation  by  Sol  Smith  Russell  on  the  Graph¬ 
ophone, which  we  secured  some  weeks  ago.  This  makes  me  believe 

that  with  but  a  small  amount  of  heat,  say  90  degrees, the  Granh 
somewhat— just  enough  to  blurr  the  indentations’" 

laree  room  is 

..  The  baUeries,zinG8  and  cylinders  all  arrived  in  time  for 
the  exhibition, for -which  please  accept  ou  r  sincere  thanks 
wm^oifr,  +  mlgh^  trouble  3™  again, it  would  be  to  ask  Mr.'’ 

Sf  ^  d  U8„a  few  rausloal  cylinders, when  he  has  the 

time, as  those  m  we  hare  are  not  good* 

n.  Woulb  er  ^hat  the  Morfch  American  people  know  nothin? 

there  might  be  some  objection  to  the 
GraPh°Ph°ne.  We  do  not  show  it  to  people 
ln,as  they  away  from  it  over  to  the  Phonograph 

•Yours  "“'’AatrrvJU*  , 

— - - - - _ . _ . . . _  Qxrrw.  I 

Detr  oit, Mich.,  Sept.  21  St,  18B8, 

Mr. Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir!- 

Wrote  you  before  to-day ;but  over-looked  men¬ 
tioning  that  the  zmos  are  doing  excellently  in  the  batteries 
and  uont  boll  at  all. 

Found  a  new  bug  which  have  not  been  able  as  yet, to  en- 
tirely  remedy.  In  some' manner  the  centres  of  the  brass  cylinder 
are  out  and  donb  run  true  in  their  bearings.  Tried  to  adjugb 
last  night  and  this  morning, but  could  not  in  the  limited  time 
at  ou  r  c  cmmand.  The  blank  wobbles  slightly, and  though  with 
care  we  get  along  all  right  it  produces  a  slight  scratching 
when  new  cylinders  or  musical  ones  are  put  on.  The  way  we  tried 
to  adjust  was  as  follows.  First  the  hinged  arm  was  screwed 
tight  and  then  aximtextalzimxaOxtlJtHxeyklnitar  the  right  hand 
centre  was  moved  slightly  in  or  out _ of  the  bearing  on  end  of 
brass  cylinder.  Then  we  took  a  cut  off  ey-  blank, turned  It 
half  way  round  on  the  brass  cylinder  and  tested  it  by  dropping 
the  recording  needle.  In  spite  of  repeated  trials  the  tracking 
was  deeper  on  one  side  than  the  other.  *  Was  this  right?  If 
nob, can  not  John  Obt  drop  us  a  line  giving  an  easier  method  of 

adjustment?  The  above  is  the  only  bug  of  importance, and  in 
spite  of  continuous  use  since  Saturday  night  (12  hours 
Straight  to-day)  the  machine  is  in  excellent  condition*  . 

Yours  trul y, 

35«o.  43  North  Water  Street. 


Sales  or  Slocks  mi.l  lion, Is  at  Aactloa  Satanlays  at  10.48  A.  M.  ^ 

. .  l 

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|  fi/U^  5/j£iCi£^~  fi2-^_ 

/t^.-  c£~- c^aJ^  _ . 


Gaston  &  Marsh, 

149  Griswold  Str^t, 

'  .88^" 
^r.  ^  ,  cfjioj 

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t^a_s —  a*- 

.  _  _ _ ^  _  ^r^Tci^v  S^a^ 


^  CMjr.  /£cl&  *J?  ^  corihzf— 


NO.  43  North,  Water  Street. 


Snlcs  of  Stocks  nml  Itutuls  ut  Auction  Siituriliiys  ut  10.45  A.  M. 

£U  /&/=. 

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Lf-  ,?n. 



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Chas.  1?.  Kelley,  Oct.  5,  88. 

Industrial  Exposition, 

New  Bedford,  Mass. 

Experts  may  exhibit  phonograph  one  more  day. 

T.  A.  E  d  i  s  o  n. 




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Rational  V.  C.  S.  0. 

U/o/ws  Q*f?isti/iN  Je/tipef?/w<3s  ijffioff. 

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Gaston  &  Marsh, 

149  Griswold  Street, 

— €bts-S47i-e£Wr- 

Mr. Thomas  A.Edisai, 

Qrange.N.  J. 

Dear  Si  r:- 

Thank  y  ox  very  much  for  the  multiplex  pieces 
and  "y’ s”  received  to-day. 

Geo.Greims  is  here, and  will  turn  over  to  him  the  teaching 
of  typewriters  which  writer  has  had  so  much  of  to  do  last 
few  days  that  has  had  no  t  ime  to  devote  elsewhere. 

We  .started  out  by  insisting  that  every  stockholder  In  our 
Co. should  personally  come  to  our  office  and  learn  how  t  o  min  - 
age  the  Phonograph  m  every  detail.  This  they  hare  assented  to 


and  are  not  only  doing  this  but  are  sending  their  i 

*eir  °wn  «- 

Co.  ®<*-c-C.BoSen  ofD.M. 

■  &  0  ttne  blS  seed  house)  who  have  nearly  as  many 

hav®  already  gained  several  bits  of  useful  infor- 

again,  even  thou  S  they  d  iS  SS  Sarae  tMctoess.  Then 

man  would  forget  to  set  h^s  Si  ^  0GG^  ional  ]y,a  careless 
sequent  ly  wculd  not  get  ??eSd  and  con- 

in  es  s  one  or  two  such  fai  in-noo  m  ln  tlie  Infancy- of  the  bas¬ 
il  failures  woild  make  him  damn  the  machine 

- 'tc-^  fc.0-j 



f*«y  v~—  •  ^  ^ 

iL, ,  ■«  »{{ ■ 

i_j-  'u^L. — ■  '(<&■* 

^CCr~*l-4*' ~§  i'!— ^ 

/  ;’ 

!:::■  W-.rf~: 

Gaston  &  Marsh, 

149  Griswold  Street, 

Detroit, _ 

Another  point  that  has  come  up  is  that  the  stenographers 
that  our  stockholders  send  are  full  of  objections, as  they  are 
afraid  that  they  are  not  going  to  be  worth  so  much  t  o  their 
various  houses  in  the  near  future ;but,  luckily, we  provided  for 
this  by  caut  ionmg  the  employers  before,  they  sent  their  mdi. 

We  be lieve,all  thLngs  cms idered,that  with  the  non-ad¬ 
justing  feature  settled,there  is  no  further  difficulty  m  the 
way  of  the  Phonograph  being  received  with  unprecedented  favor 
in  the  business  world,  conceding  the  wax  problem  settled* 

Will  to-morrow,  if  it  is  possible,  get  the  navspaper  men  to¬ 
gether  and  send  on  that  cylinder, which  yor  kindly  offered  to 

Please  drop  ue  a  line  telling  us  about  the  duplicating 
and  als  o  ccneerning  the  increased  volume  of  tone  m  the  du¬ 


Dl  MoIItcrno  cd  allri  arllooli  dl  Grosserlo 




O? 1$ 


Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Oti  Monday  last  Mr.  Palmer  received  advices 
from  London  to  thd'effect  that  a  phonogram  of  two  acts  of 
Captain  Swift  was  about  to  be  delivered  to  you  and  I 
thereupon  communicated  with  your  laboratory  by  telephone  and 
was  told  that  as  soon  as  received  you  would  advise  Mr. 

Palmer.  1  vrite  this  because  he  is  much  interested  in  it 
since  •Captain  Swift •  will  soon  be  produced  at  our  theatre 
and  he  thought  it  might  be  made  the  occasion  of  considerable 
newspaper  talk  if  properly  han-dled.  1  think  that  the 
phonogram  must  have  arrived  since  I  understand  it  was  sent 

on  the  steamer  which  was  due  Saturday  last.  Will  you, 'if 
agreeable,  advise  me  at  the  earliest  moment,  and  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly; 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Menlo  Park, 

N.  J. 



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^  y 

<v/L«r/ «-> 

I  was  sorry  not  to  have  met  you  as  I  expected  at 
your  Wall  St.  office  ,  but  suppose  you  were  delayed  by  press  of 
business  • 

I  did  not  succeed  in  inducing  Mr  Lippincott  to  do 
anything  for  me  ,  but  Blink  I  might  have  done  so  if  you  had  been 
along  ,  and  perhaps  you  can  do  so  yet  .  I  assure  you  it  will  be  es¬ 
teemed  a  very  great  personal  favor  if  you  can  make  some  arrangement 
to  give  us  a  phonograph  for  Torohto.  /  I  want  to  keep  up  the  re¬ 
ceipts  of  that  institution  as  much  as  possible  ,  and  would  also 
like  to  get  the  machines  so  well  known  in  Canada  that  I  could  put 
a  little  money  inmthe  company  there  ,  and  help  things  along  . 
Please  try  and  see  if  some  way  cannot  be  thought  of  to  overcome  the 
difficulties  presented  by  Mr  Lippincott  .  I  assure  you  if  you  can 
help  in  this  matter  ,  I  will  repay  you  not  only  there  but  in  other 

Indianapolis,  Ind., Nov. 15th,  1888. 

Mr ,Tho  s.A  .Edis  on, 
Orange, N.J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  relating  to  objection  to  using  thick 
cylinders  duly  reed.  Think  we  stated  in  letter  to  you  that  by 
using  cylinders  consecutively, part  of  the  difficult  y  might  be 
avoided; but, although  it  seems  a  small  point,  we  still  believe 
that  it  will  prove  an  objection  to  the  business  man.  If  he  used 
up  all  his  cylinder  je very  day  there  would  then  be  but  little  ob- 
j ectionjbut  expose  that  he  uses  6  the  first  day, 5  the  next  and  so 
on.  He  is  then  liable  to  forget  to  turn  down  the  take*  recorder 
one  notch, for  this  may  occur  (beginning  the  series  of  cylinders 
over  again)  right 'in  the  middle  of  his  correspondence  when  he  is 
studying  over  the  warding  of  a  letter.and  nine  chance  out  of  ten 
he  would  forget  to  adjust  the  needle  so  it  would  track.  One  or 

two  such  occurences  would  prejudice  him  greatly  against  the 
machine.  Our  belief  is  that  so  far  as  the  business  man  himself  is 
concerned, the  machine  must  be  purely  automatic, or  he  *41-  will  not 
bother  with  *  it.  Then  again  with  the  thick  cylinder  on  a  hot  day 
it  will  go  so  much  further  on  the  cylinder  that  it  will  make  a 

difference  in  the  adjustment.  With  the  thin  cylinder  all  this 
objection  is  practically  lost.  Talks  with  business  men  in  Detroit 
^convinced  us  of  the  foregoing.  The  business  man  don't  w«rt 
to  be  any  more  bothered  than  he  is  now, and  so  far  as  he  is  ccn- 

oeIi8Va  the  Phono^aIih  raU8t  be  self-adjusting.  Are  you  not 
with  us?  Of  course  all  other  details  of  the  machine  will  come  under 
the  eye  of  the  type-wri  ter ;but  the  recording  |  must  be  sinrole  for 
the  "boss#* 

Everything  in  Detroit  is  in  good  condition  to  oomnenoe  busi- 

ness, and  unless  all  signs  fail.Michigan  will  make  a  showing  very 
(  near  the  head  of  the  column  on  sales, population  taken  into  con¬ 
sideration.  Have  ergaged  a  first-class  manager  ani  office  force. 

We  will  be  in  New  Yorit  next  week .where  we  trust  we  can  com- 
mand  a  sufficient  amount  of  capital  to  complete  arrangements  for 
the  automatic  phonograph. 

Yours  truly. 


New  York, . 188^ 

g'tbgelriooii  Eirnut, 
glnrraji  Stmt,  gtnfttn. 

Noy.  -30,  .1888. 

Mr.'.  ?.  fl.  Edison, 

..•Dear.  Sir; - 

.About  three  months  ago 

you.:kindly,  .through;your  secretary,  .that 
the  Hemenway. Southwestern.  Archaeological  Expedition 
would  have  the -privilege  of  two  out.  of  the  ifirst 
■  iot.  of  ^phonographs  ready.ifor.  delivery.  We  now -find 
that  three  »i IT; be .- requ'i re dl; f o'r  the:.purpbses.'bf  the 
'Expedition;  .wouldrit  :be  .practtoable-for  you'  to  let 
: us. have'  that:  number?  :If.  so,  ..wbuid:you;  please.- forward 
the  two  to  the  addresses  then: given-,, and  the  third  to 
.me,  .as  above?  I  trust  that  the. -instrument's.: may  soon 
.be.  ready  .'for.  delivery,  .as.Mr:  .-Cushing,  .who  -  is: now  :in 
•Boston-  ori  a  : brief  .  visitti;  ;is  anxious-  to.  record/ by 
that. means,  .the. -important: -rituals .  of.  the  ne^ryear  .cer-- 

-emonials  :or  the  Zunip:  :  . .  •  !- 

: I.  have.- recent  ly- returned.)  from  a: brief  trip  to 
-  Germany .wherejljfound.  a;great 

interest  -in  the. phonograph.  .;In-  the.  interesting 
.i museum; of  the.-imperial.-postoffice  they :have  one 
•- o.f ;your;old;original: instruments,  .and  a  high.-offi- 
.  Cial  :of  the.  department  told  ime.  that  they  were  any- 
.  ious  to.  of -your  -improyed  ones  at  the, /in.  order  to ;-consider  the 
.best.-means.-for  imaking.-it  a  part  of  their  -postal 
system,  .  which  -  is  the :  best  and  -.most /progressive  :i  n 
the . wor Id.  :  The  . te lephone.-i  n.  Germany  .-  i  s.  ent  ire ly 
admlnistered/by  the  :post|l.  department,  .and  tbe:  ser¬ 
vice.  is.  admirable.  . 

■vMy.ifriend.--.Mp. ,  Gebhard^.,  ;,of.  Elberfeld,  ,a:leadin( 

■  and.:ihfluential;Germahjmanufaoturer,  , spoke.  to.)me 

about,  an:  admi rabile .man ; i n ..  Ber  lin\  to  take.bold:Of- 
thejphonograph.ifor.  Germany,  oMr.  ;von:  Adelson,  .  and.uat.; 
his.  suggest  ion:  I. 'mention -.him.  to.-you;  ;Mr. .  Gebhard 
aays  that  ahy.amount.'of.-ref^dences. would/be  at 
■-•your  disposal.  /Possibly -you /may  deem -it  worth 
.whi  le  to  refer  the  /matter ,  to  Col.  :  Goureaud,  .  who,  :.I 
understand,  .has  .-charge  :of  :your  .European :  interests. 

:Most  sincerely/yours. 


'l&Y-tis  amm.  7 



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IB  <*?  t  an©  I»4v«n?lC;  IJorciMs., 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

tty  Dear  Sir:: 

X  enclose  you  a  newspaper  clipping' in  relation  to  a  pri¬ 
vate  exhibition  which  we  gave  here  yesterday  to  the  great  French  ac¬ 
tors.  We  have  their  voices  recorded  in  fine  style  and  shall  pre¬ 
serve  them  until  I  return  to  N.  Y.  when  I  will  bring  them  over  to  the 
Laboratory.  We  are  having  a  very  successful  exhibition. 

Yours  Very  Truly, 

'  /k. 

@iempe,  C^C.Jjl., 

SUsUL^  c-^JL 

c  Wo  ^  ,W^<L  jL^f-^nu^ 
thr<.  /W^  /MW>  /K  /^T^Cra 

^  7^-  ^6^.  W/ 

'l&Ptsih.*  hi  ** - -  » 


■Sr- . IlyMe" 


~L?  | 

^  ^  ^ ■K^f'  MjuJS  ! 

4^7^  ^~fUuV\ 

^  /4^u  y(  x  J  /rvuu^c  | 

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,  ^7  e^-y  Oi’Ut  suj^^ 



.,...  1 88  8 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Mfv : Edison: - 

One  of  the  Little  Sist'ers  of  the  Poor  desires  me,  to 
bring  before  you  a  use  for  the  Phonograph.  The  Pounder  of  the 
order  of  the  Little  Sisters  of  the  Poor  is  now  living  in  Prance. 
The  order  now  has  in  it  about  3,500-  members,  many  of  whom  are  in 
this  country. 

The  Sisters  are  very  desirous  to  have  the  founder  speak  on 
the  phonograph  a  message  to  them. in  this  country. 

I  think  that  this  would  give  a  great  deal  of  pleasure  to  many 
and  X  hope  that  you  will  be  able  to  spare  one  of  the  first  phono¬ 
graphs  made  in  the  factory  for  this  purpose,  and  to  have  the  same 
sent  to  Prance  to  be  spoken  on  and  then  returned  to  this  country. 

I  am  willing  to  join  in  part  of  the  expense  of  having  this 
done,  and  think  that  it  would  be  a  graceful . thing  for  you  to  take 
upon  yourself  part  of  the  expense. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Referring  again  to  the  phonographic  clock  idea  I  an 
requested  by  Mr.  Dalzell  to  ask  you  to  give  him  an  opportunity  to 
arrange  for  the  taking  up  of  the  United  States  An  this  application 
of  the  phonograph,  and  if  yai  have  perf  ected  the  ideas  sufficiently 
for  a  business  to  be  started  I  would  like  to  have  your  views  as 
to  what  you  would  require  in  the  matter  under  these  circumstances. 

I  will  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you  at  your  convenience. 

Tjijs,  cjraniI)  l»A*;iifi®  ir;o;i;i5L., 

Dimkk  .  Pa  itiasit  X-  GoJ'iiopiimtiws. 

Mi'.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  Dear  Sir: 

I  have  been  in  hopes  of  leaving  here  for  several  days  past 
but  am  having  considerab Wifficulty  in  floating  the  Illinois  and  . 
Indian  monograph  Com^y.  VWill  you  kindly  lei  me  know  when  you  ,il 
expect  me  to  start  for  China  and  if  everything  is  likely  to  he  in 
readiness  hy  the  loth  of  January.  a  the  contract  is  ready  I  would 
he  glad  if  you  would,  cause  it  to  he  sent  herein  order  that  I  may.  loot 
over  the  same.I  find  that  Chicago  capitalists  are  remarkably  .low  and 
it  is  due  to  some  extent  by  reason  of  the  fact  that  a  Philadelphia 
syndicate  has  squeezed  them  very  hard  in  manipulating  street' railroad 
I  assure  you  I  am  using  all  possible  speed  in  putting  through 
the  company  here  and  trust  to  be  East  at  an  early  day. 

The  Society  of  Canadian  Engineers  are  to  have  a  meeting 
at- the  McGill  College  on  January  17th, at  which  the  Governor  Gener¬ 
al  and  most  of  the  principal  men  of  Canada  will  be  present* 

I  have  been  asked  to  furnish, if  possibles  Phonograph 
to  he  exhibited  and  used  upon  that  occasion*  Can  you  assist  me  in 
arranging  to  get  one  here  for  that  purpose?  If  so.what  will  be 
the  charge  for  sending  the  Phonograph  and  a  man  to  exhibit  it? 

It  will  not  only  be  a  matter  of  great  accomodation  to  us, but  will 
be  the  largest  advertisement  that  you  could  possibly  get  for  the 
Phonograph  in  Canada, ns  the  parties  who  will  be  here  will  be  all 
representative  men, and  you  would  be  enabled  to  reach  these  men  in 
a  manner  which  ciuld  not  be  done  by  months  of  hard,  work  arid  person 
-al  canvass*  Will  you  please  gibe  this  your  personal  attention  and 
assist  me  all  in  your  power  in  making  the  arrangement  for  the  Pho¬ 
nograph*’:  Please  answer  by  return  mail  and  let  me  know  what  can  be 

N.  J. 

Dnar  sir:-  Some  two  years  ago  [  sold  Edward 

H.  Johnson  one  half  interest  in  a  procsss  of  softening  and  h^rtening 
a  material  for  registering  phonograph  operations.  [  have  lately  undo 
applications  for  patents  on  a  cheap  and  pimple  method  of  co eying  or 
nuking  any  number  of  duplicates  of  original  phonograms. 

1  have  v/orled  Ou  the  Phonograph  more  or  less  of  my  time  for  the 
last  seven  years  and  have  invented  about  twenty  improvements.  I 
would  like  to  get  them  Patented  or  I  -nil  submit  them  to  you, and  if, 
in  your  opinion,  they  are  of  any  value,  you  can  make  me  an  offer  for 
Inaia;  or,  in  other  words,!  will  work  for  yoy  in  t tying  t0  improve  the 

As  soon  as  I  get  one  of  your  new  machines  t  would  like  to  Send 
you  samples  of  work  done  by  my  inventions. 

I  know  that  you  have  a  great  many  men  in  your  employ,  but  !  migh 
make  some  important  improvements  that  they  would  not  think  of. 
Hoping  to  hear  from  you  soon, £  am 

Respectfully  Yours  &c 



Elcclricily  a  Specially. 

December  22,1888. 

My  dear  Mr. Edison: - 

I  sand  you  by  this  mail  a  few  of  my  articles  from 
the  Boston  Advertiser  concerning  the  Phonograph  and  electric  light 
which  may  interest  you.  I  expect  to  be  in  New  York  soon,  certainly  by 
the  second  week  in  January,  and  if  feasible  week  after  next.  I  would 
like  very  much  to  have  you  meet  the  eminent  author  and  lecturer,  Mr. 
W.H.H. Murray,  who  is  an  old  personal  friend  of  mine  and  who  will  ac¬ 
company  me.  As  you  are  doubtless  aware,  Mr. Murray  is  likely  to  be 
actively  connected  in  the  hear  future  with  the  Phonograph,  and  his', 
ideas  and  line  of  action  concerning  that  wonderful  machine,  its  uses, 
possibilities  and  method  of  introduction,  I  find  to  be  so  much  like 
your  own  that  it  would  seem  to  be  both  desirable  and  important  that  he 
should  meet  you  as  "soon  as  possible.  Will  you  kindly  name  a  date  when 
we  can  see  you  and  let  me  know  as  soon  as  may  be  and  we  will*  meet  it. 

1  should  say  the  earlier  the  better,  after  the  holidays.  I  wish  you 
a  very  Merry  Christmas,  and  remain, 

Yours  faithfully, 



Elcclrlcily  a  Specially. 

A.  0. Tate,  Esq. 

Edison’s  Laboratory. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Decemoer  22,  1868. 

Dear  sir:- 

Youi  letter  of  some  weeks  since  is  at  hand  and  pray  excuse 
me  for  not  answering  before,  I  have  been  here  and  there  and  exceeding¬ 
ly  busy.  Please  accept  my  thanks  for  the  photos  of  the  Phonograph 
one e of  which  was  forwarded  me,  the  larger  one,  as  I  understand ,  being 
still  at  my  former  I^ew  York  address.  1  shall  hope  to  get  the  same 
within  a  week  or  two.  1  have  written  to  Mr. Edison  by  this  mail  ir.  re¬ 
lation  to  having  him  meet  Mr.W.H.H. Murray  and  will  you  please  see  that 
it  gets  an  early  reply,  as  the  matter  in  hand,  concerning  the  Phono¬ 
graph,  is  of  great  importance.  With  the  compliments  of  the  season, 

<•:/  *■//!, ./.<ss.<>,».v 

-tA.  rtu-J-^  /yv~r  v6tx.  /44f.,  /C.  A 

/ - V  y  V*-\<.  (/*/«(  J^-fy  „ 

<H^/k~ct^  LLA 

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^  ,/  - 

gebgefooob  Stance, 
HJunag  Stmt,  gliilbw. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison,  . 

,  Dear.  Sir:-' 

As  Mr.  Cushing  is  still  here  in  the 
East,  detained  by  illness,  ; please  do  not.  forward  the 
phonograph  ordered  to  be  sent  him  in- New  Mexico  until  j 
further  notice,  .but.  forward  when  ready  as  1.  irntdefsi 
understand  they. now  soon  will  be, ..--'the  other  two  as  j 
requested  in'. my  last.,  .respectively  to  me. at-  the  above  j 
address. and. Mrs.  Hemenway  at. -40  Mt.  Vernon  St;.,  ..Boston 
When  Mr.  Cushing,  was  recently  in  New  York,  .a.  sudden  j 
illness. prevented. him  from. calling  upon.your, 
agreeable,  to.  your  .kind  invitation,  ,but  .he:.  hopes,  scon 
to  .  be. able  to  . avai  l. himself  .of  the  .  privilege.  .  Again 
than  king.  you.  for  your  .kind,  courtesies  to  the.Expedi--' 

. tion, .and  wishing  you  a. Happy. New. Year  that  will  brinj 
a. graird. success  with  the.  Phonograph,  ..It. remain 

.  Most,  sincerely  yours, _  _ 

Sec’y .Hemenway.  Sw.  A. .  Expedition. 


eor^e  H.  H&rlwell, 

j^j^ilap  ,  f.eetuper®  on  0eefc>ieity. 

lajor  J.  B.  .poijd,  /Dagager, 



Boston,  Dec. 29, 1888. 

Thomas  A.Edison,Esq. 

Dear  Mr. Edison: - 

Would  you  kindly  tell  me  what  you  know 
of  Dr.Orazio  Lugo  and  the  new  battery  which  he  is  kald  to  have-invente, 
I  understand  it,  to  run  the  Phonograph.  I  had  the  impression  that  you 
were  using  a  cGrenet,  battery  and  your  own  motor  for  this  purpose  and 
think  1  must  have  been  misinformed  as  to  the  uses  to  be  made  of  Lugo>s 
battery  and  motor;  as  I  knew  some  time  since  that  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Company  were  using  the  Lugo  Motor  for  running  the  Grapho- 
Phone.  Can  you  also  Mindly  give  me  an  idea  how  soon  the  Phonograph 
will  be  on  the  market?  An  early  reply  would  oblige, 

Yours  vei^  truly, 

Care  Boston  Advertiser,  Boston,  Mass. 


I- — tL qJJLl  uQ-JUa^J^  ^]q/ i  o  , 

- T - - - 


•W^V&vvU-  UJ  {  .  .  w  U.  ,v<*  CvviATFvv 

Mr. Edison's  trip  around  the  World, 

Do  you  know  how  far  it  is  from  New  York  to  Liverpool, from  Liver¬ 
pool  to  Loncbn,  from  London  to, 0, Gala, Cala, that 's  French, you  see? 
Cala  and  then  to  Paree, Fares,  that's  another  French, 1-I'm  quite  up 
in  French  aid  from  Parse  to  Marsa, that's  another  one, ad  from  Marsa, 
— to  Paree  aid  frcm  Parse  to  Berlin  and  frcm  Berlin  to  St. Peters¬ 
burg  aid  from  St. Petersburg  to  Moscow  and  from  Moscow  back  to  St. 
Petersburg  ad  from  St.Pet ersburg  to  Berlin  ad  frcm  Berlin  to  Vien¬ 
na  ai  d  from  Vienna  to  Monet Cailo  and  then  you  walk  back  to  Paris, 
no,  You  go, you  go  from  Monte  Carlo  down  down  to  Rome  and  then 
to  and  see  the  Pope  and  a  number  of  other  things  there  ai  d  then 
frcm  Rome:  you  g>  down —  let  me  see  ,1  don  't  know  lhe  re  you  go  then 
yes, you  get  to  Cairo  somehow  and  Alexandria  and- from  Alexandria  you 
fP  to  to  -the  mouth  oft  he  Red  Sea  no,  to ‘"the  Canal  and  from  1h  ere 
you  go  through  the  Canal  to  the  Red  Sea  and  frcm  thB  Rdd  Sea 
into  the  Gulf, or,  Arabian  Gulf  adf»m  there  to  Bombay  and  from 
Bombay  to  Calcutta  and  from  Calcutta  to  - — ---and  the  Malay 
Archipelago  ad  frcm  1h  ere  to  Hong  Kong  a a  d  fr ran- Hong  Kong  to 

Shanghai  and  from  Shanghai  to’ Pekin  aid  from  Pekin  go  back  to 
Shanghai  and  then  hi  d  then  from  Shanghai  to  Pekin  aid  ft  en  you  g> 
back  then  to, vibrate, about  four  hundred  times  a  minute  aid  tlein 
from  there  to  Tokio  ad  then  at  Tokio  you  get  on  the  Paoific 
Steamship  Co,  andgo  to  San  Francisco  m  dthen  you  walk  to  New  York. 
Now  there, that's  a  pretty  good  trip, isn't  it?  you  can  make  that 
trip  for  about  four  hundred  and  thirty  fiye  cents.  That  is, if  you 

You  know  how  far  it  is  from  New  York  to  Liverpool, from  Liverppol  to 
London, from  London  to  Calais ,0, Calais, and  then  to  Paris, Paris, 
Parse, Paree, that's  another  French, I'm  quite  up  in  French, and  from 
Pares  toxMasKikaxx  Marsa.from  Marsa.fxa  to  Berlin, from  Berlin  to 
St. Petersburg, from  St. Petersburg  to  Moscow, from  Moscow  back  to 
Bt. Petersburg  ai d  from  St. Petersburg  to  Berlin  and  from  Berlin  to 
Vienna  to  Monte  Carlo  ana  then  you  walk  back  to  Paris, no, no, no, 
no  you  go, you  go  from  Monte  Carlo  down  to  Rome  and  tten  see  an  than 
see  the-  Pope  and  a  number  of  other  thingd  there  and  then  from 
Rome  you  go  down, let  me  see,  I  don't  know  vhe  re  you  got  hen, you 
get  to  Cairo  some  how  and  Alexandria  and  fran  Alexandria  you  go 
to  the  mouth  of  the  Red  Sea  and  from  tie  Red  Sea  to  the  Gulf, tie 
Arabian  Gulf  and  fntithe  re  to  Bombay  and  them  fran  Bombay  back 
to  Calcutta  aid  from  Calcutta  to  Liverpool  and  the  Indian 
Archipelago  and  from  tie  re  to  Hong  Kong  and  fran  Hong  Kong  to 
Shanghai  and  cfrom  Shanghai  to  Pekin  and  from  Pekin  back  to  Shang¬ 
hai  mi  tin  from  Shanghai  to  Pekin  and  then  you  go  back  aid  forth 
you  vibrate, about  forty  times  a  minute  al  fromthereto  Tbkio  ,nd 
tin  n  from  Toki-  y  u  get  n  the  Pacific  Mail  Steamship  Co.  and  g> 
to  San  Francisco,  andthen  you  walk  to  New  York,  Now  here, that's 
a  pretty  g>  od  trip,  isn't  it?  You  can  make  that  trip  about  fourfi 
hundred  and  thirty  five  cents.  That  is  if  you  are  an  actor. 

1888.  Phonograph  -  Companies  (D-88-48) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  following  companies:  Edison  Speaking  Phonograph  Co.,  Edison 
Phonograph  Co.,  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.,  Edison 
Phonograph  Works,  and  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  letters 
dealing  with  the  manufacture  of  phonographs,  the  creation  of  sales  agencies 
and  Edison’s  dispute  with  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  and  John  C.  Tomlinson.  Among 
the  correspondents  are  Gilliland,  general  agent  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 
and  Jesse  Lippincott,  president  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements  of  the  various  companies;  routine  correspondence,  bills,  and 
receipts  from  creditors  and  suppliers;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents; 
documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 

Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-88-16  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Family). 

Washington,  D,  0.  1,  14,  1888, 

X.  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J, 

My  Dear  Sir:- 

The  Annual  election  of  „he  Phonograph  Company, 
on  the  34th  instant,  and  as  I  have  no  idea  that  you  are ", 
the  election  yourself,  it  being  held  at  Norwalk,  /  Conn., 
like  to  have  your  proxy  if  you  are  willing  to  send  it  to 

comes  off 
N’ing  to 
X  would 

Yours  truly, 


I  hereby  Constitute  and  Appoint  Uriah  H,  Painter,  my  true  and 
lawful  attorney  for  me,  and  in  ray  name,  to  vote  upon  any  and  all 
shares  of  stock  upon  which  I  am  no w,  or  may  at  any  time  hereafter, 
be  entitled  to  vote  in  the  EDISON  SPEAKING  PHONOGRAPH  COMPANY  at 
any  regular,  special,  called  or  adjourned  meeting  of  the  stockhold¬ 
ers  of  said  Company,  with  full  power  of  substitution  and  revocation, 
hereby  revoking  any  former  power  of  Attorney  given  in  the  premises  . 

Witness  my  hand  and  seal  this  day  of  January, 

1888,  - 


fa*  - 

■  Wanhincton,  0.  C.  1,  19,  1S88, 

My  Dear  Mr,  Johnson ’  '  • 

I  Uloh  yon  would  see  if  you  can  get  a  proxy  from  Edison 
for  -the  election  next  Tuesday, 

It  is  barely  possible  that  some  of  this  work  of  Cheevers 
is  based  on  the  idea  that  he  can  .got  a  proxy  from  Edison, 

He  Has  taken  no  notice  of  my  written  request  to  him  for 
a  proxy,  and  I  can  see  no  possible  harm  to  come  xx  pf  your  asking 
for  it  especially  as  w.e  intend  to  elect  both  he  and  Batchelor  in 
the  Board, 

In  any  event  I  thin  k  you  had  better  give  him  the  oppor¬ 
tunity  to  give  it  to  you  in  case  he  is  wanting  to  do  it. 

Yours  truly, 

Ujft — ^ 

^ St 

SZ'  iT-y^y  „ 

/  y  <?.  s 


^uZ-/  /%ZaZt  -e-T? 

^  fatty  /t'&'t'O*-*-  c 

/tlttS&y  /j'L't  ^-<^C..  (j^J  ^gr  ^ 

4^^&xl  -J?r {  (C  &-'f-<-~f~  <*?*rf — Z^2" gz^^e.  s 

/9Ct  y^p-  y  y  -  dJi>---40&~C*C{ 


v^  y^yj/f  -  %? ^  ' 

rfyS  ’  ^Y^C<r.  <ZL^-&*  i^^<  tZlZ&i^^ry. 



Edison  Phonograph  Co. 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York,  Feb.  4th  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. , 

Dear  Sir:-  1 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  Jan.  81st  ooncorning  Mr.  Cos¬ 
ter  s  brother,  would  say  that  owing  to  delay  in  the  manufacture  of 
the  Phonograph,  nothing  has  been  done  in  regard  to  agencies. 

We  expect  they  will  be  ready  for  market  the  latter  part 
of  this  month.  It  is  our  desire  that  before  entering  into 
contracts  for  agencies,  parties  should  have  an  opportunity  of 
witnessing  the  operations  of  the  machine.  As  soon  as  they  are 
out,  agency  matters  will  be  taken  up.  All  promises,  of  course, 
hold  good. 

Yours  truly, 

Gen'l  Agent. 

jlLr^oy^vf1'  _  '• 

TAYLOR  &  CO.. 
”  flaw*  ffmmsfaj, 

T  •.-;  ByZ,  TAYLOR,  Treas. 

Washington  D.  0.,  2,  13,  S3. 

My  Dear  Johnson: - 

Yom-  endorsement  of  my  letter  to  yon  covering 
the  proposition  to  collect  §4800  for  Mr.  Edison  from  the  Grapho- 
phone,  together  with  his  endorsement  of  it,  I  find  on  my  return 
from  Maine. 

The  endorsement  of  Mr.  Edison  is  signed  "Edison,  G." 

Prom  the  slovenly  manner  in  which  a  proposition  involving  a 
large  sum  of  money,  is  endorsed  in  pencil,  leads  me  to  suppose 
that  the  "C-"  is  Gilliland. 

Mr,  Edison  says  he  does  not  want  to  bo  "coerced"  l l  Neither 

do  I. 

Do  you  know  anyone  who  has  been,  or  is  now  endeavoring  to 
"coerce"  him? 

Do  you  know  anyone,  or  any  interest  that  ho,  Edison,  is 
endeavoring  to  "coerce." 

Are  wo  muddy  ins  the  water  that  he  would  drink  from  hisjeminonco 
above  us  on  the  stream? 

About  how  long  do  you  think  it  is  my  duty  to  follow  him  up 
with  overtures  of  friendship  and  good  will  that  he  throws  back  in 
my  face  through  the  medium  of  a  sorvant  who  writes  with  a  load 

Yours  truly, 


U.  H.  Painter. 


Remarks  of  E.  H. 

Can  we  not  Cot  together  and  straighten  thin  out? 
Or  are  you  dote  mined  to  stand  by  the  deal  you  have  made?  It  if 
not  a  met tor  of  money,  but  of  wounded  pride.  Upon  receipt  of  yc 
answer  to  this  I  shall  take  such  action  as  will  for -ever  remove 

from,  my  present  unpleasant  position,  no  that  I  ai 
sed  So  a  medium  for  unsatisfactory  correspondent 
of  all  my  long  cherished  ambitions  in  this  Phono 
me  no  slight  regret,  but  bettor  that  than  this  so 

no  longer  be 
ee.  The  burial 
matter  will  co 
irt  of  thing. 


(Signed)  E.  H.  J, 



Washington,  D.  0.,  March  1,  1888. 

E.  T.  Gilliland,  ; 

Dear  sir: - 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  36th 

inst.  and  note  contents.  I  shall  be  glad  to  come  over  to  Hew 
York  for  a  day  or  so  upon  notification  from  you.  i  ^  not  in_ 
tend  to  mate  a  public  exhibition  here  at  first  in  the  strictest 
sense  of  the  word. 

in  case  however  I  can  arrange  for  the  White  House  exhibitior 
I  would  like  you  to  come  over. 

If  you  can  succeed  in  duplicating  the  wax  you  will  do  what 
the  other  fellows  have  not  accomplished  yet.  It  is  a  very  impor¬ 
tant  part  of  the  business  without  doubt. 

I  trust  that  Edison  will  not  be  liberal  with  the  oldPhono- 
°rM  *°r  >»''«  *■»  —wain,  to  boom  th.<gKi&l» 

Ponograph.  Especially  i,  this  tra.  of  Potato' . 

1  .tsh  y<u  could  arrange  tl„  Ph„n<,s„ph  ri(pu,0 

tan  through  «t  as  early  a  Sat.  as  possible  because  1  do  not  earn 
to  have  Vlloan  lose  Interest.  I  thin*  „e  are  solus  to  state  some 
coney  out  of  the  seh-e.  r,et  hear  free,  you  fluently. 

Yours  very  truly, 


E.  Z.  Maguire. 


/  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York, 

March  19th, 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

The  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


Enclosed  is  a  copy  of  the  letter  sent  to  the  young  woman  in 
Washington  who  has  been  stuck  with  Graphophono  stock.  The  letter 
was  written  by  Tomlinson  as  you  suggested; 

1  also  enclose  a  letter ’from  Maguire  which  will  probably 
interest  you.  Please  note  what  he  says  in  regard  to  Painter. 

Yours  truly. 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

March  16th,  1888* 

COPY.  . 

Miss  Iiouiso  H.  Patterson, 

The  Buckingham, 

Washington,  D.C* 

Your  letter  of  March  1st  reached  me  some  days  since  and  it 
has  received  my  careful  consideration. 

I  never  directly  or  indirectly,  justified  the  belief  that  1 
would  combine  or  hr ve  anything  to  do  with  the  Graphophono  Company; 
but  on  the  contrary  *  was  careful  from  the  first -'to'  refuse  to  oven 
negotiate  with  them*  ( 

It  is  a  matter -of  the  greatest  regret  that  my  name  should 
have  been  used  in  any.  way  as  a  means  of  selling  Graphophono  stock. 

It  would  seem  to  me  that  if  the  stock  to  which  you  refer  was 
sold  to  you  under  the  representation  that  arrangements  would  be 
made  botwoon  myself  and  tho  Graphophono  Company,  the  law  might 
afford  you  some  relief  and  it  might  be  well  for  you  to  oonsult 
some  attorney  in  whom  you  have  confidence* 

Youra  truly, 

(Signed)  Thos.  A.  Edison,' 






Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

Marsh  19th* 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Edlson!- 

Tho  commercial  end  of  the  Phonograph  business  needs  my  per¬ 
sonal  attention  badly  and  X  think  from  this  time  forward  I  shall 
give  it  all  of  my  time.  I  will  enumerate  the  important  things 
that  ought  to  bo -attended  to  at  once  and  you  will  readily  see  that 
it  will  take  up  all  of  my  time  between  now  and  the  time  when  the 
factory  will  begin  to  turn  out  maohines. 

First;  to  determine  accurately  the  cost -of  the  apparatus,  as 
this  forms  the  basis  of  all  of  our  agency  contracts  and  it  is  ab¬ 
solutely  necessary  for  us  to  know  these  facts  before  we  can  nego¬ 
tiate  with  any  agency. 

Second;  So  get  out  the  cuts  and  prepare  the  matter  for  the 
descriptive  pamphlets  and  cuts  and  written  matter  for  the  book  of 
instructions.  As  the  matter  now  stands,  we  are  within  two  weeks 
or  less,  of  having  machines  ready  for  market  and  not  one  contract 
closed  with  any  agent  and  no  printing  or  advertising  matter  of 
any  kind.  Up  to  the  present  time  this  has  been  unavoidable,  but 
it  need  not  be  postponed  any  longer,  as  it  is  definitely  under- 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 


T.  A.  E.  4s. 

stood  just  what  we  are  going  to  put  out  and  I  can  have  a  machine 
within  the  next  two  or  three  days  to  put  into  the  hands  of  the 
draughtsman  and  engravers  and  within  the  next  few  days  if  I  give 
my  time  to  it,  we  can  determine  all  questions  of  costs  of  manu¬ 
facture.  The  detail  cuts  of  the  recorder  and  the  reproducer  can 
be  left  until  the  last  thing  so  as  to  include  any  changes  that  you 
are  likely  to  make* 

Keller  is  clear  up  on  his  parts  to  the  commutator  and  the 
brass  part  of  the  spectacle  and  the  feed  lever*  He  ought  to  have 
these  parts  at  once  or  he  will  be  obliged  to  lay  off  some  tool 
makers.  • 

I  sat  down  with  Batchelor  Saturday  and  gave  him  my. ideas,  in 
regard  to  the  unfinished  part.  .  He  can  finish  thm  up  just  as 
well  as  I  can  and  has  said  that  he  would  be  very  glad  to  do  so. 

All  of  the  money  that  we  expect  to  make  out  of  the  Phonograph 
from  this  time  forward  depends  upon  this  end  of  the  business  and 
T  trust  that  you  will  agree  with  me  that  it  needs  my  undivided  time 
and  very  best  efforts. 

Yours  truly, 


President.  Gen’i,  Aoknt. 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  "4l 

March  19th,  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq'* 

The  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  sent  a  personal  letter  to  Mr.  Edison  oh  Phonograph 
matters  which  I  trust  that  you  will  see  that  he  gets  as  soon  as  it 
reaches  you  and  get  an  expression  of  opinion  or  an  answer  and 
telephone  it  to  me  at  once* 

Don’t  forget  the  Phonograph  bills;  your  check  is  ready  at 
any  time  you  let  me  know  the  amount. 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

March  19th,  1888. 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq., 

The  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,-  N.J. 

My  dear  Tatel- 

Eor  the  next  few  weeks  and  until  the  Phonograph  business  is 
well  under  way  T  shall  probably  have’ occasion  to  send  Mr.  Edison 
a  good  many  communications  for  the  reason  that  for  every  step  I 
take  I  want  his  approval.  T  shall  of  course  make  these  as  few  and 
as  brief  as  possible,  but  I  would  like  to  have  you  see  that'  he 
gets  them  promptly.  Please  take  them  up  out  of  their  turn  and  not 
let  them  go  tho  way  of  tie  regular  correspondence. 

The  business  end  of  the  Phonogfapfe  mattors  has  been  greatly 
delayed  and  I  want  to  try  and  bring  them  up  by  working  quickly. 

I  will  consider  this  a  special  favor  if  you  will  give  it  your 

Yours  vory  truly , 



Thog.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J, 
My  Dear  Edison :- 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

X  was  taken  sick  Monday  and  have  boon  confined  to  the 
house  evor  since,  otherwise  T  would  have  been  out  to  see  you,  to 
get  yo’r  viows  in  regrrd  to  useing  the  present  form  of  Phonograph 
for  establishing  the  agencies  and  getting  them  undor  way,  which 
will  probably  fill  in  between  now  and  the time  when  we  will  bo 
ready  to  supply  the  new  ones.  Tt  will,  0f  course,  be  greatly 
to  our  advantage  if  wo  do  not  put  out  any  of  the  machines  until 
we  can  furnish  the  ones  embracing  ail  the  improvements. 

It  takes  about  two  weeks  to  get  first-class  cuts.  My 
descriptive  pnmphlot  is  about,  ready  to  go  to  print.  If  the  ex¬ 
ternal  appearance  of  the  machine  is  greatly  changed  I  suppose  I 
should  have  new  cuts.  I  have  written  elsewhere  inquiring  if 
these  changes  were  going  to  make  any  alteration  in  the  price. 

Yours  truly. 

Washington,  March  28,  1888. 

Dear  Gilliland, - 

I  am  not  in  receipt  of  any  letter  from  you 
recently,  but  having  some  information  of  value  X  waive  ceremony. 

X  enclose  you  a  copy  of  a  letter  received  by  mo  yesterday 
from  Sumner  Tainter,  the  constructor  of  the  Graphophono,  which 
has  been  one  of  the  greatest  surprises  of  the  Phonograph-Grapho- 
phone  controversy  to  me.  I  possibly  told  you  that  formerly  we 
wore  groat  friends.  This  letter  is  the  outgrowth  of  the  interview 
m  Sunday  s  Capital,  and  the  paragraph  that  stated  that  "I  could 
not  understand  why  it  was  if  the  CTraphophone  people  thought  thev 
had  anything  of  value  in  the  invention  they  persisted  in  shoving 
Bell  forward  as  the  inventor,  unless  it  w as  to  sell  stock"  caught  • 
his  eye.  Ho  is  evidently  being  badly  treated  by  his  own  crowd 
who  are  capable  of  such  things  as  I  long  ago  told  him.  The 
article  has  had  a  good  effect  here  and  the  whole  crowd  outside  of 
ire  very  much  ixcfc kkesI: e dx it  incensed  at  it. 

Taint  a: 

A  letter  has  been  written  you  recently  from  Hon.  J.  Sterling 
Morton/  of  Nebraska,  so  ho  states,  desiring  to  make  an  arrangement 
ior  territory.  Mr.  Morton  is  a  personal  friend  of  mine.  He  'is  ex 
Governor  of  Nebraska  and  is  one  of  the  leading  business  men  of  tho 
Vo  w  “VI  *  principal  att-orney  for  the  Burlington  Railroad 
(a.  B.  &  Q. )  and  is  of  the  firm  of  Joy,  Morton  &  Co.  If  you  write 
me  that  everything  is  in  proper  shape  he  will  probably  come  over 
with  mo  if  it  is  agreeable  to  you.  Ho  knows  all  the  railroad 
people  of  any  consequence  in  the  country  arrl  is  a  man  of  fine 
character  and  groat  executive  'ability  and  wealth.  I  would  be 
glad  if  you  would  wire  me  to-morrow  the  condition  of  tho  machines 
and  when  you  are  to  bo  ready  without  fail. 

I  am  still  ready  to  go  into  that  proposition  to  got  a  big 
■  stock  and  you  and  I  divide  tho  commissi  oi 

block  of  J3di  st 

Your s  very  truly, 

( Signed  )  Frank  Z.  Maguin 


o  o  p 

Y  . 

Laboratory  of  the 
Arne rie  an  Graphophone  Company, 

laio  Conn.  Ave.,  Washington,  March  26th,  1888. 

My  Dear  Maguire : - 

Thank  you  very  much  for  your  kind  words  in  my 
behalf  in  the  Sunday  Capital.  There  seems  to  be  a  desire  on  the 
part  of  certain  people  connected  v/ith  the  Graphophone  to  profit 
at  my  ojqpense  by  representing  that  the  machine  is  the  work  of 
Prof.  Bell,  and  I  assure  you  that  your  statement  is  fully  appreci¬ 
ated  by  me.  I  am  sorry,  however,  that  you  are  connected  with 
the  Edison  interests  as  I  should  much  prefer  having  you  on  our 

I  was  under  the  impression  that  ratters  had  been  satisfac¬ 
torily  arranged  with  you  in  regard  to  oiu-  Agency  for  the  Pacific 
Coast  and  only  a  few  days  ago  I  wrote  to  Mr.  J.  R.  Roche  of  San 
Francisco  who  had  written  to  mo  about  that  territory  and  advised 
him  to  correspond  with  you  upon  that  subject. 

I  shall  be  glad  to  know  why  you  have  deserted  our  cause  for 
up  to  a  day  or  two  ago  I  had  supposed  that  things  were  harmonious, 

Mrs.  Tainter  and  myself  send  regards  to  Mrs.  Maguire  and  as 
soon  as  you  let  us  know  your  address  will  have  great  pleasure  in 
calling  upon  you  both. 

Your s  sincerely, 

Chas.  S.  Tainter. 

Original  is  not  a  dictated  letter  but  appears  in  the  handwriting 

Of  Mr.  ° 

Washington,  I).  C.,  March  29,88 

E.  T.  Gilliland,  Esq., 

Mow  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  ha vo  your  valued  favor  of  the  29th  and  note  contents 
I  am  glad  to  rcceivo  anything  in  the  shape  of  nov/s  from  headquar¬ 
ters.  Sorry  for  the  delay  in  getting  out  the  machines.  I  have 
given  my  consent  to  appear  before  the  Franklin  Institute  on  the 
18th  proximo  and  it  would  he  a  serious  disappo intmont  to  thorn  not 
to  bo  able  to  do  so.  I  am  satisfied  Gov.  Morton  would  come  over 
if  the  delay  does  not  extend  beyond  next  Wednesday.  I  find  out 
from  Gen.  Raum  that  Gov.  Morton  is  one  of  the  best  men  that  could 
possibly  bo  found  for  the  territory  in  question.  Ho  could  bo  of 
great  assistance  in  the  fight  which  is  bound  to  come  with  the 
Graphophono.  I  enclose  you  a  couple  of  newspaper  paragraphs  in 
regard  to  the  contract  the  Graphophono  people  have  entered  into. 
Could  you  not  find  out  something  in  regard  to  business  standing 
of  Lippincott  who  has  taken  up  the  contract.  I  sincerely  trust 
that  you  iixupla  folks  will  not  allow  the  fake  to  come  on  the  mar¬ 
ket  first  for  the  reason  that  it  will  receive  a  large  amount  of 
publicity  which  should  come  to  us  and  which  we  cannot  get  after 
the  subject  has  been  "written  out."  Vfe  will  gain  great  headway 
by  being’  out  first.  From  what  I  can  gather  there  are  200  Grapho¬ 
phono  s  in  Hew  York  Oity  now.  I  trust  you  will  give  this  matter 
serious  consideration. 

Were  you  not  greatly  surprised  at  the  'fainter  letter.  It 
thoroughly  demonstrates  to  me  that  ho  is  dissatisfied  with  the  way 
the  syndicate  are  acting  tuid  that  he  would  be  glad  indeed  to  get 
out  if  he  could.  Bell  is  a  party  to  the  fraud  for  the  reason  ho 
allows  his  name  to  bo  used  as  inventor  and  does  not  say  a  word 
although  ho  is  thoroughly  aware  that  the  deception  is  being  prac¬ 
ticed  upon  the  public. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  Frank  Z.  Maguire. 




^  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York, 

Mar oh  31st,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

The  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  a  letter  from  Maguire  which  please  peruse  and  re¬ 
turn  as  the  clippings  attached  contain  sone  information  concern¬ 
ing  their  business  which  I  want  to  have  on  file  in  the  office..  You 
will  please  notice  that  this  contract,  with  •lippincott  has  been 
approved  by  the  stockholders. 

X  want. to  have  you  make  for  me,  Monday  if  possible,  photo¬ 
graphs  of  the  standard  Phonograph.  I  want  them  for  the  engravers. 
As  the  formoof  the  machine  is  definitely  settled  this  work  can  go 
ahead  at  once  and  it  is  very  important  that  it  should  be  gotten 
out  this  coming  week,  otherwise  it  will  be  late.  Xt  will  be-  a 
great  advantage  to  Souraud  if  electrotypes  of  these  cuts  can  be 
sent  to  him  with  his  first.  Phonographs  and  also  that  he  should  havV 
copies  of  our  descriptive  pamphlets,  price-lists  and  all  othep 
printed  matter  which  we  are  preparing  for  the  business.  You 
appreciate  the  fact  that  nothing  whatever  could  have  Been  done  on 
the  cuts  and  v  ry  little  could  have  been  written  descriptive  of  the 
apparatus  until  the  present  time,  owing  to ’the' uncertainty  as  to 

T-.JA.  E,  2 

i”S*  *»«d  be  added  to  It.  it  »,  ap  tMo 

mt”  "°'  °m  rr’°‘  “  "  hard  as  possible  it  n,  nbt  be  .  „„ 
•oe  .eon.  a,  the  fetor,  Wll  b.8i„  lur„  TOS01ar  m„Mm. 
in  ,  little  more  than  .  fro„  thl,  pl>><e  ^  ^  ^ 

in  thi.  mat  ter  all  pan.  If  Wo]!,on  ^  ,  „„  ^ 

bate  it  done  in  „o,  Port,  bnt  preeomo  pret.r  doi„8  i,  i» 

the  laboratory, 

o  tried  talking  on  a  cylinder  turned  off  with  a  fast  speed 
and  it  works  all  right. 

Yours  truly. 

JOHN  R.  SHEPARD,  Vic., 

GEO.  F.  DODGE,  S< 

American  Indurated  Fibre 






■  -iSWeREiBF* 

SUccAain-icyviMe-,  • — •  ixxf- 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

1 9  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

April  16th,  1888. 


Th03.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

-  Orange,  H.j.  ^ 

My  dear  Edison:- 

Toppan  has  told  me  about  the  exhibition  to  the  Press^that  y) 
propose  to  give  at  the  laboratory.  Please  put  it  off  for  a  few 
days  until  Keller  gets  out  some  of  the  perfect  machines  and  we 

getbour  figuring  finished,  so  that  wp  will  know  the  selling  price 
to  the  public.  .We  have  got  it  nearly  finishedup  and  I  will  be 
out  to  see  you  lust  as  soon  as  it  is  completed. 

X  have  not  brought  a  Phonograph  to  t'->e  office:  I  have 
one  at  my  house,  whore  I  take  the  agents  in  the  evening  to  show 
it  to  them.  It  is  working  first-class. 

Yours  truly, 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

April  18th,  1888. 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir.:- 

We  have  all  of  the  figures  relating  to  the  Phonograph  and 
Tomlinson  will  bo  out  with  me  tommorrow  afternoon  and  we  would 
like  to  spend  the  evening  with  you  on  these  matters.  in  eaae 
you  should  have  some  other  engagement,  or  don't  want  to  see  us. 
Please  notify  us.  It  is  of  great  importance,  as  we  can  do  no 
business  until  the  questions  of  prices,  etc.,  are  settled. 

Yours  very  truly. 

J?  iicu  faMgCltsU?  : 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

April  23rd,  1888. 

I  enclose  a  clipping  from  the  Washington  "Capitol?  which 
Maguire  sends  me  today.  I  have  ordered  some  of  the  copies  and 
will  place  them  where  they  will  do  the  most  good. 

I  sent  out  to  you  today,  with  a  letter  of  introduction, 
two  young  men  who  are  going  to  act  as  agents  for  the  sale  of  the 
Phonograph  in  the  West.  Mr.  Gaston  is  a  brother  of  Daisy  Gaston 
Mr.  Marsfe  has  been  his  partner  in  a  business  in  Chicago  where  they 
have  had  great  success,  acting  as  agents  for  the  Carbolic  Smoke 
Ball  Company.  They  managed  ^his  business  exceedingly  well,  nett¬ 
ing  them  from  fifteen  to  eighteen  hundred  dollars  per  month,  and 
thoy  have  sold  out  their  interest  to  the  parent  company  for  ten 
thousand  dolla  rs.  This  gives  them  plenty  of  ready  capital. 

They  are  exceedingly  anxious  to  get  into  the  business.  Please  get 
your  school  room  in  good  working  order  for  as  soon  as  I  notify 
the  other  agents  that  we  are  ready  for  business,  we  shall  have  a 
large  lot  of  them.  All  of  these  parties  will  have  an  employee; 
anpractical  man,  who  will  be  educated  thoroughly  in  the  handling 
of  the  machine,  but  acting  on  your  suggestion,  which  I  think  an 

excellent  one 
thing  to  do  # 
the  machine. 

wo  will  endeavor  to  have  every  person  having  any- 
h  it,  thoroughly  instructed  in  the  management  of 

Yours  very  truly, 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

April  23rd,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Toppan  has  notified  me  that  you  want  me  to  come  out  to  f± 
fix  up  the  prices  of  parts,  etc.  Unless  you  want  me  to  come  at 
ftnce,  i  should  like  t0  wa.t  untn  jQhn  ana  T  can  fix  thQ 

contracts,  and  make  them  conform  to  the  new  prices  and  discounts. 

I  have  written  Tate,  to  say  that  the  contracts  just  as  they  are, 
should  not  be  copied  into  the  minute  books,  as  the  changes  in 
prices  and  discounts,  make  it  necessary  to  alter  the  contracts. 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

April  33rd,  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

The  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Tate:- 

I  forgot  to  mention,  that  the  contracts  just  as  they  are 
should  not  be  copied  into  the  minute  books,  as  the  changes  in 
prices  and  discounts  will  necessarily  make  considerable  alteration 
John  has  agroed  to  attend  to  this  tomorrow  and  X  expect  to  be  out 
there  with  them  Wednesday  night  and  if  they  are  found  to  be  cor¬ 
rect,  you  can  then  enter  them  up. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

April  25th, 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

I  have  a  telegram  from  Jim  Gilliland  in  regard  to  the 
mixture  that  we  use  for  coating  the  inside  of  the  battery  boxes. 
He  says  he  can't  obtain  the  Mexican  asphalt  there ,=  and  inquires 
if  the  Egyptian  asphalt  will  do  as  well?  Please  let  me  know  at 
once,  so  that  I  may  telegraph  him  instructions. 

Yours  truly, 

- ) 

*1  'J 

T‘  A*  Eflis0M»  l'l.  Y.,  May  1,  1888. 

Will  go  see  you  to-morrow.  Suppose  you  will  be.  ready 
to  talk  phonograph? 

R.  L.  Cutting. 

v  l"l  C  f  V->  •*  '  L  C 


_EiicflriiocitecLuudct_tlie_jaaws,  of  tho  a...  nf 

§apttal,  I  Mr,  , 

spares,  $  ^ 

- . s&ioa-dc h. 

!»ts  to  to  fierttfg 

—^toeddoA.  In.  tL&  4>a-p-LtoJ-  &to.edL  o-fc 

t^u^tu  ^  tLz-  uu^  ^  tu  .4o^^  u  ^  u 

o-tto^cy  0^  t^-d^UcV  */  tLU,  4c*jbl{LccdU. 

tL s.  i^icL  4o-mjdM<.y  La-d  ««cW  dU  c^LoA^tz, 

T'  ;  tLld  4cdtl£Lc.a£z,  to-  U  Uy^  ly  Ltd 

<XSiVcL  ^(^CA^tfCLA^t 


Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Bloomfield,  N.  J. 

•  Cfentlemen:- 

Vfe  regret  to  have  again  to  call  your 
attention  to  your  account  which  has  stood  so  long  ' 
unsettled.  Your  last  favor  led  us  to  believe  that  '■  »  , 
this  would  be  attended  to  on  receipt  of  a  credit  alC;v\ 
lowance  which  the  enclosed  memorandum  will  show  you 
was  made  on  the  19th  of  last  month/  Wo  must  again 
beg  a  check  in  full  to  cover  at  your  very  earliest 

Yours  truly, 

The  Ansonia  Brass  &  Copper  Co., 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Edison:- 

As  the  Phonograph  is  of  no  use  without  the  wax  cylinders 
can't  wo  patent  the  cylinder  in  Canada  and  allow  the  agents  to 
manufacture,  and  thereby  comply  with  the  patent  laws  and  give  full 
protection  to  our  entire  trade  by  so  doing? 

noekerill  sends  me  the  enclosed  letter, which  hejtook 
from  the  waste  basket,  to  give  us  an  idea  of  the  thousand  or  more 
crank  letters  which  they  have  received  since  the  phonograph 
article  was  publishod.  He  has  askedme  to  come  up  and  see  him  in 
regard  to  furnishing  Item  with  Phonographs. 

I  want  to  mention  to  you  one  fact  which  I  may  forget 
later  on;,  without  detracting  anything  from  Lathrop's  efforts 
in  workingup  the  press,  Price  of  th  Eloctrical  Review  did  a 
great  deal  of  good  work  by  personally  visiting  a  great  many 
newspaper  people  and  doing  what  he  could  to  whoop  the  thing  up. 

Notwithstanding  t'->e  bad  weather,  the  Phonograph  at  the 
Club  is  attracting  crowds. 

I  sent  over  one  agent  today  and  others  will  be  coming 

T.  A.  E.  2 

along  very  soon  and  I  will  have  your  school  room  in  full  blast 
very  soon. 

Yours  truly , 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 


17th,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

th  confeliance  with  your  repeat  by  telephone , we  have 
instructed  Mr.  Taft  «tf  hhve  *h»  dommenoe  work  at 


Yours  very  truly-. 


<Zjk-  : 




j  ts  ivw  tjzwzfy, _ s'C'tty 

/{Xo^  *?c>~TL  : — 

— /  2?  -sJu 

Ca_^  A"  (2-Ycc^>~* 

si2S^si^  _  SUJ^J 

<?  _  <£-<-r  ^Lt-r  <^<X_  ^ «-«-» — /<£~- 



et-^  C<-t  c  l*^  /'c'-^:  </ 



X^\.  L^sj  fop 

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^~'{—j  c/^j~ZAaJ^  (O^trtLsI  <L> 

QC-t/%sfc  (T^ — 

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COPY  0?  CONTRACT  WITH  0.  H.  BROWN  &  no. 

Pitchers,  Mass., May  23d,  1888. 
laboratory  of  Thoms  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 


Mo  vri.ll  build  for  you,  in  the  best  manner,  ani 
best  materials,  one  of  our  Automatic  Cut-Off  Steam  Engines, 
a  cylinder  10  inches  bore,  by  42  inches  stroke,  ard  Pulley* 
Wheel  14  feet  diameter,  by  25  inches  face,  turned  for  belt. 

of  the 

The  Crank  Shaft  and  Connecting  Rod  to  be  made  of  the  Best 
Forged  Iron;  the  Piston  Rod,  Cross  Head  and  Crank  Pins  of  Steel' 
and  such  small  parts  as  are  most  liable  to  wear, 'of  Steel  and  ’ 
hardened.  With  the  engine  we  will  furnish  Stop  Valve,  Governor 
Oil  Pump  for  Cylinder,  Sight-Feed  Oil  Cups,  and  all  necessary 
wrenches.  „ 

Wo  will  furnish  the  time  of  an  Engineer  to  set  up  and  start 
the  engine,  without  charge  for  his  services,  you  to  pay  his 
travelling  expenses  and  board,  and  furnish  all  necessary  assistance 
together  with  proper  tools,  for  handling  and  placing  in  position 
the  heavy  parts.  Should  there  be  delay  in  sotting  up  the  Engine 
occasioned  by  imperfect  foundations,  or  by  waiting  for  the  same  to 
be  constructed,  or  for  pipes,  belting,  fcc.,  the  time  of,  the  engi¬ 
neer  during  such  delay  to  be  charged  in  the  account. 

You  to  provide  Foundations  and  everything  pertaining  thereto, 
with  the  exception  of  Foundation  Drawing,  which  we  will  furnish. 

Engine  to  be  delivered  F.  0.  B.  cars  in  Orange,  N.  J.  and  to 
be  shipped  within  five  weeks  fran  roc  eipt  of  an  order. 

Price,  Twenty-three  hundred  dollars  (§2,300).  Net  Cash, 
payable  when  the  engine  is  set  up  and  in  running  order;  or' if  you 
should  not  be  ready  to  have  it  Aippod  or  set  up  at  the  time 
agreed  upon,  payment  to  be  due  at  the  time  the  engine  would  have 
be.en  ready  to  run  if  it  had  been  shipped  and  sot  up  at  the  time 

Title  to  the  Engine  not  to  pass  until  it  is  paid  for  in  full 
Yours  truly,  (Signed)  C.  H.  Brovin  &  Co . 

We  accept  the  above  proposition. 


’  By  (Signed)  THOMAS  A.  EDISON, 

.  President. 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

May  24th ,  1838. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orango,  N.J.  ^ 

My  hear  Edison:-  •  ■ 

Win  the  ohango.  thos-4o  b.i„e 

in  the  Phonograph  odd  anything  to  th.  cot,  thnnw,,., 

r.  there  ony  reason  Why  I  can 1 1  go  ahead  ana  i.,,,. 
d..o«pt,vo  pamphlets  and  -note  .oiling  prlo.  gtjg,,  „io610  plM„ 

•.100  and  With  cabinet  $130?^^ - '/T7 

dabinets  Pan  typowM,.,..  „,ail  fo_  ^  ma  ^ 

ir:  2 iae*  °r  *  ™Md  b*  «*«  *  ~ u  ^ 

b  ~  -  *•  **-  -  own, win  tho  ba.tory,  M  a_ 
at  tho  top  hold  wax  ot 

over  thn  vu  top  to  olose  d0Wl 

over  the  Phonograph  when  not  in  use.  Eltho 
, .  S®  Either  make  the  desk  or 

cabinet,  sufficiently  wide  so  that  th  ♦ 

on  it  or  h  typewriter  can  be  placed 

ave  an  extension  shelf  that  can  be  drawn  out. 

,d  r~’  m°8t  likely’  bG  US°d  ^^orsally  i„  reai_ 

d°«bt,  be  a  great  many  offices  Where 

donees ,  and  there  will 
they  will  bo  wanted. 

■rr,nCM  "«■  «•  to  «o  OS  „  , 

3  “  «”ial  onbinot,  ala 

T.  A.  E.  3 

with  a  largo,  first-class  furniture 
lot  me  know  if  tho  action 
meets  with  your  approval,  or  do  you 
matters  yourself? 


manufacture  to  do  tho  same. 
X  have  taken  in  this  matter 
prefer  attending  to  these 

Yours  very  truly. 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

May  25th,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:-  / 

Toppan  has  told  me  about  the  sale  of  the  stock  in  Boston 
and  the  action  you  are  proposing  to  take  in  the  matter,  and  what 
the  influence  has  been  that  has  brought "this  about,  and  I  must 
say  that  I  am  surprised  that  you  should  fall  in  so  readily  with 
the  ideas  of  those  who  may  be  considering  their  own  personal  inter¬ 
ests  as  against  the  interests  of  yourself  and  all  others;  cer¬ 
tainly  that  is  the  way  it  looks  to  mo.  But  the  object,  of  this 
letter  is  not  to  criticiso,  but  to  give  you  my  views  on  the  subject 
I  have  said  to  Mr.  Toppan  ad  Mr.  Lathrop  and  a  great 

many  others,  that  I  considered  the  Phonograph  stock  worth  150,  for 


the  reason  that  I  think  that  a  business,  the  prospects  of  which 
are  so  good  as  the  Phonograph  3oems  to  be,  would  bo  a  good  invest¬ 
ment  at  a  price  which  would  moke  it  a  dividend  earning  one,  if  the 
enterprise  realized  one/half  of  what  is  estimated. 

According  tcy  the  terms  of  my  contract,  the  sales  for  the 
first  year  would  be ^27,450  machines  at  a  net  profit  to  the  Company 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 


T.  A.  E.  S 

of  twelve  dollars  each ,  or  two  hundred  and  nine  thousand  four  hun- 
dred  dollars,  to  which  add  the  amount  you  have  boon  guaranteed 
on  the  d*ll  contract,  eight  thousand  dollars,  then  add  a  reasona¬ 
ble  estimate  of  the  increased  income  on  the  sale  of  the  nickle- 
plated  and  cabinet  machines,  twenty-five  thousand  dollars,  then 
add  the  profit  on  supplies,  which  I  have  carefully  calculated  n 
and  find  to  be  sixty-one  thousand  dollars.  This  added  up  makes 
three  hundred  thousand  dollars  profit  per  annum  for  the  Phonograph 
Company,  on  a  capitalization  of  twelve  hun  dred  thousand  dollars, 
the  sale  of  which  at  one  hundred  and  fifty  ,  would  be  eighteen 
hundred  thousand  dollars.  Three  hundred  thousand  is  about  seven¬ 
teen  per  cent  on  this  investment.  Now  make  a  very  liberal  alloww 
anee,  that  we  will  only  do  one-half  of  the  business  estimated, 
then  it  will  still  pay  eight  per  cent  on  its  cost.  This  esti¬ 
mate  of  the  amount  of  buisness  that  we  can  do  has  been  submitted 
to  good  men  who  have  applied  for  territory  from  all  parts  of  the 
United  States,  and  has  never  been  considered  as  being  over  esti¬ 
mated.  Wo  have  gone  so  far  as  to  compare  it  with  other  business 

certain  district  of  twenty  counties  of  New  York  State,  in  whih 
the  sales  for  one  year  of  sewing  machines 

amounted  to  forty  thous- 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

and  ,  pianos  one  hundrod  and  fifty  thousand,  typewriters  fofty 
thousand  and  of  telephone  rentals  ninty-six  thousand  dollars. 

Our  estimate  of  business  for  the  Phonograph  in  the  same 
district  amounts  to  eighteen  thousand  dollars. 

You  have  seen  fit  to  put  the  commercial  part  of  the 
Phonograph  in  my  hands.  I  ha  e  been  making  a  very  thorough  can¬ 
vass  of  the  matter  and  it  would  seem  to  me  that  X  am  much  bettor 
able  to  estimate  the  value  of  the  stock  than  Mr.  Perry  or  John, 

"ho  have  never  given  those  matters  a  moments  thought  and  know 
nothing  about  it  whatever,;  and  as  I  have  said  before  are  proba¬ 
bly  influenced  by  their  personal  interests. 

Being  able  to  find  purchasers  for  the  amount  of  stock 
sold  at  this  price,  I  consi  der  to  bo  a  very  fortunate  circumstance; 
the  money  that  you  need  can  be  raised,  on  this  basis,  by  the  sac-' 
rifice  of  a  smaller  proportion  of  your  stock. 

Boston  people  arc  glad  to  pay  280  for  Bell  Telephone 
which  only  pays  18*  on  par  with  an  occasional  4*  extra.  I  think 
this  idea  that  advantage  is  being  taken  of  a  person  who  pays  150 
for  Phonograph  stock,  is  all  bosh,  in  view  of  the  above  showing 
md  thS  fa0t  that  Graphophone  stock  is  at  the  present  time  selling 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 


4  New  York. 

at  a  higher  figure.  I  think  you  ought  not  to  hesitate  one  moment 
as  between  a  sale  of  stock  to  a  wealthy  community,  at  15 o  por 
share,  as  against  hawking  it  around  the  street  by  a  broker  at  110. 

The  Forbes  family  absorbed  thowholo  Boll  Telephone  Co. 

The  family  to  whom  the  stock  has  been  sold  might  do  the  same 
thing  with  the  Phonograph  Company,  a  much  more  desirable  thing 
than  to  have  the  stock  peddled  around  in  order  to  give  some  broker 
or  his  friends  an  opportunity  to  speculate. 

In  regard  to  my  proposed  sales  in  Washington,  I  have 
^never  quoted  ajprice,  always  told  them  to  mfcke  an  offer  and  it  would 
bo  promptly  accepted  or  declined.  I  warned  them  in  my  last  corre¬ 
spondence  that  as  they  were  so  slow,  it  would  probably  be  300  by 
the  time  they  decided. 

While  I  am  not  ver  •  ill,  I  am  confined  to  the  house, 
but  expect  to  be  out  tomorrow.  I  trust  you  will  conside*  the  cir¬ 
cumstances  under  which  this  letter  is  written,  and  I  hope  you  will 
give  the  above  careful  consideration. 

Yours  very  truly. 




Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

i  J  f  19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

May  36  th,  18  8. 

_JEhos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edi  s  on :  - 

'IcJttJtudUcJb  ii 


^  Lv^JhJU,  tb  . f 

Tho  managers  of  the  fcicjp^InUitute-of  Technology,  in 
t,  *  6  Ke  [•ht'Cll-Cii  A  sum.  rtf'  — 

Boston,  have  been  exceedingly  anxioL  for  $,  to-^Ao  them  an  ex- 

bibition  of  the  Phocsruph. 

your  instruct  ions,  X  provisos  Lot  &f 

*”°"M  6s  *»  '»»  In.tituty^lJ’nox, 

Boston  Electric  Blub,  wtb  *omVfcfcfSrferr™^  '  ^ 
and  said  that  wo  wore  under  pronns'e  t^i^ibit  aAtho  Institute 
Of  foctaolosy,  but  the  follo«ne%^^^c'ri*ibUV^£’ 
at  the  Electric  Blub.  In  vie.  o?tbe  r^tlniroba^,  of  stock 
in  Boston,  and  as  a  means  of  creating  a  good  impression  on  (those 
parties,  would  it  not  be  woll  to  carry  out  this  programme  at  as 
early  a  date  as  possible,  and  can’t  you  help  me  out  in  this  matter 
to  the  extent  of  lotting  me  have  Hamilton  and  perhaps  6ne  other? 

T  think  I  can  get  Gaston  and  Marsh.  Prof.  Prose,  of  the  Institute 
of  Technology  has  volunteered  to  give  a  lecture  on  the  Phonograph 

at  the  Institute  and  will  probably  repeat  the  same  thing  at  the 
KlccVic  Blub.  Tbic  b„„0r,  nol  „„y  lworlmti  M  ^  thoy 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

T.  A.  E.  2 

want  is  to  see. the  mrchine,  and  we  could  take  with  us  about  six 
or  eight  machines,  and  with  these  show  the  music,  talking,  type¬ 
writing  and  type-setting. 

If  you  approve  of  this,  I  will  make  the  dates,  and. then 
lathrop  friends  can  bo  invited,  and  it  will  probably  create  a 
better  impression  on  them-than  it  would  to  send  over  an . instrument 
and  man  especially  to  exhibit  the  machine  to  them,  and  possibly 
create  the  idea  in  their  minds  that  they  had  done  us  a  great  favor 
in  purchasing  stock. 

Yours  truly, 

A  ^ 

yslslA.  <V\yCiAAAJ/  t. 


;  /i/iA£d^:'tfcb,  Ct/A 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street,^. 
New  York. 

Thos  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J. 
My  Dear  Edison:- 

I  enclose 


June  Hth,  1888. 

_  vf  o-  — * 


:opy  of  a  lgt/.eg 
to  about  fifty  first-class^ 



•4m d  have  alreadyN^pok- 

en  to  a  few  and  the  most  .PfeS.'  say  that  they 

in-1-/  A A* 

commend  some  good  young  men.^  .  )  ... 

Jf  C  W  .  y 

I  have  had  a  talk  with  Gouraud  and  explained  to  him  the 

importance  of  having  men  skilled  frTlbh^s^t'ing  hip  and  adjustment 

of  thommachines ,  and  particul  ar  ly  ‘impor  t^t^o  "hi irf/  beir4  sojfar 
LAl'f.uwC  r  0-^- *7/ 

He  will  avail  himself  of  om-  school. 

.  wo  fix  a  range  of  pay 

.  u K^-e-e^— V— «+— 

that  they  are  to  receive  from  $35  to  $50  per  month ^according  to 

the  importance  of  the  position  oy  fill,  wju^a^osno c t —  . 


of  increasing  it  as  the  business  developGs-.  I  remember  tHfat  in 

some  of  our  c  onversat  ions  .on  thc^ubjic^i^  wo^e  inflw'of 

<=£==-•  ' 

using  machinists  and  instrument  makers  for  this  workj^-all  of  this 
class  of  people  with  whom  I  have  talked,  expect  to  ben>ut  On  sal-  ' 
ary  at  one  and  expect  to  receive  full  wages.  As  Phonograph  in- 

from  headquarters. 

I  sugges  that,  we  reprosej 
propose  to  educate  for  our  business^ ^th  Jft*" i 

T.  A.  E.  2 

spectors  are  not  going  to  be  called  upon  to  file  or  fit,  but  simply 
to  adjust,  I  fflbn't  think  it  will  be  of  enough  advantage  to  Us  to 
have  men  who  have  learned  a  trade,  to  justify  the  payment  of  the 
larger  salary  that  they  will  require. 

I  propose  to  adopt  the  plans  of  the  Sewing  Machine  Co^s 
in  the  selling  and  setting  up  of  machines;  that  is,  the  salesmen 
and  canvassers  obtain  the  order,  the  machine  is  delivered  by  our 
wagon  and  an  inspector,  who, will  also  be  an  instructor  will  gollow 
and  set  up  the  machine  and  instruct  the  purchaser  in  the  usoof  it. 

The  class  of  men  that  we  will  have  as  salesmen,  men  of 
good  address  and  competent  to  make  a  sale,  will  be  too  expensive 
to  utilize  their  time  as  inspectors  and  instructors.  For  instance, 
I  have  engaged  one  canvasser  for  Now  York  who  has  sold  as  high  as 
28  typewriters  in  one  month,  giving  him  a  profit  of  upwards  of  $400 
The  typowr-f  ter  companies  pay  only  about.  #50  or  $60  per 
month  to  the  inspectors  who  go  around  and  put  their  machines  in 
operation.  I  find  that  sowing  machine  and  typewriter  people  do 
not  employ  mechanics  who  have  learned  a  trade,  as  inspectors  and 
adjusters,  but  take  good  bright  follows  and  educate  them  up  in 
that  business.  If  you  approve  of  my  plan,  and  are  ready  to  re¬ 
ceive  them,  I  can  send  out  as  many  men  as  you  can  take  care  of. 

With  very  few  exceptions,  .all  of  the  parties  Whom  I  have 
negotiated  with  to  act  as  our  agents,  oxpect  me  to  furnish  this 
class  of  help.  I  think  wo  had  bettor  Ifejirosont  to  these  young  men 

T.  A.  E.  3 

that  it  will  take  abotu  two  months  to  become  sufficiently  skilled 
in  the  business  to  enable  them  to  fill  a  position.  This  will  about 
fill  in  between  now  and  the  time  we  are  ready  to  deliver  machines. 

I  am  very  anxious  to  get  out  and  see  the  new  machines  and 
shall  do  so  very  soon,  but  I  have  from  20  to  30  callers  per  day, 
which  together  with  our  mail,  occupies  tho  entire  day,  and  on  ac¬ 
count  of  my  being  sick,  we  sonv'  hund- ed  or  more  letters  behind. 
However,  I  have  engaged  more  help  and  we  will  be  rtffoght  up  by 
tomorrow  night. 

Yours  truly. 



Gen’i.  Agent. 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

juno  5th, 


Dear  Sir:- 

In  all  of  the  Agencies  which  are  being  organized  through 
out  the  United  States  and  Europe  for  the  introduction  of  the  Phono¬ 
graph,  there  will  be,  required,  men  skilled  in  the  setting  up  and 
adjustment  of  the  machines* 

Some  Agents  will  themselves  select  men  for  this  work, 
but  in  most  cases  they  have  asked  us  to  supply  them  with  persons 
familiar  with  the  details  of  the  instrument. 

To  enable  us  to  do  this,  we  propose  to  form  at  the  lab¬ 
oratory  at  Orange,  a  limited  calss  of  young  men  who  will  be  train¬ 
ed  as  phonograph  inspectors  under  Mr. Edison's  personal  supervision, 
prom  six  weeks  to  two  months  will  probably  be  required  to  gain  the 
necessary  proficiency. 

When,  from  time  to  time,  wo  are  called  upon  to  furnish 
skilled  men,  they  will  bo  taken  from  this  class  according  to  their 
ability  to  fill  the  positions  offered.  We  believe  this  to  be 

an  excellent  opportunity  for  unemployed  young  men  to  enter  a  busi¬ 
ness  that  promises  extensive  development. 

If  you  have  among  your  acquaintances  a  capable  young  man 
between  18  and  85  years  of  age,  who  needs  such  an  opportunity,  we 
shall  be  glad  to  place  him  in  this  class  upon  your  recommendation. 

Upon  presentation  at  this  office  of  a  lotter  from  you 
he  will  bo  directed  how  to  proceed.  1 

Yours  truly, 

Gen'l  Agent. 

. !l -'"i 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

sj  June  6  th  ^1888. 

$kd-3  I 

V  X 

ails  fo:tf  Europe  gr»  Satur-  \ 

is  exceedingly  mxioas  >ta  hake 
tAh-t -££/ 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

Mr.  Pulitzer 
day,  to  be  gone  several 

a  Phonograph  with  him  in  Europe."  Mr.  Cookorill-has  written  me  a 
letter  on  the  subject,  and  Mr.  Counter,  \he(>ssist^n,t  manager  has  ,  ' 
called  several  times.  There  is  no  doubt,. ...that  this  would  he  a  f 

fc  'eX'-'-'-a-Cv*  tl Xjt  Jt  ULo-^J  1 — 

great  card  for  us  ad  they  have  said  to  me  that  we  would  lose  nothv 

Ulv  tf-ZCUbs —  (x-v  i 0-C 

ing  by  complying  with  his  request.  v  J  / 

91  efU^y^-tv' 

X  have  spoken  to  Col.  Qouraud  and 

ouraud  and  he/ appreciates  the  ijn=_ 

/bfwtr^  'Ztg'  <=*~  i^kLJi-^Zfkc 

portanco  of  the  matter  and  is(jfilling  that  it  should  bo  .done/  if ^ 

/^f  L-c^y- 1>  fi'b  " 

possible.  I  did  not  eneouraiw 

snouia  bo  .done,  if 

CUA^  Zb-txA  u 

>a JO'  them  to/ think  they  could. get  one  on 
&-*U-  l. r  Cb 

Saturday,  but  said  that  we  could  probably  arrange  tojhav'e  one  very 

euLc-v rv  m  .  "La  CyKr-e*Tkj 

soon  thereafter.  Mr.  Coulter  explained  to' me,  that  Mr.  Pultizer 
vrould  tke  a  man  with  him  competent,  to  manage  it—so  that  if  we  can 
get  a  good  machine,  there  is  no  doubt  but  that  he  will  make  it,  work 
successfully.  I  need  not  dwell  on  the  value,, to-us-of  the  free  ad¬ 

vertising  we  would  get  if  this  t! 


tg  is  caifiei  out*  j 



tXJLL  TUJ ■  ffcbj,  ■  ^ 


-~/UU  Ax  t^t)  TCJ^  fiy  tjisL 
h-TZccJ-  *y  <S-VX.  OzUJ  £J 

VCftJ  {J-c^JL  *** 

'Ts^t^vP  UjOfr^ 

Q' kJJ  <«U-t  ' 

JA  ^wV7  AmL? 

i'!\  A/  Jyit/ir^  Xi^t  ^ 

S^A-^wuc^fc  t-(h/\J  ^ii-B 
nVWk/  <& 
A*'  n^/w~~y  Au^wA  j^A 

^Vi.  4 

jQ-~  J)>  Qsutd'  Z-^tL 

jy  v  ~  ~  ■  «-•--  c^'1 

i^/c  \HrtzJ-  ^  ,c^  ~s2&op 

rt^cnt  At  ^dt^p  ,^Wu  ^<i) 

~U  r£h-juu£j  t\~^~r,  y- 

hJn^r.  ^  fr  jf 

y-tJfT'MBtu,  A^7  ^ 

<w^4a  (IiW^w  /A^  ^ 

1  •  ^  ^y  ^JL^,  kfajO  A  ^ 


j^  '  '  ;  , 

C&T*J^t)'  &f~  ■■ 

et-M  ./f&ui 

di  ■  ■ 


EdisoivF  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

June  13th,  1888. 


Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

1 jilL  •VvvA.  W-CT.. 


I  enclose  horowith  a  letter  from  D.  H.  Pitch  in  regard 
to  his  battery.  As  the  question  of  battery  is  certainly  an  im¬ 
portant  one  to  us,  and  as  Pitch  has  had  so  much  esqperience,  would 
it  not  be  well  to  give  him  the  data  which  he  asks  for  in  regard 
to  our  motor.  He  has  said  that  he  would  then  design  a  form  of 
battery  having  proportions  suited  to  our  requirements. 

If  you  will  take  the  trouble  to  read  his  letter,  you 
will  see  that  ho  is  well  posted  in  batteryS. 

Yours  truly. 


Edison  Phonograph  Co, 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

June  '112  th  y^fl88j 

tf  p<r 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  f) 


‘‘r  /V"  W 

X  send  herewith  a  saipje  of  the  tubWalf^  the 
lean  Indurated  Eibre  Company  and  also  their  let  if#  ^lircfi'  states 
that  they  can  make  other  sizes  and  thi^^st^ 

Ifc  ls  a  very  str°ng  and  cheap  material  and  I  thq^ht 
perhaps  it  might  be  utilized  for  mailing  boxes. 

Yours  trily, 


^WashfrJ0?"1™?*  ,Vut*{  ^*t* 

Tabor  Steam  ^ng^Governor S 

Office  of  Pena *0*7" t! 

Manning,  Maxwell  &  Moore,  HT?' 

Railway  and  Machinists’Toolsand  Supplies,  *r.(;  £m».X 

Nos.  I  I  1  &  113  LIBERTY  STREET. 



June  12th,  18881 

The  Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Gentl  emen:- 

On  your  order  No. 252,  given  us  by  Mr  Livor  a  fewMlay: 
ago,  a  number  of  the  goods  are  ready,  but  we  supposed  ttet  yi 
were  not  ready  for  the  s  hipment  at  present.  Shali  we  wait  f 
shipments  to  be  made  until  we  can  hear  frcm  Mr  Livor.  W 

We  notice  that  you'  have  changed  your  address  from 
Bloomf  iel  d  t  o  Orange, N.J. 

The  matter  of  pullers  is  in  the  hands  of  Mr  Brother 
hood,  who  will  give  it  prompt  attention. 

We  expect  the  blue  prints  and  full  instructions 
in  reference  to  the  Cupola  tomorrow,  when  they  shall  be  forwarded 
to  you. 




aJ-iUsuJ*  A*  luud-</ 

<7^y  <h^Op 

pA,**  HLfT~~  ^ 

U0  60—  07 

^  iLufa.  ^-y-y 


i7*  7Zt7> 

&-  C^7ut*~i. 

{  ^~- 


M^-  y4/f/y  /p/*(^£y* 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

June  20  th,  188.  yj'' 

at*  b 

esVrt+./VH  rtf*  n  T%n+. +. rtr»v  -Pr» /£r*i  I?-?  +  a'U  . 

Thos.  n.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

I  enclose  a  letter  and’ sketch  of  a  battery'  from  Pitch 
I  have  no  doubt  but  that  we  have  zincs  and  carbons  in  suitable 
sizes  to  make  the  tests  of  battery,  and  if  you  desire,  I  will  see 
that  he  furnishes  us  with  a  stifficient,  quantity  of  excitant  for 
the  purpose.  In  view  of  the  importance  of  this  subject  to  us,  I 
think  it  will  bo  worth  while  to  make  the  test. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

June  20th,  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

The  Edison  Laboratory  , 

Orange,  N.J.  ■>.-  ’ 

HyrBear  Tate:- 

Some  time  ago  I  sent  Mr.  Edison  a  copy  of  a  letter 
written  by  Taintor,  the  Graphophone  man,  to  Maguire.  I  think  it 
was  about  two  months  ago,  and  if  you  have  it  on  file  I.  would  like 
to  get  it  back.  It  can  be  used  to  advantage  in  the 'negotiations 
now  pending. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

June  20th,  1888. 

■  Mu/  / 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. , 

The  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Tate:- 

1  enclose  a  letter  which  will  explain  itself.  Can  you 
accomodate  this  party,  or  put  me  in  the  way  of  doing  so? 

I  think  it  is  well  for  us  to  avail  ourselves  of  every 
opportunity  of  this  kind.  Edison  will  not  object  to  it  and  they 
will  undoubtedly  mention  the  Phonograph  at  length  and  in  that  way 
we  get  a  good  free  "ad". 

I  can  get  an  electrotype  of  tho  Electrical  Review,  but 
as  that  looks  more  like  John  L.  Sullivan  than  it  does  like  Edison, 
perhaps  wo  had  better  furnish  them  with  something  else  if  we  have 
it  on  hand. 

Yours  v  ry  truly, 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

June  30th,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

Concerning  the  exhibition  of  the  Phonograph  in  Boston 
I  desire  to  make  an  explanation.  By  your  instructions,  I  promised 
t.o  make  the  first  exhibition  of  the  Phonograph  in  Boston,  at  the 
Institute  of  Technology,  and  at  the  very  urgent  solicitation  of 
some  of  the  prominent  members  of  the  Electric  Club,  I  promised  to 
make  the  second  exhibition  at  their  Club  House.  Upon  opening  up 
communication  with  the  Institute  of  Technology  I  found  that  they 
had  closed  for  tho  season  and  do  not  open  until  next  Tall.  V/e 
therefore  considered  that  arrangement  off  and  the  Electric  Club 
people  assumed  that  the  promise  to  them  held  good  and  announced  t  ■ 
the  thing  as  per  the  enclosed  circular.  I  immediately  wrote  them 
to  say  that  no  exhibition  would  be  made  of  the  old  machine  and 
that  the  now  apparatus  would  not  be  ready  by  that  time.  They  were 
very  persistent  and  brought  a  great  deal  of  pressure  to  bear  and  I 
promised  that  when  the  new  instruments  were  out,  we  would  make  an 
exhibition  at  their  club  and  that  I  would  use  my  best  endeavors 

T.  A.  E.  3 

to  induce  you  to  be  present  on  that  occasion,  and  with  that  under- 
standing  they  let  me  off.  Some  of  the  most  prominent  people  in 
Boston  had  signified  their  intention  of  being  present,  among  them 
Phillip  Brooks  and  the  Mayor,  Forbes,  Bowditch  and  many  others 
whom  T  can't  remember,  and  when  the  time  comes  round  I  think  that 
you  ought,  to  try  and  run  over,  as  a  little  recreation  would  not  do 
you  any  harm. 

Yours  very  truly, 


BbEe^ie-  Sheijs. 

OO  Boylston  Street. 

.Tune  Olh,  1  &3S. 

Dear  Sir: 

r;  2,Vlf  *Lirst  Annirersavt/  of  the  J Boston 
Jilectric  Club  will  ha  celebrated  THURSDAY 
JUNE  21st,  1888,  to  which  cl  few  guests  are 
invited,  one  of  whom,  is  yourself, 

A  Reception  will  be  held  at  the  Club 
Rooms,  from  1  to  < 1.30  D.  M.,  and  will 
include  addresses  tend  an  exhibition  or 
Hnown  electrician,  JTr.  R.  I.  Gilliland , 
will  explain  its  operation,  and  Mi\  Thos. 
^.L.  JtiClLson  is  also  expected,  to  be  present. 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  Reception  Cere- 
monies  guests  and  members  will  be  coix- 
veyecl  to  the  Ringham  Steamboat  Com- 
.pa-ny  s  wharf,  where  a  steamer  will  be 
tahenjor  ATantashct  Reach.  (Dinner  will 
be  served  there  at  the  Roeliland  Rouse 
promptly  at  6.30  p.  m.  A.t  0.30  p  m 
special  cars,  via  the  Old  Colony  Railroad, 
wilt  convey  the  guests  and  members  bach 
to  Boston . 

It  is  imperatively  necessary  that  the 
Secretary  receive  early  notice  of  your  ac- 
e-eptance  to  be  present,  as  arrangements 
will  be  made  only  for  those  who  respond 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 


cdfpj  ■  /€.  &P/.J0SI J 

0?/rt  n<jc  <-  t 

^^/cO'-'r  o^r". 

<esic/k/t/)  3?  ee/uf  csf  a  J&fer  &z/t3 

//c  j  ?<rc„f  /  /z„?9> 

/o  -/Yl  /lA^o- 


f322Y£Y) , 


‘^^XaZ.  ,  y - 

*—■»'  cs^ i^g 


cs^.  ,  _  A 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq< 

Orange,  N.J, 

Dear  Sir 

Referring  to  th 
matter;  we  have  seen  Mr.  Myer  at  the  Y/eber 
his  understanding  in  regard  to  the  matter 

c/iM-fl  G-0  -0  .  0  ^  1/k<k|  .\±,€?/y A-t-'C 

e^co^rrespondonce  in  regard  to  the  ®ihno 

r  offices 
,  which  i: 

and  have  learned 
i  as  follows  t 

the  piano  was  sent  to  the  Laboratory  to  be  used  for  several  months; 
if  after  that  time  you  decided  to  purchase  the  piano,  the  Weber 
people  were  to  make  you  an  offer  of  the  best  possible  terms.  If 
you  decided  not  to  keep  it,  rental  was  to  be  paid,  not  higher  then 
that  usually  charged  professionals;  no  definite  offer  was  made. 

You  wore  to  bear  the  expense  of  cartage;  The  instrument,  that  was 
furnished  you  is  the  best  piano  that  they  make./  The  catalogue 
price  is  $1400. 00.'.  Their  net  retail  price  ^4  $1030.00  and  the  not 
wholesale  price  to  large  housos  is  $730.00.  They  offer  you  the 
piano  for  $600.00  cash,  agreeing  to  keep  it  in  tune,  free  of  ex¬ 
pense, for  a  year  and  guaranteeing  to  keep  it  perfect,  for  five 
years.  Any  defects  that  cannot  be  remedied  in  the  instrument  you 
now  have,  will  be  made  good  by  a  now  piano  without  expense  to  you. 

If  you  do  not  desire  to  purchase  the  piano  the  rental 
will  be  at  the  rate  of  $30.00  per  month,  beginning  at  the  date  of 

T_  A. 


delivery  in  Feb.  and  cartage  of  §10.00  each  way. 

•They  ask  that  these  figures  be  considered  oonfidental 
and  in  consideration- of  these  favorable  terms,  they  desire  to  have 
it  understood  that  no  other  make  of  piano  is  to  be  brought  into 
competition  with  their  piano  at  the  Laboratory  and  that  every  fa-'- 
cility  shall  be  given  for  its  use.  They  add,  that  if  in  the  future 
any  extra  instrument  is  temporarily  needed,  they  will  be  very  glad 
to  loan  it  to  you  free  of  expense,  you  to  bear  the  expense  of  trans¬ 
portation,  however,  toe fend  from  their  rooms. 

We  have  promisodthom  that  you  will  give  this  matter  at¬ 
tention  and  arrive  at  a  decision  in  the  course  of  a  few  weeks. 

I  enclose  catalogue  with  the  'instrument  in  question 
marked.  They. will  also  bo  pleased  to  give  you  special  terms  in 
the  purchase  of  any  other , instruments  that  you  may  require  in  the 

Wo  have  requested  them' to  address  any  further  corre¬ 
spondence  in  the  matter, to  this  office.  If  you  will  kindly  advise 
me  of  What  you,  wish  done,  I  will  have  it  attended  to  from  here. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  ^ 

\  /.A 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange-,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

J.uly  6  th,  1888. 

Your  favor  of  .Tiiiy  2nd  was  quoted  to  the  Wober  people- 
with  the  request  that  they  send  us  bill  for  the  pinno^ which  wo 
promised  to  havo  promptly  paid,  The  bill  has  boen  rooeived  and 
4s  enclosed  herewith,  if  jf0i,  kindly  draw  ohpc?<:  to  the  '-‘Estate 
of  Albort  vfeber"  and  sqnd  tft  wo  will  see  that  it  is  prppprl^ 

Yours  very  truly, 


•  •  T  ' 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

July  Sth,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

Idppencott  wrote  mo  from  his  summer  home  in  Panna. ,  re¬ 
questing  mo  to  meet  him  today  and  on  calling  at  his  office  I  found 
they  had  just  received  a  letter  from  him,  saying  that  his  son  was 
sick  with  malignant  diptheria  and  that  ho  would  probably  not  reach 
here  until  Wednesday  next* 

Lippencott  has  written  to  Mr.  Evans,  his  business  mana¬ 
ger,  to  got  frem  you  as  soon  as  possible  the  model  Phonograph  which 
is  to  bo  put  with  the  Graphophone  and  to  constitute  the  exhibits 
in  the  contracts.  1  mention  this  so  that  you  may  hurry  it  along. 

^  our  interest  that  this  should  be  done  as  soon  as  possible. 

Yours  very  truly 

.  /-pK,co 


'ey  Street, 


/  rts-  07 -0? 



-^V^vjy  &«W-  -^W«7fe  *,**&,. 

X4  -a^  ^  ^ 

^  <W*T  ^  ^4^. 

^  /tia^e  "  I  ) 

-S«4  ^ 




&7a. ^  S^ 

v/3  ur^-^&L^ 

'*~-0 — <st-<r.  crvAwfLA 

Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  //. /fW? 

22.  iS' 

(P/teriqr&r  c^y^r^7~2> 

sC&is  ; 

~  ^2rr?n.  J7fe  LSszs/x  a~z>c<£ 

y?e?c,  £0-r7<&sc^7/n^  &?(*■  -&4'— 


^  ^ye9tv$. 

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,  ^  CINCINNATI,  OHIO,  JULY  4  TO  OCTOBER  27,  1888, 

of  fjjo  of  tfy 




606  Ilth.  St. ,  N.  W. 

L  ^ 

The  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

.  New  York  City. 

Gentlemen: —  In  behalr  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  Centennial 
Exposition,  of  the  Ohio  Valley  an.d  Cen'tral  States,  I  would  respect¬ 
fully  request  that  you  riake  an  exhibition  of  your  phonograph  at 
said  Exposition,  and -in  behalf  of  Mr.  M.  Gardner,  U.  ,S.  Govt.  Rop-’' 
resent  for  the  Department  of--the  Interior,  I  also  request  tha't  you 
use  the  space 'of  the  . U.  S.  Patent  Office  for  said  exhibition. 

The  Patent  Office  exhibit  is  beautifully  located  and  Mr.  Gard¬ 
ner  will  be  at  great  pains  and  take  much  pleasure  in  affording  you 
every  facility  possible.  )$. 

I  fcave  just  received  , a  letter  from  the  Conmissi oner s  of  the 
Exposition  with  reference  .to  this  matter,  and  they  are  exceedingly 
anxious  that  you  make  an  exhibit.  There  is  no  qu  estion- ab  out 

the  beneficial  results  to  you,  and  I  sincerely  hbpe  that  you  will 
take  itnnediate  steps  to  carry  out  the  plan. 

Very  respectfully/ 

Washington  Ropy, of  the  Q.  y/  &  S,  Exposition, 

■  (/r///, 


0km?s  j£  c.-S 'Cz&ttt/bfaj. 
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Site  3tca-m  gimcvican 
gftorucrgvayTt  0 Ha., 

160-16d  JBroadvp'a.y, 


<Zu  *4~~  »^- 

~*Zr-^A&±  ^ 

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",»,..,,-~v,  fv-’  yyy^yjtz 

Edison  Phonocraph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

July  31st,  1888. 

Ideut.  E.  W.  Toppan, 

The  Edison  Phonographs  Works, 

Bloomfield,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  two  bills  enclosed  are  for  batteries  purchesed  by 
Mr.  Edison's  instructions  to  go  with  the  model  instrument  delivered 
to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company.  Will  you  please  see 
that  they  are  promptly  put  through,  and  oblige. 


fy.  Secretary. 

Parties  leaving  on  the  "Limited”  .from ''New 

York  on  Wednesday  morning  will. arrive  at, Washington 

in  time  to  attend.  ‘  • 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  , 

Edison’s  Laboratory,  ' 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  :  ■.■■■■ ’ 

Dear  Sir:-  .  '■  •  '  'A' ; 

A  special  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors 
of  The  Edison  Speaking  Phonograph  Company  will  be  held 
at  the  office  of  the  Company,  No.  900  14th.  Street, 
Washington,  D.  C...  on  Wedno^y  the  26th i v inst.  at  ’4:3' 

Pi  M. 

(By  order 

pUr>~o  Cfl 

Dear  Sir  {- 

Mr  John  C.Tomlison  has  placed  in  our  hands 
ior  adjustment  the  matter  of  the  State  tx  amounting  t0  §1200 
nooo0d  “P?"  thG  aapital  stoc;:  of  tlle  ^son  Phonpgraph  Company  for 
l8ou''  rhls  amount  has  been  levied  and  the  tax  is  in  the  han-is  of 
the  State  Comptroller  for  collection  •. 

We  have  applied  to  the  State  Board  of  Assessors 
for  a  re-hearing  in  this  matter  and  will  be  granted  a  hearing 
in  'fronton  on  Tuesday  next  .  We  find  that  Mr  Tomlinson  is  out  of 
tavn  to  remain  some  time  ,and  are  informed  by  Mr  Gilliland  ,one 
of  the  Directors  of  the  canpany,that  on  application.^  you  we 
can  obtain  the  necessary  information  and  assistance  „ 

It  is  necessary  that  either  you  or  seme  other  of¬ 
ficer  of  the  cqnpany  make  affidavit  to  the  fact  in  regard  to  the 
business,  and  we  therefore  ask  that  you  call  at  our  office  in 
Jersey  City  on  Monday  at'  any  hour  after  ton  A-.M..  convenient  to 
yourself,  in  order  that  tho  affidavit  may  be  drawn  and  sworn  to.. 

It  will  facilitate  matters  if  you  can  bring  a  copy  of  the  articles 
of  incorporation  of  the  company. 

If  ycu  can  call  on  Monday  please  notify  us  in 
advance  of  tho  time  of  your  arrival  »  It  is  nocossary'  to  have 
«his  affidavit  if  we  are  to  succeed  in  our  application  to  the 
State  Board,  and  if  the  facts  sworn  to  bear  out  the  statements 
made  by  Mr  Tomlinson  and  Gilliland  ,we  think  the  prospect  excel¬ 
lent  for  not  only  relieving  tho  company  from  this  years  tax,  > 
but  also  for  preventing  the  imposition  of  any  future  state  tax 
under  existing  laws.. 

Yours  respectfully, 

parmly,  Olendorf  &  Irish. 

P  Wi'-e-y-'  v-pVs 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  July  « 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

ep lying  to  your  favor  concerning  the  $100.  00  paid 
""  *°  «...  «  „t  t0  JU8t  h„ 
thi.  money  ...  aist™r„a;  failing  propM.  „ 

1.  „«•  Mt,  „a  w  win  n,„tm  oh„8e  lt  t<>  profu 

and  Loss. 

Yours  truly, 

Prosecuting  Attorney's  Office. 

Kruse  &  Flannigan,  .  , 

Lawyers.  \ 

Norway',  Mich.  Aug.  6th,  1888 

Geo.  S.  Evans,  Gen'l  Manager., 

160  Broadway,  H.  Y. 

Dear  Sir: — 

Your  favor  of  July  27th,  at  hand. 

We  filed  our  order  for  Phonograph,  with  the  Edison  Com¬ 
pany,  last  fall,  and  they  wrote  that  we  would  probably  be  suppli¬ 
ed  in  January  last.  We  are  very  much  distressed  for  help  as  can 
only  be  furnished  by  a  stenographer  or  one  of  these  machines. 

This  is  a  small  country  town,  remote  from  places  where  stenogra¬ 
phers  are  plenty,  and  in  order  to  obtain  that  help  we  should  be 
obliged  to  bring  a  man  several  hundred  miles  and  besides,  employ 
him  for  at  least  one  year,  at  a  price  almost  twice  as  high  as  they 
can  be  got  for  in  the  cities.  This,  it  is  quite  plain,  would  not 
be  desirable,  and  we  wish  that  under  the  ciroumstances  you  would 
make  an  exception  in  our  case,  and  send  us  the  machine  without 
compelling  us  to  wait  until  your  local  or  State  agencies  are  or¬ 
ganized,  and  ready  to  supply. 

Please  let  us  hear  from  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Kruse  &  Flannigan. 


,  '  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

Augif^t  6  th, 

E.  T.  Gilliland,  Esq., 

Care  Col.  G.  E.  Gouraud, 

181  Queen  Victoria  St.,  Iiondon.\ 

Dea  Mr.  Giiiiiand:- 

I  have  seen  Mr.  Coulter  of  t/e  “World"  as  you  re quest - 
•  ed;  he  states  thit  you  promised  positively  to  deliver  a  Phono¬ 
graph  for  shipment  Wo  Mr.  Pulitzer /hree  weeks  after  his  conversa¬ 
tion  with  you,  whicA  (las  about  t hi  11th  of  June.  He  seemed  very 
much  annoyed  at  not  haling  receded  the  Phonograph  or  any  word  in 
regard  to  your  inability-  to  fui/ish  it  and  expressed  himself  rather 
vigorously  in  regard  to  Wat  hi  termed  his  discourteous  treatment 
in  the  1  explained  to[him  the  impossibility  of  delivering 
a  machine  and  apologized  foW  our  failure  to  notify  him  and  think 
I  succeeded  in  mollifying  him>s  one  what. 

T  delivered  your  mes^kge  to  the  effect  that  you  had 
sailed  for  Europe  and  would  be  pleased  to  exhibit  the  Phonograph  to 
Mr.  Pulitzer  or  any  of  his  friends  whom  he  might  designate  to  you. 
Mr.  Coulter  stated  that  Mr.  Pulitzer  was  to  return  to  New  York  ear¬ 
ly  in  September  and  he  thought  it  would  be  too  late  to  show 

the  machine  to  Mr.  Pulitzer  in  England  but  promised  to  forward  your 
message  to  him.  X  gave  him  your  address  as  Care  Col.  Gouraud. 

Yours  very  truly  , 

^  ^  ^ - 7  '  J^-JL  T&r, 

*?/C~7  -~-X  ^ 

<-  ^£^  .  fis^u. 

-  -  — — ^  ^ 


<£  yC^./ 

r-  ''y  tT<- 



c/« _ 

- AngasUjth  /S6‘ 

Alfred  0,  Tate  Esq. 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  Dear  Tate:- 

I  found  your  note  re  Phonograph  Company  tax  on  my 
desk  when  I  came  in.  It  seems  that  just  before  you  lef t, Mr.Parmly 
had  been  in  to  see  me, and  dictated  a  memorandum  to  Miss  Bennett 
about  this  same  matter.  He  says  "if  Mr.  Kiddle  will  arrange  a  time 
with  Mr.  Tate  to-morrow  or  next  day,  either  here,  or  at  my  office  in 
Jersey  City,  and  let  me  know  the  time,  I  will  be  sure  and  meet  Mr. 
Tate, as  the  tax  has  already  been  assessed  at  $1200  and  there  is 
every  prospect  of  having  it  thrown  off  if  immediately  attended  to". 

Mr.  Parmly  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Parmly  Olen- 
dorf  &  Fisk, 47  Montgomery  Street, Jersey  City. He  also  has  an  office 
at  No.  160  Broadway, Room  9. 

This  matter  has,  in  my  opinion,  been  delayed  now 
about  long  enough, and  if  you  want  to  have  the  tax  reduced  you  had 
better  see  Mr.  Parmly  to-morrow, and  have  him  prepare  such  an  affida¬ 
vit  as  he  thinks  proper  to  present  to  the  Sax  Commissioners  at 
Trenton.  You  know  that  he  has  already  appeared  before  them  and  they 


objected  to  reduce  the  tax, and  this  is  the  final  step  in  order  to 
accomplish  it. 

Hours  very  truly. 

Site  2JartIt  gnucricitu 
gltaiwrflvitprTt  ffio., 
160-164  EvocLctway. 

Thomas  A.Edis on?osq. , 

Orange,  N.J, 

My  dear  Sir:- 

.  '  Your  favor  of  the  8th. .with  enclosure  to  hard.  This 

Company  has  had  no  ropresontarive  in  Philadelphia;  a  party  connect¬ 
ed  with  the  America,!  Graphophone  Company,], as  we  understand  been 
giving  exhibitions, in  a  quiot  way  of  the  Graphene ,  the  Liniotype 
.and  a  new  printing  press; he  talks  to  the  Gramophone  has  a  young 
lady  set  it  up  on  the  type-setting  machine  then  prints  it  on  the 
press; wo  did  not  know  that  ho  was  representing  the  Graphophone  in 
that  City, has  ho  had  no  authority  from  us  to  do  it.  We  have  writ¬ 
ten  him  to-day  giving  him  an  extract  from  our  contract. with  you  and 
the  one  relating  to  impartiality  in  the  introduction  of  the  mach¬ 
ines. so  that  hereafter, we  hope  that  he  will  do  the  right  thing.  ■ 

We.  trust  that  you  are  not  annoyed  by  the  letter  from  Philadel¬ 
phia,  as  it  is  our  intention  to  honestly  adhere  to  the  l.etter  and 
spirit  of  our  contract  to  the  very  best  of  our  ability. 

fijafoevt ; .  slrtttf/t 

'-J/ffimsM  Sr/trao//. 


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*4-JLeZ  U/t^ — 

■  ■  -•  1  ;_ /-  - 

.  .,  v..->  -  ^'"  ^  /■t^.  t,# 

Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

1  suppose  you  are  aware  that  1  have  tharMetropolitan  Dis¬ 
trict  Agency  fbr  phonographs,  and  am  getting  things  in 
shape  to  make  good  illustration/ ^wi^machines . 

Mr.  Hatch  who  will  hand  this  note  to  you,  is  one  of  my 
assistants  and  1  desire  him  to  get  all  the  points  in  re.gard 
to  the  practical  operation  of  the  latest  phonographs  that  he 
may  be  able  to  show  it  to  fche  best  effect. 

Yours  truly  . 

flu.  C/ • 


new  yor«. . . Q^l.. . isj^ 

.  (ffll'Co 

^mcvicira  glcctfic  JJlotov  ©0., 

160-164  Broadway, 

P.  0.  BOX  8692. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq*,  ' 
Orange , 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir 

I  have  Just  returned  from  a  meeting  with  Mr.  Johnson. 

I  told  him  what  Painter's  demands  were,  that  you  divide  the  amount 
you  are  to  reoeive  equally  with  the  Speaking  Phonograph  Oo.  Ho 
said  that  if  Mr.  Painter  took  this  position,  he  would  not  stand 
by  him  in  it'.  That  he  did  not  propose  to  get  anything  out  of  you, 
but  that  ho  did  propose  to  got  something  out  of  me.  He  said  that 
he  was  arranging  by  telegraph  to  meet. you;  that  he  would  then  see 
Painter  and  afterwards  see  me.  Ho  said  that  they  had  no  intention 
of  acting  the  hog,”. but  that  they  would  deal  fairly  with  me,  but 
he  did  not  intimate  what  "fairly"  indicated  in  dollars. 

Very  truly  yours. 

&w*Kixitu  glcctete  gtritor  <S>a., 

160-164:  J3road.wa.y. 

L  V/Zw'  €,  } f 



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Sept.  5, 


M  i*.  K  d  i  s  o  n,- 

V/hom  are  you  Boinff  to  send  to  Mew  York 
morrow  morning  to  lippinoott  to  be  present  when  Mr.  Wiman  ii 
making  his  phonograms? 

A.  0.  T  a  t  e. 

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rf‘vP  '’'hmmmfl  Da-rl'i'.r o  '  .t)u  )  and  a  note  made  by  himself  to 

my  order  under  date  September  1888,  payable  on  the  26th  day  of 
the  same  month  at  for  the  sum  of-Eifty  Thousand 

DoW  nrn  M'-jo  j  nop, caj-  these  tog<et,her  making  up  the  amount  of  One 
Hundred  and  Fifteen  Thousand  Dollars  ($115,000.00),  now  due  me 
under  our  contract  relating  to  the  sale  of  the  'Capital  Stock  of 
the  Edison  Phonograph  Company,  dated  the  28th  day  of  June  1888. 

This  writing  acknowledges  the  satisfaction  of  'Sixty'  fiver 
Si.Qujgnii  Djllaf^.  !  $00, 000.  c:,1  ) -of  the  One  Hundred  and  Fifteen 
Thousand  Dollars  ($115,000.00)  due  me  under  the  above  mentioned 
agreement, and  upon  the  payment  of  the  note  previously  referred  to 
herein,  I  will  withdraw  this  paper  and  substitute  a  receipt  for 
the  full  amount  of  One  Hundred  and  Fifteen  Thousand  Dollars  ($115 




J'j  : 

Vm.  J 


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».  r  c  a  A-i  — 



!i  orange,  N.  J-, 

September  11,1888 

Jesse  H.  Lippincott,  Esq., 

New  York  City. 

Deal-  Sir:- 


I  attach  hereto  a  copy;  of  a  resolution  passed  this  day 
at  a  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  with  relation  to  the  attemp¬ 
ted  assignment  on  the  part  of  Mr.  -E2ra  T.  Gilliland  of  his  contract 
•with  this  Company  to  yourself.  I;  would  call  your  attention  to  the 
fact  that  this  resolution  authorizes  the  Officers  of  this  Comparfy 
to-  take  such  action  as  they  may  dejem  necessary  to  prevent  the  ' 
further  payment  of  any  moneys  to  Mr.  Gilliland  on  account  of  the 
sale  which  he  has  attempted  to  make  of  his  agency  rights  which  are 
not  transferable  and  which  he  was  powerless  to  transfer  without 
the  consent  of  the  Company  which  1’  represent.  By  referring  to- 
his  contract  with  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company  you  will  see-  that 
the  essence  of  the  same  is  his  p«j.»l  sew  ices  and  responsibility 
which  are  manifestly  not  transferable  without  the  Company’s  con¬ 
sent  which  has  never  been  given,  -This  letter  is  to  give  you  of¬ 
ficial  notification  that  you  make  jany  further  paymente  to  Mr. 
Gilliland  at  your  own  risk.  Mr.  Gilliland  has  today  notified 
by  cable  that  his  contract  has  been  abrogated  and  has  also  be<en 
informed  as  to  the  intention  of  t^e  Eison  Phonogr^h  Company  with 
relation  to  the  stoppage  of  any  furthr  payments  to  him  in  this 
o  connection.  Yours  truly  I /?  V  / 

' V  jt-f  -  4  President.  • 

O^OXjjEb  message. 


A  d  ’7lM^\  I  /V 

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<«- a*.*. 


Thomas  a.  Edison  letter  dated  istii 

September  1888,  'being  a  notification  to  tram 
Mr.  E.  T.  Gilliland  and  other  matters. 





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<*&*pz  ^^ZyPx  c^  <^€^  sf& 

yZcy.  <^>  z?7^ue~»-  e 

New  York,  Sept.  17,  1888. 

'1130  Broadway. 

Thomas  A.  Edis 

Dear  Sir:- 

>n,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Please  forward  without  delay  at  least  100  phonogrames, 
and  if  you  can  do  so,  I  should  be  pleased  to  have  some  phonogrames 
containing  musical  records,  and  at  least  two  to  which  you  have 
personally  given  dictations.  If  you  can  give  me  a  half  dozen 
threo  branch  tubes  for  exhibition  purposes,  it  will  greatly  facil¬ 
itate  our  work;  and.  send  us  iirmediately  as  many  of  the  extra  re¬ 
corders  and  reproducers  as  you  have  ready.  These  may  be  required 
at  any  moment,  and  if  I  am  not  ready  to  meet  the  demand,  of  course 
the  machines  needing  them  will  be  practically  thrown  out  of  use. 
Mr.  Miller  says  you  are  making  25  duplicate  sets,  The  machine  I 
return  to  you  will  also  require  to  have  the  knife  set  upon  the 
spectacle  case,  instead  of  upon  the  recorder  as  is  now  the  case. 

Yours  very  truly. 

General  Manager. 

|  f4*-44*-y  J?  „ 

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1  444/  4^4±f=^  y^  v  ' 



J'rsuy  City  Sept-,  18th  1S8S 

D,OTATEO.Alfr0-:l  0*  '•Pate> 

Care  Thomas  A.  Kais  oil  Orange  H.J« 
Dear  Sir  1- 

The  State  Boaril  oi'  Assessors  at  their  meeting  last 
week  passed  a  resolution  cancelling  the  tax  levied  Dor  the  current 
year  on  the  P.dison  Phonograph  Company  •.  This  relieves  the  company 
iron  the  payment  of  the  $1200  tax  <. 

Yours  truly, 

Parmly,  Olendorf  &  -ask* 


*~*  22*^ 

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yC&  /Qsuyb‘.&cj£~ siij&Bs 


E.  T.  GILLILAND, ., . 1888. . 

The  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  I?* 

Thero  is  a  large  tin  phonograph  funnel 
tha'f  has  boon  standing  here  all  hummer  which 
the  North  American  people  have  asked  me  to  al¬ 
low  them  to  take  for  use  at  thga-r  office.  T 
am  under  the  impression  that  the  funnel  be¬ 
longs  to  the  Laboratory  and  if  that,  is  the 
case,!  do  not  wish  to  let  them  have  it  without 
Mr.  Edison's  consent.  Please  let  me  know 
whether  he  has  any  objections  to  my  sending  it 
to  them,  and  oblige, 

labratory  Thomas  A.Edison  Orange  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  i- 

Enclosed  please  rind  a  copy  of  the  resolution 
passed  by  the  State  Board  of  Assessors  for  State  Taxes  cancelling 
the  tax  against  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company  for  1888  .  We  aiso 
enclose  our  bill  for  services  in  this  matter  ••  ' 

Yours  truly, 

Farmly,  Olondorf  &  Fisk-. 



$r/v  ‘ff  /!■/'  &»;*,/ 

■  ’•'//‘m/nm,  M/feanr/Hi. 

■  ^Z/c.nwr/n  C.  Y'\v//r‘//. 

Sept.  13th  .—1838. _ 

Willard  C.  Pisk,  Esq, 

Counsel,  Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

Dear  Sir:-  The  following  is  q  copy  of  a  resolution  ,  adopted  by 
the  State  noard  of  Assessors  of  «ew  Jersey,  at  a  meeting  held  Sept. 
Uth.  1888. 

Yours  Truly,  -■ 

(£)  e  Qsls^ 


Resolved:  That  the  pasessmeht  levied  by  the  State  Doard  of  Assess- 
brh  for  State  taxes  fbr  1888,  againAt  the  Edison  Phonograph  do.  be 
hnd  the  samA  is  hereby  daricelled  and  made' null  ahd  Void. 

It  having  been  shown  by  proper  evidence  that  said  dompany  wad  a 
tenufabturing  company  ,  And  exempt  under  the  law. 

3  _  -/Pff 

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□range;  N,  Jtj . «•«»>»  Xhhw. . ;  100 

Thoiras  A.  Edison,  Esq . , 


Edison  Phonogri^h  WorkB  will  bo  hold  at  tho  Laboratory  of  Mr. 
Thonas  A.  Edison,  Oran/jo,  II.  J.,  on  Thursday,  11th  instant,  Jbr 
tho  purpose  of  aithorizing-  a  further  issue  of  Treasury  stock  and 
tho  transaction  of  inch  other  business  as  mis'  then  be  brought. 
b»f  oro  the  *Jorird. 

Ey  order 



A.*.  , _ __ _ 

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Oct.  8,  1888. 

Edison  Toy  Phono,  M'f'g,  Co., 

Poston,  Mass. 

Pear  Sirs:- 

Mr,  .Tesse  II.  Lippineott,  of  the  Month  Am.  Phono.  Co., 
requires  in  order  to  complete  certain  arrangements  in  connection 
with  his  organization,  a  certified  copy  of  my  agreement,  with 
Messrs.  Priggs  and  Jacques  relative  to  phonograph  dolls. 

My  copy  of  the  contract  is  in  the  hands  of  my  attorney  and 


not  available,  and  I  wish  you  would  kindly  furnish  lippineott 

.  .  '  t\ 

with  a  certified  copy  of  the  instrument  in  your  possession. 

Yours  truly, 

T.  A.  E. 

Mr.  H.  Walcott  who  bears  this  letter  will  carry  the  copy  back  to 

Mr.  lippineott. 

Signature  of  Mr.  Walcott 

T.  A.  E. 



Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 

Edison's  Labratory, Orange, N.J. 
My  Dear  Sir: 

I  have  your  favor  of  yesterday's  date  covering  check 
for  $4, 693. So,  on  account  of  sale .of  stock  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Co.  Enclosed  herewith  please  find  ny  receipt.  I  can  only  reiterate 
what  I  verbally  stated  to  you  this  morning--that  X  appreciate  very 
highly  your  kindness  to  me  in  the  matter. 

Yours  truly, 


AAs  A 


•yj„  .  s-  ~/-  Sz<  1  n5t< 

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EDISON  ELECTRIC  LIGHT  CO.  .c  js  nnoAn  stiikut, 

JYciv  York, . .  j 

40&£<zJi:  -s^,' 


. 0.5,1. . 10thT  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

The  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

There  are  ten  old  style  of  phonograph  batteries  and  some 
phonograph  parts  stored  in  the  cellar  at  10  Doy  St.  If  they  are  of 
any  value  it  might  be  well  to  have  them  taken  out  to  Orange,  as  wo 
expect  to  vacate  these  offices  early  next  week. 

‘T^C  ^crcApttc.  TTcrrfa  /ti 
■yiefffyriG’  -/o  ePe  7i 

fac&fy  /b  ■OZvtsn 

-erf  Cffu*7e  -  /ttUrf.  '/ttzP 


Orange,  N.  J.  24th  Oot.,  1888. 

Jesse  H.  Lippineatt,  President, 

North  American  Phonograph  Co. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Rep lying  to  your  letter  of  23d  instant,  we  beg  to  say 
that  we  are  now  making  most  every  part.  We  hoped  to  have  turned 

out  the  first  lot  without  recorders  and  reproducers  by  November 
1st.  There  is  very  little  doubt  but  that  on  the  loth  instant  we 
can  give  you  ten  per  day,  increasing  to  50  per  day  by  the  15th  of 

Yours  tiuly, 


160  Broadway,  New  York, 

November  2,  1888. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  hereby  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  Oct . 
29th,  containing  certificate,  No.  113,  for  five  shares  of  stock 
in  the  Edison  Speaking  Phonograph  Company,  issued  in  favor  of 
Charles  Batchelor,  on  the  7th  day  of  June,  1879. 

Thanking  you  for  the  same,  we  are, 

Very  truly  yours. 


Sknuel  Insula ,  Esq., 




Dear  Sir;- 

r  »«*•  sirs0  n. 

ii  s»s  '£  z  srs  r£?“r  ”;‘;= ;  “» 

0  ™'0  place  of  th0  othor  -0PPy9sbeinG  just  like  it. 

sj-sr^E-sj  ir™  2? '  nr 

looking  copy  for  his  files  and  ~  +  Ploaao  retain  the  bettor 

send  to  Mr!  Bnsh.  We  Sll’tSn  iJl/  Z*  th°  °ther  ^  >"o  to 
which  is  'now  in  Mr.^X's  h2dsf0Str°y  *"  °rietaal  ^eem^nt. 

Directors  of  the  Tl.  J°u  11,3 J  bQ  interested  to  know  that  the  Board  of 

utions  approving  the  •»  ntion^f  \u  ITZTV  *d  ?aSS  reso1- 
ment  of  the  lippincott  notes!  contracts  and  its  endorse- 

contract  Oac*  a,  yoT^c^™":  i°Zll ?°  M°°°d 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esqi 

(  EQ  U  lTAB  LE  B  U I LD I N  G  ) 

,skciv  '&0T/&  Nov.  10  th. 

Pursuant  toMr.Tate's  request  contained  in  his 
letter  of  the  Snd.  inst.,1  bog  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of 
certified  copies  of  Resolutions  passed  by  the  Boartl  of  Directors 
of  the  Edison  PhonoGraph  Work  s , and  by  the  Boani  of  Directors  of 
the  Edison  Phnnogragh  Company, severally, at  their  respective  meet¬ 
ings  held  on  October  24th. ,1888, approving  the  execution  of 
certain  agreements  with  Mr.I,ippincott,and  others  referred  to 
in  said  Resolutions. 

I  am  dailjr  expecting  to  receive  copies  of  similar  Res¬ 
olutions  from  Mr . Bush , pa s s ed  by  the  North  American  Phonograjh  Co. 
Mr. Bush  and  Mr.Mppincott  are  so  busy  that  it  seems  almost  imposs¬ 
ible  to  got  then  to  attend  to  details  of  this  sort. 

■  Very  truly  y( 

sICWei/Fr  • 

Mrs.  Ediso  n,_  ’ 

I  enclose  herewith  Certifioate  No.  68  of 
the  Edi aon  Phonogr^h  Works,  for  thirty  shares  capital  stock,  in 
your  favor.  The  money  for  this  stock,  $3,000,  waa  handed  to  us 
by  Mr.  Edison.  Kindly  acknowledge  receipt. 

3  a 

-  Yours  truly, 

ton,  November  13,  1888. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq.,  President, 

Edison  Phonogrfph  WorkB, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Bear  S  i  r 

Will  you  kindly  write  us  how  soon  and  what 
number  of  toy  phonographs,  similar  to  sample,  you  can  be  prepared 
to  furnish  us  and  also  the  estimated  cost  of  the  toy  phonograph 
talked  to  and  placed  inside  the  doll. 

Yours  very  truly, 


B  y 



WoviinW  14,  1888. 

Tl-:o  TcUiion  1*l.ont>,jr<i.l>  t>y  •'p,(r.  n(,t 

J-0TI011  Cl.  rVlra;e,  Poq. ,  'I'roa.suror, 
T  o  b  ti  o  n,  Mao.s. 

I'iolla,  sipiilai’  -on  sanplo 

1"  l»-  <*sVi  ill.; 

Wie  JliUan  Phono .jri^h  •••  j-j. Sf  if  J>000l.w 


prof.,,  order  under  oon' tiling  $ul«a  *,  W«y  on  January  in-.h>  1{X(!, 
Wfnr'iioli  „oU  wit.],  toy  .ijJ.onOjv.xv4 

8h0vn  at  -:t'  of  fivo  i  .ndjfod  j,r  •  Pf.j. 

oan  ho  c'ou’jlOfl  ever.  Hix  woofca.  | 

<n’;n  ooUnmtcrt  ooot  of  t|u?  toy  ^.ono-jr* ],.  j,„t  !„*<,„  a 
proper!  „*  tlo  dt>U,  is,  as  no  at*  aa  xm  0i\n  vmo  at  it  at.  nroaont, 


ninety-seven  oonts. 

Yours  vary 

W3XJJ0U  P!!0?7<W;RAPH  ’TORTS. 

Presi  dent, 

160  Broadway,  New  York, 

November  14,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

,  Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

Will  you  please  inform  me  the  exact  state  of  your 
Phonograph  patents  in  Canada,  and  the  limit  of  time  we  have  to 
commence  manufacturing?  Also  whether  you  desire  to  establish 
a  factory  for  manufacturing  purposes  in  that  country,  or  am  I  to 
do  it? 

Very  truly  yours. 

The  Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

160  Broadway,  New  York, 

November  17,  18SS. 


In  establishing  sub-agents  for  the  promotion  of  the 
Phonograph  business,  it  seems  to  me  that  each  one  of  them  will 
want  to  have  a  man  in  their  employ  who  is  thoroughly  familiar  with 
the  construction  of  the  Phonograph.  One  who  will  be  able  to 
remedy  any  slight  defect  in  the  workings  of  the  instrument,  to  the 
end  that  when  an  instrument  is  not  in  perfect  working  order,  it 
will  not  have  to  be  returned  to  us,  or  to  the  factory, 

I  would  therefore  like  to  have  the  privilege  of  sending  a 
man  to  your  factory  at  Orange,  from  each  one  of  my  sub-agents,  for 
the  purpose  indicated  above,  and  to  have  permission  for  them  to 
remain  a  sufficient  length  of  time  to  accomplish  the  purpose  in 


:  . 

.  "  .  ^c.^. /Z’l^y  /C/Aryfy  / 

A;  - . •.,  .;/>/,,' 


-  Vy>JT: 




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“Copy.  " 

Orange, N.J. , November  19,1888. 

Ifr.Ezra  T. Gilliland, 

Mr.  John  C. Tomlinson, 

Sirs ; - 

You  are  hereby  notified  that  I  have  a  claim  against  you 
and  each  of  you,  for  the  proceeds  of  the  sale  by  you,  as  my  agents, 
to  Jesse  H.Lippincott,  of  my  stock  in  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company, 
and  of  the  contract  held  by  Ezra  T.CTilliland  with  the  Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Company,  dated  October  27,  188|7.  I  claim  that  you  and  each  of 
you  should  account  to  me  and  pay  me  the  sum  of  Two  hundred  thousand 
dollars  of  the  proceeds  of  such  sale  in  your  hands  belonging  to  me. 


Thomas  A. Edison. 

■<zw  (isZfivceA 

EATON  4  LEWIS  V  /  'N  > 

TM  • 


/2-0  EQUITA 



;y — Nov»Soth, — —  AffiJCl 


c/o  Thomas  A^dison^Esq., 
Dlewellyn  Park,Orange,K.J. 
Dear  Mr.Tate:- 

I  find  on  oeferenoe  to  my  letter  boot  that  it 
"*  D.tobw  *WU»«  I  wot.  to  Paroona  lathrop  o„ 

subject  of  the  date  of  his  visit  to  Edison  in  the  month  of  June. 

I  addressed  Mr  lathrop  in  care  of  the  -Star-  office, New  York, 
probably  the  fetter  did  not  reach  him.  Will  you  kindly  write  to  h* 
at  once  regarding  this  matter* 

Yours  truly,  y 



A. 0. Tate, Esq., 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange',  N.J* 

Dear  Mr. Tate 

1  have  your  favor  of  the  20th. inst.  enclosing 
copy  of  a  letter  received  ft-om  Mr.George  Parsons  lathrop.  it  is 
pretty  clearly  proven  that  Mr.lippincott  spent  Monday,  June  nth. 
in  Washington,  returning  to  New  York  on  the  morning  of  Tuesday, 
June  12th,  so  that  it  is  not  possible  that  Mr.|athrop  can  be  right 
when  he  says  he  thought  Mr.lippincott  was  at  Edison’s  laboratory 
on  June  11th.  will  you  kindly  call  his  attention  to  the  fact  that 
Mr.lippinoott  was  in  Washington  on  that'  day,  and  perhaps  he  will 
be  able  to  identify  the  day  as  the  12th.,  when  he  was  at  Mr.Edisons 
laboratory.  He  seams  to  fix  the  day  as  the  stating  that 
he  left  on  the  13th*  for  home,  and  that  it  was  two  days  after  he 
^hadbeen  at  the  laboratory.  The  question  iS/ may  it  not  have  been 
after  he  had  been  at  the  laboratory  that  he  left  New  York  for  home. 

Have  you  made  any  progress- towards  determining  the 

date  of  the  apple  tree  interview? 

Yours  truly, 

X^  /JJT 

'■*■■■-— —  s'7-~r _  •> 

e&feryf  ^4^ 



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A.O. Tate, Esq*, 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A.Edison^Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  28th, ins t.  enclosing 
copies  of  correspondence  between  yourself  and  Mr. Prank  W.Moore, 

In  fixing  the  date  of  the  “apple  tree"  interview,  be 
kind  enough  to  remember  this  fact*  Edison  states  that  when  the 
-apple  tree-  interview  took  place,  Tomlinson  stated  that  the  prin¬ 
cipal  party  to  the  negotiation  was  Theodore  N.Vail.  Mr.Edison  has 
also  said  to  me  that  he  learned  from  Gilliland,  that  at  the  time 
of  this  interview  under  the  -apple  tree-,  Tomlinson  did  not  know 
who  the  real- parties  were  that  were  bidding  for  the  Phonograph, 

'fajAAr  /Q  JUCJ  Ct  ^ H  £ 


a_sij  Gj  £ctua  c 

<zu  iXsi^cMy  / 

cU^J-a±U  ,CU  Ayl^'cCvxj  j/L- 

^  ^  ^  ojuU^  ^  truUov  &  *ff-0:-  ■ 


160  Broadway ,  New  York, 

December  8,  1888. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  .T. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

The  Mendelssohn^of  this  city,  which  comprises  some 
of  the  very  best  people  here,  wish  to  obtain  a  Phonograph  for  the 
night  of  the  18th,  to  give  an  exhibition  before  their  club-. 

They  want  it  so  that  they  can  make  a  record  of  about  forty 
voices.  Will  you  be  willing  to  lot  the  professor,  or  whoever 
understands  making  a  record  of  that  kind,  come  over  here,  bringing 
his  Phonograph  and  receiving  apparatus  with  him  on  the  afternoon 
of  the  ISthJ  He- can  return  to  the  laboratory  the  next  morning. 

If  you  will  do  this*  the  club  will  gladly  pay  the  expenses 
in  connection  with  it. 

Please  let  me  hear  from  you  as  early  as  possible  in  the  week. 

Very  truly  yours. 

160  Broadway ,  Hew  York, 

December  8,  1888, 

I  have  written  a  letter  to  Mr.  Kdison  in  regard 
to  the  Mendelssohn  Glee  Club  of  this  city. 

Will  you  kindly  see  that  1  get  an  answer  to  my  letter  as 

early  as  possible? 

A, 0. Tate,  Esq., 

Edi son ’ s  Labratory , Brange , N.  J. 

M/  Dear  Tate: 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  7th  which  came  to  hand  whilst  I 
was  away  from  New  York.  I  think  you  will  find  several  difficulties 
in  the  way  of  doing  what  you  want  to.  Do  you  intend  that  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Company  should  pay  the  experiments  amounting  to 
$25,046.54,  i.e.,  that  after  they  get  control  of  the  Company  they  will 
find  this  liability  and  will  have  to  discharge  it,  or  do  you  intend 
that  this  amount  shall  be  deducted  from  the  $500,000  which  Mr. Edison 
receives  for  the  Phonograph  Company*  s  stock?  Of  course,  if  the  latter 
is  intended  there  is  no  object  in  putting  the  account  on  the  books  of 
the  Phonograph  Company.  If  you  want  to  pursue  the  former  course  I  am 
veiy  much  afraid  that  you  will  meet  with  misunderstandings  with  Mr. 
Lippincott  and  his  colleagues  when  they  get  control  of  the  Phonograph 
Company  and  find  such  large  liabilities.  I  should  say  that  the  impres 
sion  of  Mr.  Lippincott  was  that  $500,000  would  buy  the  Phonograph.  Was 
not  that  to. Edison's  original  intention?  The  turning  of  the  deal 
around  and  making  it  a  sale  of  stock  was  simply  done  to  protect  Mr. 
Edison  in  case  Mr. Lippincott  should  default  in  his  payments,  i  would 


like  to  discuss  this  matter  with  you  before  you  take  any  action.  Per¬ 
haps  I  may  not  understand  it  fully.  On  the  other  hand,  I  would  like 
to  have  you  think  over  the  points  raised  above. 

dka^/filA**.  /Jt#  Mat : 

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160  Broadway,  Mow  York, 

December  14,  1888. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate, 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  11th,  Mr.  Hall  of 
the  Mendelssohn  Glee  Club  has  just  been  here,  and  informs  me  that 
while  at  the  Laboratory,  he  arranged  with  Mr.  Wangemann  to  report 
to  him  on  Tuesday. 

This  will  be  a  better  arrangement,  than  to  have,  him  report 

Very  truly  yours, 


Deoember  18,  88. 

Mr.  H.  0.  Pearson,  galled  here  to-dax, 
in  regard  to  Adamantor  Gum  for  hardening  wax  oylindera.  Do  we 
use  this  material? 


•V%/(  EQUIT 

yljcw  '2/<'rlr/y_ 

A. 0. Tate, Esq. , 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

; .  ’  •  1= 

Dear:  Mr. Tate:-,  »> 

f.  ,  S  have  your  flavor  of  the  22nd. inst.  X  am 

expecting;  to  "Visit  Orange  after  the  holidays  and  will  look  into  the 
sub j ect  at  that  time. 

%  0ne  thing  is  certain:  the  "apple  tree"  interview 
must  have  been  before  the  1st. of  June  or  else  it  must  have  been 
the  second  interview  between  Mr.Edison  and  Mr. Tomlinson. 

160  Broadway,  New  York, 

December  26,  1888. 

Thomas  A .  Edison*,'  Esq., 

Akron,  Ohio. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

Enclosed  you  will  find  the  two  clippings  that  I  . 
referred  to  in  conversation  with  you  at  your  -Laboratory  a  few  days 
since,  ' 

Hoping  that  you  have  had  a  Merry  Christmas,  and  that  you  are 
enjoying  your  freedom  from  work  and  worry,  and  that  you  will  have 
a  Happy  New  Year,  believe  me, 

Spoken  Mo  Hie  Phonograph 
by  Jesse  H.  Lippincott. 
Written  from  the  dictation  by 

Sincerely  yours. 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq. , 

Edi son ' s  Labratory , 

Dear  Sir; 

I  send  you  herewith  letter  received  from  Mr. Eaton  together 
with  a  certified  copy  of  the  minutes  of  the  North  American  Phonograph 
Co.  You  will  see  that  you  have  not  sent  to  Hr. Eaton  exactly  what  Hr. 
Bush  requires  so  fax  as  the  contract  between  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Company  and  Mr. Edison  is  concerned.  He  wants  an  absolute  copy  duly 
certified  to  by  you  as  Secretary  of  the  Company,  under  seal.  You  vail 
please  have  this  attended  to  immediately. 

/)(5<L  +  Ci 

Lieut.  F.  W.  Toppan, 

Edison  Phonograph  Work  s, 

ORANGE,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

This  introduces  to  you  Mr.  D.  B*  Smith,  of 
Honolulu,  who  is  connected  with  the  Hawaiian  government, 
and  who  wishes  to  see  you  in  relation  to  the  Phonograph. 
Any  attention  you  may  show  him  will  he  appreciated  by 
Yours  very  truly, 


Dear  Mr,  Tato:- 

Mr.  Toppan  has  just  been  in  here,  and  1  found  ho  had  not 

heard  of  the  proposed  visit  of  the  principal  menbors  of  ths  Metro¬ 
politan  and  New  .England  Phonograph  Companies,  to  the  Edison  Works 

The  party  will  consist  of  25  or  30  of  the  most  prominent 
Bankers  and  lawyers  in  New  York,  such  as  members  of  the  firms  of 
Drexel,  Morgan  &  Co.  ,  Winslow  &  Iianier,  Brayton,  Ives  &  Co,,- Ed¬ 
ward  Sweet  &  Co.,  Belmont,  Brown  Bros.,  H.  B.  Hollins  &  Co.,  U.  S. 
Trust  Co.  ,  &c,  &e. 

1  am  very  anxious  that  everything  should  go  off  satisfactorily 
Mr.  Toppan  suggested  that  possibly  Mr.  Bachelor  might  not  know  of 
our  coming,  and  it  would  be  well  for  me  to  write  to  you  asking  that 
he  be  informed.  We  expect  to  take  the  1-30  train.  1  shall  send 
some  one  out  in  advance  of  the  train  to  arrange  for  conveyances. 

Yours  truly 


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Mr.  T»uus  II«  LlutllncoL  t ,  ' 

'  ^_Ere*V  North  American  Phonograph  Co., 

New  York  City. 

My  dear  ^iw- 

•  Upon  the  formation  of  the  Metropolitan  Phonograph  Co. 
and  of  the  New  England  Phonograph  Company,  and  upon  their  payment 
to  you  of  the  moneys  due  under  the  options  they  hold  for  the  for¬ 
mation  of  said  companies,  I  will  issue  to  you  a  full  and  complete 
license  under  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company's  patents,  covering 
the  territory  that  the  above  named  sub- companies  are  to  operate 
in;  namely,  the  counties  of  New  York,  Kings,  Queens,  Suffolk, 
Richmond  and  Westchester  and  the. states  of  Maine,  New  Hampshire, 
Vermont,  Massachusetts,  Rhode  Island  and  Connecticut. , 

Very  truly  yours, 


□range,  N.  J,, _ IBB 


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SPECIFICATIONS  for  frame  building  of  the 

'  EDISfi,  PHONO QRAPH^,,  .WORKS,-.,  Orange,,  N.  J. 

..  •  Building  iB;  Two.  hundred .^d :,?ifiSjt  feue^lqng-rfi?fty 

C Sty f ?8j!:,wide-|  tjrenty  (20)  feet,. ^opi(fpundation,  to;  eaves. 
n  Buil<iillS  is  covered  with  6  inch  Novelty  siding  f  2nd. 
quality  j  and  has  45  Windows  of  40,10x12  lights  and  4  Wind¬ 
ows  of  12-9x12  li  ghts,  each  am* , 0-- .  6 }  ft  ,  -x .  § ,  ft'. '  double 
Doors.,  ,  _  - 

BuildLng  is  lined  ..7/^(inch.:(2nd<; quality  ) 

[  matciied^^n®-^d,.ha^  ?°^  x  ft.  ,}tWj  Poors' In 

oeiling,  _ 

®otal  .futside  (to,.b^^^  feet- 

Tptal  area  inside  to.  bp  painted  is. -18,966  ;  *  • 

All  material  required  will  be  furnished  by  the  owner. 
Contractor  shall  furnish  ell  labor  and  all  tools  and 
appliances  necessary  for  pointing  the  herein  mentioned 

All  Knobs  to  be  shellaced  « 

All  nails  to  be  puttied.  Outside  of  building  including 
Sables,  Cornices,  Gutters,  leaders,  edges  of  loading 
Platform  and  outside  of  window  Frames-  Sashes  and  Doors  to 
be  painted  with  two  oofcts  of  brown  mineral  paint.  Gutters, 
to  be  painted  inside  as  well  as  outside,  with  two  coats  f 
fnside  of  building  including  inside  of  window.  Franes- 
Sashes  and  Doors  as  well  as  trap  Doors  to  be  painted  with  tr 
two  coats  of  white  paint. 

Roof  of  building  asl  to  be  painted. 

AH'  work  to  be  done 'in  a  first  clash  and' workmanlike 
manner  and  subject  to  the  ihspectio*'  and  approval  of  the 

superintending  Eneineer.of  the  awadar^x  ownder. 


;  The  owners  aupe rlntedlng  Engineer  win  at  all  times  be 
on  the  work  to  furnish  all  necessary  infection  and 
instruction  and  he  shall  have  at  all  times  the  authority 
to  inspect  all  work  and  to  reject  any  or  all  of  saaiethat 
*  may  think  defective,  improper  ,  or  not  in  accordance 
With  these  specifications  and  contractor  must  replace  any 
or  all  work  thrown  out  orrej acted  by  said  erigineer  at  " 
once,  and'  at  no  extra  charge  Or  .ost  to  the  owner.' 




□range,  N,  Jr, .... 

...IS  8 

-  •  -  %V£.  ' 

U&  -  -3^-e-o- 

1888.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-88-49) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  phonograph  sales 
agencies  m  continental  Europe,  Japan,  China,  Mexico,  and  South  America. 
There  are  also  letters  about  foreign  patent  applications  and  about  the 
presentation  of  a  phonograph  to  the  Sultan  of  Turkey.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  George  E.  Gouraud,  Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in  Europe- 
Everett  Frazar,  Edison’s  agent  in  Japan  and  China;  and  Thomas  B.  Connery! 
Edison’s  agent  in  Mexico. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents.  K 


Mr.  Edison,- 

Re  the  attached  from  Col.  Gouraud. 

Dyer  &  Seely  informed  me  that  they  sent  Col.  Gouraud  powers 
of  attorney  for  all  European  countries.  X  have  wr itt en  the 
latter,  suggesting  that  if  he  requires  any  further  powers,  he 
should  have  them  prepared  and  forward  them  to  you  for  signature. 

I  do  not  think  we  should  comply  with  his  request  to  furnish  blank 
powers  signed  by  you. 

As  to  the  copy  of  French  patent  #124974,  which  ho  asks  for, 
it  will  cost  us  just  as  much  to  have  this  translated  and  type¬ 
written  as  it  will  cost  Col.  Gouraud  to  get  a  copy  from  Paris,  I 
do  not  think  you  should  part  with  the  original,  and  I  have  there¬ 
fore  v/ritten  CoL.  Gouraud- to  obtain  a  copy  from  Paris. 


>  \\p  per  Norwood,  England,  •  i 

.  VfV>/  Jan.  13th,  1888. 


There  is  some  uncertainty  as  to  whether  my  signature  under  the 
power  of  attorney  I  hold  from  you  will  be  accepted  in  applications  for 
patents  I  refer  of  course  to  those  countries  for  which  you  have  not  al¬ 
ready  sent  me  powers  of  attorney.  I  am  proceeding  to  make  the  appli¬ 
cations  on  the  theory  that  my  signature  under  your  power  of  attorney  will 
suffice,  but  can  only, know  for  certain  after  some  considerable  delay.  I 
therefore  advise  anticipating  the  adverse  contingency  above  referred  to, 
by  your  forwarding  as  soon  as  possible  other  blank  powers  of  A.  actually 
signed  by  you, — say  25  or  30. 

I  am  this  moment  in  receipt  of  official  notification  of  the  accept¬ 
ance  of  the  English' application  lodged  Dec.  14th,  .’87,  from  which  date 
we  have  nine  months  to  complete. 

The  French  patent  was .filed  Jan.  9th,  ’88,  making  to  date  filed, 
English,  German  and  French.  f 

I  have  received  a  special  communication  from  the  French  government 
that  your  French  patent  (telephone,)  175,093,  which  I  understand  is  the 
one  containing  your  broad-claim  for  the  Phonograph  in  France',  has  not  been 
assigned  out  of  your' name,  either  wholly  or  in  part;  therefore  kindly 
make  due  note  of  this,  and  sign  nothing  whatever  with  reference  to  said 
patent  without  prior  reference  to  me. 

I  am  anxiously  awaiting  copies  of  the  agreement  under  which  your 
interest  in  that  patent  was  sold,  to  see  what  reservations  were  made 
concerning  the  Phonograph. 

P.  Please  send  mo  the  French  telephone  patent  (124974,)  the  origi¬ 
nal,  if  you  have  it,  if  not  a  copy,  as  they  have  no  French  copies  for 
sale  printed,  and  charge  so  much  for  a  copy  from  Paris. 

31,  Assistant  Gen’l  Mgr. 

his  let  top  to  you  and  that  you  will  doubtlosi 
course  of  a  day  or' two. 


Thomas  A.  Edison.  Esq. 

Edison's  Lab  or  tv! 



A'..,  ,Me.« . 


The  following  CAJSJfGitui  rce/rerf,  T‘ Via  Commercial  Cables,”  of  & 

Mibject  to  the  terinn  and^conditiont*  printed  on  the  had:  hereof ,  which  arc  ratified  and  agreed  to. 

,  f? 


181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate: 


Feb.  20th,  1838„ 

With  reference  to  the  French  telephone  patent  No. 
124974,  —  I  do  not  want  to  trouble  you  with  a  translation  of  it— 
merely  a  copy  of  it  i8  all  X  require,  and  will  save  me  two  or  three 
pounds  and  oost  you  nothing.  There  is  no  hurry  about  it. 

In  writing  from  time  to  time,  I  would  be  glad  if  you  would 
throw  in  a  P.  S.  how  everything  is  progressing  with,  the  phonograph. 
Mr.  Edison-s  business  correspondence  is  of  necessity  so  very  meager 
that  I  am  glad  to  have  a  line  now  and  then  from. one;  so  near  the 
throne  as  you  are. 

Mr.  Tate,  . 

(Care  Mr.  T.  A.  Edison,) 


s  Menlo, 

Upper  Norwood,  * 

Edison:  %lf  feb-  39tI>-  1888- 

*  *•  ™ -  *, 

Phone- patent,  including  the  phonograph,  is  ItTl^n  T  ^ 

RUS8ia‘  ™^and  Norway,  -will  you  ki  “  7'"1" 
have  in  your  possession  the  patents  in  *  ™  ""  whethe*  you 

to  ,e  at  your,  earliest  £££  ^2^7  ” 
session,  .kindly  inform  me  in  whose  possessil *7  *  “*  **  ^  P°S" 

records  show.  Ohe  oensan  patent,  as  you  win  re  T’  ^  ^  ^  ^ 

subject  o(f  correspondence  between  you  and  the  sw •  ^  long  been  the 

its  whereabouts  seem  to  be  entirely  unknown.  V°‘ *  *** 

German  patent  office,  however,  that  it  1  '  ha™  ascertained  from  the 
n&e^  That  is  forthriate;  as  our  '  '  v-  ■  ■  n—ejljieen  ^^cnad^gut^ofyour 
Co.  only  gave  the*  out*  tel^W 

inform  them  that  the  pateht  ih  question’'  °n8eqUently«  whll(*  *• will  not 
ever-  requite  us  to  assign  it  to  them  wS  win  ^  ^  PK°^*Pa**»  ^  they 

phone  part.  ’  "HI  only  assign  -them  the  tele- 

.Elease  let  this  letter  have  ■ 

chajracteri s '6d  y ouV  o'orr^pWenow,  **<**&  Attention  which  has  recently 
n>y  hands,- pro-bahl^  ^  »«****  ;*fli  have  to  be-  in. 

.aye,the  trbubh  ft  dopids,  S^^wmc 

WM  ioh  Would  ale*  ndtrsb(;  wai^^  the 


uk,  qp„  ^  ft**,,  M 

Edi son: 

Little  Menlo, 

Mch,  7th,  1888. 

The  delay  in  filing  the'  German  phonograph  patent  was  unavoidable, 
in  view io'f  all  the  circumstances:  let*  your  approval  of  my  suggestion 
that  it  >shbuld  not  be  filed  until  we  should  have  Moulton's  revision  of 
the "English  specification,  which  was  worth  waiting  for,  as  is  proved  by 
his  addition  of  three  claims,  which  I  think  you  will  agree  are  important* 
Then,  ■instead  of  having  it  translated;  here,  I  had  it  done  in  Germany,  for  " 

~X  know  “as  a  fact  that  nd  patent  agent  does  that  with  regard,  to  foreign 
patent's,,  it  being  universally  considered  that  the  local  patent  agents 
■are  cbest  competent  to  do  it,  as  it  requires  of  course  a  very  nice,  and 
indeed  'technical  knowledge  of  the  language  in  order  to  translate  such  a 
^document.  when  the  specification  as  finally  filed  in  England  was  rdady, 
-idii-was  despatched  without  delafyJ  to.  Germany,  With'tha ^urgent  request- fa  makftf' 
^t.iready  for  filing  tffth  the  least  possible  delay,  consistent  with  care¬ 
ful  and  thorough  work*  It  whs  a  very  long  specification,  and  it  no  doubt 
took ’longer  thin  either  you  or  1  inMgihda*  but  I  am  sure  it  was  well 
idonhV  sujr  knowledge  of  the,  Fx*#neh- language  enables  me  td  day  that  the 
French  translation  was  an  excellent  bnef  The-  only  consequences  which  may 
result  frtote  the  premature -pubii Cation  of  the  •scientific  American1*  applies 
diorthb  English  colonics-,  as  possibly  it  W  haVe  reached  there  before  the 
•patents  -ware  filed*  I  do  not  see  anything  to  be  gained  by  these  early 
nswspap*er  disclosures  in  America.  As  an  advertisement,  it  certainly  is 
pot-wanted;  tHis  thing.  <<11  hdveVtis*  itself*.  T  hope  a»>egai-ds  farther 
improvements,  you  will  induce  Am  against  the  risk  incurred  in  the-  cape  f«> 


Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York, 


/  J-*  a.  jsai 

Tlie  Edison  Laboratory, 
Or  an /re  ,  N..T. 

Lear  Sir:- 

V/o  have  letters  maJc 


ip  f 

16th,  -M88.  \ 

-r  ,feV 

1  Y/^>toV 

°v>  Vv^/5- 

-  ns  for  the'a/rency  fopt'  ' 
Cuba,  and  also  applications  from  parties  livinp  in 
Is  it  intended  that  these  countries,  which  car,  ,,  ,  l 

Is  it  intended  that  these  countries,  which  can  only  blf  handled 
to  any  advantage  through  the  United  States,  are  to  be  included 
in  Gouraud's  contract? 

Yours  truly, 

P  )vcV~0‘:yv  ^  \ 


FRAZAR  &  00.,  8HANQHAE, 



Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq 


124  WATER  ST. 

New  York.  April  30th,  1888. 

[pri  1  re- 

success  of  the  introduction 

f  f  p-!'v* 

1  g  e.  i  i  rt  ?,  J-'V  W  '  * 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

\T  . 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  20th  o^ 
in  you  suggest  that  in  order  ^tj)  ybs&  tML,...,,--  —  ...» 
of  the  phonograph  into  J^tjiln^and  %fcia^ra^‘ trailed  expert  o^h^to 
be  sent  out  to  teach  the  lo^f^gemfs ^^favotiS'  cou^|LieIt[w  use  of 
the  machine.  I  regret^  to  lear^th^%  thi^'  i^p^b^l^^ery  |e.ce&8a- 
ry,  as  the  expense  of  s'ending  an  expert  to'jtfioseeapuntfries  wilj.  be 

<^T  O 

at  least  $1,500  to  $3,000  ,/fif  salary  is  included.  Can  you  not  sug 

gest  some  less  expensive  way  of  instructing  our  Mr^nenne 
find  is  well  t: 

who  we 

electric  light  business,  havjnfi  been 

p't*  / 

Is  it  possible*.. 

manager  of  your  Cincinnati  Flal 

for-you  to  place  these  instructions  ^efore  Mr.^  Bre: 


•|  {Ml*.'  '  ? 

writing,  so  that  he  cpuld  ^understand  them  su: 

i  machines,  or,  is  it  ^Tessary  to  sond'\  man 

,  concisely, 
sufficiently^  to  work  *' 


sider  these  suggestions' 

this  expense  being  incurrei 

soon  as  possible  to  Japt 

f^Qi'iSS^isidvipsl^fdvlstdy  *  if 

d  teazH  £8$P*~h 

^^o|trs ®  vei-- 

\Wo*V-«TpWCW«.  4 

Represented:  m  . 

FRAZAR  4  00.,  8HANQHAE, 


'  124  WATER  ST. 

v  York. May  8th, (  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edisc 





1  have  your  letter  of  the  2nd  inst.,  from  vrtiich  I  note 
that  you  think  it  v/ill  be  almost  imperative  that  a  trained  expert 
shall  take  charge  of  the  Phonograph  machines  and  instruct  the  peo¬ 
ple  in  Japan  and  China  how  to  use  them.  As  I  have  already  mention¬ 
ed  to  you,  I  am  very  desirous  that  my  firms,  representing  your 
system  of  lighting  in  Japan,  China  and  Korea,  should  also  introduce 
your  Phonograph,  for  I  feel  confident  that  both  Mr.  Lindsley  and 
Mr.  Wetmore  are  just  the  gentlemen  whoc  could  do  this  successfully 
and  give  it  their  personal  attention.  I  am  writing,  asking  them 
to  cable  me  back  a  word  or  two  upon  receipt,  which  will  be  within 
about  4  weeks,  stating  whether  they  wish  to  undergo  the  expense 
of  sending  out  an  expert  as  suggested  by  you.  If  you  are  quite 
confident  that  it  would  be  unsafe  to  send  an  instrument  out,  with¬ 
out  it  is  at  once  placed  in  the  hands  of  an  expert,  I  would  suggest 
that  we  do  not  ship  any,  just  for  the  present.  Meanwhile,  we  will 
let  the  matter  remain  in  statu  quo,  until  I  receive  a  cable  reply. 

j~W$ it# 

1 sb-io-on-  {st&ck't'ic  iSicj-Pt/fc 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Care  T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Having  written  you  yesterday  regarding  the  Phonoplex, 

I  now  write  you  regarding  the  Phonograph.  I  have  already  asked  you 
when  I  could  have  one  or  two  instruments,  and  I  now  wish  to  know 
having  had  some  communication  with  parties  here  to-day,  what 
arrangement  could  be  made  regarding  the  sale  of  the  instrument,  or 
its  manufacture. 

V/hat  would  the  rights  for  Canada  be  sold  for,  or  would 
you  prefer  to  retain  all  rights,malcing  with  me  a  manufacturing  and 
selling  agreement  only. 

I  see  you  have  formed  a  Company  in  the  States,  and 
judging  from  its  membership,  I  assune  it  will  be  a  close  corpora¬ 
tion,  and  that  you  would  prefer  such  an  arrangement  here. 

What  special  machinery  would  be  required,  and  what- 
would  be  the  cost  thereof  assuming  that  we  would  never  have  to 


supply  in  Canada  more  than  one-fifth  the  number  that  would  be 
required  in  the  States? 

By  giving  this  matter  your  prompt  attention,  and  commu¬ 
nicating  with  me  your  decision  at  your  earliest  convenience,  you 
will  much  oblige 

Yours  truly. 


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Specification  filed  at  the  German  Patent  Office  by  W.  Apel  of 
Gottingen  entitled  "Phonoscope"  | . 

The  Phonoscope  consists  of  ^  cavity  open  on  one  side,  closed 
at  the  opening  a  by  an  elastic  membrane.  ' In  proini'xity  of  the  opening 
i?  suspended  a  thin  leaf  in .such  a  Banner  that  it  can  easily  rotate. 

In  the  arrangement  of  fig:  I  such  a  suspension  is  obtained  by  fastening 
the  leaf  along  one  of  its  diamaters  oii  a  cocoon  thread,  the  ends  of  ” 

which  are  fastened,  in  the  tubes  shoym  .ih  figj'l.  '  "  . . 

In  the  arrangement'  of  fig:  3  the' leaf  cut  in  two  halves  is 
attached  to  a  transverse  bar,'  this  bar  fhSs  in  its  center  a’ small,  glass 
cap  which  in  the'  mariner' of  a  Radiometer  plays  "oh  aneediS  point.  If  / 
a  note  is  sounded  externally  of  the  cavity 'vdribh  corresponds' to  the  note  ' 
of  the  apparatus, . -the  leaf  will  turn  iri'a  "pbsiti'oh'’parallel"td!  the  open- 1 
-ing  of  the  cavity,  so  that  the  rotation' of' the" leaf  will  show  the 
presence  of  that  note  to  which  the  Phonoscopd  by  its  size  and  fo'ttri  of  | 
cavity  is  turned.  .  '  '  ■;  •  p  \ 


•  181  Queen  Victoria  •  Street,  E.C.  : 

'  LONDON.  geth  July  iaaa. 

T.  A.  EDISON,  ESQ:' 

Orange.  U.S.A.  j 

Dear  (.Sir,  «• .  ' 

I  beg  to  confirm  the  following,  telegram  sent  you  to-day:—  \ 
■Pray  keep  improvements 'eecref  till  Pateiits  filbdi’  CAse ’8S‘  revised 
•important  country.  Reason,  prior  publication* • 

Yours  faithfully. 

G.E.GOURAUD.  /  > 

;  z3/?* 


181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON.  S6th  July  1888. 

Messrs  DYEB  A  SEELY, 

No:  40,  Wall  Street... . 


1  beg  to  ooofirm  the  following  telegram  received  from 

you  this  morning:-  . "'  /  j-  -  .  r. , 

•Edison  sent.' your  stuff  to-day.  We  send  Patent  .  papers  Saturday. 

•Do  not  e^ibit.  apparatus 'until  papers  filed.  Verrierve*’": 

I  duly  note  the  above;  but  having  'experienced' considerable  difficulty 
in  previous  OASES  in  gettihg'the  Pateijit  autKorities  in  varioua  countries 
to  accept  my  signature  as  Mr  Edison^ .Attorney,  1  have  considered  it 
advisable  to. prepare  a  series  of  Powers  of  Attorney >  which  I  have 
found  to  be  suitable  -  and  obtain  Mr  Edison's  signature  to  them.there- 
-by  obviating  any  question  arising  with  the  Patent  authorities. 

1  am  therefore  sending  you  by  separate  packet -24  blank  Powers  of  Attor- 
-ney,  and  shall  thank  you  to  get" Mr  Edison  to  sigh  all  pf  "them' as  marked 
in  pencil  before  a  Notary  Public.  You [will  observe  that'aome  "of  the’ 
Powers  require  ho  legalization;  the'i'nventoPs 'sighatuhe  beihgrcohsi'der- 
-ed  sufficient.  I  have  carefully "marked  ih''pendil  All  those  requiring'  ' 
the  Notary’s  signature;  and  such  Notary’s,  signature' should  be' aiithenti- 
-oated  by  the  Consul  for^ the  oountryihe  Power  is  intended  to  be  used  I 
You  will  greatly  oblige  me  by  attending "to" this  matter  with  the 
greatest  possible  prompitude  as  I  am  Extremely "anxious  that  no 'time' be  ■ 
lost  in  filing  this  CASE.  By  the  time  they  reach  me'  l  hope  to'have  the  j 

necessary  drawings,  and  Specifications  complete  for  at  once  forwarding 
them  to  the  respective  Agents.  '  •  ••  "  - .  - 

If  y°U  should  find  any  difficulty  in  obtaining  some  of  the  Consuls 
signatures  promptly,  pray  do  not  keep  back  the  completed  Powers  oh  " 
that  account.  I  should  like  if  possible  to  have  the  Powers  for  the 
principal  European  countries  first,  and  th«  others  can  follow.  ' 

Yours  faithfully* 

G.  E.  TGOU^ipb. 

'  j/X- 

i'-  poyliMi'Do 

The  documents  I  am  sending  are  for  th*  Undeftnentioned  countries?- 

'-'I.  Argentine  Republic 
""2.  Austria.’  ■■-•••  -  - 
•'■''3.  Belgium. 

—-4*  Brazil. 

—  5.  Cape  of  Good  Hope. 
-"'6.  Denmark. 

-'7.  Prance. 

«—8.  Germany. 

- —  9.  Hawaii* 

\*r~  18.  Russia. 

• —  19.  South  Australia. 

■^■20+  Spain.  -  ' 

L-  21.  Sweden. 

22.  Tasmania* 

23*  Turkey.' 

. ,  24.  Victoria. 

-—10.  Italy. 

Attached  to  the  Queensland  Power  d» 

. —  II.  Mexico. 

a  ^orm.  of  Declaration,  Application 

^  12.  New  South  Wales. 

for  a. .Patent,  &  Statement  of  Address' 

•""13.  New  Zealand^  ' 

Declarations  are  ailso  attached 

— 14.  Norway. 

to  the  South  Australian,  and  Tasman*- 

- — 15.  Peru; 

-ian  Powers  of  Attorney. 

— 16.  Portugal. 

■ — 17.  Queensland. 




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My  dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

JYew  Yoj'Jc, 

Mr.  Charles  R.  Flint  (formerly  a  partner  of  W. 

R.  Grace  &  Co.)  has  sent  me  a  copy  of  his  letter  to  Mr.  Edison, 
of  July  30th,  to  which  he  has  had  no  reply.  In  that  letter  Mr. 
Flint  afeked  Mr.  Edison  if  he  could  inform  him  who  fead  control  of 
Phonograph  business  for  South  America.  I  have  known  Mr.  Flint  so 
well  and  for  so  long  that  I  am  confident  that  if  he  will  under¬ 
take  the  Phonograph  business  in  South  America  there  is  no  one  who 
can  do  it  as  woll.  May  I  trouble  you  to  inform  me  by  return, mail' 
who  has  charge  of  the  Phonograph  business  in  that  Country  and  ’ 


To  A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 


Secty  &  Treas. 


i d  Ooh tra  1  Amcrloa 

'nj>hnti«j  manner  that  limli 

voiU:  inforentn 

zealously  and  pro  li  tael; 

■riuly  assured  or  the  oo- operation  of  the  vory  croimie  do  l'a  ercamt 
l-f!.vx«:un  financial  mid  Governmental  magnate a  who  mM-  Urn  are  wax 
•t  anxiously  awuitinfj  your  advio’oH  from  Ool.  Oouraud  reulntive  ; 

the.  mutte 

He  states  that  one  heavy  commercial  houi 
J-  Mexico  assure  him  that  they  will  sell 


<*>ntiro  interest 


millions  of  rinUor 

know  you  would  have  in i'omnrj 

I  out  to  mo  tho  asauruQocb  joi  have.  11  i  imediuteiy; 


I  understood  that;  sou  harl  disposer;  or  sour  in- 

tore.'.r,  lii  the  phonograph  for  the'  United  States  only,  hut  tlat^yo 
and'  -your  aaaooiate  Col.  Honrnurt  etjill  ow  ed  tho  mis'clVino  for  the  ' 
rest  of  the  world  and  that  you  haJ  stron/'ly  ur^ed  Col'.  Oourpu-d  '  to 

pprooiat©  tl- 


.11  douhU.  onsly 

boforo  muni-  days, 

■if  whoso  osrnofttooi 



$avvi&tcv&)  grtfUcittfVO, 

A.  D,  Perry.  W.  H.  Deam. 


A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

My  dear  Alf/-  " 

Sterling  received  ar  letter  from  the  New  Phonograph  people  to-day. | 
Your  favour  of  August  llth.  at  hand.  We  have  control  of  the  Edison  -  'l 

Phonograph  and  the  Phonograph-graphophame  The  machine  will  be  introduced  to  the1 
public  in  Canada  by  a  load  or  state  organization  which  when  organised  your  j 
letter  will  be  referred  for  action.  ■  '  J'i 

Sterling  sails  for  Europe  ofl  Saturday  the  25th.,  and  win  be  in  New  York  ) 
all  day  Friday  previous. .  He  also  received  a  letter  from  Gillaland  stating  tha#; 
he  had  ceased  to  have  any  coBaunfcarttUn  with  the  Phonograph  as  far  as  America  t| 
was  concerned  You  win  understand  that  tofe  ha«.been  working  on  this  matter  sincd 
early  last  fall, 'End  that  every  business  man  in  Toronto  of  any  account  has 
had  the  virtuous  necessity  of  the  Phonohraph  hammered  into  them  by  Sterling  and 
myself.  Sterling ;has  had  as  I  have  frequently  told  you  the  entree  into  all  the  i 
business  houses  Banks  ic.  in  the  County  owing  to  his  position  as  a  rating  man.  i 
On  account  of  his  going  to,  the  Old  Countiy  he  is  veiy  anxious  to  have  the-, 
matter  settled  if  possible  in  some  way  or  other,  as  to  whether  we  get  control^ 
of  this  teritory,  and  he  has  made  atproposition  that  I  should  meet  him  in 
New  York  on  Friday  and -see  you,  and  you  could  take  us  to  the  hew  men. 

Could  you  ma|e  an  appointment  at  Wall  Street  on  Friday  Morning,  say  at 
noon,  as  we  will  each  arrive  that  morning,  1  could  then  spend  Sunday  with  you. 
returning  Monday  night 


Spar utot ever,  ^alirttrra, 



We  have  devited  as  you  well  know  a  great  deal  of  time  to  the  Phonograph 
and  it  seems  too  bad  if  we  lose  all  the  territory.  Kindly  let  me  know-by 
return  mail  if  you  could  give  us  next  Friday,  and  .could  make  an  appointment  wit; 
the  other  people  for  that  afternoon. 

I  to-day  received  an  acceptance  from  Lawson  of  my  terms,  and  am  expecting)' 
Mr.  Barrs  assistant  Saturday  of  Monday.  1  can  also  see  you  as  to  the  other  ;i 
company  at  that  time.  ! 

Tours  truly. 


Mw  Ib7*,.....-...Auguat  -I©%h-lS88i- 

My  dear  Mr;  Tate.:-  . 

Please  accept  my  thanks  for  your  favor  of  the 
lith  xnst,  in  regard  to  Phonographsmatters  ir  South  iimerica-.  I 
have  written  to.  Mr.  Flint  suggesting  that  he  address  a  letter  to. 
Col.  Gouraud  direct.  Thanking  you  for  your  attention  to  the 
matter,  I  remain,  ■■ 

Yours  very  truly, 

?  n, 

To  A.  0.  Tate  ,  Esq. 

.  The  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Secty  &  Treas, 


PHILADELPHIA,  PA.,  AugUSt  17t,hJ 

Mr.  A.O.  Tate, 

Laboratory  Thomas  A. Edison,  Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Sir: 

I  received  your  telegram  yesterday  and 
reerot  to  hear  that  Mr.  Edison  ^TaTtelnea  far  such  a  length 
of  time.  Could  I  not  hear  from  Mr.  Edison  m  the  meantime 
as  to  what  proposition  he  desires  to  make  for  China  and 
Japan.  It  will  take  some  time  to  get  matters  In  shape, 
in  oonneotlon  with  my  t„si„ess  in  order  that  I  may  make  ’a 
trip  to  China.  I  feel  sure  that  I  can  handle  this  matter 
to  his  entire  satisfaction.  I  sm  already  personally 
acquainted  with  the  Consul  General  of  Japan  and  he  is  very 
much  interested  In  the  Phonograph.  I  will  also  secure  when 
necessary  letters  from -the  President  of  the  United  State  and 
the  Seoty.  of  the  State  giving  me  proper  Introduction  to  the 
officials  of  China  am  Japan. 



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_ «*»•*' 

which  he  .'strictly 

miormation  with  regard  ■ 

io,  I  had  better, 

order  „  oompl,  w.  lt 

1  ksow  you  will  be  gla 

t  and  I  therefore  will  avail  my¬ 

self  of  personally  calling  on  you  at  your  laboratory  on  receipt 

of  word  from  you,  when  you  can  conveniently 

I  have  lately  examined 

)  called  graphphone, 

ool.o,  my  memory  1.  f«ult,  I  ^  h„ra  yoUr  pho„0,rfllh 

-HI.  .he  cylinder  talk  more  distinctly.  It  may  be  that 

the  samples  I  have 

uiticism.  One  thing  1  am  positive  about 

were  not  good  ones,  but  this  is  my  candid 

.  snouian  x  be  mentioned 

clearness  and  accuracy  »»f  reproduction, 
in  the  same  breath  with  the  phonograph.  To  my  mind  it.  seems 
a  shame  that  those  Washington  pirates,  by  making  a  few  mavhanical 
inventions,  not  touching  the  real  principle,  and  anly  such  as 
any  good  machanic  might  make,  should  be  able,  by  reason  of  their 
business  contracts,  to  go  scott  free  in  the  United  States  and 
Canada .  Probably  as  a  bustness  line  of  action,  it  was  Judicious 
for  you  to  overlook  their  piracy  in  that  territory,  but  that 
none  the  less  in  my  opinion  makes  them  infringers. 

I#  1  should  go  to  Mexico  (and  Mr.  Connery  has  made  ma 
a  very  tempting  offer  which  1  am  seriously  considering)  one  of 
the  first  things  I  should  do,  if  it  did  not  conflict  with  your 
interests,  would  be  to  work  for  a  judicial  adjudication  stamping 
them  as  infringers,  should  they  show  their  faces  in  that  country. 
I  think  that  with  Mr.  Connery's  able  assistance  and  with  some 
abort,  sharp,  quick  and  inteligently  directed  legal  work  in  the 
courts  of  that  country,  wau  we  could  bring  that  about. 

Please  advise  me  by  return  mail  when  it  will  he  conveni¬ 
ent  for  you  to  see  me  at  the  laboratory. 

Truly  yours, 

Edwin  M.  Fox. 

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Ool.  Geo.  E.  Gouraud, 

Little  Menlo,  Upper  Norwood, 

Surrey,  England. 

Dear- Sir: - 

Messrs.  Dyer  &  Seely  have  refered  to  me  you  letter  under 
date  7th  inst.,  in  which  you  state  that  you  fail  to  understand  the 
object  q^-  your  not  applying  for  patents  in  short  term  countries 
in  connection  with  phonograph  improvements,  and  stating  further¬ 
more  that  you  had  made  applications  fob*  patents  in  short  term 
countries  in  the  matter  of  cases  84  and.  85. 

In  reply  to  this  letter  I  would  say  that  there  are  several 
reasons  why  you  should  not  make  such  applicetions,  the  object  of 
which  will  appear  later  on. 

The  first  reason  was  contained  in  "a  letter  dated  November 
33d  1887,  written  by  Mr.  Dyer,  in  which  ho  told  you  tha*  I  had 
asked  him  to  say  to  you  that  I  did  not  wish  you  to  apply  for 
these  short  term  patents. 

The  second  reason  you  will  find  in  a  letter  which  is  doubtless 
in  your  files  at  the  present  time,  written  by  Mr.  Dyer  and  reit- 
crating  in  substance^contained  in  his  letter  of  the  33d  of  Hon,, 

0 _ ,  ^  ^ 


The  third  reason  i£  the  various  conversations  which  you  had 
with  myself  and  Mr.  Dyer  on  this  same  subject  when  you  were  last 
in  America,  and  the  fourth  reason  I  find  embodied  in  your  propos¬ 
ed  contract  relating  to  foreign  countries,  the  first  provision  of 
which  roadB  cs  follows: 

v  And  the  said  Edison  furthermore  agrees,  that  if  during  the 

existence  off  this  contract,  any  new  or  further  inventions 
^  .  or  improvements  are  made  by  him  i  y  y:  yr  he  will  furnish  to 
^  the  said  Gouraud  such  data,  information  and  drawings  as  may 
be  necessary  to  enable  the  said  Gouraud  to  apply  for  and 
obtain  /  Letters  Patent;*./  in  each  and  every  the  coun- 
^  ftries  aforsaid 

1  PROVIDED  HOWEVER,  that  the  said  Edison  shall  not  bo  called 

upon  to  do  anything  which  will  prevent  either  the  obtaining  o jj!_ 
C'  Letters  Patent  upon  such  inventions  or  improvements  in  the 
^  United  States,  or  shorten  the  life  of  any  such  pat ents  when 
obtained.  ^ 

You  are  sufficiently  well  versed  in  putent 
affairs  to  know  that  in  the  case  of  short  term  patents,  the  date 




which  controls  is  the  date  of  application,  and  consequently  if 
you  apply  for  a  short  tern,  patent  before  my  United  States  patents 
in  the  same  connection  have  been  issued,  you  thereby  limit  the 
lives  of  my  U.  S.  patents,  and  render  them  valid  only  so  long  as 
j short  tens  patent  is  in  force. 

In  the  matter  of  gases  84  and  85  you  have  displayed  an  utter 
and  selfish  disregard  for  interests  of  mine  which  you  must  have 
known  were  of  more  value  to  me  than  the  short  grants  which  you 
have  obtained  in  obscure  countries. 

In  addition  to  this  you  have  a  t,  r  ir.  direct  opposition  to  my 
expressed  wishes,  and  have  furthermore  fexsw  violated  the  very 
first  provision  of  a  recorded  agreement  which  you  proposed  enter¬ 
ing  into  with  me. 

As  my  instructions  to  you  in  this  connection  were  made  so  re¬ 
peatedly,  not  only  by  letter,  but  orally  by  myself  and  through 
Mr.  Dyer,  and  as  I  also  considered  the  matter  of  sufficient 
importance  to  provide  for  it  in  my  proposed  written  agreement  with 
you,  it  is  difficult  for  me  to  understand  ju$t  in  what  way  I  can 
place  my  views  before  you,  or  express  my  wishes  to  you  so  as  to 
insure  a  proper  recognition  of  them  on  you*  part.  I  cabled 


yen  to-day  expressing  briefly  my  feelings  as  to  your  action  in  the 
matter  of  cases  84  and  85,  and  I  endeavomo  express  myself  in 
relation  to  cases  86  and  87  in  a  way  that  would  admit  of  but  one 
in terp rotation. 


•  ruly , 

160  Broadway,  N,  Y. , 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  7. 

Bear  Sir:- 

August  21,1888, 

Enclosed  please  find  order  for  one  Edison  Phonograph, to 
be  shipped  to  Call ao, . Peru.  I  have  notified  Mr.  Agostini  that 
you  have  exclusive  control  of  the  foreign  business,  except  in 
Canada,  and  that  this  order  has  been  forwarded  to  you  for  action. 

Yours  very,  respectfully, 


General  Manager. 

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NEW  YORK, . . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Ornage,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/.  H.  Grossman  &  Bro.  of  77  Broad  St.  have  received 
from  a  correspondent  in  Honolulu  a  positive  order  for  a  Phonograph 
provided  the  machine  can  be  shipped  by  a  steamer  leaving  San  Fran¬ 
cisco  October  9th.  Their  representative  states  that  they  have 
previously  been  referred  to  Col.  Gouraud  and  points^thiT  fact  that 
it  would  be  much  more  expensive  to  ship  a  machine  from  here  to 
Honolulu  via  England  than  it  would  be  to  ship  the  machines  direct. 
He  wishes  to  be  informed  whether  it  is  not  possible  for  them  to 
obtain  machines  here  for  their  trade.  X  have  advised t>h'afo  to  commu¬ 
nicate  with  you  on  the  subject. 

As  weAhave  similar  inquiries,  from  other  parties 

I  would  be  glad  to  be  informed  as  to  what  repijr  should  be  given. 


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Powers  mailed  twenty-ninth. 

Edi  son. 


Designs  and  Estimates  BERGMAN N  &  CO.  ThemoAompleWaoilities 

on  Application.  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  T£5sC 

Patentees  and  Authorized  Manufacturers  of  - ^ - 

*  ^-P'fisfic  Elecfpic  Isigljf  ecgd  Cor^Ri^etfiar)  Rixfupas,  « 

All  Appliances  for  the  Edison  Electric  Light, 

My  Dear  Mr  Llpplncott.; 

i  .SPtf  cJ  PP<?  Avenue  B,  Cor.  !7th  Street. 

Cfc™  - OCt.  .1,  18SR. 

We  Cave  an  Inquiry  from  our  agent  In  Alexandria,  agypt^for  the  new 
^Phonograph”  Please  let  me  know  ,if  this  must  be  referred  to  the  European  Co.„ 
and  If  . so.,  the  name  and  address;  or  whether  we  can.  send  him  one  from  here. 

Your  early  reply  will  very  much  .oblige, • 

Sours  very  truly.. 

j'  if  £&vt^~  ^^-yl^t/zz.  £&aY'  tc^stcSrf 

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c%  *  / 


181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON.  10th  October;! 

“Understand  you 

o  oonfirm  your  ’reply  message  as  follows:- 

re  negotiating  with  Maguire  about  South  American  Phonographs, 
right  man,  and  suggest. -you  do  nothing  as  to  any  American 

1/^/ryjO  . 


iiiagaiPe  III  Pennsylvania  AND  the  southern  states. 



The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  (LinM.) 




i,  40  Broadway  &  61  New  St. 
444  Broome  Street. 

Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 
34  Throgmorton  Street. 

D  0,  Exchange  Buildings. 




OCT  10  1888 


181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

Dear  Sir, 


Enclosed  in  this  you  will  find  a  letter  from  Mr  Harding- 
-ham,  a  London  Patent  Agent  strongly  recommended  to  me  by  Mr  Fletcher 
Moulton,  Q.O.  as  the  most  careful  Patent  Agent  he  knew.  I  have  acted 
under  his  advice  with  regard  to  applying  for  foreign  «****«*«««  Patents 
and  after  submitting  the  whole  facts  with  respect  to  what  I  have  done 
he  has  written  me  the  enclosed  vfcich  I  send  for  your  information,  and 
which,  I  hope,  may  finally  dispel  any  feeling  you  may  have  in  connection 
with  this  matter. 

With  regard  to  the  short  term  countries  viz:-  those  under  15 
years,  I  have  already  written  you;  and  with  respect  to  the  other  a  coun¬ 
tries  mentioned  by  Mr  Hardingham  -  ITALY  &  PORTUGAL.  -  I  have  to  report 
as  follows:-  I 


I  have  received  Letters  Patent  for  this  country  for  15  years 
so  that  this  matter  is  dispensed  with. 


I  note  what  you  say  in  your  private  note  to  no  about  tbie ■ 
country  hilling  your  United  States  Patent,  but  either  your  informant  must 
be  wrong,  or  ny  Patent  .gent  »st  be,  in  which  ease  I  must  dispense  „ith 
h.s  services.  This  i,  a  question  on  which  there  can  be  no  two  opinions, 

lt  ”“l  6"  “  »•  »■»  «  it  certainly  i„  to  to  have  two 

kind,  or  advice  boring  upon  „,i,  ,o cation.  «,  as.„,  in  PontuEol  h„  «. 
-peat odly  info»od  that  a  5  or  .  .10  year  Patent  i„  t„at  country  c„ 

!'  .*  ended  without  prc.iudicc  at  w  tig  to  the  longer  te™  or  Id  year,. 
To  make  a„ur.»„,  doubly  aur,  I  t,,,  .eain  written  him  to  prolong  the 
Patents  to  15  years  as  .Mr  Hardingham  pew  suggests. 

I  shall  be  glad  to  have  your  decision  as  regards  the  short  term 
countries  on  the  lines  indicated  by  my  previous  letters,  as  it  seems  to 
me  that  the  countries  would  be  infinitely  more  valuable  if  we  secure  our 
rights  therein,  without  any  prejudice  to  the  United  States,  and  other  ' 
long  term  countries.  Pray  carefully  consider  this  matter,  and  let  me 
know  early  in  view  of  Patents  now  p ending ^nd  those  I  am  advised  by 
Messrs  Dyer  &  Seely  are  getting  prepared  to  be  sent  to  me. 

Yours  faithfully, 



Kindly  returm  me 
hm  made  a  copy  of  it. 

R  Hardin^am’s  letter,  after  you  have  perused,  and 




. . . ' 

Answered  _ 

PM,  /'/<<■/  S/rrs/, 


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.  FRAZAR  &  00.,  SHANGHAE, 



124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.Nov.  3rd,  1888. 

Thomas  A,  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  my  interview  with  you  on  Tuesday  last  in  regard 
to  the  introduction  of  your  phonograph  into  Japan  and  China,  I 
would  say  that  I  have  gone  carefully  through  the  extracts  of  the 
proposed  agreement  to  he  made  between  you  and  Mr.  Erank  Z.  Maguire 
of  Philadelphia,  who,  with  an  expert  appointed  by  you  it  is  pro¬ 
posed  shall  proceed  to  Japan  and  China  on  this  special  business; 
and  if  you  are  perfectly  satisfied  as  to  Mr.  Maguire's  business 
capacity  and  financial  backing,  to  properly  conduct  same,  I  think 
it  would  be  advisable  to  have  this  agreement  carried  out,  with  the 
following  amendments;  to  which  you  will  please  excuse  my  calling 
your  careful  attention,  speaking  as  I  do  from  thirty  years  exper¬ 
ience  in  business  with  these  oriental  countries,  in  your  own  inter¬ 
est.  Of  course,  there  is  always  some  doubt  as  to  the  successful 
business  management  of  such  a  peculiar  undertaking  on  the  part 
of  any  one  sent  to  those  countries,  but  as  Mr.  Maguire  has  never 
been  in  China  or  Japan  and  consequently  does  not  know  the  natives 
or  foreigners  resident  there,  great  care  should  be  taken  on  your 
part  to  see  that  your  interests  cannot  be  injured  in  the  event  of 
his  not  making  a  success  of  the  undertaking,  and,  in  order  that  you 

may  protect  yourself  aid  be  ready  at  any  moment  to  take  the  inter¬ 
est  into  your  own  hands,  without  delay  or  cost  to  you,  I  would 
very  strongly  urge  that  the  following  corrections  be  made  in  the 
memo,  of  agreement,  Vis.:  In  clause  5  which  reads  “said  Edison 
desires  ,  so  far  as  practicable,  in  the  appointment  of  agents", 
the  four  words  "so  far  as  practicable"  should  be  left  out  of  the 
agreement,  and  in  the  same  clause  that  part  reading  "in  this 
respect  and  to  confer  the  appointments  upon  them  wherever  practi¬ 
cable"  the  tiro  words  "wherever  practicable"  should  be  left  out. 

The  intention  of  these  two  amendments  you  will  notice  is  that  while 
Mr.  Maguire  would  act  as  general  ^gent  in  Japan  and  China,  the 
same  as  my  films  in  Yokohama  and  Shanghae  do  for  you  and  all  other 
Edison  interests  in  the  matter  of  electric  lighting  for  those 
countries  and  Korea,  you  and  all  our  other  principals,  numbering 
about  thirty,  have  that  confidence  in  me  and  my  firms  whereby  you 
are  willing  to  place  your  interests  unrestrictedly  in  our  hands. 

You  are,  therefore,  protected  in  every  way  and  through  me  look  to 
see  these  interests  properly  conducted,  and  you  have  responsible 
parties  with  whom  you  can  come  into  immediate  personal  contact. 

Is  this  not  very  essential  3n  the  matter  of  Mr. Maguire's  taking 
up  the  phonograph  business  for  you?  In  clause  10th  reading 
"all  rights  are  personally  conveyed  to  Maguire  by  Edison  and  are 
not  transferable",  I  would  suggest  that  the  following  five  words 
be  added:  "except  to  Erazar  &  Co,"  which  would  then  make  it  read 
"and  are  not  transferable,  except  to  Erazar  &  Co.  and  all  rights 

granted  to  said  Maguire  ftc."  The  advantage  of  this  very  important 
claiise  to  you  would  be  that  in  the  event  of  your  or  our  finding 
that  Mr.  Maguire  is  not  using  the  great  privilege  which  you  place 
in  his  hands  to  advantage  and  you  have  sufficient  cause  to  take 
immediate  action  and  cancel  the  agreement  with  him,  he  can  be  made 
to  transfer  his  interests  and  rights  over  to  my  firms  in  China  and 
Japan,  by  cable  sent  through  me,  here.  Unless  you  have  such  a 
clause  and  understanding,  you  might  be  compelled  to  suffer  a  loss 
of  six  months  of  mis -management  and  a  certain  injury  to  the  business 
naturally  following. 

As  you  are  aware,  I  have  for  the  past  year,  been  in  close  cor¬ 
respondence  with  and  have  sent  all  the  printed  information  I  have 
been  able  to  obtain  in  regard  to  your  phonograph  to  my  firms  in 
Japan  and  China  and  I  know  that  both  Mr.  Lindsley  and  Mr.  Wetmore 
take  Ihe  livliest  interest  in  the  phonograph  and  its  future  success 
they  simply  asking  from  you  through  me  that  they  may  be  assured 
of  its  being  a  conmercial  success  in  this  country,  when  they  are 
perfectly  willing  to  incur  the  expense  of  having  an  expert  sent 
out,  as  I  have  several  times  notified  you  and  Mr.  Tait.  As  late  as 
Aug.  4th,  I  wrote  to  both  Shanghae  and  Yokohama  as  follows:  "I 
find  from  Mr.  Edison  that  he  has  sold  the  U.  S.  rights  in  his  pho¬ 
nograph,  but  not  the  rights  abroad,  so  it  stands  just  the  same  for 
you.  I  wait  to  see  it  really  a  commercial  success  here  ,  after 
practical  use,  and  in  this  Mr.  Edison  is  in  good  accord  with  me." 

I  have,  from  time  to  time,  made  many  inquiries  from  outside  par¬ 
ties,  notably  through  Mr.  Upton,  Mr.  John  Crosby  Brown,  who  some 
time  since  informed  me  that  he  was  not  only  a  stock  holder  in  your 
Company,  but  proposed  to  put  a  phonograph  in  his  house  and  office, 
Mr.  Hutchinson,  Mr.  Gilliland,  Messrs.  Unger,  Smith  &  Co.,  whoacted 
as  bankers  in  placing  the  phonograph  stock,  and  several  others,  en¬ 
deavoring  to  answer  the  requests  of  my  firms  in  China  and  Japan  as 
to  mts  commercial  practicability  for  use  in  those  countries.  I 
therefore,  have  not  been  idle,  and  have  always  been  ready  to  take 
the  matter  up  as  soon  as  might  seem  expedient.  It  is  not  necessary 
for  me  to  repeat  that  I,  too,  take  the  warmest  interest  in  the 
success  of  your  phonograph.  I  shall  bo  very  glad  to  do  all  in  my 
power,  both  here  and  in  Japan  and  China  and  Korea  to  sake  it  a 
grand  success.  If  you  agree  with  me  that  these  amendments,  which 
are  certainly  in  your  interests  are  added,  and  you  are  satisfied 
that  Mr.  Maguire  can  provide  himself  with  funds  sufficient  to  ena¬ 
ble  him  to  go  to  Japan  and  China,  live  and  travel  in  those  coun¬ 
tries  for  one  year  I  shall  be  very  glad  to  render  all  aid  in  my 
power  to  help  Mr.  Maguire  carry  out  this  agreement  with  you. 

At  the  present  I  am  temporarily  living  in  New  York  City.  I 
will  be  in  Orange  on  Tuesday  next,  the  6th,  to  cast  my  Presidential 
vote  and  I  propose  to  call  at  your  laboratory  to  see  you  in  regard 
to  this  matter,  and  to  give  any  further  information  or  suggestions 
which  we  may  mutually  think  to  be  advantageous. 


^ _ ..  ^  ^ 

My  Dear  Insull,- 

In  the  Gouraud  oontraota,  China  and  Japan  are 
excepted.  We  ought  also  to  have  made  an  exception  of  Corea,  as 
the  business  in  this  latter  country  should  be  handled  by  the 
persons  who  undertake  the  Japanese  and  Chinese  business.  I  do 
not  believe  GouraUd  would  raise  any  objection  if  we  were  to  ex¬ 
cept  Corea  now.  Would  it  not  be  well  to  have  it  mentioned  in 
the  new  form  of  contract  Major  Eaton  is  preparing?  I  *,  aure 
it  was  the  intention  of  Mr.  Edison  to  have  Corea  worked  in  con¬ 
nection  with  Japan,  and  at  the  time  the  present  contract  was 
drawn  it  was  probably  considered  that  Japan  included  Corea.  .A . 
you  know,  there  is  a  well  founded  doubt  upon  this  latter  point, 
and  to  avoid  any  possible  conflict  I  make  the  above  suggestion. 

Yours  very  tiulyj 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq, 

Audition  &  Exhibition 


Demonstration  theorique  &  pratique 
iln  PDonograptia 



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«%  yj,(*^  AacvtC'  oAAin  nruAh  ^yi,  AtU£ 
'AtryiofiA cruyAt/ Ay 
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-A-  aaa.sA^~  c^<Aa^UAu  /xAcArx^^i  aArC> 
AAAqaAa  At#  y/irfrivi  /\y\jfrxs\,  /\zi/'w/l<2*^s'-jj 

“Cvu  ^AuUO’  $ 

otilL  "  /yUofaAia  *  'fieri;  aiAc  Q- 

A^eyiAJto/teHL ,  t^*i_  -%***?.,  ^ 

Thos .  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  II .  J, 
Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

160  Broadway,  New  York,  ^ 

November  17,  1888. 

1  this  day  received  a  letter  from  a  friend.,  from 
which  I  give  you  an  extract.  "  The  Sultan  of  Turkey  1ms  forwarded 
through  his  Grand  Vizier  an  urgent  request  for  one  of  Edison's 
Improved  Phonographs,  and  our  friend  to  whom  the  request  is  ad¬ 
dressed  is  very  anxious  to  obtain  one,  and  send  it  to  Constant!-, 
nople  as  a  present.  He  adds  that  there  are.  very  important  scien¬ 
tific  interests  depending  upon  this." 

Is  there  any  way  by  which  the  request  of;  His  Imperial  Highness 
oan  be  complied  with? 

Very  truly  yours, 


eJW.3nye§  Afeofy,  | 

O'  L-.  ®  ",  “40 » 

~  London,^  17th  November,  1888. 

40|Valg  Sty,  $>w  for 

ugSiVs:-g  ^  o  w  ..."  jJas^RR. 

■<  "  *  «  S  «  -  5  ii 

M  .  i  c  3s  am  great  1«  in&nvigniejcoa,  and  possibly  may  be 
igusljjr  o&or  J&he  grlnl|y  o§  the  Powers  of  At  tor: 

Why  aid  5/ou  ►ftot^en^,  these  grit  §  tho.  specification,  as  yon  had 
forn^  from  mo  as  n.sed  iff  the  piibviFus  Bases? 

No vto as  jre  gg- ds*Au  ^  i  ^ anS*  th§  stipulation  you  made  in  th 
PoweS-  o  fiAt^mfy  s&nog  b^Mr^Kdfibn&hat  it.  should  not  be  t 
t  jgor  Tossgthiig  1^1  yeteVs .gy  outran  .■§,  C&-  tai 



it  should  not.  be  i 

is  advising  him  in 
in  Austria,  which 
«t  njjgh^have  beon 

s  .-rter;*. 

and  they  advise  me  not  to  do  it .  They  t  52  St  v\l  ,P  *  **  ’ 
be  based  upon  the  theory  that  if  the  Ls^r 15 ylZ 

°rot  ^  thnouffh  the  non-payment  of 
gloated.  Were  that  to  happen  -  which 


yearly,  f. 
is  certainly 

si  bserptentl  y 

vf  lane ert null  ,in  my  °a8e  -  stlU  the  patent  whiJh 
>f  Liipsoa,  would  lia vo  boon  issued  a«c  «  ir  + 

it  w^lTnotr,tle’  ren  if  11  did  ««>er  thi  cirUntanJo, 

a  3P!i  L  Ir*  f  r  the  0qUivuront  American  patent,  "mow  this  i 

i  -usr^n^rm^orc^^idi^h:  r™  r™*''™ 

"i'th  sent  you  will  enable  you  ?„  r*w  mo  of” 1 1  d0oision  here- 


applied  10 r,  for  less  than  in  years 


Austrian  ZZtTsZ^or^l^  T 

'  s  are  ”aid  at-^  “  ilSTi  2K  l°l 

stipulations  , 

iwers  of  Attorney  stated 
lf5  years,  it 

ideation,  Zn?J  ln^Z':«'Xa*in'  ^^I'rior 

tS.irr-’iH'VhiU-  the^llW U  imbU?Uy  ln  th0 

o  allow  t'hom  to  piunu-fan  tnr  f>  thw^+Y-''  *  ’  011,1  ir‘  KUoh  "OT>ifi 

_  n  is-  obvious-  t>iU  wp  ,,ncV  "<^  n„ 

•Kft'i  soci *11^!  T'*  ™'-  WoV ,:  /*>»ve 


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*A<nn  <&/./??% 

"  y 

O-^jr  CL^xJ  yCJ^CL LsO 

^  ^ Tl^c^u^  t*  r>^J^u  _ _ 

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my  account  current,  as  *  partial  Bet  ;0ff  to  advance.  .!  .have  . 
account*.  a 

o  Mr  Wiley  for  your  j 

Pray  giya  thie  ..hole  matter  your  -  immediate  attention,  and  final  deoiaiil 


I  enclose  copy  of  letter  which  Mr.  Connery 
hah  addressed  |o  Mr.  Edison,  in  regard  to  power  of  attorney. 


■jpWi'  oey  CH  / 


Richmond  Hill,  1.  I.,  Nov.  17,  88. 

My  Dear  Edison,  - 

On  reflection  what  I  want  is  some; thing  like  a 
power  of  attorney  from  you  authorizing  me  to  apply  to  the  Mexican 
Oovernment  for  the  exclusive  privilege  of  placing  your  phonographs 
in  the  post  offices  of  the  Republic  on  terms  mutually  agreeable 
and  satisfactory. 

Please  send  it  and  the  other  papers  to  me  to  the  above  ad¬ 

It  will  be  well  to  have  this  power  legalized  by  a  Notary  and 
the  Mex.  Consul. 

Yours  in  haste. 



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cte&^-e-  erf 

ROME.  30th  November  1888. 

George  Edward  Gouraud,  Esq: 

Edison's  Phonograph  Oo: 
181,  Queen  Victoria 

Street*  E.C. 

fttet  8s®&'$gs2$j 

®2°5i.  f.+_i£2uSap^entsi  '^leh.were  ail  granted  for  the  max?mal°duration 
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paidaindadvande?01”e’  Y°U  would  ’’“"P1?  loose  the  interest  on;  the  money 
Trusting  you  will  find  the!  explanations  satisfactory, 

I  am,  Dear  Sir, 

Yours  faithfully. 

(Sighed)  T.  J.  BENEDETTI. 

,  - ^.y./trs-y 

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London,  England. 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadway  &  61  New  St. 

“  444  Broome  Streetl'4 

HALIFAX  “  Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 

LONDON  “  34  Throgmorton  .Street. 

LIVERPOOL  “  JD  0,  Exchange  Buildings. 


40  BROADWAY  ' 



_  DEC  IS  IRRfl 

1EOT  CABLE,”  atA£_  7r  “ 


i§l,  Queei]  Vi(5toi‘ici  Hti'eet,  Epd. 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

13th  December  1888., 

Dear  Sir- 

Proposed  presentation  to  Sultan. 

On  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  30th  ult.,  today  t 

\:W  r  *  ’ 

cabled  you  ‘as  follows  “Turkey  with  modifications; mail.*  I  do  not 
think  that  such  an  expense  as  you  propose  that  I  should  bear  will  be 
justified  from  a  purely  business  point  of  view;  which  is  the  only  point 
of  view  from  which  I  am  asked  to  consider  it-  if  x  were  to  make  such 
a  contribution  as  that  -  which  would  considerably  ekceed  the  cost  of 
the  Phonographs  themselves  -  it  would  be  equivalent  to  my  making  a 
present  of  that  amount  to  the  University  of  Pennsylvania, while  it 
does  not. a® ear  from  Professor  Barker’s  letter  that  the  University 
would  in  that  case, bear  any  part  of  the  expense, while  the  presenta¬ 
tion  would  nevertheless  have  to  be  made  ,in  order  to  be  of  any  service 
to  them,  in  tlje  joint  names  of  the  University  and  yourself . 

From  what  you  say  it  appears  you  are  interested  in  the 


objects  of  the  expedition  and  that  you  would  like  to  assist  it  in  the 
way  indicated  and  in  consequence  you  generously  propose  to  make  a 
present  of  the  Phonographs.  Thistll  right,  and  in  doing  so  you  accom¬ 
plish  two  objects-  namely,  assisting  something  that  you  know  all 
about  and  interests  you  and  which  you  are  anxious  to  help, and  at  the 
same  time  you  get  the  credit  of  benefiting  the  business  and  whatever 
good  may  come  -  query  if  any  -  and  vhich  in  my  mind  is  very  doubtful; 
in  making  the  handsome  present  you  propose  and  by  the  contribution 
which  yousuggest  that  I  should  make. 

It  does  not  appear  from  the  concluding  remarks  of  Professor 
Barker’s  letter  that. the  university  expects  to  escape  without  bearing 
part  of  the  expense  and  taking  that  as  my  cue  and  saying  at  once  what 
goes  without  say^ing,that  I  am  anxious  to  fall  in  with  your  .wishes 
in  every  possible  way, I  have  cabled  you  Turkey  with  modifications 
instead  of  Sultan.  .  Now,  these  are  the  modificatio^te^t'^'^opose 
this  Christmas  Turkey  shall  be  eaten;- 

First,  I  interpose  no  objection  to  your  making  the  Sultan 
&  Grand  Vizier  a  present  if  you  wish  to  do  so  and  if  you  do  so  at  your 
own  expense,  or  at  the  joint  expense  of  the  University,  the  present 
should  be  made  in  in  the  names  of  yourself  and  the  University,  but  if 
I  make  any  contribution  to  it  I  think  it  is  only  fair  that  I  should 
have  whatever  benefit  there  may  be,  if  any  ,  from  being  one  of  the 
parties  to  the  presentation  and  if  I  were  to  be  one  of  the  parties  and 


-  myself  the  medium  of  making  the  presentation  in  conjunction  obviously 
with  the  American  Minister,  as  that  would  have  to  be  the  case,  then  X 
might  by  reason  of  that  personal  association  with  the  event,  be  able 
to  turn  it  to  the  "business  account"  which,  from  your  letter,  I  see 
you  have  considered  it  so  far  as  X.  am  concerned.  My  blng  the  medium 
in  the  form  I  suggest  would  moreover  be  a  natural  One  in  view  of  my 
relations  to  yourself  and  the  Phonograph  and  one  from  which  I  could 
no  doubt  see  ray  way, somehow  or  another,  to  derive  some  equivalent 
for  my  part  of  the  expense.  Now  as  to  this  expense.  I  would  propose 
to  take  Professor  Barker  at  his  word  in  regard  to  the  part  Of  the 
expense  that  he  should  bear(  and  it  is  quite  right  that  he  should 
bear  part,  indeed,  from  the  importance  he  attaches  to  the  subject 
he  might  not  have  done  badly  to  have  borne  the  whole  including  the 
cost  of  the  instruments,  however,  that  is  neither  here  nor  there  so 
far  as  my  present  suggestion  is  concerned)  and  that  we  should  divide 
in  some  way  the  amount  .  The  expense  may  be  made  less  than  would  be 
the  case  by  the  plan  you  propose,  by  sending  the  Phonographs  to  me 
when  you  may  be  sending  others,  and  leaving  me  to  send  them  to  Turkey 
either  by  Hamilton  or  some  one  of  his  now  numerous  asslsta$t$(  1  am 
utilizing  all  the  Phonographs  I  have  for  teaching  people  so  as  to 
make  them  competent  to  teach  others:.  I  have  several  here  whom  I  can, 
on  Hamiltons  certificate,  send  anywhere  with  confidence)  I  should 


propose  that  the  expenses  therefrom  resulting  should  he  divided  be- 
'  tween  the  University  and  myself.  This  would  make  A  sort  of  triangular 
business  en  the  lines  of  Professor  barker’s  suggestion,  in  v^iph  he 
would  decidedly  have  the  most  certain  benefit  as  a  result}  as,  what  he 
wants  he  cannot  get  and  these  presents  will  enable  him  to  get, while 
That  we  want,  Then  we  are  ready  to  ask  for  it,  we  can  get  Off  our  own 

Trusting  this  proposal  will  in  «very  way  pwve  agreeable 
to  you  and  tp  my  friepd  and  colleague,  Professor  Barke*  t 
Electrical  Exhibition  )  to  whom  present  my  kind  regards, 

Believe  me, 
yours  trpiy, 

G.  E.  Gourgud. 

R.  M. 


.  ... 

/fan.  • 

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Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 


Dear  Sir: 


124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  Dec*  31st, 

I  had  a  call  from  your  Mr.  Tate  today  and  discussed  fully  wit! 
him  the  matter  of  introduction  of  your  Phonograph  into  Japan,  Chins 
and  Korea.  On  the  28th  inst.  I  wrote  you  a  letter  stating  that  I 
had  just  received  a  cable  from  Japan  reading  as  follows:  -Agent  of 
American  graphaphone  is  now  here,  actively  canvassing  Japan."  Mr. 
Tate  agreed  with  me  that  immediate  action  should  be  taken  on  this 
by  the  sending  of  cables  tonight,  both  to  Yokohama  and  Shanghae, 
which  I  have  done,  same  reading  as  follows:  -Advertise  Edison's 

perfected  phonograph  far  superior  graphone.  Supplied  within  forty 
days  with  expert.*  The  cost  of  these,  which  Mr.  Tate  said  would  be 

remitted  to  me  here  was,  with  address,  -  to  Shanghae  $29.85 
to  Yokohama  38.15 

By  mail  from  Yokohana  just  to  hand  Mr.lindsley  writes  me  that 
if  it  is  your  desire  that  we  decide  at  once  in  the  matter  of  send¬ 
ing  an  expert  to  Japan  with  some  phonographs,  he  reconxnends  same, 
with  my  approval.  Within  the  past  few  months  I  have  talked  with 
various  parties  who  have  examined  and  have  some  interest  in  your 
phonograph,  and  1  am  satisfied  it  will  be  made  a  great  success. 

At  Mr.  Tate's  invitation,  I  propose  to  visit  your  laboratory  and 

.  phonograph  factory  on  Saturday  afternoon  next  about  3:30  o'clock, 
when  I  will  be  able,  personally,  to  be  assured  of  its  great  value 
commercially.  Upon  such  assurance  I  will  then  be  willing  to  enter 
into  an  agreement  with  you,  to  take  a  young  gentleman  reoonmendad  : 
by  you,-  an  expert  in  the  phonograph,  with  also  certain  electrical 
knowledge,  and  send  him  out  to  Japan,  to  Ohina  and  Korea,  to  work 
in  connection  with  my  houses,  having  the  very  valuable  assistance 
of  the  electrical  and  railway  experts  whom  we  have  had  in  our  ser¬ 
vice  for  the  past  few  years.-  Acquaintance  v/ith  the  language  and 
customs  of  both  native  and  foreign  methods  will,  X  am  sure,  be  of 
the  greatest  value  in  the  quick  and  successful  exploiting  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph,  as  against  the  opposition  Lippincott  Graphaphon© 
All  dealing  in  the  matter  with  those  countries,  the  filling  of  or<^ 
ders,  payment  for  instruments,  cabling  &c.  will  go  through  W  hands 
here.-  You  will,  therefore,  know  when  and  where  to  find  me,  always, 
and  w0  can  work  in  such  close  accord  as  will,  I  am  confident,  be 
much  to  your  satisfaction.  Eor  the  first  year,  where  I  have  to 
undergo  the  expense  of  salary  and  passages  to  and  from  the  East, 
with  living  expenses  added,  Mr.  Tate  says  you  will  be  willing  to 
make  quite  liberal  and  satisfactory  terms.  After  these  have  been 
placed  on  a  safe  foundation,  a  continuance  of  our  contract  will  be 
made  to  mutual  advantage.  I,  therefore,  ask  you  to  let  the  matter 
remain  in  abeyance  until  I  see  you  with  Mr.  Tate  and  Mr.  Batchelor 
at  your  laboratory  Saturday  afternoon  next.  I  think  you  will  agree 


Tfith  me  that  it  is  very  advisable  that  immediate  action  is  taken 
on  the  above  cables  whioh  will  be  circulated  throughout  Japan  and 
China  within  one  week  of  the  graphaphone  agent  appearing  on  the 
spot.  With  the  compliments  of  the  season, 

Believe  me,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly. 


Sear  Sir, 

I  answered  your  latter  of  the  6th  of  June  on  the  Ilth  of 
July  and,  I  wrote  again  on  the  1st  of  August  without  having  received 
up  to  $ate,  any  answer  to  my  two  letters,  by  which  I  informed  you 
of  *he  difficulty  of  obtaining  patents  of  invention  both  for  the 
phonograph  and  phonograms. 

To  day  I  have  the  pleasure  of  enclosing  the  Decrees  of  the 
President  of  the  Republic  in  the  ■Diaro  Oficial*  of  the  I2th  inst 
granting  exclusive  privilege  for  teh' years  for  both  inventions* 

The  enactment  of  both  decrees  without  having  received  here  the 
patents  which  I  asked  you  in  my.  last  letters  is  owing  to  an  act  of 
benevolence  on  the  part  of  the  Mexican  Goveraient  who  by  so  doing 
have  gone  out  of  the  usual  course  hitherto  followed  in  granting 
patents  in  favour  of  foreigners,  for  inventions  made  in  foreign 

As  you  will  see  in  both  order  to. benefit  of  all 
the  rights  ofjfehE.  patents  it  is  necessary  to  pay  ISO  dollars  in 
(recognised)  current  value  of  the  IPublio  'debt,  for  each  one  of  the 
patents,  the  said  value  varies  from. 34  to  40  %  not  knowing  why  you 
did  not  answer  my  letters  and  fearing  that  for  some  reason  or  other 
your  Company  have  changed  their  mind  with  regard  to  the  patents  in 
this  country  I  shall  wait  your  answer  to  this  letter  before  disbursing 
the  above  sum. 


. .  T  r  a  n  s  1  a  t  i  o  n. 

In  virtue  of  the  quality  .imposed  in  mR  by  Rule  16  of  Article 
8n  of  the  Constitution,  I  have  thought  fit  to  decree  as  ibllows:- 

FIRST.  That,  in  conformity  with  the  Artie ie  of  the  La w 
of  May  7th,  1882,  and  in  its  regulation  of  July  12th,  1862,  the 
privilege  is  exclusively  given,  for  ten  years,  to  Senor.  THOMAS 
ALVA  KT)I BON,  for  the  modifications  which  he  has  mad'e  of  the 
PHONOGRAPH,  his  invention,  with  the  object  of  adapting  ‘that  instru 
went  to  public  use,  in  such  a  way  that  its  manipulation  will  be 
easily  understood  and  convenient  for  the  uses  for  which  it  is 
destined.  The  interested  person  will  pay  for  patent  right  fl'50, 
in  recognized  titles  of  the  public  debt. 

I  order  that  this  shall  be  printed  publicly  and  generally 
made  known. 

(Jiven  in  the  Palace  of  the  Executive  Power  of  the  Union  of 
Mexico  29th  September,  1888,  PRESIDENT  DIAZ. 


sA-C.-  ..  (/■(/'l&fl  Zpf-O -'i'l-t'-Cg: 

1888.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  United  Kingdom  (D-88-50) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
phonograph  business  in  the  United  Kingdom.  Included  are  letters  about  the 
technical  performance  of  the  phonograph,  foreign  patent  applications,  and  the 
recording  of  phonogram  messages  exchanged  between  Edison  and  George  E. 
Gouraud,  his  agent  in  the  United  Kingdom.  There  are  also  transcripts  of 
phonogram  messages  sent  to  Edison  by  members  of  the  British  nobility.  Most 
of  the  correspondence  is  by  Gouraud. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  shipping  receipts; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents;  documents  that  duplicate  information 
in  selected  material. 


c  v  i  -  Cot,  i’c—  t(  , 

January  4th,  1888 

A. 0. Tate  Esq., 

40,  Wall  St.,  New  York. 


Dear  Sir, 

I  am  not  sure  whether  1  acknowledged  your  favor  of  29th.  Deo. 
in  relation  to  the  Phonograph  for  England,  and  the  lioenoe  executed 
by  Mr.  Edison.  If  the  licence  is  not  in  the  safe,  it  is  just  possibj 
that  it  is  amongst  a  lot  of  Phonograph  papers  whioh  Mr.  Gilliland 
got  from  us  some  time  sgo.  If  he  has  not  got  it,  it  may  possibly 
have  been  sent  to  ^iigland,  at  the  time  the  Phonograph  was  disclafW 
If  such  is  the  case  you  can  probably  learn  of  its  whereabouts  by 
communicating  with  Messrs  Waterhouse,  Winte rbottom  and  Harrison, 

No.  1  New  Court,  Carey  St., Lincolns  Inn,  London  W.C.,  England. 

These  gentlemen  had  charge  of  all  the  legal  affairs  for  the 
Edison  Telephone  Co.  of  England. 

Yours  Very  Truly 


_  .  01  enclosing  copy  of  Nottage's  letter  to 

'  .  1  «*M»*  »«  «o  tot,  copies  of  aEre,t.»t. 

spondene o  and  inti„ati„g  that  th.  a.lay  ln  th,ir  r„001pl  _  ra>_ 

b,i  40,,°  *°  ‘VOid  “  >»•*-..  delays 

Itave. generally  shoraoertised  our  correspondence  in  the  past  fr.t 
side.  The  delay  p  suktit  i„  this  tatter  i.  unreasonable.  t  „ote 

IT:  'T  t0r  M'1--  “  *»  ’•»*  to.„  received.  Kvery- 

Od  P  Otosed  to  do  it  f„r  and  perhaps  that  is  the  trouble,  "to. 
took,,  -  l0.  Cannot  ear  friend  Mr.  Tat.  see  that  these  tatters  ■ 

He  look,  like  a  tan  „ho  does  thinEs  thorouffily.  Hero  m  j 

at.  preparations,  and  don't  kne.  the  position  of  .  si„gle  one  of  the  .oT" 

Wvi^crnt  _  ,/yVy. 

e%N.  <4. 


>w  *»ffc.U.lMOj  ^  ^  pu_ 

^  J>jvj  tL4j^  U 

it  m^CV  A<r>ue 

^  ^«^in  ^  ncr'y^U^Jz^ 

*f  >C  u  &4 


I^m.  f  .  ^-A-oith.  ‘'fvjuKt 

vf  J  't/f-'tfto'W^t  jtr/-  CL  YtouU*^, 

-jr**^.  ULt  yt^CT  vhjC  *_-/jj«/Hv  huZOMtc  fry\  s 

fcl  tf-te^ud-urK. 


,  dL**rnXo  tZ-^f. 


tKciX  cmaJL  Cj->c-de«^' 

•%&yfusi>  uwbui  ,  <lfflL/j)i>-C4Us  <&nTU&d  .  ylv* 


'^dvu^oa  tZi_  cdL  ^  if  -n*u>~ 

■u-ajL-tj  (  i  \a  i\_^fru-X**-cXi iru\  >  ’^ArtA-itM-t,  (  d^jjSA- 

c^rU-  'xnHL  Wf  *&&  »^k^n<^«.eL  . 

JWmX.  Ccri,.  ^tt^rtiA^LcT 

^Lcoi*~  untL  ‘(t-6-  n^uA-tcM^,  Tfpi^ju.  ^ 

- ~  ,  ,  C0 



.N0RV1N  G 


_  (XJ£r, . !  ;  •  i 

Received  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE,  1 6> Broad  St,  Hew  York. 

(To _ 

,  (02^.1888. 

C5AS3X-:E3  3SKEBSSJaL<38-S.  ,<--71 

.  ,  . . . . 

reived  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFjCE,  1 6  Broad  St.,  New  York.  7_  1888 

_  -?v!  2^ . .  /  ' 

-  'c^ Q &JU^r  ^(/xA/Oi^yx  C*  .  . 
C\^sX - 'jfary* 





Schenectady,  N.  V.,  .iniyyi.y  i  i»  i,  '  i'kam 

Edison's  Laboratory. 

A.  0,  Tate.  Esq. 

Orange  M..1. 

Dear  Sir. 

I  have  .your  favor  of  18th  inst .  with  relation  to  dis¬ 
claiming  the  Phonograph  in  England.  If  you  can  give  me  the  date 
when  the  Disclaimer  was  made,  or  rather  Disclaimers,  as  .1  think  ■ 
the  re  were  two  of  them ,  I  could  probably  put  you  on  the  track  of 
the  correspondence.  It  is  either  filed  away  in  boxes  amongst 
Mr.  ad i son  s  papers,  or  else  it  is  in  Col.  Gouraud ' s  hands" in  Lon¬ 
don.  If  you  can  fix  the  date  for  me  I  will  tell  you  what  you 


_ It..  'f“T*r*e£ 

— ^  £#,<=*-«-  CA-  J«-— - 
— | - 

^Little  Menlo,  *  ; 

Beulah  Hill,j 

Upper  Mcrwepd, 

j4n.  20th,  ’88. 

Ie  there  net  a  way  out  of  the  difficulty  of  the  eize  ef  the  phono¬ 
gram,  for  small  though  they  be,  they  trill  take  up,  in  any  ease,  eensider- 
able  room  owing  to  their  cylindrical  shape.  Does,  not  the  solution  lie 

in  a  flat  atrip  os  tube  of  some  sort,  from  two  to  f<ur  inches  wide,  that 
will  roll  up  on  a  stick  say  the  size  of  a  small  pent  ii /^simply  to  keep  it 
stiff^/ the  phonograph  to  be  so  sonstructed  as  to  alilbw  repeating  aridre-- 
sording  styles  to;  pass  from  right  to  left,  in  other jwords ricihg A as  S”) 
pen  works  across/a  sheet  of  paper,  but  with  less  sp^cer-  between' thb  lines f 

It  occurs  to  me  that  your  fertile  powers- can.  work: out -such  a- -thing,  the 
adrantages  of  which  are  obVious,  arid  i  Venture  the  suggestion  in  accord¬ 
ance  with  your  request  that  I  should  comnuhicate  to  lyou  ahy  ideas  which 
I  might  have  as.da  fimproTlna  the  phonoousphi,:‘ 

If  it  be  possible-  to  so  construct  a  machine  as  jte  enable  the  use  of 
phonograms  in  this  form,  an  adjustment  could  be  easily  added,  by  which  when 
you  hare  finished  the  phonogram,  it  could  bo  rerollod  automatically  before 
sending,  and  so  that  the  receiwer  would  be  able  to  start  it  rl^ht- end- 
foremost.  Of  course  the  tape  would  when  in  use,  be  unrolling. 

brnsors  PHONOGRAPH  CO. 

Dictated.  iBi  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON.  Jan.  26th,  1888. 


^^Dld  you  file  comPlete  8r  provisional  specification  in  Amer- 
Oca.  and  what  was  the  date?  Are  you  not -going  to  patent  any  of 
machinery  or  tools  employed  in  making  phonographs  and  phonograms? 

1  should  suppose  you  would  at  least  have  something  patentable  in 
connection  with  the  manufacturing. 

I  hay.  fonnd  th.  licenae  ro  Hottaga.  I  am  no.  trying  to  got  f 
from  the  United  Co.  oopi.s  of  all  the  eorreegondeno.  there  ..a 
tween  yon  and  them  with  regard  to  th.  third  diaolalmer.  may  sho. 
aom.  in  mooting  „  .ieh.a,  in  the  awident  fa.r  that  th.y 
may  haw,  eroe.d.d  .hair  po.ara  in  the  matter,  ao  plj&«lve  .„„e- 
body  ,«i  mo  oopia,  of  all  of  «.  aorreipendanea. yon  mky  have  had 
.ith  th„  or  with  Waterhouse  4 'Winterbotham,  ;  It  *tt.r. '  lihely  that 
the  aorr.epondenoe  rtth  th. 'latter,  a.  it  .a,  to  the,  yon  want 
th.  lieense,'  and  praanaahl,  with  aom.  hno.lodg.  a=  to  what  .as  .„t- 
©a.  or  them*  ' 

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#-  "To'tu.  e»£  t-u^  p/ft  t,  <■  . 

4st  tt^ct  /d  0'/  Y4ue-  ^ZstT^^x^/-  ^jC /  <=2.  /77s4-t^-Sv' 

0-U  lAj  >  <$ 4,/bu£  /4ie. 


*>  ^  *  * 

Cvj^  &  6ytt.  A^ty*t~V  /y^’^'4  £'i'‘x~^£  ixc 

-*<4  'iC'TZe^ty  a^axu-Xc+tJ^&it.  /9n<=~/ 
trj£_  x.  /  ^Xa./9-Ce.  9'ii  d.C 

&L ■%\X-J-’  h^/Lv-t't-  *-  -  <^£e  %tl^^.  lt»*£c  , 

&yi«M,iL  ~7sL.  'hA-£C4.4-<9&* u,  fj-  7^  dO-dx  . 

/uX~ ^4*-**  eM^i'i<s£j~J' 

£  fay  t*  ^ i^^>x.  P$2£6£  a^C  ^c/x^X  xZ'p 

^v  /v^/  yLtf&t  fatZo  '-p-iM-  0-u/X 

h  CTiMl.  ixXXuivtx^r  St,  'twuXtLeU.  ft  pJi^r^utAXX  Cot^Mu 

.  £-*-‘M-,,  trjL  /Ax-Mttit /U?£  y1  / 

/&n9hX~*-  t-n—  ^t^rrx-t^x 


•  Upper  Norwood, 

Jan.  31 Bt,  1888. 

Ed  i  a  on:  .  Vj  •  '  „  :  - 

I:  have.  appliadj  .  first.  to.  thevaec.'^  jO.f  ithe  United,  j  then  to  Brand 
the*  chairman,  6  Tat erhouse ,t  .Wintggbcitham,  (in .  the  pffort  to  traod 

all  correspondence  .relating  .to., the  diaoifimer, ,  jrith  a  vipwito  dearly 
•st'abU^hg^,$|i^^/«atho|^.t3f,ItiB.inake  i.t.'X^J  to  the  utmoit  endeavored  .to  a- 
void  imply in§v,or  ralgi.ngj.any  question  against.  the^Nnitedy,:  -I  based  my 
applioa^iogdf<}Jji^j.§ri9fo5ination,.ti5on  our-ne^esailtijf^jarphaying  it,  ow¬ 
ing  to'  oojpp^gat|. jjgSpjhJ oljsmigh^  f ari pet frop^the  ^t^nde^^en  byrNottage. 

.  I  hadjg.eygralj  ini^^^ByijriJih  Winterbotham,  who  sdouted  jihe  idea  of  the 
Stereoac3picrhaying..any1ola4m  yhat^vjrggb^ttjkg  '^^gd'^j>«^tjdyV^o:;.giwe 
me  anyf  infgmatiiogtTj^,on.,theiaubjeot:.,3JiJh§abo55g|^onJi»nbpsagd^trimaaotions 
oonnegtediwithr.^be.,gisolaimer,  ^-unless  .I0wou^£ri8$jr, ,  c*nnyg^  behalf,/  that-  ... 
you^would^make  'neTaldMr%?®*“S^ haye: 
done  in. the  prraisps;  j.Jhia^of^gnyae^t  ggnld^not^graf,^#  ,de^~  '  X,  said, 
howgy or, ,  §JL1,  If-eould  t,o  vprore  te,himu^t '  r believed /they, had 3done  nothing 
so  ippgytagt.jaa  ^la^disioiaiBjer.  %wwatwi^hgat t*^t:au^05i'|'y';eithgr  'from  you 

•t  t&etAi^»*f«ti^?ri^e§^5ejiou?.ly^i^^rgra^ft5ti^f1|ii^^greemehta; 
••Pffilftliy  g^asft  iKyfftSnS  ggntlfM?  MlbR  IfHMf  dia^aimi^he^phono- 
BraP^*nSrat?i1^iyii»«f^if§^1Cn|?.the  telephone  patent,  whiph  had  iBsue  in 
the  famous  ^r5i?ftn^m^|r&oft??i,  ^g^eiy^  ^^ha^the^whole^ele- 
phenenPSiJ^  8Ha§|iofl0ifio^f  ,go^iR?jn  ^inie^g^^tioned;  that  the 
TOtJSJp$8^%sfc&tK!^8SiV!l?  ?P.^^I5»^,°S5«?P.9^e9M  bet*eeh  them- 
s#1Mfs?&!i.Jolm30n  »t  the  time.  Of  course  I  pointed  oujt  that  that  would 
have  no  bearing  upon  the  question  unlejs  anyr;a^|jhority  djirivea  from  joiih- 
aen  was  based  upon  your  authority  to  trim.  '  %'  Ietter  of j  this  date  to 

ojfijthe  matter  j,  and 

1  iwf,:i-1j?rWPt(ly  eoniply^with  my^requiremerita.  '  J  Xmnediately  1' 

correspondence,’  if  any,  which  took  place  be¬ 
tween  you  and  the  United,  or  by  your  anthority— by  which!  I  mean  between 
you  and  any  officer  of  the  United  or  their  attorneys,  Waperhouse*  Win- 
terbotham  I  shall  place  this  whole  question  before  counsel  for  advice, 
having  in  mind  two  things,— 1st,  a  special  Sill  in  Parliament  for  the  is- 
eue  to  you  of  a  new  patent  upon  the  phonograph*  It  is  quite  possible- •• 

2 d  page,  Jan.  31st,  '88* 

that  such  a  bill  could  be  passed,  in  view  of  the  main  fapts  of  the  oase, 
with  which  you  are  familiar,  but  which  may  be  briefly  enumerated: 

a. --That  you  newer  derived  any  profit  from  this  most  marvelous  in- 
.  ventiom  ''  ■/  r  ■. 

t^le  »as  not  ycrars,  but  yeur  English  .pgent  's,  who  put 

: : v?*,®  P»^ *nt • : something  net .  the  provisional  specification* 

:  Vil*' of : the  ^.phonograph  patent i in  the  telephone 

...jPatent.Hiwailfeted^'the  telephone  patent.  ^4", 

3cth01  fin'4»ra'er  ’to’  sav.e  the  tel^ione  pateivt  the'  purchasers  ef  it 

■;  destroyed^w^^^S^^aliiaJ.thone-wasji^^our^^onci^iapS'pit’ent* '  " 

-  ■•-•■  ••  ^®y^re^®B*8uP^>*^Sa*5j!^¥JP1a®spaten;6*'madSjiiuhdreds.of'  - 

^  'Vuttn  ti?  *  i 

P*  '»i^rb.thim  f-eund  that  I  would  not  formally' jaive  .11  « 

*8*1“t  tha  unitao  06.  *«,  to  0i.0l.iB'i  'Z  *U  ”1*1“ 

w «, ?™::  ? 

pany  were  not  bound  by  the  ei»r.n»  m  *  .  P?  ,m?»  that  the  Cem- 

-  -  patent  ^  **  ~  ^ 

ta  necessary  to  confer  »«,,  position  tKereonaorj  tha"  a“  “  .££ 

3d  page,  Jan.  Slst,  ’8,3.  ' 

from  the  license  in  question  other  than  such  as  went  to  pottage,  would  be¬ 
long  to  the  Company. - A  proposition,  as  I  told  him,  toojutterly  absurd  to 

justify  even  comment  upon  it.  But  it  shows  which  way  tjie  wind  blows, 
and  tells  me  very  clearly  that  Waterhouse  *  Winterbothamjmust  think  that 
they  have  done  something  which  they  had  no  right  to  do,  pr  else  they  would 
not  have  advanced  so  silly  a  proposition  as'  the  above,  of  hesitated  to 
give  me  any  information  regarding- the  dorrespondenoe  or.  documents  relating 
to  the  disclaimer,.  The  matter  of  my  request  for  the  injfonnatibn  and 
copies  of  correspondencewas  the  subject  of  cohsideratip^  between  Wihter- 
botham  and  mys el^, v between  Brand  and  Morgan  of  the  United  and  myself,  *0. 
The  only  thing,I  hav^to  .urge  upon  you^and'  thPse' whado'  yoUr  correspondence 
is  that  no  communication  ,be  sent *to  Waterhouse  4  Winterbotham  or  the  United, 
or  anybody  else  concerning  this  lioenseV-*  pwi^|  Jo  ^ebl  sit* ’it' 

hess,  and  everything  mjiBt  .be  done  to  avoid' ob^rcinising  ^y /position  in  the 
matter.  If  I  find  that  the  United  GoJ'h^Ve^oyed  ypur  phonograph 
patent  without  due  authority  from  you;  their  disclaimer  obhld  be  held  to 
be  void;  thus  much'  I  have-  elicited-  frbS  tL  ^eF  dosiissioner  of  ^Patents. 

I  am  taking  advice,  as  tp  whether  ,^’condi’dering  wliat  Nottage.  did  under 'the 
circumstances  and, ;*;ebeived-in;:the  . 

him  out  of  all .  benefits  under:  your-  ll’c’ensev  Pvbn  ?f  we  wbfe‘ al^le  to  revive 
the  phonggraph  patent. tVil;Irhave» cabled  y^thlt1  V'i^ve  found  the  license 

and  have  urged,  you  to  pxpedite  with  all  possible  speed  cfpies  of  all  docu¬ 
ments  pas3ingibetweenljyjpurselvesjafidr bth'ersV'bS'  tliia  'sidejvrith  reference  to 

the  “gently  rei^bn*  y&r'lib'ei^rthit  f  receive  the 

same  ^^^1  pttsij^^espatchii:  ti. quert<~n,  as ■ 

S.  K.  Gouraud. 

THOS.  ,T.  EOHmTTtolw^*1" 


fc»ei»e«  at  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE,  16  Broad  Si,  New  Tort 

«  ^  v*m  '&<u' 


_ _ _ 


^  'I  lVtLe-menlo.  , 



~  <=•«* 


SZ"  s**x*&' 

_ _ 

X.  ■.  -ij 

/^.  ^*j?  ^-“ — *-  '  -  1 


the  WESTERN  UltflQIff 




Little  Menlo, 

Npper  Norwood, 

Feb.  18th,  1888. 


Several  years  Ago  you  were  good  enough  to  give  roe  your  original 
Magiphone,  arid  promised  to  have  it  packed  up  and  sent  to  me.  I  very  much 
wish  you  would,  have  this  done  now.  i  have  a  splendid  place  to  show  its 
interesting  powers  on  a  broad  terrace  balcony  at  Little  Menlo,  where  I 
should  like  to  have  it  when  all  the  world  comes  to  hear  your  voice  in  the 
first  phonogram. 

1  would  also  like  you  to  let  some  one  get  together  for  me  an  example 
(complete  with  the  miscellaneous  supplies,)  of  each  one  of  your  inventions, 
as  sort  of  a  collection  for  the  "Edison  room*  at  Little  Menlo. 


-  ^  V 
V P  ^  X 

.  ,  */> 

-vUl  ' 

,  i'T 

i  ii 

iP  v  c  r 

Little  Menlo, 

Upper  Norwood, 

Feb.  23d, 



I  understand  from  Gilliland  you  conclude  these  will  have  to  be 
made  here,  as  indeed  I  think  you  always  expected.  He  also  says  that  ma¬ 
chinery  may  be  sent  with  Hamilton  for  that  purpose.  if  possible,  please 
do  it |  so  we  may  have  a  more  certain [supply,  and  presumably  more  economi¬ 
cally  than  when  transported  from  America  in  bulk.  please  send  all  de¬ 
tails  relating  to  manufacturing.  [ 

Are  there  no  patentable,  devices  jin  the  machinery  you  are  making  for 
the  manufacture  of  phonograms?  I  ttjdnk  there  must  be.  You  are  aware 
that  in  several  European  countri^in  orderto  avoid  invalidating,  the  pat¬ 
ents  already  applied  for,  it  is  ioapn^ant.  that  we  manufacture  in' those 
countries..  This  must  be  care.lhliy  looked  to,  and  such  being  the  case, 
it  seems  no  time  should  be  lost  in  putting  in  hand  the  duplication  of  all 
machinery  necessary 'for  mmfaStuHng  W^onograph  Rmpiete^^eh  as  y* 
my  finally  decide  on  for  use  in  America.  1  „  satisfied  that  tith  the 

^  hTT“  ””  '<‘i’  ,0"  h"e  ““>*»«■•*.  *h.t  the  magni- 

TL  “  llllBi‘*bl''  “a  "•»  ««»»»  Pa* en.  la.e  meting 

dial  7'  r“  “  *•  °n  this  .id.  t.  mat  ,h( 

demand,  and  enclud.  cnspetition,  Wiich  toula  otherti.e  spring  up  at  all 

e'tahU.hi„Th'  y“  1  1,111  th*  »"ney  for 

f  rit  t  e  r  ””  *■  “1  he  necessary.  t  .ho„ld 

establish  onrselves  in  Prance,  >hieh  i.  the  center  of  Europe-.  „a 
your  position  in  th.  profit,  of  manufacture  shall  be  adjusted  to  your  on- 
In”  4»  —  way.  in  this  connection,  lot  me  egl  “ 

Zr  IT  rnmi"  ”°t  f°rS?t  'h8V»  settle  th.  capital  of 

your  American  Manufacturing  Company.  _  ^ 


V.  J 

Little  Menlo, 

Upper  Norwood, 

Feb.  23d,  1888. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate: 

I  wish  you  would  do  mo  the  favour  of  looking  up  the  copy  of 
Scribner’s  Magazine — possibly  it  was  the.  Century  instead — published  I 

think  in  1878,  containing  an  article  by  Edison  on  the  future  of  the  phono- 
.  ,  ;  :*c:  t&j-  ' 

graph, — and  send  me  a  copy  of  the  magazine,  and  induce  Edison  to  read  i* 

into  the .phonograph  as  a  phonogram  to  me.  This  would  be, an? interesting  , 
and  very  appropriate  realization  of  the  predictions  therein -ma^'p. 

Very  truly  yours,  ”  o 



Little  Menlo, 

Upper  Norwood, 
Feb.  23d, 


Unless  your  first  phonogram  should  have  left  before  tv,  • 
you,  .or  be  ready  to  come  by  the  following  *•,  T  18  rea°h< 

enough  to  talk  me  a  talk  into  the  h  1  ’  1  "1Sh  ^  W°Uld  be  kind 

stenographer _ wri te  it  1  !  Ponograph  and  let  some  clerk-not  a 

received  the  first  phonograph  ^  T  ^  ^  ^ 

proper,  will  give  us  several  hundred  tv,  ’  S  before  the  phonogram 

tk  ot  —  ~ 

phonograph  in  yonr  lahor.ior,  .«,loh  M11  !  * 


from^  tile  illustrious  Col.  Gouraud.  I  do  not  believe  in  making  any 
su^h  deal  as  that  gentleman  suggests;  he  is  simply  coming  back  to 
his  old  plan  of  trying  to  control  your  business  abroad.  To  my  mind 
he  is  more  than  ever  anxious  to  put  on  his  Note  Heads  the  words 
“Representative  and  Attorney  in  Europe  for  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison." 

I  have  not  replied  to  Gouraud,  and  in  fact  before  doing  so  desire 
to  talk  the  matter  over  with  you.  I  feel  annoyed  that  Dyer  should 
enter  into  any  negotiations  with  Gouraud  on  a  subject  of  this 
kind.  Dyer  cannot  of  course  have  any  idea  h£  as  n,o  what  we  here 
may  think- of  such  a  deal,  and  Dyer's  approval  (if  it  must  necessari¬ 
ly  compromise  us  inasmuch  as  he  represents  the  Edison  shops  in 


SON  MAOH.NEWORKt'T'^  ^  ^  ^  COPY. 

- II1TLE-MEHL0,  _ 

14th.  B’ebruary  1888. 

My  dear  Innull. 

Prom  the  letters  I  have  received  from  all  parts  of 
the  world  on  the  mere  rumor  that  "the  Phonograph  is  coming",  it  is 
quite  evident  that  a  big  Edison  Boom  is  in  the  near  future. 

My  preparations  for  this  campaign  are  very  different  to  what 
you  saw  in  the  early  Telephone  days.  Mow  it  occurs  to  me  that  the 
extensive  correspondence  and  almost  world-wide  system  of  agencies 
I  shall  have,  may  just  as  well  as  not  be  used  for  extending  the 
sale  of  your  "Edison  Manufactures",  so  far  as  your  contracts  will 
admit  of  it.  If  you  think  well  of  the  idea  give  me  complete  pxxce 
list  of  articles  and  prices,  and  I  will  print  the  former  on  all  my 
letter  heads,  prefixing  to  each  Edison's  Phonograph,  Edison's 
Pronograms,  Edison's  Dynamos,  Edison's  Conductors,  Edison's  Covered 
wire,  Edison's  Telephone,  etc,  etc,  etc,  following  with  the  name  of 
each  of  his  well  known  inventions,  right  down  to  the  bottom  of  the 
sheet, -in  the  continental  style, -and  on  the  back  can  be  a  print  en¬ 
graving  of  your  works  at  Schenectady,  and  of  the  Damp  factory  and 
of '  Bergman's,  of  all  of  which  "Edison  Vd"  of  London  can  be  the 
Agency.  Tf  you  approve  for  Edison’s  Machine  Works,  please  inform 
Lamp  Factory  and  Bergman  that  you  do  and  get  Edison  to  tell  or  ad¬ 
vise  them  to  do  likewise.  Dyer  has  been  over  and  thinks  it  a  cap¬ 
ital  idea,  and  v/ill  so  write  you.  I  though-  it  might  stand  over 
till  he  goes  over  in  April,  but  the  free  advertising  you  cun  all 
get  by  our  beginning  at  once  has  Just  struck  me*  T  have  taken  a 
fine  suite  of  offices  in  Queen  Victoria  Street  181, -1st.  floor,  bib£ 


Little->'cnlo  (a) 

most  central  and  "first  class". 

Page  wont  agree  to  our  selling  lamps  of  American  manufacture, 
but  would  bo  glad  to  have  us  do  any  plant  business, -Dynamos  etc. 

I  hopo  you  are  flourishing  and  making  a  success  of  your  grand 
works,  and  that  we  may  soon  be  talking  with  each  other  across  the 
deep.  Immense  idea  is  it  not?  How  does  Powers  suit  you? 

We  are  only  now  having  winter  weather.  I.Iy'  building  is  fin¬ 
ished  and  you  would  not  know  the  old  home  you  remember. 

With  kind  regards 


~TcCti  »  3f  laxtwf  yp^ti . . 

C  jto~i  fZtC^U^f-  C-U~  *.A***JtoSZ~4L 

o'oujz L  _  3  -!■'-■  >w 

,,,">  V.9  wf-f 

u>  4wm«^  6-^A'  -  5  u  c «»■*. 

*  Little  Menlo.  ,  f. 

~jLh &• 

■  U  1  , 

Edison:  lua  (/3  .  y  -—"'  5^  _  ^ '' 

6 .  r^t»-«>  I  — 1  2  ^  U>  t 

I  confirm  my  telegram  of  yesterday,  as  follows :  Sy  ■ -feu-cZtv 

^tvr’J^tri  j-Tc.»~u  (p-<yy£~  *3-  C-I^Cf-i,  tic 

?  [N_  <5>— i> 

Little  Menlo, 

fcfcrjC'  i  0  cf' 

Moh.  3d,  18fc 

£a}  (X.^|  (/J'l^^'lp-e^'C'C--  O.^ 


-^ara’.fiss  XTo7„:  r- 
lhV*ot  of  \ 

negati^et  °  •  .kt.  <**-«>•£«  In-c-T  Otv^-tr2_-  .  T~-uV  Keu^  WoJ 


Vot  of  y kifg  *&« .  Ta 

J  lANJ-.-ar  0i'C7C%  .  cL-o  <Lo  1/v.^-T  Ow-v-Js—  .•w-w,-'  >u 
“"“•  ,  I»f>«“t  for 'IM»m xw«t.  and  presa.  i  will  3c 

SUCh  *  ^ -fa^sars  all  the  illustrated  papers 

111  do  like- 

>  thins  wifcfSe^sTed  in  all  th.  mustr.t.a  papers,  .„a  „ln 
«ive  «s  «.  thousand  dollars  north  of  frs.  advgtisins.  0o»,t  1M  y„„ 

natural,  or  th.  sllsht  personal  invonosnien.o,  your  oo.ply. 

ing  with  this  request*  • 

Gr.  E.  Gouraud. 

,  H. 

1  ' 

Little  Menlo* 

Mch»  7th*:  1888. 


Still  no  nerts  of  the  departure  of  Hamilton*  but  though  all  eager¬ 
ness  to  receive  it,  I  lose  no  confidence  in  the  results  when  the  appara¬ 
tus  does  come.  Press  people  here  are  bothering  me  a  good  deal  about  it, 
and  one  enterprising  interviewer  has  triumphed  in  his  efforts,  in  spite  of 
-my  repeated  attempts  to  avoid  him, --as  the  result  of  which,  I  send  you  un¬ 
der  separate,  cover,  qopjes  of  the  "Evening  Post."' 


Little  Menlo,  March  10,  1838. 

Dear  Edison, - 

Many  thanks  for  your  several  letters  of  last  week 
and  your  kind  promise  to  send  me  various  apparatus  and  photos. 

Don't  fail  to  have  photo  of  yourself  and  your  family  and 
friends  around  you  when  in  your  "great  act"  of  sending  across  the 
Atlantic  the  first  voice  of  man  unacc ornpan ied  by  its  usual  organs 
of  production.  You  will  see  by  the  press  extracts  of  notices  of 
Phonograph,  and  especially  of  the  interview  of  myself  concerning  it 
(Evening  Post)  that  your  first  phonogram  is  going  to  put  the  very 
seal  upon  your  fame.  I  hope  you  will  approve  of  my  suggestion 
of  Beading  to  at  least  one  of  your  early  if  not  your  first  phono¬ 
gram  your  "Century"  or  "Scribners'  Magazine"  article,  or  some  of 
it.  In  order  to  avoid  any  appearance  of  ogotism  in  so  doing 
you  may  begin  that  phonogram  by  saying  to  mo  that  "You  do  so  at 
my  request.  " 

I  hope  you  will  honor  Mrs.  Edison  by  having  her  with  you  in 
the  photo,  and  that  she  will  honor  mo  and  my  wife  by  saying  some¬ 
thing  to  us-after  you. 

All  eagerness  and  confidence 
Ever  yours 

Go  u  r  a  u  d  . 



181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

<£?Z  f 

'  ^  S!  J? 

j  s  ,■  ^ 

&  f  7?-' 


S*  "Jr*# 

/  7  * 


atT&STZ'  ^$<2  "" 

^ziz7f  y%e 


pb&*t*  s*****6r  7 

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y  ^/-  y?i,04?  A*  Taaat&k&s*’  /**•  ^ 

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0 eb£&7?z,  &7*!&KKi7* 

'&?*&•  4&’c. — , 
T  4t&?6&awii&-  4/  a&  <s tSr&a*>n??j<7-  \ 



181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 


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#<f3 W*, 
*  M 



Gap,  *Irst, of  March  1888. 

Monsieur  Gouraud, 

Colonel,  0 

In  accordance  with  my  former  communications  to  you,  which  you  were 
..kindenough  to  receive  favorably,  I  beg  to  send  you  the  drawing  of 
my  phonograph  which  realizes  the  following  conditions: 

1°  The  registering  &  reproduction  of  sounds  during  long  hours 
withoutchanging  anything  which  makes  possible  the  phonogram  c  impres¬ 
sion  of  the  largest  books.  '  •  ' 

2°  The  cheapness  of  the  machine  itself  &  of  the  registering  pa¬ 
per  &  the  convenience  for  sending  phonograms.  ' 

0ne  ofthe  two  drawings  I  send  you  represents  the  machine  I  have 
made  as  seen  from  the  left  of  a  person  speaking  into  the  receiver- 

rresentBthe  pian* that  is  *-■ aay  ...  seen 

Till* I' ITT  put 

LIT  e  “  f 1  * 

In  order  to  register  the  sounds  I  use  Edison's  speaker  with  his 

r: ;  *  '*** 

cylinde  &  10nS  °”  &  fiX6d  Cylinder  :<J0Tered  with  tin  or  on  a  movable 
.1TL°  ’“h  hSMS”a  *“  0r  °‘»»  *»pn...lbl.  ™.9rui. 

If  thl  I  T  *  P*”“b“r4  *+-1*  «no»gh  to  h...  grooves  »a. 

JL  p.  Z  »  *W  oylinderfold 

ms  pasteboard  so  prepared  is  covered  with  a  tin  ^ 

Of  .nun  „„  the  p„t„bool.a  „rip>  **«? 

...  part  °f  -y  *■  - 

if  no.  6oakln  'om.  1  .nT  4,P*ral*U  *l“°  l°  th”  B”°vs 

Therefore,  to  manufacture  it  -  ^  4  b*  a  ®r0at  inconvenience. 

- a  “ 18  ~  *• 
ning-mill  or  as.  the  instkimdrit  •  ‘  „  arranged  as  a.flatte- 

their  photographic  pasteboard ' 8D100thlne 
drawing  n»  2.  ^  knives  would  out  the  pastebo^  tT  *  **“ 

come  out  of  the  flattening-mill  &  a'  nbrL'ti  P  &S  U  would 

stripcould  be  obtained  in  that  way.  I,  this  "  81,01101  Pa8t°board 

the  purpose  the  pasteboard  could  be  cut  -in  uZZT ^  ”*  ****** 

tightly  rolled  up  *  nlaoed  i .  r2  ”  ”  «triP8  of  a  given  width 

turned  on  either  sides  so  as  Pl0te  **  *  lath#  *  th#n  , 

is  indispensable;  this  done  thav  v,  ***  °rB  that  Parall«lism  whioh  \ 

•h.I  put  t„.  ojUMsra  ' 


the  flattening-mill  to  hare  them  grooved  &  then  the  last  thing  to  do 
would  be  to  cover  them  with,  a  tin  strip. 

For  my  experiments  I  have  manufactured  little  pieces  of  these 
strips  &  after  trial  I  have  come  to  this  conclusion  that  the  strip  by 
passing  before  the  vibrating  bodkin  produced  the  same  results  as  Edison's 
cylinder  by  turning  round  before  the  same  bodkin. 

As  the  strip  can  be  of  an  indefinite  length  &  that  moreover  se¬ 
veral  parallel  grooves  can. be. disposed  en  the  same  strip  it  is  not  by 
hundreds  that  words  so  reproduced  are  to  be  reckoned,  but  by  thou¬ 
sands  &  even  millions.  '  •  . 

The  strip  in  rolling  itself  up  protects  the  vibrations  of  a  spire 
by  another  spire  against  any  atmospheric  agent  &  anyother  accident,  so 
thatm  this  respect  also,  for  a  more  or  less  lengthy  reproduction,  it  ' 
realizes  a  great  improvement  in  Edison's  new  movable  cylinders,  very 
resisting  in  the  interior  but  so  very  weak  at  the  exterior  that  they 
must  be  handled  with  the  greatest  care.  '  • 

Had  I  had  this  strip.  „,ade  I  should  have  betrayed  myself  &  had  X 
sentyou  my  machine  without  'it  would  have  be On  sending*  youa  useless 
tool, X,  therefore,  preferred  sending  you  the  two  drawings  above  men¬ 
tioned.  They  are  both  full  size  &  consequently  a  scale  would  be  useless 

The  organs  of  the  apparatus  are  as  follows:  Two  pulleys  like 
those  used  for  the  rolling  up  of  Morse's  telegraph  strips  are  super¬ 
pose^,  between  the  twopulleys  there  is  what  I  call  a  guide  made  of  an 
iron  roller  mounted  upon  screw  shaft  a  which  is  fixed  to  arm  b  tur¬ 
ning  round  screw  v  so  as  to  be  well  adjusted  in  front  of  the  vibraing 
bodkin.  A  skew  cutting  out  d  in  vertical  wooden  stand  m,  allows  of 
that  displacement  around  v  The  borders  of  roller  r  are  projecting  so 
as  to  guide  the  strip  &  is  the  point  of  support  in  order  to  enable  the 
bodkin  of  the  receiver  to  impress  its  vibrations  on  the  tin. 

The  two  pulleys  one  of  ,whioh  is  used  to  un-roll  the  strip  rolled  i 
up  on  the  other*  vise  versa,'  are  composed  1°  of  shaft  a  which  1 
roller  r  of  0.06c  in  diameter  *  of  an  equal  thiokneHs  with  the  widthk  ' 
of  the  strip  &  consequently  with  the  width  of  the  part  hollowed  bet-  I 
ween  the  borders  of  the  guide.  This  roller  or  disc  1b  used  to  give  1 
to  the  first  spire  of  the  sirip  a  suffi.ient  diameter  to  prevent  the  j 
rumpling  of  the  latter  or  even  its  breaking  on  account  of  its  thick-  j 

nesp,  an  accident  that  Would  happen  if  it  were  rolled  up  (as  a  tai- '  ■ 

lor's  tape  measure)  on  a  very  small  shaft.  This  same  disc  is  screwed  ‘ 
so  as  to  be  able  to  have  it  ialways  on  the  same  plane  as  the  guide  *  j 
disc  of  the  inferior  pulley,  it  i.  held  between  two  slabs  ,V  screwed 
on  '  '  ■  .v. " 

on  the  same  shaft.  These  two  slabs  are  used  to  give  the  rolling  ft  un¬ 
rolling  the  greatest  exactness  ft  must  therefore  be  turned  in  the  interior 
with  precision.  The  outside  one  can  be  unscrewed  so  aB  to  take  off  the 
rolled  strip  ft  send  it. 

The  strip  must  always  be  perfectly  tight.  I  think  that  the  shafts 
of  the  two  pulleys  being  sufficiently  held  in  their  pillow-bloeks/the 
strain  put  upon  them  by  the  rolling  up  of  the  strip  will  not  likely  cause 
them  to  turn  unevenly.  However,  a  ■  tendeur  •  could  be  placed  above  the 
guide  &  can  be  m^de  like  the  one  used  in  Horse's  telegraph.  And  then  to 
set  the  machine  in  motion  erank  m  can  be  used  by  fixing  it  to  the  end  of 
the  shaft  of  the  pulley  to  be  set  in  motion.  The  strip  itself  is  used  as 
a  transmission-strap.  Moreover,  this  part  of  my  apparatus  being  analogous 
to  that  of  Morse's  telegraph  I  suppose  that  I  have  made  myself  unders- 
tood*  ‘  ••  _/ 

X  have  already  said 


•  — ”  ~  - - www wo  uuuiu  do  disposed  on 

the  strip  so  as  to  use  its  length  several  times.  In  this  case  it  is  necest 
eary  that  the  bodkin  should  displace  itself  parallely  to  the  guide  so  as  ' 
to  adjust  it  in  each  longitudinal  groove  of  the  strip,  therefore,  the 
stand  of  the  receiver  is  fixed  to  a  small  board  placed  on  the  table  of  th« 
apparatus.  This  table  is  so 'made  .that  the  two  bolts  which  sustain  the 
small  board  can  displaee  themselves • in  a  parallel  line  to  the  guide  in 
front  of  which  is  the  vibrating  bodkin,  as  you  will  see  in  the  vertioal 
plane  drawing. 

It  is  useless  telling  you.  Sir,  that  the  crank  is  not  to  be  seer 
in  the  apparatus,  *  that  it  ism  necessary  to  apply  a  mover  to  it.  As  any 
silent  mover  will  do,  be  it  a  clo.k  work  or  electric  one  I  leave  out  this 
point  of  construction.  I  do  not  say  anything  either  about  the  speaker  as 
it  is  similar  to  that  ef  Edison  ft  the  new"  double  speaker"  of  which  so 
much  good  is  said  ean  be  used  instead. 

I  have  tried  to  apply  wax  on  pasteboard  strips  but  it  eraeks  on 
account  of  the  spiral  grinding  down,  another  material  more  convenient  to 
the  purpose  ought  to  be  found  ft  that  would  be  a  great  improvement  as  the 
stip  would  no  longer  have  to  be  grooved  before  hand  ..  that  it  weuld  be 
easier  to  manufacture  ft  therefore  cheaper,  i  thought  ef  Edison's  movable 
cylinders,  but  probably  the  relling  up  will  also  make  it  unpratioal. 

+v  ,  1  haV8  n0t  h9reK  th«  requisites  to  make  chemical  experiments  I  ! 

therefore  can  only  show  y  ou  now ,th.  strip  covered  with  tin,  leaving  it  to 
you  to  see  whether  it  .an  be  improved  in  the  way  above  menti.nedt 
As  you  see.  Sir,  the  apparatus  i.  very  .impl.  in,  wxth  the  help  of  Edi sen's  inventions  whi.h  I  have  transformed  .u 
e  results  that  you  ebtain  with  your  last  apparatus  ft  has  .  wider  si.p. 


in  its  appli cat ions. 

I  to  might  have  taken  patents,  I  might  have  had  my  apparatus 
manufactured  in  Paris  where  I  am  urged  to  do  so  but  I. have  refrained  from  ’ 
a  contest  of  improvements  with  ■ jl '  Edison  -  ft  that  is  my  reason 
for  taking  this  present  step. 


As  regards  the  complement,  that'1  in+.n  _ 
for  the  multiplioati  o«  o-p  •  y’  personal  invention 

™  pap-::::;”:?::;:::;-;:::':  -**■  --  *-  *■** 

"*  »•*«  I  "  ZJ'T  ■*  P”‘' 

p« « «,a  tit  tmmum 

Do  not  think.  Sir.  that  -iv,  / 

in  view  a  mercantile  object.  I  write  T  y°U  thl8  lnforniation  I  have 
*  honesty  believing  that  I  can  not  ,,  °  ^  W*th  *h’  ®reatest  sincerity 

in  the  representative  of  Mr  Edison  *°  ^  reP°Se  “y  °onfidenoe 

,  -  —  the  ^ 

°*  ^^PParatus  will  answer  the  purTo  *  ph0»*«**“*«  -11  a  reduction 

don  a  strip  of  a  sufficient  length^  ***“' “  “W,“ry  "  *»— »■ 
speak  for  a  sufficient.  length  of  "  r°lled  UP  to  e«-le  the  doll  to 

™  t0  keep^the  LuTto  myse^  Wil1  ^ow 

r had  ~  -**.  -out  t  i  ;•  r  s^* r: — ^  y0U  sald 

r°U  «**  ««  t.  ft  I  m  “  ,  "  *"  ««.  .hould 

p"mt‘  «11  Ml.  m.,to  innST’'  *°  **”  11  ““"‘"■M  «y-  ■ 
But  in  .  J  lMar  “«««n  «p.b...  lt. 

*' Vr13  «■» *Ma  b* 

P  »ed  that  I  should  sign.  ,  ra°  Whi°h  th8t  influential  firm  in  Paris 
»•»  r,ry  ■— >  u  *,  if 

•'j-.TJT1 1  “a* 

— *  £ «~7£ :: 

7  - — i  w  ^  ~ . ~  r 

Banquet  to  Sir  .Tno .  Ponder,  K.  C.  M .  G.  Ac. 
tho  23d  April.  Tho  Right  Hon.  The  Earl  of  Derby  will  preside. 

It  vail  no  doubt  bo  undo  tho  occasion  of  gathering  round  the  fes¬ 
tive  Board  tho  very  elite  of '  tho  scientific  and  electrical  world 
of  London  and  an  occasion  of  which  wo  nay  as  well  have  tho  advan¬ 
tage  and  of  which  if  wo  do  we  will  monopolize  "tho  Thunder,"  and 
so  lot  us.  I  have  suggested  to  P.  that  you  would  no  doubt  bo  glad 
to  send  your  congratulations  to  him  on  that  occasion  Phonographi- 
cally ,  for  tho  rendering  of  which  I  would  lend  him  a  Phonograph. 

Ho  was  delighted,  of  oourso,  as  ho  may  well  bo!  So  do!  Surely 
I  will  have  a  Phonograph  by  that  time,  and  long  before  I  hope;  but. 
"even  so  it  will  still  be;  a  novelty,  and  the  Banquet  will  bo  widely 
advertised  you  may  depend,  art  equally  widely  will  be  heralded  the 
-“feature  of  the  Evening"  the  Phonograms  from  Edison!  I  vail 
remind  you  by  cable  of  tho  day  about  a  week  or  ten  days  before 
the  Banquet,  You  might  make  the  first  of  your  congratulations,  and 
quite  appropriately  too,  tho  idea  that  ho  is  an !  example  of  that 
worth  and  enterprise  so  indispensable  in  the  fruitful  application 
of  the  products  of  the  Laboratory, 

Yours  ever , 

( Signed ) 

G.  E.  C-. 

G  o  ii  r  a  a  d  ,  Norwood, 

April  11,  8S. 

Engage  a  ro 
engine  put 
egress . 

om  about  twenty  by  twenty.  Have  a  two  horse  power  gas 
in  and  a  short  work  bench.  Am  shipping  material  by 
Send  shipping  address  in  London.  Everything  most  ready, 
work  to  perfection. 

G  o  u  r  a  cl  ,  Norwood. 

April  12,88. 

Will  ship  London  office.  Hurry  workroom. 

\4,^  Jtrtr^  U  hf4—: 

■Lxrr  Ucr^~  by  l*~*.-c  \jO  <^>- 


181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON.  3rd  May.  1888. 

Thos.  A..  Edison,  Esq: 

Paper  cutting  from  "INVENTION* 

I  attach  this.  Kindiy  advise  me  s£  as  to  the  truth  of 
this  statement  -  which  J  very  much  doubt.  It  is  getting  copied  into  -the 
English  papers,  and  will  doubtless  find  it's  way  extensively  into  the 
foreign  periodicals  as  well.  Perhaps  you  m^iy  think  the  matter  of 
sufficient  importance  f6r  you  to, cable  mo,  in  view  of  an  equally  wide 
publication  of  a  denial.  Yours^ 

4  (LaA&L 

May  11,  1888. 

My  Dear  Edison:- 

V/J-iat  can  be  the  delay:  Three  weeks 
aGo  you  cabled  "Hamilton  will  sail  in  few  days."  I  can  only 
account  for  it  on  the  ground  that  you  have  seen  your  aim  towards 
some  Great  improvement  or  economy  in  manufacture,  so  I  possess  my 
soul  m  pationce  as  best  I  can,  and  every  time  the  bell  rings 
say  to  myself  there  is  the  long  expected  cable  "sailed."  if  it 
does  not  come  to-day,  Saturday,  I  shall  cable,  asking  some  defi¬ 
nite  date  at  which  I  may  expect  it  at  the  latest,  so  that  I  can 
make  my  arrangements  accordingly,  and  if  it  is  for  any  reason  to 
be  long  delayed  I  shall  run  over  to  see  you  and  settle. as  to  the 
Manufacturing  Co.,  the  papers  of  which  I  shall  hope  to  receive 
to-day.  The  patents  for  ease  84  are  issued  far  Franco,  Belgium 
and  Turkey.  .  I  am  sure  you  will  not  delay  Hamilton  a  moment  longer 
than  can  be  avoided.  With  kindest  regards  to  Mrs.  Edison. 

Ever  yours 

( Signed  ) 

G.  E.  G. 

[POSTMARK:  MAY  14,  1888.  TO  ALFRED  0.  TATE] 


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Phonogramic  Poem. 




ORANGE,  NEW  JERSEY,  U.S.A.,  16TH  JUNE,  1888. 

Communicated  to  the  Latter  In  the  Author’s  own  V 



/"A*.  i6tlL,  1888. 

7)in..  E  p  ,Rr  ,f  rrl 

tUc  uUjl £ 

'  CULU-t*.  to.  Lt*.  ^Ujl.  _ 


I  seize  thu  palpitating  air.  .  J  hoard 
Music  nnd  Speech.  A|1  lips  that  lii'catlie  are  11 
l  speak,  anil  tlio  inviolable  word 
Authenticates  its  origin  nnd  sign! 


The  Direct  United  States  CaHe  Company  (LinM.) 

Jto.  of  Words _ _ ^ 

-  '  HALIFAX 


i,  40  Broadway  &  51  New  St. 
444  Broome  Street. 

Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 
34  Throgmorton  Street. 

D  6,  Exchange  Buildings.  • 

1  '  DATE. 


t  1  NEwnsTHE*r 


JUN  27  J888 



181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON  80th  June  5888 



Dear  Edison, 

My  first  Phonogram  to  you  is  sent  to-day  per  sample  post! 
and  letter  post.  Please  advise  me  i'ji  what' condition' they  are  received,  i 
If  you  deem  it  advisable  to  publish  my  first  phonogram,  kindly  sent  me  j 
copies  of  the  papers^  A  written  copy  of  the  phonogram  is  enclosed.  here-J 




Colonel  Gouraud"'to . Mr  Edisort\  ishSMoU 

Little  Menlo,  BenlahrHiill 
Upper  Norwood, England, 
goth  June  i888 

Dear  Edison, 

Ahem.  I  cabled  you  the  due  receipt  of  your  first  Phonogram. 

It  was  an  indescribable  sensation  to  us  all  to  hear  perfectly  disi 
-tinctly  the  familiar  tones  of  your  voice  here  in  England  aooo 
miles  from  where  you  had  spoken, and  ten  days  after. 

It  is  not  too  much  to  say  that  this  event  marks  a  new  era  in 
civilization.  Everyone  present  who  was  familiar  with  your  voice 
recognized  it  perfectly. 

The  entire  Pressaidsso  chronicled  this  latest  triumph  of  your 
genius  in  appropriate  terms. 

I  am  litterally  bombarded  with  letters  and  besieged  wiWr  by  vis¬ 

Everybody  who  sees  or  rather  hears  the  Phonograph  is  of  course 
delighted  and  astounded. 

I~;predict  for  the  Phonograph  a  success  beyond  all  precedent. 

What  a  blessing  it  is  to  be  able  to  say  all  this  to  you  without 
the  trouble  of  writing, to  say  nothing  or  sparing  you  the  trouble 
of  reading  ray  writing. 

I  congratulate  you  with  all  my  heart. 

My  wife  and  children  join  cordially  with  me  in  kind  regards  to 


r  :: . ~~  7^  _v 

you  and  yours.  .-ATUiFI-IA  AT  3Mn>l'."'i  Mn;’i  !IA>H)n,'nHf1  TPKTH 
;  Very  sincerely  yours 

f  George  .Edward  Go'uraudvii-.coG  XcnoXo') 

!  P.S.  Hamilton  is  well  and  showing  hisv-charset-errrslrrc^zffaflwand-^ 

j  J  ieriergy;c-H  ,oX>teM  1-.T 

v/  JltrA 

J&uu,  hri  /fa:  t^yau.^ 

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181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  Ji.C. 
LONDON.  I4th  July 

liaistw,  xsq: 

Nf*  JW8»y.  U.g.A. 

Dear  Sir,  . . . ' "['rZ' 

ga^ar  ..putting  frost  the  f  1 

The  annexed  cutting  is  a  cejjy  of  the  letter  by 

me  to  the  London  morning  papers  and  inserted  by  the  87th  ultei 

Most  pi.  the  tendon  evening  papers  efr.ljH*  s^e~a«f*fiiaa«*itt"tfi*-¥e*t#*t 
and  the  provincial  press  ofBhgland  fellowedby' publishing  the  litter 
in  full,  or  copious  extracts  therefrom. 

The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company 

\No.y4?,<7„  fy\l  HALIFAX  “  Queen  Building,  Hollis  St.  51 

4  /  LONDON  “  84  Throgmorton  Street.  NE 

Jio.  of  Words - LIVERPOOL  “  D  0,  Exchange  Buildings.  JUI 

i,  40  Broadway  &  51  New  St. 
444  Broome  Street. 

Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 
84  Throgmorton  Street. 

D  0,  Exchange  Buildings. 


51  M*Wla|Tj 
new  VoftK. 
JUL  20  1888 

No  Inquiry  respecting  this  Message  . 

ran  be  attended  to  without  the  production  of  .this  Paper. 

.a  io kmm  te.w-'K.  Ore'-i'lritG  Jr«M*  p ? 

_ tL— ^  ~fcT~ IK^IUa.  — ^  y)ev\  _ 

H.  q  r-  cr  .  ■  ■  '  ’  '  “ 



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So.. _ •  6_  '' 

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Copy  of  phonogram  fr( 

Mr  Joseph  Pulitzer  to  Mr  John  A.  Cockerill,  «N.  y.  World" 
My  dear  Cockerill, 

I  have  just  enjoyed  the  most  agreeable  after- 
-noon  of  my  entire  European  journey,  thanks  to  the  courtesy  and  k 
kindness  of  Colonel  Gouraud.a  representative  Edison. 

I  believe  that  Edison  is  the  greatest  mind  that  we  have 
produced,  at  least  in  our  generation;  ail  military  and  other 
glories  stand  aside.  I  have  just  now  enjoyed  what  I  believe  to 
be  a  perfect  demonstration  of  his  phonograph, hearing  the  repro¬ 
duction  of  the  human  voice,  not  only  in  one  font  or  phase  but  in 
at  least  a  dozen,  from  the  most  exact  language  of  conversation  to 
a  variety  of  musical  instruments.  I  think  the  reporters  of  our 
paper  had  better  look  out,  especially  the  shorthand  men.  I  think 
the  phonograph  is  apt  to  take  the  place  of  the  latter,  in  some 

Well,  goodbye,  I  hope  you  will  take  good  care  of  your- 

-self . 

This  is  the  first  day  of  September,  about  six  o'clock 
in  the  afternoon.  T  an,  in  Norwood,  near  London,  its  a  part  of 
London.  Let  me  knew  how  the  presidential  campaign  is  getting  on. 

Goodbye  again.  Joseph  Pulitzer 

Little  Menlo, 

J.  P.  that's  the  signature.  London. 

&,  s? 

7 'Imjj 

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YORK, . Sopt. 8  th  ,...1888. . 19 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Gilliland  telegraphs  from  Bath  .’/"Phonograph  feature 
Association;  big  success.  Opposition  fallen  flat.  Began  personal 
attach  Sir  William  Thompson  called  on'  President  stop  him.  Presi¬ 
dent  ordered  him  sit  down?  / 


'  / 

Yours  very  truly , 

&//.,  mg. 


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The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  (limited.) 

Mo.  of  Words. . 

The  following 

/  /-LONDON 

i,  40  Broadway  &  01  New  St. 
444  Broome  Street. 

Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 
34  Throgmorton  Street. 

D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 



_  and 



SEP  19  1888, 



^Ist  September  1388. 

My  dear  Edisc 

My  friend  Ray,  has  be.en  Icind  enough  to  be 
the  bearer  to  you  of  a  box  of  Phonograms. 

I  shall  be  obliged  if  you  will  -  as  a  slight  return 
for  Mr  Ray's  kindness  -  see  that  he  is  afforded  every 
opportunity  possible  to  interest  himself  -  and  any  friond 
he  may  bring  with  him  -  at  your  Laboratory. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  any  courtesy  you  may  show 
to  Mr  Ray,  and  hoping  that  this  may  .find  you  and  Mrs  Edisn 
much  refreshed  for  the  holiday  which  -  I  am  glad  to  hear- 
you  are  taking, 


Yours  sineerc^y.^ 

E.  T.  EDISON,  ESQ: 


New-Jersey.  U.S.A. 


zj.  //// 

Jw  td*  -fyfa***, 

'zUtyJLj)  tfo  ^  ■ 

w/  /^ 


CA^f  flCAA-ee  ^ 

A W 


October  1,  1888. 

(Original  sent). 

0  o  u  r  a  u  d,- 

Treadle  machine  perfect;  photo  sent;  new  inden¬ 
ting  material  elegant;  200  times  turning  off.  Hard, black;  no 
chips  to  dirty  machine,  fall3  as  a  fine  powder  into  clo  sed  chamber, 
not  1  ixe  the  box  sent  on  the  six.  Mailing  problems  solved  per¬ 
fectly,  no  boxes  &c.  .  You  will  drop  dead  wirm  yew  see  it..  Music 
now  audible  in  largest  room  and  perf  ec  t  (only  got  these  re-silts 
yesterday).  Treadle  machines  costs  little  more  than  motor  machine'. 
New  three  pint  battery  last  twelve  hours  constantly  turning  off. 
Articulation  better  and  louder.  Scratch  less  on  new  matte**®!-  ma¬ 
terial,  Have  nothing  to  do  with  Gilliland  or  Tomlinson;  lawyers 
Tdll  take  hold  of  them  on  return;  bad  job,  cheated  and  deceived  me 
most  horribly.  Expect  first  phonographs  for  shipment.  20th  October 
or  thereabouts.  Portugal  .is  the  patent  ym  took  out  that  kills 
us.  Very  bad  job.  Last  patent  is  most  important,  contains  new 
transmitter  and  receiver  that  work  on  cylinders  that  wabble  and 
cun  out  true  1/16  of  inch.  Knocks  graphophone  out  in  this  inspect. 
Taintor  started  factory  Bridgeport.  Make  for  U.  S.  Kid  foreign; 
second  hand  machinery.  Taintor  not  practical  man;  don’t  know  how 
make  cheap.  Wont  be  ready  for  three  months;  meantime  you  can  flood 
the  country.  Don’t  be  troubled  in  least  about  Edmunds  blowing 
about  engraving.  Look  close  at  paragraph  in  my  2nd  English  patent., 
where  I  state,  wax  may  be  recorded  on  directly,  but  as  point  cloggs 
up  prefer  cover  with  foil  under  condi  tio.ns  old  phono  that  is  true  ' 

Gour  tud 

(  2  ) 

used  waxes  too  soft;  grgphophone  wax  was  only  got  hard  enough  to 
prevent  clogging  by  great  amount  experimenting;.  Very  hot.  weather' 
here  caused  it  to  evei  clogg  badly.  Can  furnish  yoi  transmitters 
which  will  indent  without  cut t ing  if  you  want;  results  just  as 

( Signed ) 

E  d  i 

The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  .(Limited.) 

Head  Office,  WmcnESTEit  House,  CO  Old  Bkoad  St.,  || — 

London,  England.  DATE. 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadway  &  61  New  St.  0A3BI/E  OFFICE, 
“  “  444  Broome  Street.  -^O  BROADWAY 

r  ||  HALIFAX  “  Queen  Building,  HoUis  St.  pi  3SI K  WSTREET 
It)  L0ND0N  “  34  Throgmorton  Street,  NEW  YORK.  ’ 

.Jy  II  LIVERPOOL  D  6,  Exchange  Buddings.  OCT  6  1888 

■  ^  °f  Worjie^^JO  ||  LIVERPOOL  »  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings.  || 

The  foll^Wig-CA^LEGRAM  received  “YIA  DIRECT  CABLE"  at 

_ _ _ . y0  ^ 

Inquiry  respecting  this  Message  can  be  attended  to  without  the  production 



Jfi  f  tl>  Ail  mui?&  3  5  U'  giiTO-tr" 

■*  ^ 


^XtJl^  @^L-^ — i CA. ) 

/&7t^&^jL^6<? .  '^Ld^tz^c&jZ0 

^  y^X^XtsC 


20th  October  T888. 

My  dear  Edison,  . 

Your  autograph  letter,  marked  private,  of  1st  inst: 
is  received,  and  I  have  read  with  very  great  interest  all  you 
say  about  the  marvellous  improvements  on  the  Phonograph,  which 
according  to  your  letter,  should  be  shipped  to  me  to-day. 

I  shall  await  its  arrival  with  intense  interest. 

I  am  having  to-day  the  4th  of  my  "At  Homes"  which  pro- 
-mistfes  to  bo  as  great  a  success  as  any  of  its  predecessors) 
certainly  as  regards  the  distinction  of  my  guests.  I  will 
write  you  particulars  by  next  mail. 

That  portion  of  your  letter  which  refers  to  Gilliland, 
and  Tomlinson  astonishes  and  grieves  mo  more  than  I  can  tell 
you.  It  seems  incredible  that  men  who  have  enjoyed  your  coni 
-fidence  for  so  long  could  have  done  anything  against  you. 

I  can  only  hope  that  eventual  explanations  will  tend  to  ro- 
-movo  many  of  the  imputations,  and  that  you  will  find  that 
you  have  not  suffered  as  you  appear  to  thin]:  you  have.  The 
whole  thing  is  so  inconceivable  to  me,  that  it  is  difficult 
for  me  to  believe  it. 

Your  voice  and  Laboratory  noises  phonograms  are  getting 
worn  out,  so  please  do  not  fail  to  send  me  something,  however 
short:,  if  only  one  phonogram  a  wook,  and  preferably  with 
short  observations  and  introductions  by  yourself  in  connection 
with  Laboratory  noises,  as  this  is  qiito  the  most  fetching 
thing  in  my  entire  cabinet. 

I  shall  write  you  about  something  of  groat  interest 
next  week,  but  am  pressed  now  for  time,  as  the  hour  approaches 
when  my  guests  are  expected. 



181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON,  soth  October,  1888. 

Dear  Mr 

Tate: - 

please  obtain  and 


My  Dear  Edison: - 

|ltj  t.U  *('t> 

2Snd  0ctober«i888. 

)  t; . Uw.,' 

I  enclose  you  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  have  addressed  to  The 
Honorable  Abraham  Hewett.  Mayor  of  New-York,  which  sufficiently  explains  Itself 
without  any  further  comment  from  me. 

You  will  much  oblige  me  by  placing  at  Mr  Hewett's  disposal  -  w'lth 
the  least  inconvenience  to  yourself  -  a  Phonograph  for  the  purpose  indicated. 


gj  Yk-..:-  '<-j 


20th  October  1888. 

Dear  Mr  Hewett, 

I  was  sorry  to  miss  seeing  Mrs  Hewett,  and  your  daughter 
as  when  I  met  you  last  in  Mr  Edison’s  Laboratory  X  promised  you  to 
give  myself  this  pleasure,  when  they  were  here.  They  just  left  when 
I  asertained  their  address. 

The  object  of  this  letter  is  to  say  to  you  that  in  the  first 
week  in  December  there  is  to  be  a  very  special  dinner  given  to  the 
Lord  Mayor  of  London,  on  which  occasion  it  is  intended  to  send  some 
interesting  Phonograms  to  America  in  the  voices  of  people  whose  names 
are  well  known  there,  and  much  appreciated.  Amongst  the  messages  that 
will  be  sent  on  that  occasion  will  be  one  -  at  my  special  request  - 
from  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  to  the  Mayor  of  New-York,  and  the 
interest  of  the  occasion  in  question  would  be  greatly  enhanced  if  I 
could  make  part  of  the  ceremonies  of  that  evening  greetings  from  the 
Mayor  of  New-York  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London.  To  this  end  I  have 
written  Mr  Edison  to  see  that  a  Phonograph  is  sent  to  you,  at  your 
convenience,  in  the  hope  that  you  will  so  much  oblige  me,  and  my 
friends,  as  to  say  something  appropriate  to  the  occasion  in  which 
naturally  a  very  wide  interest  would  be  taken,,  as  it  would  be  the 
first  time  that  the  greetings  of  any  Mayor  in  New-York  shall  have 
spoken  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  with  the  Atlantic  ocean  intervening 
between  the  object  and  the  voices. 

The  Lord  Mayor  elect,  is  a  first  rate,  fellow,  and  is  probably 
.as  good  a  type  as  has  occupied  the  chair.  More  than  that,  lids  will 
be  the  700th  Mayorality. 

Trusting  that  you  will  so  much  oblige  me  as  to  comply  with  this 
request,  and  congratulating  you  upon  your  re-election. 

Believe  me, 

Dear  Mr  Hewett, 

Yours  sincerely. 




181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

LONDON.  a6th  October  I888» 

My  dear  Ed  ison, 

I  enclose  herewith  for  your  infonnation  copies  of  letters  I 
have  received  from  Mr  Schanschieff,  and  Mr  Wilkie  Collins. 

The  former  is  the  inventor  of  the  Schanschieff  battery,  about  vhich 
X  wrote  you  some  considerable  time  ago,  and  we  have  lately  been  employ— 
-ing  the  battery  in  connection  with ■ the  Phonograph,  with  very  satisfac- 
-tory  results.  The  letter  from  Mr  Schanschieff  speaks  for  itself,  and  it 
may  be  perhaps  of  interest  to  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

G.  E.  G  OUEAUD.  -  .  .. 

T.  A.  EDISON,  ESQ: 


ITew+Jersey.,  .  •/ 


/./ a/  /'Copy  letter. 


Messers,  The  Edison's  Phonograph  Company. 

181  Queen  Victoria  Street, 

London.  E.  0. 

Dear  Sirs, 

Many  thanks  for  your  letter  &  kind  advice.  I  have  written 
to  our  Manager  and  no  doubt  he  will  give  his  best  attention  to  your 
orders  &  instructions. 

I  can  make  for  you  a  single  cell  working  IS  hours.  If  the  re¬ 
sistance  of  your  motor  -will  be  =  R  =  0.  17  ohm.  The  internal  resis¬ 
tance  of  the  cell  being  8-0.  0.3*, so  that  the  total  resistance  Z+ 

R  =  will  be  O.S  ohms.  The  cell  will  give  6£Ampers  for  IS  hours  and 
will  be  3"+  6r"+  IS  height  inside  measure,  it  will  take  78  ounces  of 
liquid  and  the  aproximtive  cost  of  work  will  be  per  four  for  6i; 

We  have  worked  your  motor  with  5.S  volts  &  1.75  Amperes  =  9, 
Watts,  The  above  cell  will  work  1.4  volts  +  6 ±  Amperes  =  9.1  Watts. 
Should  you  however  find  the  other  cell  better  or  cheaper  and  will 
prefer  it  to  the  Schanschieff 's  it  will  be  only  a  matter  of  business 
and  will  on  no  account  diminish  my  respect  &  simpathy  to  Colonel 
Gouraud  or  admiration  to  the  wonderful  instrument,  which  in  every 
respect  reminds  me  of  the  fair  sex  of  which  I  am  a  great  admirer. 

It  can  talk  so  fluently  and  never  keeps  secrets. 

Anything  I  can  do  for  you  here  I  will  do  it  with  the  greatest 
pleasure  apjlart  from  any  business  with  our  houBe. 

I  am,  ..Dear  Sirs 

Faithfully  Yours, 

A.  SchanBchieff. 


^  J 

82  Wimpole  Street. 

Dondon  W. 

September,  1888. 

Dear  Sir, 

landmark  set  up  on  the  territory  of  Science. 

r;::  r~  ~»= ~  ~ 

rj r. ~  rsHr  - 

*  Jr'  *  trying  what  a  purer  air  will  An  _ 

ana  .hall  probably  ba  far  away  »om  tittle  Menlo  „e*t  „e„th. 

"  accept  „y  .polo,*.  well  „  „y  than*.,  „a 
Faithfully  yours , 

( Wilkie  Collins. 

Colonel  Gouraud. 


The  Phonograph's  first  appearance  in  the  "role"  of  Toast-master 
and  Speech-maker. 

At  a  dinner  given  by  Colonel  Gouraud  at  his  residence  Little- 
Mcnlo,  Beulah  Mill,  Upper  Norwood,  England,  on  the  evening  of 
October  fifth,  1883,  his  guests  being  Her  Majesty's  Postmaster 
General, Mr  Cecil  Raikos,  Sir  Arthur  Sullivan,  ?v!r  Edmund  Yates, 

!;:r  A.  M.  Broadley;  Mr  J.  C.  Parkinson, The  Emperor  Augustus  Harris, 
"Drureolanus "  and  Acting  Grand  Chamberlain,  Mr  H.  de  C.  Hamilton.' 

The  Phonograph  standing  upon  a  table  behind  the  Host  gave  forth 
aloud  the  following  toasts  and  speeches  with  perfect  distinctness  , 
and  -fidelity  to  nature  xxx  especially  as  regards  the  tones  and 
mannerisms  ■of  the  professional  British  Toastmaster,  as  to  so 
paralyise  the  company  that  the  electrical  energy  of  a  Schansohioff 
primary  battery  had  to  be  applied  to  the  guests  to  restore  their 
mental  and  physical  equilibrium.  . 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen,  my  I.ords  and  Gentlemen.  Pray, 
silence  for  our  Host  Colonel  Gouraud. 

.  Ahem,  ahem.  My  Lords  and  Gentlemen, 

I  confess  to  some  embarrassment  upon 
this  occasion,  ahem,  speaking  as  T  do  for  the  first  time  in  public, 
and  in  the  presence  of  so  distinguished  a  company.  Ahem,  I  foel 
greatly  honoured  by  your  presence  here  tonight.  A  .company 
distinctly- representative  in  its  character,  Her  Majesty"'s  Post- 
-master  General,  Mr  Cecil  Raikos  is  here  to  speak  not  only  for 
PoliV«Uain  its.hiGhos'b  sense,  but  for  that  great  department  over 
whieh^so  worthily  presides, and  to  whose  administrative  ability  wo 
confidently  lookfor  the  means  of  sending  innocent  phonograms ffSPJ1' 
point  to  point'  throughout  the  World  without  their  being  opened  on 
route  or  being  otherwise  tampered  withbby  over-inquisitivo  offic- 
-ials.  there  is  in  the  association  with  the  name  of  the  Post-- 
-mastor  General  the  name  of  Mr  Edmund  Yates,  a  peculiar  fitness, 
ho  having  served  with  distinction  for  no  less  than  a  quarter  of  a 
century  in  the  same  important  department  of  the  public  service. 

Tn  welcoming  Mr  Yates  at  Little  Menlo,  my  English  home,  for  the. 
first  tine,  T  fool  that  T  an:  meeting  an  old  friend  ,  for  it  was  my. 
pleasure  and  my  honourto  bo  one  of  that  vast  army  of  Americans  who 
welcomed  him  in  America  now  some  twenty  year.s  ago.  Nobody  can 

better  answer  than  Mr  Yatosfor  literature  and  who  bettor  could 
answer  for  music  than  that  distinguished  composer  Sir  Arthur 
Sullivan, and  to  whom  the  Phonograpn^this  earliest  opportunity  of 
Expressing  efts  delight  at  the  groat  success  achieved  but  a  few 
nights  since  by  that  distiinguishod  composes^  latest  production. 


Little  Menlo. 

Phonogram, Gouraud  to  Edison.  October  nth,  T 888 . 

Dear  Edison, 

I  propose  to  conclude  a  most  interesting  and  agreeable 
evening,  ns  far  as  T  an:  concerned,  by  introducing  to  you  a  few 
friends  who  have  honoured  mo  this  evening  by  their  presence  hero. 
Each  of  them  lias  expressed  a  desire  to  say  a  few  words  to  you  ,and 
T  as  sure  you  will  bo  glau  to  hear  their  voices, as  T  an:  glad  to  be 
the  medium  of  oommuni eating  then:  to  you,  need  I  say  through  your 
marvellous  Phonograph? :  first  the  Right  Honourable  Cecil  Raikeo, 

Her  Majesty's  Postmaster  General.  Now  listen  to  hr  Ruikos'voioo. 

'Vo  thank  you  for  a  most  interesting  and  delightful  evening. 

We  feel  that  you  are  become  the  inventor  of  a  new  magic. 

Horn.  Wo  regard  this  invention  as  destined  to  revolutionise  the 
moans  of  human  communication,  and  wo  wish  you  all  success  in 
promoting  a  discovery  which  cannot  failtto  have  the  most  beneficial 
results  for  the  whole  conmunity  of  nations. 

Cecil  Raikes.Her  Majesty's  Postmaster 

I  next  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  you  a  name  that  is 
as  familiar  to  you  and  all  of  our  countrymen  ns  it  is  ,  T  am  happy 
to  say,  to  myself  and  my  family, - hr  Edmund  Yates. 

This  is  the  record  of  a  most  marvellous  dinner  transmitted  to 
you  by  your  moat  marvellous  invention.  Tf  T  lack  words  to  dos- 
-cribe  the  dinner  it  is  because  Tam  so  onrapt  and  enchanted  by 
your  invention 'that  I  find  myself,  much  moro  stupid  than  I  ought  to 
be  after  the  grand  excitement  of  our  friend's  meats  and  wine  . 

Edmund  Yates, --not  Her  Majesty's  Postmaster  General,  but  one 
one  who  was  a  poor  clerk  under  Her  Majesty's  Postmaster  General 
for  five  and  twenty  years. 

We  will  now  pass  on  to  tho  next  Phonogram  which  will  begin 
with  a  record  that  T  an.  sure  you  will  receive  with  infinite  do- 
-lightknowing  your  love  for  music.  I  need  only  say  that  the 
record  will  bo  the  voice  of  the  groat  composer,  Sir  Arthur  Sullivan 
whoso  music  is  as  well  known  in  America  as  it  is  in  England  and  as 
well  laveddbirythouo  who  know  it. 

Centi  riGrariioNooi  .  in  :.:-n-.!:c '.ion  of  friends.  'l.'nv:  ■>  *  sV.-n  to  the  voice 
•OG'otiratudr,t’6HEdiSoAiv;*(i*.-.-.o  •  on  of  :'r-i  eu.s. 

Continuation  of  introduction  of  friends.  How  listen  to  the  voice 
of  Sir  Arthur  Sullivan. 

Dear  Mr  Edison, 

_ _ "■'/  f riendjEdmund  Yatos^has  boon  a  little 


incoherent,  it  is  in  consequence  of  the  excellent  dinner  and  good 
wines  that  ho  lias  drunk,  therefore  I  beg  you  will  excuse  hin  . 

He  has  his  lucid  intervals.  For  myself  T  can  only  say  that  X  am 
astonished  and  somewhat  terrified  at  the  results  of  this  evening's 
experiments:  astonished  at  the  wonderful  power  you  have  developed, 
ana  terrified  at  the  thoughts  that  so  much  hidoousnand; bad  music 
may  bo  put  on  record  for  ever,  but  all  the  same  I  think  it  is  the 
most  wonaorful  thing  that  I  have  ever  experienced  and  I  congrar.ul- 
-ate  you  with  all  my  heart  on  this  wonderful  discovery. 

Arthur  Sullivan. 

,My  ^xt  introduction  is  Hr  Broadloy,  a  well  known~English 
baixister,  whose  name  will  always  be  remembered  by  his  distin¬ 
guished  del  once  of  Araby  Pasha.  Mow  listen  to  his  voice 
Dear  Mr  Edison, 



The  Yocman  of  tho  Guard,  Mr  J.  0.  Parkinsons  interest  of  many 
years  since  and  his  identification  with  tho  Atlantic  cable  make 
a  fit  beginning  to  so  appropriate  and  interesting  .co-Jrgr- 

we-feavo.  gone,  Ct/--,  M.W'  a*  Ph 

Gram  Mo, 2. 

T  must  apologise  to  Mr  Parkinson  for  leaving  him  so  long  in 
connection  and  will  now  release  him  from  his  embarrassment  by 
pEpi> n&4on  to  Mr  Augustus  Harris,  more  popularly  known  as  A4/^is tus 
Iiruroolanus .  r  confossthat  I  had  supposed  that  Mr  Augustus 
Lrureolanus  thought  that  there  remained  to  him  no  more  worlds  to  a 
eonquer ,  but  there  can  bo  no  doubt  that  in  the  launching  of  the 
Arnada  he  has  eclipsed  all  of  his  previous smost  brilliant  efforts. 
Ho  has  my  most  sincere  congratulations , but  his  triumph  will  not 
bo  completo  unless  the  good  ship  Armada  finally  drops  her  anchor 
in  American  waters.  Passing  from  the  Drama  we  find  ourselves 
where  we  always  do  in  time,  vis  a  vis  with  the  Law.  In  our  HxiisA 
friend  Mr  Broadley  we  have  a  distinguished  representative  whose 
achievements  T  have  not  forgotten  in  connection  with  that  most 
interesting  event  known  i->  history  as  the  defense  of  Araby  Pasha. 

T  bog  his  Pasha's  pardon,  I  should  have  said  Araaby  Pasha. 

Ous  congratulations  to  Mr  Broadley  would  be  incomplete  if  wo  were 
not  to  mention  his  more  recent  victory  in  the  caso'  of  Tsmaol  Pasha 
wh i ch  T  hope  has  bp en  as  satisfactory  to  his  pocket  as  T  hear  it 
has  boon  to  his  Mieni/$.  .  Mr  Broadley  has  added  to  my  personal 
obligations  to  him  in  consenting  to  act  tonight  as  toast-master, 
in  which  role  ho  has  again  for  the  third  time  distinguished  himself 
to  say  nothing  of  the  distinction  he  has  thus  conferred  upon  tho 
Phonograph  in  giving  to  it  an  entirely  original  andumost  useful 
role  amongst  its' many. 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen,  pray  silence  for  Her  Majesty’s  Post- 
-master  General,  Cecil  Raikes  Esquire,  member  of  Parliament. 

Charge  your  glasses,  gentlemen,  bumpers  if  you  please.  Ha  ha  ha  ah 
ha  ha  ,a  a  Hip  hip  Hurrah 'hip  hip  hip  hurrah  Postmaster  general, 
Postmaster  General.  your  health  Mr  Raikes,  your  very  good  health 


Gram  No, 3. 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen,  being  mysell'  a  complete  failure  as  an 
of tor-dinner  speaker,  I,  better  than  anyone odlse  can  appreciate 
the  treat  which. you  are  about  to  enjoy  in  listening  to  the  elo- 
-quence  of  one  of  Englonds  most  famous  after-dinner  speakers,  Mr 
Edmund  Yates,  upon  whom  the  Phonograph  now  calls  to  speak  in  rospoa 
response  to  the  toast  to  literature  which  I  novf  ask  you  to  drink. 
Gentlemen,  the  toast  is  Literature  coupled  with  the  name  of  Mr 
Edmund  Yates.  Charge  your  glasses  gentlemen.  Bumpers  if  you 
please. Mr  yatos,  Mr  Edmund  Yates,  Yates  your  very  good  health. 
(Cheers)  Hip  hip  hip  hurrah,  hip  hip  hip  hurrah, hip  hip  hip  hurrah 
One  cheer  more,  one  cheer  more,  hip  hip  hip  hurrah. 

Gentlemen  T  call  upon  our  host  who  will  now  submit  another 
toast  to  your  consideration. 

Gentlemen,  the  next  toast  is  Music ''-and  with  what  name  could 
be  more  appropriately  couplodthat  toast  than  with  the  name  of  Sir 
Arthur  Sulliyt^.  As,  a  lover  of  music  myself  and  with  a  room 
dedicated  tc r  the  nratre^Y^may'  be  permitted  to  say  ,  and  on  this 
occasion  it-  is  my  peculiar  happiness  to  say  ,  that  at  Little  Menlo 
where  we  hear  much  music  there  is  no  music  we  hoar  so  often  or 
with  more  pleasure  than  that  which  conies  from  him.  Gentlemen 
charge  your' glasses  if  you  please.  The  toast  is  Music,  coupled  with 
the  name  of  Sir  Arthur  Sullivan, Doctor  of  Law.  '  Sir  Arthur 
Sullivan,  Sir  Arthur  Sullivan,  Your  very  good  health  ,your  hoalthSf 
Sir  Arthur,  Sullivan  your  health. 

Gram  No4. 

Pray  silence  for  our  Host  who  will  submit  to  you  another  toast. 

As  V/ritor  ,  financier,  i’roe-mason  and  Author  ,to  say  nothing 
of  being  bon  camarado,  Mr  Parkinson  is  so  well  known  to  all  of  us 
and  so  old  a  friend  to  many  of  usthat  the  mere  mention  of  his  name 
is  sure  to  secure  for  him  tho  interest  and  attention  which  ho 
always  commands,  oven  when  addressing  an  assembly  of  bards  in  that 
beautiful  and  frost* ct language ,  tho  Welsh.  The  Phonograph  salutes 
you,  Mr  Parkinson,  in  the  sacred  name  of  the  bard  of  Amoaw. 

Mr  Parkinson  your  very  good  health.  Geo  Parkinson,  Goo  Parkinson, 
your  very  good  health.  Hip  hip  Hurrah,  hip  hip  hip  hurrah, one  cher 
cheer  more.  Hip  hip  hip  hurrah.  ’ 

Silence  Gentlemen  if  you  please,  silence  for  our  Host  colonel 

Gentlemen,  in  coming  to  our  last  toast,  while  it  is  the  last 
it  must  not  be  considered  as  the  least.  Our  interest  in  the 

subject  of  this  toast  ,  Mr  Augustus  Drureolanus , is  only  to  be 
measured  by  the  proportions  of  that  noble  structure  from  which  ho 
takes  his  title.  Long  life  and  success  to  the  Emperor  Drureolanus 
upon  whom  I  call  to  answer  for  tho  drama,  of  which  he  is  so 
distinguished  a  chieftain.  Gentlemen,  tho  toast  is  the  Drama, 


coupled  with  the  health  oi'  Ur  Augustus  Harris.  Bumpers  if  you 
ploaso.  Hip  hip  hip  hurrah,  fer  Harris  your  very  good  health'. 

Your  good  health.  Hurrah,  your  very  good  health.  Long  life  to 

Druroolanus.  "Clapping"  and  "cheers".  "  . 

Gram  No  5. 

Gentlemen,  it  is  the  proud  privilege  of  tho  Toastmaster  to  bring 
these  festivities  to  a  conclusion  by  proposing  a  toast  which  T  am 
perfectly  sure  will  bo  drunk  with  tho  greatest  enthusiasm  by 
everyone  who  is  present  this  evening.  Tt  is  tho  health  of'  our 
,  Host,  Colonel  Gouraud.  It  has  been  my  privilege  during  the  past 
throe  or  four  years  to  see  a  certain  number  of  celebrities  at  homo 
and  T  think  you  will  agree  with  me  that  there  are  very  few  of.  thes' 
celebrities  who-  can  claim  surroundings  as-  interesting  as  those  wi: 
which  we  see  at  Little  Henlo.  We  hav&.  today  assisted  at  an 
entertainment  which  is  unique  and  you  ffive  heard  the  wonderful 
operations  ol  the  instrument  which  migh%with  great  advantage  be 
employed  in  some  /&&*  public  meeting*..  Vf  tho  day  ever  does  come 
when  a  certain  number  of  speeches  can  be  superseded  by  the  action 
of  tho  Phonograph  X  think  that  Colonel  Gouraud  and  Mr  Edison  will 
have  put  the  public  at,  large  very  considerably  in  their  debt. 

As  it  is  it  now  only  remains  for  mo  to  ask  you  to  show  by  tho  mu.nni 
manner  ii?  which  you  receive  this  toast  your  appreciation  of  the 
kindly  welcome  which  has  been  accorded  to  all  of  you  in  the  English 
home  of  American  Science,  in  a  home  which  by  the  beauty  of  its 
scenery  recalls  to  Mr  Edison  and  to  Colonel  Gouraud  some  of  tho 
Picturesque  features  which  surround  tho  locality  in  America  where 
2!  WM  P°rl'ected-  Gentlemen  fill  your  glasses 

foi  the  last  time  I  say  bumpers  if  you  ploaso,  for  tho  last  time 
T  call  on  you  through  tho  Phonograph  to  drink  the  health  of  its 

uhl8  our  kind  and  Host  Colonel  George 

Gouraud.  Hurrah,  hurrah  Hip  hip  hurrah,  long  life  to  the 
phonograph, long  life  ,,  f 

a~\  §g»  J— • 



Copy  of  phonogram  from  Sir  Richard  Webster  to  Mr  Edison,  Introduced 
by  Colonel  Gouraud. 

"Gouraud  to  Edison,  November  1st  1888. 

Little  Menlo,  6  o'clock,  P.  M. 

My  dear  Edison, 

I  have  sent  you  many  phonograms  from  friends  and 
irom  distinguished  persons  in  England.  This  phonogram  will 
probably  interest  you  more  than  any  T  liave  sent  you,  when  you 
know  whose  voice  it  is  that  will  follow  mine.  You  havo  never 
heard  his  voice  as  T  have  in  all.  the  litigations  that  has  attended 
all  your  numerous  inventions  in  this  country;  but  you  have  seen 
and  realized  the  fruits  of  hieioelpquenoe.  No  further  words  of 
mine  are  necessary  when  I  say  that  the  speaker  is  Sir  Richard 
Webster,  Hor  Majesty's  Attorney  General.  Now  listen  to  his  voice. 

"Dear  Mr  Edison 

If  you  will  allow  me  to  address  you  in  so 
familiar  a  way  never  having  been  personally  introduced  to  you. 

It  has  been  tho  greatest  pleasure  to  me  to  advocate  the  merits 
of  your  inventions  for  many  years  past  in  England.  One  of  tho 
pleasantest  recollections  of  my  professional  career  was  tho 
argument  in  support  of  your  Telephone  Tr'eJnsmitter  many  years  ago 
before  Sir  George  Jessel,  and  I  well  remember  many  conversations 
with  him  afterwards  when  he  expres.  ed  his  intense  admiration  of  the 



extraordinary  grasp  you  soon;  to  have  of  ovory  detail  in  connection 
with  that  rua  rvollour  instrument.  Since  then,  as  you  knot',  T  have 
had  the  pleasure  on  many  occasions  of  supporting  your  claims  for 
inventions  in  connection  with  the  Telephone  and  Electric  Light, and 
T  hope  it  will  not  bo  long  before  T  shall  have  an  opportunity  of 
restoring  to  you  one  of  the  laurels  which  has  been  temporally 
plucked  from  your  crown.  I  cannot  close  my  vory  short  letter  to 
you  without  tolling  you  how  much  T  appreciated  many  years  ago 
receiving  a  most  hearty  invitation  from  you,  an  d  T  hope  that  some 
day  or  other  T  may  find  time  to  cross  the  Atlantic, and  shall  not 
forgot  that  your  most  pleasant  representative  Mr  Johnson  then  told 
mo  that  you  would  expect  mo  to  spend  almost  as  much  time  with  you 
as  T  had  intended  for  my  entire  visit  to  the  United  States. 

Gram  2. 

T  did  not  expect  my  first  letter  to  you  would  extend  to  a  second 
sheet,  but  I  think  you  could  blame  Colonel  Gouraud  for  that. 

T  was  saying,  when  I  had  to  change  the  paper,  that  since  then  I 
have  had  the  groat  pleasure  of  visiting  Little  Menlo,  and  although 

T  do  nio  suppose  that  the  attractions  of  Little  Menlo  can  compare 


with  those  of  Menlo,  yet  still  T  can  assure  you  that  it  is  no 
unworthy  representation  to  those  of  us  who  have  not  the  privilege 
of  seeing  the  Author  of  these  inventions  in  his  own  home. 

Now,  Mr  Edison,  goodbye.  T  hope  someday  that  you  will  come  to 
England  ,and  at  any  rate  T  am  sure  that  if  you  can  do  so  tho  real 



scientific  men  of  this  country  will  show  you  that 
whose  marvellous  efforts  and  wonderful  success  in 
for  Himself  every  stop  of  the  most  difficult  and 
of  Invention  is  n.oro  fully  appreciated  than  those 

;  travelling  out 
intricate  paths 
of  Thomas  Alva 

sj.  4 

Richard  G  Webster .Attorney  General. 

,  .r 

To  which  I  must  add  that  the  Attorney  General  is  the  promised 
God-father-in-law  of  the  Phonograph,  he  having  kindly  consented 
look  after  the  Phonograph  ,  as  he  did  and  has  after  the  Telephoi 
and  the  Electric  Eight,  and  T  have  no  doubt  with  equal  success, 
which  is  all  that  you  and  I  shall  want. 


y\  .181  Queen  Victoria  Street,  E.C. 

EXPBE8fi  services  -  civil  &  miliary. 
confirm  my  letter  of  eth  Oolober  rjltii  reference  to  the_Mo(inted'’btibno 

'.VlSyTYfc  Sqn  $. 

King  Street, 

€©¥1!M!T  (SAEl&gp,, 


London,  , ...  Nov , ...  6  th,.  tbbb.  -  $ 

In  a  former  letter  T  wrote  you,  T  mentioned  about 
how  Colonel  Gouraud  was  pushing  your  phonograph  in  my  opinion,  more 

for  his  own  private  ends  socially  and  otherwise,  than  anything  else. 

I  now  write  to  ask  you  whether  this  phonograph  business  is  abgo^ 
.iLieiLin  -ol one  1  Gouraud’ s  hands:  my  reason  for  asking  this  is,  that 
T  want  to  know  whether^  can  do  something  in  it  for  you. 

T  again  send  you  a  list  of  the  Directors  of  our  Company,'  all 
well  known  men,  and  in  one  way  and  another,  -I  have  got  in  with  several 
others  of  the  most  important  financial  men  in  the  City  at  the  present 
time, .and  feel  sure  that  T  could  have  got  together  a  most  powerful 
Company  for  working  the  Phonograph.  The  Graphophone  is  over. here  in 
London  and  my  idea  would  have  been  to  have  got  the  two  under  one  con¬ 
trol  in  a  big  Company,  to  prevent  competition  ancl  trouble,  t  dont 
think  speaking  quite  confidentially,  that  some  of  Colonel  Gouraud’s 
antecedents  concerning  the  Telephone  Co.  etc.  are  favourable  to  his 
forming  a  powerful  City  Company,  although  his  connection  with  the  ‘ 
Phonograph  may  got  him  into  good,  social  circles. 

T  should  therefore  be  much  obliged  if  you  would  2«t  me  know 



has  the  solo  and  entire  control 
ot  this  invention.  Of  course  canno t^do^ anything^ wi t h  him  whatever 

and  must  also  ask  you  not  to  let  him  know  anything  of  this  my  private 
communication  to  you. 

Electrical  work  is  going  on  briskly  here  now,  and  everybody  will 
be  anxious  to  see  you  in  Europe  next  year,  for  the  Paris  Exhibition. 

Trusting  you  are  very  well,  believe  no, 

Yours  very  faithfully, 

Orar^e,  N.JJ> 
My  dear  sir: 

In  compliance  with  your  request,  I  called  yostorday 
at  160  Broadway,  but  the  gentleman  in  charge  was  so  much  occupied 
that  ho  could  not  give  me  any  attention.  I  am  go  busy  j^self 
that  I  can  not  go  there  a  second  time,  and  therefore  1  am  afraid' 
that  Colonel  Gouraud's  request  will  have  to  bo  slighted,  although 
X  have  no  wish  to  refuse  any  request  which  '.either  he  or  you  nay  - 
mak e  of  me,1 

Yours  sincerely, 

160  Broadway,  New  York, 

November  15,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J-, 

Dear  Mr,  Edison, 

Your  favor  of  the  14th  was  received  this  morning, 
enclosing  the  letter  from  Mayor  Hewitt,  Which  I  hereby  return. 

To  say  that  I  am  chagrined  over  this  matter,  will  but  feebly 
express  my  real  feelings.  X  find  upon  investigation,  that  the 
blame  rests  upon  a  young  man  to  whom  Mayor  Hewitt  spoke  when  he 
came  in,  but  did  not  give  his  name'. 

He  inquired  who  had  charge  of  the  office..  The  young  man 
replied  "Mr.  Evans.  He  is  engaged  just  now,  but  will  be  through 
in  a  moment.."  Mr.  Hewitt  did  not  sit  down,  stood  by  the  table 
for  perhaps  a  minute,  then  turned  on  his  heel,  saying,  "I  will  be 
back  again." 

Inmediately  upon  receipt  of  your  lette'r  I  wired,asking  if  i 
should  make  an  appointment  to  send  Miller  wjith  the  Phonograph  to 
his  office.  I  have  since  thought,  that  if  you  have  not  in  the 
mean-time  made  any  arrangements ,  it  would  be  better  to  send  the 
Phonograph  to  his  house,  where  he  and  his  family  could  enjoy  it, 
and  he  would  have  more  time  to  give  to  it,  than  during  the  busy' 

hours  of  the  day. 

I  trust  I  have  impressed  upon  you  the  fact  that  there  is  no 
reasonable  request  you  can  make  of  me,  that  I  will  not  comply  with, 
and  that  the  fault  in  this  instance  is  not  chargeable  to  me. 

It  is  one  of  those  things  that  is  liable  to  happen  at  any 

t  ime>. 

Very  truly  yours. 

160  Broadway,  New  York, 

November  16,  1888. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Your  telegram  received.  We  have  made  an  ap¬ 
pointment  with  Mayor  Hewitt,  and  will  send  Miller  to  his  office 
with  the  Phonograph  tomorrow'. 

Very  truly  yours. 

The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  (Limited.) 

]  Head  Offioe,  Winchester  Hodse,  60  Old  Broad  St., 

I  London,  England. 

1  DATE. 

Jfo.  of  Words  Cl 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadway  &  61  New  St. 

“  “  444  Broome  Street. 

HALIFAX  “  Queen  Building,  Hollis  St. 

LONDON  “  ;  84  Throgmorton  Street.  . 

|  LIVERPOOL  “  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings. 

■4-0  Broadway  ’ 
61  NEW  "street 
new  YORK, 
i  NOV  20  18RH 

No  Inquiry  respecting  this  Message  can  be  attended  to  without  the  production  of  this  Paper. 

The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company  giaM.) 

NEW  YORK  Offices,  40  Broadway'  &  Cl  New  St.  CABLF  OFfTHI? 

“  444  Broome  Street.  40  BROADWAY1 

HALIFAX  .  “  Queen  Building,  Hollis  St.  __  .  and 

LONDON  .  «  84  Throgmorton  Street.  S' TREET, 

_  i  LONDON  “  84  Throgmorton  Street. 

■No.  of  Words  |  LIVERPOOL  “  D  6,  Exchange  Buildingi 

The  (oHomKr CABLEGRAM  received  “VIA,  DIRECT  CAE 

Pram  crin.  cLtrts^/  - - j 


NOV  an  mag 

at  J-  <3  .  6%-HcT 

- ' _  y/W 

. ^  a  7y 



Gouraud  to  Edison. 

Queen  Ann's  lodge  • 

November  the  22nd,  1888. 

As  this  is  the  first  occasion  on  which  the 
Phonograph  has  appeared  and  performed  in  a  private  house  in  the/.great 
city  of  London,  it  would  seem  meet  and  right  that  our  host,  Mr  Knowles, 
and  our  hostess  and  their  daughters,  together  with  the  guests,  should 
mark  the  event  by  letting  you  hear,  in  their  own  voices,  their  own  j 

particular  names.  Now  listen  to  their  voices  and  to  their  names, 
beginning  with  Mr  Knowles, the  well  known  Editor  of  the  "Nineteenth 
Century".  • 

I  have  >been  quite  misunderstood  by  the  company,  each  of  whom 
thought  that  he  (ha)  and  she  (ha)  would  escape  with  the  brevity  of 
their  phonautographs;  but  I  propose  that,  in  so  far  as  they  may  be 
pleased  to  do  so,  each  one  shall  precede  his  phonautograph  by  saying 
anything  to  you  which  the  spirit/moves  him  to  say. 

.The  .spirit ..first  moves  Mr  Knowles.  ; 

By  Mr  Khowles.  • 

Dear  Mr  Bdison,  i  33  .  ,,  | 

It  is  not  my/. spirit  but  Colonel  Gouraud^ 
which  moves  me  to  say  anything  to  you;  and  all  I  have  to  say  in,  in  i 

the  name  of  my  wife  and  myself,  to  thank  him  and  you  for  the  most 

You  have  turned  one  of  the  comers  of  the  Nineteenth  Century,  and  one  i 
of  the  comers  of  the  world.  I  speak  in  behalfiof  my  wife  as  well  as'  j 
of  myself,  according  to  our  English  cUstim; '  and  I  will  now  ask,  as  j: 

('% . 

Gram  I. (continued) 



Oolonex  Gour.ud  Kindly  do.iroa, ,m  guest.  of  tM,  ^  Jm 

"  their  own  nan.s,  on.  6J  t  only  t)i>t  ^ 

meet  face  to  face. 

James  Knowles, Editor  of.  the  "Nineteenth  Century". 

My  daughters  as*  t,  ap.a*  to  you  f.r  th„  aI,„  „4  to  the*  you 
with  equal  cordiality. 

Gram  2. 

Mr  Knowlen. 

X  beg  now  to  introduce  to  you  the  Earl  of  Aberdeen. 

By  the  Earl  of  Aberdeen. 


AC0ept  th?  a^uranoe  of  my  hearty  thanks  and 
cordial  adoration.  a,  Phonograph  .hall  flourish  rust  coslus,. 

Jours  faithfully 

Mr  Knowles. 

I  will  now  introduce  to  you  the  Earl  of  Meath. 

By  the  Earl  of  Mgath. 

,  Thi“  6v?ning  1,111  ever  cherished  by  me  as  one 

-  >**>•  ..  h.„. » Kno:le. 

T IsHh  71T’M  voi”3  •*  *h0"  *M  « *« 

»  r  h  TJ?  :M’hiV  *he  Eneli,h-  *—  - 

uttorll  ”  “’“"‘"'I  «U  >.  th.  voi...  which  ar, 

uttered  this  evening. 

Yours  very  sincerely. 


&  ■ 

Gram  IMoontinued)  LITTLE-MEHLO 

Mr  Know! »<, .  PHONAUTOGRAPHS 

I  now  beg  to  introduce  to  you  Lord  Rowton. 

By  Colonel  Gouraud. 

0,  «.«  VOl°*  -  -»  «.  ^  . 
By  Lord  Rnwt.nx. 

Dear  Sir, 

r  w - — rr  r  zzzr* 

■s  ::rr:—rr:  -  ~ 

Tam  your a  very  faithfully, 

„  Rowton. 

Mr  Knowlan. 

■«  .  ^T“: ,ota  PoM,r- 

o'  1W  ■MUM  invention.  ‘  *  ”  P”""t“e  “*•“  «*  •*«« 

By.  Sir  John  •Pn»i — 


Gram  S.  J 

Mr  Knowlan.  | 

Dear  Mr  Edison,  .  j 

British  Crown,  I  aend  you  ^  Indlan  Adminlst*-ation  of  the  if 

Gram  S. (continued) 


one  of  the  great  wonders  of  our  age.  In  India  we  see  many  marvels; 
but  during  a  quarter  of  a  century  I  have  never  seen,  either  in  India  or 
m  Europe,  so  great  a  marvel  as  we  have  seen  and  heard  to-night. 

Yours  sincerely, 

William  Wilson  Hunter. 

Mr  Knowles.  ( 

I  now  introduce  to  you,  dear  Mr  Edison,  Sir  Morell  MacKenzie. 

By  Sir  Morell  Mackenzie.  , 

I  have  already  offered  you  my  personal  congratulations. 

I  only  wish  to  add  now  that  I  look  forward  to  the  time  when  I  will  pay 
you  a  visit  at  Orange,  and  see  you  engaged  in  your  wonderful  works. 

Morell  Mackenzie. 

Mr  Knowles. 

I  lastly  introduce  to  you  Mr  Boland  Protheroe,  the  Fellow  of  All  Souls 
and  well-known  historian;  who  however  forbids  me  to  say  more  about 

By  Mr  Boland  Protheroe. 

As  the  youngest  and  only  obscure  person  in  this 
room,  I  beg  to  salute  you,  Mr  Edison.  It  is  with  consumnate  pleasure 
that  the  unknown  salutes  the  famous.. 

Yours  truly, 

Boland  Protheroe. 

Mr  Knowles  has  asked  me  to  conclude  this  phonogram  with  three  cheers 
for  Edison,  and  for  th*  3rlmoS*r>interefltingpand  astonishing  experience 
with  which  we  have  been  favoured  this  evening  by  the  performance  of 
his  marvellous  instrument. 

By  the_Company. 

Hip  Hip  Hurrah  I  Hip  Hip  hurrah!  Hip  Hip  hurrah!  (hand-olapping) 

CtLP  r  S-fot-t  C  . 



Do'ndon.  I8th  December, 1888. 

To  Edison  from  Colonel  Gouraud,  introducing  Mr  Gladstone. 

The  Phonograph's  Salutation. 

The  "latest-born*  of  science  ,and  of  American  genius,  bends  its 
knee  of  steel  and  bows  its  neck  of  iron,  in  reverential  homage  before 
the  veteran  Statesman  of  England.  Mr  Gladstone,  the  Phonograph 
salutes  you,  and  through  the  medium  of  the  Phonograph,'  Mr  Edison  greets 
you.  .Now,  Edison,  listen  to  a  vpiop  that  has  electrified  its 
generation,-  the  voice  of  William  Ewart  Gladstone. 

By  Mr  Gladstone.  - 

Dear  Mr  Edison, 

I  am  profoundly  indebted  to  you'  for,  not  the 
entertainment  only,  but  the  instruction  and  the  marvels  of  one  of  the 
mogt  remarkable  evenings  which  it  has  been  my  privilege  to  enjoy. 

The  request  that  you  have  done  me  the  honour  to  make, -to 
.receive  the-record  of  my  voice-, is  one  that  I  cheerfully  comply  with  .  _ 
so  far  as  lies  in  my  power;  though  I, lament  to  say  that  the  voice  which 
I  transmit  to  you  is  only  the  relic,  of  an  organ,  the  employment  of 
which  has  been  overstrained.  Yet  I  offer  to  you  as  much  as  I  possess, 
and  so  much  as  old  age  has  left  me,  with  the  utmost  satisfaction,  u  .; 
as  being,  at  least,  a  testimony  to  the  instruction  and  delight  that  X 
have  received  fi-om  your  marvellous  invention.  As  to  the  future 
consequences  it  is  impossible  to  anticipate  them. .  All  I  see  is. that 
wonders  upon  wonders  are  opening  before  us.  Your  great  country  is 
leading  the  way  in  the  important  work  of  invention.  Heartily  do  we  wish 
it  well;  aiTd-to  you,  as  one  of  its  greatest,  celebrities,  allow' me  to 
offer  my  hearty  good  wishes  and  earnest  prayers  that  you  may  long  live 

to  witness  its  triumphs  in  all  that  appertains  to  the  well-being  of 


BY  . 

of  Middlesex  Esquire  Hereby  give  Notice  of  my  intention  to  oppose  the  are 
of  Letters  Patent  upon  application  No  1717E  of  1887,  applied  for  by  Georg 
Edward  Gouraud  upon  the  ground  that  the  invention  sought  to  be  claimed  th. 
has  been  pateirted  in  this  country  upon  applications  of  prior  date,  viz:  tl 
patent  of  Thomas  Alva  Edison  No  2909  of  i877  for  'controlling  by  sound  thi 
transmission  of  electric  currents  and  the  reproduction  of  nnrrocnnnrti „„ 

transmission  of  electric  currents  and  the  reproduction  of  corresponding  sounds 
at  a .  distance  .F  The  patents  of  James  Yate  Johnson  Nos  respectively  6027, £6042 
and  6047  of  1886  for  'Improvements  in  and  apparatus  for  recording  and  reproduc¬ 
ing  speech  and  other  sounds",  'Improvements  in  and  apparatus  for  reproducing 
sound  from  phonographic  records",  and  “Improvements  in  and  means  and  apparatus 
for  the  reproduction  of  speech  and  other  sounds  by  means  of  records"  respective- 
ly;  The  patent  of  Emile  Berliner  No  1E232  of  1887  for  'Improved  method  of  and 


181,  Queer\  Vidtoi‘ik  $ti‘eet,  ij.d. 


2ist  Deoember,  1888. 

Dear  Mr  Tate:- 

pleaaure  In  forwarding  herewith 

lJ-^VST-5  $/i-t 

London  22nd  December  1888. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. , 

Dear  Sir-  > 

Am  I  correct  in  believing  that  you  definitely  arranged 
with  Colonel  Gouraiid  that  I  was  to  receivel$  100  per  month  salary 
and  all  my  expenses?. 

By  kindly  defining  this  as-succintly  as  possible,  by  return 
mail,  adding  anything  else  you  may  know  of  what  the  exact  understand¬ 
ing  with  the  Colonel  was  with  regard  to  payment ,  you  will  greatly 

Yours  very  truly, 

P.  S.  Address  88,  Gloucester  Road,  South  Kensington,  London. 

oCp  <^p'> 


By  The  Right  Honble 

The  Lord  Mayor  of  London. 

Mr  Edison, 

It  affords  me  great  pleasure  on  the  eve  of 
Christmas  to  express  to  you,  through;  the  medium  of  your  marvellous 
invention,  my  hearty  good  wishes,  for. a  bright  and  prosperous  New' Year 
for  your  family  and  yourself.  May  I  hope  that  it  may  be  devoted  to 
further  advancement  in  those  wonderful  scientific  discoveries  and 
investigations  for  which  already  you, have  made  mankind  your  debtor. 

To  these  good  wishes  for  yourself  may  I  add  an  equally  hearty  expression 
of  cordial  good-will  for  your  great  Nation,  and  for  the  distinguished 
president  who  is  at  the  head  of  affairs,  that  we  in  the  Mother- country, 
and  you  in  America,  joined  as  we  are,  by  ties  of  blood  and  bonds  of  deep 
affection,  may  always  have  the  friendliest  and  kindest  dealings  the  one 
to  the  other  is  I  am  certain  the  common  hope  of  us  all. 

There-  is  one  personal  matter  to  which  I  would  like  .to  allude, - 
I  mean  the  approaching  retirement  of,  Mr  Phelps,  the  American  Minister. 

Mr  Phelps  has  during  his  stay  amongst  us  made  himself  so  thoroughly 
popular  and  is  so  universally  liked  Ithat  we  look  upon  him  as  a  friend, 
and  in. losing  him  we  shall  miss  one  who  has  dona  much  to  cement  the 
bonds  of  unity  between  the  United  States  and  England.  Both  Hia 
Excellency  and  his  genial  wife  will  leave  behind  them  ,in  this  country 
troops  of  friends  . 

Colonel  Gouraud,  whom  I  have  met  on  various  occasions,  and 
who  is  with  me  now,  has  shown  me  at  all  times  great  courtesy  and 
consideration.  He  is  very  popular  in  England  and  has  the  faculty  nf 

ingratiating -himself  wherever. he  gbes  j»„  ,  <(„,  '  •  -h-.-id .  Chief 

These  imperfect  words  ctone.  from  James  Whitehead,  Chief 
Magistrate, -that  is  Lord  Mayor  of  the  City  of  London,  and  he  only 


The  Lord  Mayor.  ( continued)  PHON AUTOGRAPHS 

to  add  that  he  hopes  you  will  have  a  very  happy  and  prosperous  New  Year 
and  that  you  will  have  a  long  life  ,  arid  "that' you  may  derive'from  it  ' 
all  that  you  deserve  from  the  great  merits  of  your  inventions. 



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Colonel  Gouraud  presents  his  compliments  to . 

and,  in  reply  to  his  letter,  begs  to  say  that  in  consequence  of  the  flood 
of  applications  which  daily  pour  in,  requesting  the  loan  of  Phonographs, 
either  for  Exhibition  or  Lecture  purposes,  and  the  difficulty  he  ex¬ 
periences  in  meeting  such  requests  as  he  would  desire,  in  consequence 
of  the  limited  number  of  Phonographs  at  present  available,  and  the  little 
time  at  his  own  disposal ;  in  order  to  provide  for  a  thoroughly 
efficient  exhibition  and  demonstration  of  the  Phonograph,  .its  principles, 
and  applications,  he  has  engaged  the  services  of  a  competent  Lecturer 
and  Exhibitor,  who  will  be  accompanied  by  assistants  in  charge  of 
Phonograph  and  Lantern,  with  complete  illustrations,  both  scientific  and 
popular,  of  the  Instrument. 

To  meet  the  expenses  connected  with  such  an  arrangement  it 
will  be  necessary  for  those  who  wish  to  have  a  Lecture  or  Exhibition 
of  the  Phonograph,  to  name  the  sum  they  are  willing  to  guarantee 
in  order  to  meet  the  Lecturer’s  fee,  exclusive  of  travelling  expenses,  and 
transport  of  apparatus.  It  is  Colonel  Gouraud’s  desire  that  the  remainder 
of  the  net  proceeds,  after  this  deduction,  should  be  devoted  to  some  charity 
to  be  mutually  agreed  upon. 

Kindly  indicate  in  your  reply  the  sum  guaranteed  for  Lecturer, 
exclusive  of  other  expenses,  and  the  date  or  dates  on  which  the  Phono¬ 
graph  is  wanted. 

P.S.— An  Exhibition  was  recently  held  where  upwards  of  2000  people  were  unable  to 
gain  admittance,  at  an  Entrance  Fee  of  2/6,  and  on  the  following  day  10s.  each  was  paid 
by  as  many  as  could  be  accommodated. 


181,  Queen  Victoria  St., 
London,  15. 

Referring  to  your  recent  favour  applying  for  the  agency  of  the 
Phonograph,  we  enclose  for  your  examination,  form  of  proposed  agreement. 

Quite  a  number  of  similar  applications  have  been  received  from  others 
in  your  country;  and,  other  considerations  being  equal,  the  choice  will 
naturally  fall  upon  the  applicant  who,  as  Agent,  would  lodge  with  us  the 
largest  initial  order  for  Phonographs,  indicating,  as  this  will,  the  extent  of 
the  Agent’s  commercial  connection  and  his  resources  for  carrying  on  the 
business,  as  well  as  showing  the  measure  of  confidence  with  which  he 
would  embark  in  it.  .Whatever  order  you  may  suggest  will  not  be  binding 
upon  you  until  you  are  aware  of  the  price  of  the  instrument,  which  will  be 
communicated  to  the  applicant  to  whom  the  agency  is  finally  awarded;  but 
we  may  mention,  in  this  connection,  that  the  prices  will  bo  so  fixed  as  to 
leave  a  large  profit  to  the  Agent. 

You  mil  kindly  regard  this  communication  as  confidential,  and  return 
it,  with  information  upon  the  following  points,  if  yon  desire  to  pursue  the 
matter  : 

fa)  The  extent  of  the  territory  over  which  you  would  like  the 
control  of  the  Phonograph. 

fb)  The  number  of  Phonographs  you  would  want,  us  to  supply  ns 
your  first  order.  • 

(c)  The  number  of  Phonographs  you  will  carry  in  stock  (prices 
being  satisfactory)  for  filling  current  orders. 

(d)  The  addresses  of  those  to  whom  you  wish  to  refer  us,  including, 
if  possible,  a.  London  reference. 

Faithfully  yours, 

1888.  Telegraph  -  General  (D-88-52) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
technical  and  commercial  development  of  the  telegraph.  Some  of  the 
documents  deal  with  the  business  of  the  Consolidated  Railway  Telegraph  Co. 
and  the  Consolidated  International  Railway  Telegraph  Co.  Other  items  pertain 
to  the  role  of  the  Nicholson  quadruplex  patents  in  competition  between 
Western  Union  and  the  Postal  Telegraph-Cable  Co. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements  for  the  boards  of  trustees  of  the  Consolidated  Railway 
Telegraph  Co.  and  the  Consolidated  International  Railway  Telegraph  Co.; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

-T7?£  -TiOytp*"' „/, 

—  AWARDS. — 

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live  <<<-■£  0  L-C.  Cc  C-p.  I Isr  y'-offZs  - • 



Patrick  B.  Delany, 

Hcfcr-  CXr>cfcr  v-sr 

C-0  k-*-»  — C-ALc  — «>-X^ 


Trustees  of  Consolidated  Railway  Telegraph  Company. 

EUGENE  CROWELL,  Vick-Prksidhnt. 


Foreign  Patents  upon  TRAIN  TELEGRAPHY 
Thos.  A.  Edison,  Ezra  T,  Gilliland,  and  Lucius  J.  p'hel'ps. 


©/few  . Jan. . 19th  1 888.  . . -/cPeP 

Dear  Sir:- 

At  the  Annual  Meeting  of  the  Stockholders  of  the  Consol 
idated  International  Railway  telegraph  Co.  ^eld  at  the  office  of 
the  Co.  13  Park  Row,  N, Y.  Jan.  18th  1888,  you  were  unanimously 
elected  a  Trustee  of  said  Company  for  the  ensuing  year.'  The 
first  meeting  of  the  new  Board  of  Trustees  for  the  purpose  of 
electing  officers  and  transacting  such  other  business  as  may  come 
before  the  Board,  will  be  held  at  the  office  of  the  Company,  13 
park  Row,  on  Monday  Jan.  23rd  1888,  at  4  P.M.  You  are  re- 
spect fully  requested  to  be  present. 

Enclosed  with  this  please  find  list  of  the  members  of  the  new 

Yours  truly, 

Sec  ret  a  ry .  - 

Cons.  International  Railway-  Tel.  Co; 



lV  Foreign  Patents  upon  TRAIN  TELEGRAPHY 

Foreign  Patents  upon  TRAIN  TELEGRAPHY 

Thos.  a.  Edison,  Ezra  T.  Gilliland,  and  Lucius  j.  Phelps. 



. '/cPcP 

Taut  or  Trustees  of  Cons. . International  Railway  Tel.  Oo. 

.  Elecfcod  at  Meeting  of  Stockholders  held  Wednesday  January  18th 
,.iaa8  at  If  GO  o'clock  P.I.I.  at  13‘ Park'  Row. 

Thos.  A.  Edison, 

:  . . 'Essra'  i?  j  ’  ouiiland, 

J.O.  Tomlinson, 

T..  J.  '  Phelps, 

■  "  C.  Van  Brunt, 

fl.D. '  Hall,  ■ 

P.W.-  Toppan,  ... 

Eiiyeno  Orovrell,  •  -  . 

John  D.  Chaovor, 

OKA*  ir.  nankins. 

.  .  .  :■ 



(£©R£©lidataI  o  RgiIw©Y  y  ^elegP&pH  $  G©fhp©hy. 


February, . 1 88 



P.  O.  Box  3592,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Subject  to  the  above  conditions,  to  -which  I  hereby  agree, 

I.. . . 

°f . - do  hereby  make  application  to 

purchase  at . dollars  per  share, . shares 

(or  any  part  thereof)  of  the  stock,  of  the  Consolidated  (Railway 
Telegraph  Co.,  and  hereby  agree  to  make  payments  for  same,  as 
required,  by  Condition  4th,  as  above  set  forth. 

Cl r  *=• 

oO'-  General  Offices,  115  Broad  wav.  V 

General  Offices,  115  Broadway. 

^(L.  n$JL,  j888. 

To  the  Stockholders  of  the  Consolidated  Railway  Telegraph  Company: 

Whereas  a  misunderstanding  has  arisen  as  to  the  meaning  and  terms  of  the 
last  circulars  sent  you  relating  to  the  sale  of  Treasury  Stock,  and  the  Committee 
having  rejected  all  bids,  the  Board  of  Trustees  at  a  special  meeting  to-day  adopted 
the  following  resolution,  viz.: 

Resolved,  That  the  Vice-President  and  Felix  Gottschalk,  Trustee,  be,  and  they  hereby  are,  appointed  a 
special  committee,  and  are  instructed  to  immediately  offer  for  sale  to  die  stockholders  of  record  of  the  Consoli¬ 
dated  Railway  Telegraph  Company,  in  proportion  to  their  present  holdings  of  stock  in  the  Company,  five  hundred 
shares  of  its  treasury  stock  at  ten  dollars  per  share. 

The  said  offer  to  remain  open  for  acceptance  until  noon  of  February  29th,  1888.  All  subscriptions  must  be  • 
paid  for  in  current  funds  as  soon  as  die  bids  have  been  awarded  and  die  Treasurer  lias  notified  the  different  parties 
of  the  acceptance  of  their  bids. 

Offers  for  specified  numbers  of  shares  in  excess  of  the  numbers  to  which  subscribers  are  respectively  entitled 
may  be  made,  and  should  any  portion  of  the  live  hundred  shares  offered  not  be  taken,  then  the  number  of  shares 
remaining  shall  be  divided  among  those  who  may  signify  their  desire  for  a  greater  number  of  shares  than  they  are 
entitled  to,  in  proportion  to  their  holdings. 

Ct-i as.  E.  Crowell, 

Vice-President  C.  R.  T.  C., 

No.  1 15  Broadway,  N.  Y.  City. 


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directiqn  GENERALE 


My  Dear  Sir:- 

I  liave  recourse  to  your  kindness  to  soak  some  par¬ 
ticulars  which  are  necessary  to  me  before  undertaking  the  con- 
Telcgr  aphic 

struct  ioni  of  a^iotj work  in  a  part  of  Central  America.  What  are 
the  houses  to  which  I  can  address  myself  in  the  maritime  provinces 
of  the  United  States  to  buy  the  following  articles :- 

Metallic  pots  in  iron  or  steel.  ,  silica  bronze  wire,  insu¬ 
lators,  Morse  instruments  ard  the  necessaries  for  setting  up 
stations,  wooden  boxes  ftc.,  fee.  I  should  be  exceedingly  thank¬ 
ful  to  ycu  if  yen  will  give  me  the  addresses  of  the  houses  to 
which  you  would  roconmaid  me  and  will  write  directly  to  procure 
price  lists,  catalogues  &c. 

,  P.  Bayol, 

French  Gov.  Tel.  Engineer,  and 
Member  of  the  Society  of  Telegraph 
Engineers . 

£4  4 

Ministor  of  Finance  0  o  p  y. 
General  Direction  of 
Post's  and  Telegraphs, 

Material  &  Constmction 
!3d  Bureau  &a , 

French  Republic,  Paris,  May  17,  1888. 

Mr,  Director, - 

Mr.  Fdison  has  recently  presented  to  the 
French  Administration  of  Posts  and  Telegraphs  a  new  model  of 
electric  cable,  of  which  the  conductors  are  covered  with  a  wrap¬ 
ping  of  cotton,  impregnated  with  an  insulating  substance  anl  which 
are  protected  by  a  sleeve  of  lead.  According  to  the  information 
which  he  has  furnished,  a  certain  length  of  cable  of  this  nodel 
has  been  put  into  service  as  an  experiment  on  the  Telegraph  or 
Telephone  lines  of  the  Western  Ujjion  Company, 

I  would  to  very  much  obliged,  Mr.  Director,  if  you  would  in¬ 
form  mo  of  the  importance  of  the  experiments  undertaken  by  the 
Western  Union  Company,  and  if  any,  what  results,  they  have  given. 

Please  receive, Mr.  Director,  the  assurance  of  my  high  con¬ 

For  the  Councillor  of  State, 

GENERAL  director  of  the  posts  and  telegraphs. 

The  Director. 

To  The  Direction  of  the 

W e  st  or n  Unio  n  Co.,  New  Yo  rk . 



Edison  Phonograph  Co., 

19  Dey  Street, 

New  York. 

Esq.  , 

The  Eilison  laboratory, 

Orange ,  N. J . 

My  Dear  Tate:- 

Enolosed  please  find  an  assignment.  of^tfi^Railway^ 
egraph  patent.  Yon  will  remember  that  I  spoke  to  you  about  t 
some  time  ago.  Mr.  Edison  paid  the  patent  fees  and  the  money 
should  be  refunded  to  him. 

Yours  truly, 

ts(U[  ?.ceu  £ut  .  y 

■  'Cis*. 

lt\nv  .■  tif  y-ncl-Ct  -c-ic  *  ‘^c 

pH*-/'-*' i  C^  .LLi.Cl.^  0  JLc~CU,i~£-s  '<-<-<-  &  ^ 

I^Ccului^O  cL  'Cf 

40  -tv y^l'nt  fi  i. v.- 

C.^i.U,urj  y,Lt  ^,77Ufl 

,^u4cc  -J-UL-'fe-cu^-  CO  Ct>o-ti  ^-M-Cuu  ^(/y 

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^Icrlsia-^^CC  <L^C6C 

%,*Ut  : 

rfriauA^ UL^s :  ok^Q-cu^ji^i  ! 

/A^t £/£'  1  *S..  h-a^s£o  .  I 

1888.  Telegraph  -  Phonoplex  (D-88-53) 

.  ^his  foIder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  Edison  Phonoplex  System  of  Telegraphy.  Most  of  the  documents  relate  to 
the  installation  of  phonoplex  circuits  on  various  American  and  Canadian 
railroads.  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  problem  of  finding  suitable 
batteries,  condensers,  and  other  components.  Other  letters  concern  the 
smtabihty  of  the  phonoplex  for  Europe.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by 
W.S.  Logue,  field  agent  for  the  phonoplex  system.  Most  of  Logue’s  letters  are 
addressed  to  Edison’s  secretary,  Alfred  O.  Tate.  Tate  served  as  the  company’s 
electrician  and  oversaw  its  daily  business  operations.  Edison  himself  was  only 
tangentially  involved  in  phonoplex  operations,  and  very  few  letters  to  or  from 
him  can  be  found  in  this  folder. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The  case 
study  approach  begun  in  1887  continues  for  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad- 
substantive  items  relating  to  the  operation  of  the  phonoplex  on  that  railroad 
have  been  selected.  The  case  study  of  the  Chicago  and  Grand  Trunk  has  been 
discontinued,  as  the  character  of  the  documents  becomes  routine  following  the 
installation  of  the  system  in  1887.  The  following  categories  of  documents  have 
also  been  filmed:  documents  indicating  Edison’s  own  involvement  with  the 
phonoplex;  items  relating  to  foreign  phonoplex  operations;  and  one  letter  from 
Charles  Selden  of  the  Baltimore  and  Ohio  Telegraph  Co.  regarding  a  special 
discount  for  his  company’s  use  of  the  phonoplex. 

The  following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  most 
documents  dealing  with  phonoplex  operations  on  other  railroads; 
correspondence  regarding  problems  with  phonoplex  instruments  supplied  by 
ergmann  and  Co.;  letters  concerning  the  manufacture  of  sample  equipment 
by  the  Edison  Electric  Light  System  of  Canada  in  order  to  protect  Edison’s 
Canadian  patent  rights;  routine  inquiries  from  railroad  companies;  Logue’s 
accounts  and  personal  correspondence. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-88-01  (Battery)  and 
D-88-02  (Bergmann  &  Company). 





cx^jl.  c</ 

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CA*>-iJ2-£-  oA, 

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40  &  42  Wall  Street, 

New  YorB'pn....Xa.tii...lS8S . 

Mr  W.  F.  Taylor.  i 

Div  Opr  P.  R.  r. 

Altoona  Pa.  ;'i 
Dear  sir.  •  ; 

The  two  sets  of  instruments  fo  Fa  Ud  Oi  offices 
have  been  ordered  sent  to  you  by  Adams  Expresi.  we  did  not  order 

b*“",b  ““  “«  oth[ir  prlfoprinc  to 

to  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  the  Coquimbite  baitory  "hioh  we 
hope  is  Bivino  you  good  satisfaction.  Mr  Edison  ,bay  have  his 
battery  ready  in  time  to  put  in  these  offices.,  A\  any  rate  we 
propose  to  give  you  the  best  battery  we  can  procure. 

I  hope  to  leave  for  Altoona  sometime  next  week  to  equip  pa 
$  Oi  .  il..  .  . 

I  have  a  pass  from  Phila  to  Pgh  good  until  the  loth  it  is  hardly 
likely  that  I  can  leave  early  enough  to  use  this  pass  can  you 
oblige  me  with  one  ,  if  so  please  send  it  to  me  here  , 

Yours  very  truly  : 


40  &  42  Wall  Street, 

New  York,.iIan....1.;4t.h . L. 

Dear  Sir, 

Referring  to  the  Coquimbite  battery  that  we  put  up 
at  Altoona  Mr  Quimby  says  the  price  is  2.50  per  cell.  He  made 
the  price  to  us  1,70  per  cell.  He  also  says  that  he  sells  the 
coquimbite  at  7  cents  per  pound  but  will  not  sell  the  P,  R,  R. 
any  of  it  less  than  the  price  xjcx  you  propose  charging  them 
for  it  ,  If  the  battery  now  up  at  Altoona  works  satisfactory 
they  will  keep  it,, .if  not  for  the  Phone  they  will  prpbably  use 
it  in  other  ways,'  My  object  in  writing  this  is  to  got  you  to 
name  a  price  so  in  case  the  Railroad  people  buy  direct  from 
Quirnby  the  prices  charged  will  not  conflict.  Division  Operator 
Taylor  asked  me  the  price  of  the  Coquimbite  I  told  him  that 
I  could  not  tell  him  as  I  neglected  to  ascertain.  When  I  return 
to  equip  the  new  Phone  Offices  I  will  be  asked  the  same  questin 
and  if  I  giye  the  same  answer  it  might  look  fishy. 

Yours  very  truly 


40  &  42  Wall  Street, 

Dear  sir. 

If  not  troubling  you  too  much  will  you  please  advise 
us  how  the  now  battery  is  working,  and  also  how  the  morse  relay 
on  No  H  is  doing.  Does  this  relay  improve  the  working  of  the 
wire  any  compared  with  the  old  relay,  What  I  want  to  know  is  ffttiflBP 
whether  the  iron  casing  we  put  on  the  helix  is  doing  the  work 
we  hoped  it  would; 



Altoona ,  Pa . 


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Patented  Jan.  31,  1888. 

ft? , 


United  States  Patent  Office, 



SPBCXPIOATION  formine  Part  of  Letter,,  Patent  No.  -377,110,  dated  January  31,18sa. 

To  all  whom  it  may  concern: 

_  Bo  it  known  tlmt  I,  William  S.  Lociue,  of 
Bn  timoro,  in  the  State  of  Maryland,  lmvo  in- 
.  ,-SJh °„l  *'0"i  a',tl  wsoful  Improvements  in  Teleg- 
5  “nfl  J  hereby  declare  tlmt  tlio  fol- 

lowing  is  a  full,  clear,  and  exact  description 
f  ‘“f °f>  1:0fer0"]c?  being  had  to  the  accompany. 
flcnUon"  big,  which  forms  a  part  of  this  spool-, 
10  Tills  invention  -volutes  to  cortuiu  now  and 
useful  improvements  in  multiple  telegraphs  for 

sists  ill  the  novel  means  employed  bv  me  for 
15  2  purpose,  as  more  fully  hereinafter  de¬ 
scribed  and  churned,  and  shown  in  the  accoin- 
•  '  panying  drawing,  in  which  the  invention  is 
relay1'1’1"1  “  scolionnl  l’lan  of  the  neutral 

2°  It  is  well-  known  to  practical  telegraphers 
“  the  "SO  of  the  quadruples:  or  other 
multiple  telegraphs  falso  signals  are  often 
caused  at  tlio  neutral  side  of  the  receiving-in- 
,  stiuniGiit  upon  the  reversal  of  the  main-line 
*5  “'J011.  r,l,lso.  signals  being  otherwise 

arm-  iiVJ  th°  t<Sch".lc'i1,1  tnngnngo  of  the  oper- 

?  •kl1C.k  of„u«>  neutral  relay,”  the 
cause  of  which  is  well  understood  ns  being  due 
to  the  static  discharge  of  the  line  on  several  of 
30  the i  signaling-currents  from  the  transmitting 
station.  To  correct  this  action  I  wrap  the 
outside  of  boll,  coils  of-tho  neutral  relay  with 
several  layers  of  tin-foil  and  paper  in  the  fol- 
„  l°'';i"g  inanneri  First,  I  wraparound  such 
35  coils  a  layer  of  tin  foil,  then  a  layer  of  thin 
paper,  then  again  a  layer  of  tin  foil,  and  then 
another  layer  of  thin  paper,  and  so  on,  the 
number  of  such  alternate  layers  of  tin-foil  and 

thin  paper  being  increased  ordimiiiishedtostlit 

40  the  requirements  ns  demonstrated  by  practical 
observation.  All  tlio  altcrnato  layers  of  tin- 
toil  aro  placed  in  electrical  connection  with 
each  other,  preferably  by  connecting  them  on 
their  edges,  and  to  facilitate  this  the  layers  of  I 
45  paper  aro  preferably  mado  smaller  than  tlio  1 

1  i'S'e'os„0ff,,tin:!'uilJ  fo  permit  the  joining  of  tlio 
edges  of  the  tin-foil  layers  together.  By  thus  ' 
wrapping  the  coils  of  the  neutral  relay  and 
connecting  oleotrioally  the  tin-foil  layers  to- 
I  gothor  I  surround  the  neutral  relay  with  a  to 
I  compensating  dovico  which  will  prevent  the 
in  ter  fen  ng  action  of  the  statio  discharge.  This 
device  is  a  eondenser  surrounding  the  coils,  ns 
I  shown  In  the  drawing,  and  connected  up  with 
the  circuit  so  ns  to  discharge  through  the  coils  5 * 

In  operating  quadruples-  systems  on  a  re- 
|  vet-sal  of  the. current  at  the  trnnsniitting-sta-' — 
!  lion  ho  neutral  relay  should  remain  inactive.  5o 
J.  radically,  however,  by  reason  of  the  dis¬ 
charge  of  the  Hue,  a  reverse  impulse  of  the 
1  same  strength  as  a  previous  impulso  will  not 
hold  the  relay  neutral,  the  static  discharge  of 
tlio  line  destroying  the  balance.  I  lmvo  indi-  6c 
cated  one  way  of  connecting  the  condenser  in 
circuit  in  tlio  drawing.  As  shown,  the  con¬ 
densers  on  the, two  legs  of  tlio  magnet  aro  con- 

llc.<;te;1  ! . "Itiple  arc,  one  set  of  condenser- 

coils  being  connected  to  the  artificial  line,  the  70 
other  set  to  the  real  line.  The  condenser  is  9 
tuns  111  a  shunt  around  the  opposing  coils  of 
1  lie  neutral  rely.  On  a  reversal  of  current  the 
condenser  is  charged  and  discharges  through 
he  circuit  abode/ a  A,  affecting  the  coils  of  , „ 
the  neutral  relay  equally  and  oppositely,  main-  * 
thoRne'1  *tS  "0""nl  llosit'011  and  clearing 
What  I  claim  as  my  Invention  is— 

|  A  .r,cl‘9r  f?!' 11  quadruplex- telegraidi  system  80 
provided  with  exciting-coils,  a  condenser  stir- 
|  rouuding  said  coils,  and  circuit-connections 
between  the  condenser  terminals  and  the  lino 
I  to  neutralize  tlio  effect  of  the  static  discharge  : 
of  tlio  line  on  said  rolay.  ■ 


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Messrs.  nergmarm  *  Oo. , 

aoa  Avenuo  u. , 

,  How  York  City. 

I  understand  that  in  a  very  few  days,  if  they  have 
not,  already  done  ao,  the  Pennsylvania  R.  R.  will  order  from  you 
r>0  <j’eilsy4moen  battery j  Tor,  stock.  They  havo  ooi<«Vlai nod  about  - 
tho  ‘c'arbon  damps  .bo  in**  oat  on:  away''  by  the  /solution,  and  ask  If"' 

they  c mid  obtain  longer  carbons  than  arc  usually  supplied  by-  ydU; 
I  proBiimp  tint  you  can  got  -  carbons  an  itfch  or  two  longer,  but"'  ■;•••• 
would  like  t  O  hour  fmm  'jm  nn.r.Un 



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prU-  A--—,  ^  . 

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Ba  i  i  imorB ,  "ct.  18,  188*. 

A.  0,  Tate,  i?sq.  , 

Electrician,  Phonoplex  Co., 

40  n  43  Wall  St.  , 

New  York. 

neqr  Sir; 

T  thank  you  for  your  letter  of  Oct.  17th  but  T  have  been 
under  the  Imprdirsipn  that  you  sold  the  phonoplex  outright  and 
charged  no  royalties.  .T  hardly  understand  that  part  of  your 
letter  referring  to  the  duplex  and  quadruplex  equipment.  My 
recollection  of  the  Old  contract  with  the  conpany  was  that  on 
the  face  of  tilings  you  were  to  receive  830.  00  per  annum,  per  set, 
less  actually  880. 00,  ours  being  the  first  road  jto  accepi  and 
put  the  phonoplex  into  use.  •  However,  if  they  are  to  be  Sioo 
each  that  will  of  necessity  debar  their  use  with  us  beyond  what 
we  now  have  in  service,  which,  of  course,  we  will  retain  Tor  a 
year.  Tt  is  cheaper  for  me  to  build  wires  when  your  rates  are  so 
high  as  to  represent  move  than  the  ord  in  ary  rate  of  interest  on  an 
expenditure  which  would  give  us  an  nbsplute  wire  by  itself. 


.  gLlu^ 

f.en'i  Sup 't Tel. 

21st..,  I  note  that  General  Supt.Pettit's  letter  of  November  8th. 
to  your  Mr. Tate  is  .not  very  explicit  and  has  heretofore  had  the 
effect  of  giving  you  a  somewhat  erroneous  impression  as  to  my 
position  in  reference  to  the  pncposed  License  for  use  of  Fbono- 
-plex,  Phantom  Circuits,  e-ti.  The  Agreement  originally  sub  - 

-mitted  to  him  for  execution  contained  a  provision  by  which  we 
were' called  upon  to  acknowledge  the  -validity  of  all  the  patents 
therein  described.  .  .  To  this  I  objected,  for  the  reason,. 

First:  That  we  had  no  satisfactory  legal  knowledge  of  the  fact. 

Second:  It  was  a  matter  that  would  concern  us  very  little,  since 

if  the  patents  were  found  to  be  an  Ihfri.ngement  from  any  cause  ' 

we  should  rely  upon  your  Company  to -indemnify  and  pfcotect  us. 

I  quite  agree  with  you  that  it  is 

proper  that  all  arrangements  of  this  character  should  be  the  subject 
of  .an  Agreement,  not  only  in.  pursuance  of  the  correct  method  . of  doing 
business  but  as  a  means  of  protection  as  well  as  having- it  in  such  1 
shape  as  would  give,  the  i successors  of  all  . parties  interested  a  pro-  | 

,  W° . . . To . .,A..2d i.s.on. . . Data . Dec  ..5..18B3 . . 

-per  understanding  of  the  matter. 

The  Agreement  now  submitted  seems. to 
be  in  proper  form  and  I  have  forwarded  it  to  General  Supt. Pettit  to  take 
up  and  have  engrossed  ficr  execution. 

Yours  truly, 

General  Mar,ager. 

1888.  Telephone  (D-88-S4) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial 
development  of  the  telephone  in  the  United  States  and  abroad.  Some  of  the 
letters  pertain  to  the  organization  of  a  telephone  company  in  Great  Britain. 
Also  included  are  requests  for  information  about  the  telephone  and 
correspondence  about  the  loan  of  a  loud-speaking  telephone  for  a  lecture 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  printed  invitation  to  the  tenth 
annual  meeting  of  the  National  Telephone  Exchange;  royalty  statements  from 
the  American  Bell  Telephone  Co.;  printed  form  from  the  American  Cushman 
Telephone  Co. 

’  Norwood, 

Jan'.  5th,.  1888. 


Pr lends  of  mine  have  perfected  a  very  simple  and  attractive,  as 
•  well  as  wtoiiy  highly  useful  device  for  a  domestic  telephone.  They  have 
the  opinion  of  PI etcher  Moulton  (whom  we^swear  by'hore)  that  so  far  as  the 
patent  is  concerned,  it  is  made  upon  the  linos  of  ^disclaimer,' %  it  is 
believed  that  it  is  not  an  infringement  of  any  righto  held  by  the  United  Co. 
I  have  been  ashed  to  take  the  Chairmanship  of  the  concern,  which  will  be  in 
strong  hands,  and  it  is  expected  that  those  most  influential  in  the  United 
ana'  Allied  Companies  will  be  shareholders.  I  have  consented,  upon  the  coni, 
dition  that  you  win^llpw  them  to  use  your  name  in  connection  with  it,  as 
"The  Edison  Domestic^"  a  suggestion  which  they  readily  accede  to,  as  they 
will  deem  it  an  honour  to  be  allowed  to  associate  your  name  with  it.  It  is 
of  course  a  compliment  to  you  at 'the  same  time,  which  while  you  need  not  ' 
necessarily  value  very  highly,  you  will  not  of  course  being  the 
custom  to  associate  the  names  of  great  menwfth  things  sometimes  with  which 
they  have  nothing  whatever  to  do.  Any  interest  I  may  take  in  it  will  be 
upon  the  ground  floor, 'and ‘should  you  wish  to  participate  in  the  capital,  you 
shall  be  enabled  to  do  so  on  the  same  terms  as  myself.  if  you  do  not  wish 
to  put  any  money  in  it,  and  I  do,  I  shall  make  them  -  as  they  will  no  doubt 
be  glad  to  do  —  present  you  with  some  shares  of  the  value  which  your  name' 
will  naturally  give  to  ^enterprise.  It  is  the  one  field  of  telephony 
which  I  may  say  almost  throughout  the  world  is  hardly  touched,  and  for  which 
there  are  .  large  possibilities,  even  so  great,  probably,  as  fer  the  regular 
telephone. business.  An  instrument  will  be  sent  to  you  by  an  early  mail,  so 
you  can  judge  of  what  it  is.  I  have  had  considerable  to  do  with  it,  seek¬ 
ing  to  reduce  it  in  size  and  cost  i 

trie  bell.  m  the  sample  sent  you,  there  will  be  only  the  r 
Telephone",  but  of  course  if  your  name  is 

s  near  as  possible  to  the  ordinary  elec- 

3  used,  it  will  be  "Edison's  Domes- 

1  oabl°  wheh  y°u  have  received  this  and  the  telephone, 

intimating  your  decision,  so  that  we  may  proceed  without  delay  in  the  regis¬ 
tration  of  trade-marks,,  memo,  of  ass ’n,  Ac  The  management  will  be  in  the 
hands  of  a  very  energetic  and  able  man,  so  it  will  not  take  any  of  my  time 
from  the  Phonograph.  Simply  the  word  “Domestic"  will  be  sufficient  to  ir 
dicate  your  approval. 

-"STANHOPE”  London. 



The  Stanhope  Company,  Tli, 


London, e.c. 

Jy.  J-.  '  . 

c^r  1 

tlA-e  -uru^bta^  to  .  AS-Lc  ut^jUl.  OAU-ee.  /, J. 

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<LaA&o  Ait-  JZAJZ&.  esy^A.  ■  0YUL.  GBJ&C  C/S  esy^Aj-^C. 

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CvU&-  A.  0(^.<^S2jl.  cjzJU.  , 

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sl*-*^JLi(j  €-e-  ry^x-Mj.  in  ejg/ss?JL.  £°~ en*~tu- l&Sj}-M>'  <fj~°- 

to  I£a-  /^_J_  &si.ajL—  ot- ^u-  oJ- 

tut-  ft^a  j*  ttajj  1€jaj3  &-<-  Cjaoa  <s  J?-*-  jsLaAj-JLMj,  <•»<-»  -  " . 


my,  Limi 


iB.  (Bo.} 

ScM'H'p  SSCaofi-,  ^Dci/l^-M/t  SCy-b^o-Gci/rGo-w.  £jck>  cSPo-oPt, 
CMn-b  eF G-'&l/i/Ci-<j>i,'H.g.  c&Caol'kj-. 

9lo.  226  9-Vcvf.n.u-l:  Street, 


J- - ^—cw  %> 

/- - f - * — ✓  '■  ^5-  . 

r2_/7i^-— JL-^/l.  ah^JjL^. 

Upper  Norwood, 

Feb.  14th,  1888. 

Dear  Edison; 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  27th  ult - I  did  receive  the  papers 

referred  to  by  the  steamer  •Gallia, *  but  ,it  appears  to  me. there  must  have 
been  some  more  formal  documents  entered  into  between  yourself  and  the 
Telephone  Co.  of  Paris.  I8  not  that  the, case?  In  the  case  of  the  En¬ 
glish  Co.  you  know  the  final  agreements  were  signed  by  you  personally, 
notwithstanding  my  power-of-attomey  to  do  so. 

I  have  your  cable  advising  me  of  theiliscovery  of  important  papers 
which  will  be  forwarded  Saturday.  '  r  ahall  a^ait  their  receipt  with 
interest.  '* 

I  would  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  woutfl  £et  up  your  stenographer  and 
just  tell  me  what  you  have  been  doing  in  re^rd  to  the;  phonograph,  and 
when  I  am  likely ’to1'  receive the  first  iiistriiriiMitfe'  ""  '■  ■ 

Dear  Sir: -We  have  been  considering  the  advisability  of  put¬ 
ting  in  Hotel  telephones  frcm  each  room  of  the  in  proees? 
of  construction.  Speaking  tubes, which  we  have  tried  in  various  places 
in  that  portion  now  in  operation, have  failed  to  give  us  satisfactory, 
service.  Have  you  not  arranged  some  simple  and  durable  method  of 
oral  communication  answering  the  purposes  of  a  speaking  tube, the  trana 
mission  of  sound  being  by  wire? 

Yours  Truly, 




Please  «end  us  a  copy  o*  telephone  IhterPerenpe'  case1  Booi  Ibthibit 

^  ’*■*’  Ut“-  187’‘  *°  *•  M(»  of  .toy  20«,, 

«*»«»«-;  «»,  „f  »hioh  m.^,3w  „nt 
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U/estfield  f\e adepyy  ai?d  dpiop  Setyool. 

Gorqplete  Aca6en2io  Aqb  Gollege  fij^paralo^bou 

i!:S.,!tS®r-  . 188/' 

d^dryu^sC  c  y^j? tf&.a'. 

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Westfield,  U.  Y .^S/Ls'... . t . 188? 


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The  attached  explains  itself.  Kindly  note; 
Mr.ij'  Kdison's  remarks  and  advise  me  when  the  instrument  goes  for¬ 

A.  0.  Tate. 




C&n$l<y/rMlrJJ  “ 

P.  K,  Pattison,  Esq. , 

Westfield  Academy  &  Unio>n  School, 


Deoanber  10th,  88, 

Mr.  John  1.  Sabin  wishes  to  know  if  you  osn  furnish 
carbon  buttons  for  the  Kdi son  telephones  which  they  use  out  on 
the  Pacific  Coast?  _ 

1888.  West  Orange  Laboratory  -  General  (D-88-55) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
construction  and  operation  of  Edison’s  West  Orange  laboratory.  Some  of  the 
material  pertains  to  experiments  and  tests  conducted  at  the  laboratory  and  to 
labor  policies  for  laboratoiy  employees.  There  are  also  many  letters  by  Joseph 
H.  Taft,  architect  of  the  laboratory,  concerning  payment  for  his  services. 
Among  the  correspondents  are  Charles  Batchelor,  superintendent  of  the 
laboratory,  and  Arthur  E.  Kennelly,  chief  electrician. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  shipping 
receipts;  routine  correspondence  about  payrolls,  orders,  shipments,  and  the 
personal  affairs  of  laboratoiy  employees;  routine  correspondence  regarding  the 
availability  of  local  housing;  routine  reports  of  engine  performance  tests. 

k)c\^  '  a  ovv 



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NEW  YORK,  _ 



Cara,  THE  T. 


0RANS8,  N,  J, 

As  you  suggested,  T  submit  you  mattor  in  regard  to  claim 
for  extra  labor  while  covering  the  steam  Pipes  at  the  Laboratory, 
as  follows: 

When  you  kindly  gave  me  the  contract  for  covering  the 
Steam  Pipes  connecting  from  Boilers  to  Engines,  in  the  Laboratory 
there  was  one  place  viz,  under  the  Engine  room  floor  that  we  spoke 
of  which  would  be  a  difficult  place  to  work  in.  on  account  of  the 
oonflined  position  of  the  Pipes  and  the  intense  heat  radiated  from 
I  same,  y0u  at  that  time  said  you  would  make  such  provisions  as 

j  would  enable  my  men  to  work  in  this  place.  That  is  you  were  to  put 

l  into  this  space  an  air  blast  of  sufficient'  capacity  to  keep  it  cool 

[  0nOUsh  for  the  men  t0  wor*  in-  But  owing  to  the  unfinished  con- 

j|  dlti°n  °f  y°Ur  aPPal;atus  at  that  time,,  you  were  unable  to  carry  out 







- ^PtE-PHOOF. 




NEW  YORK,  . 


_ 188 

the  above  idea,  consequently  at  your  suggestion  my  men  had  to  per¬ 
form  this  portion  of  the  work  at  night  commencing  at  about  3  o'¬ 
clock  in  the  morning  after  the  Engines  had  stopped,  and  fini 
about  6  o'clock  in  the  morning,  before  oonmenoed  work  a- 

gain.  This  over  time  entailed  upon  me  an  expense  over  and  above 
"hat  I  00uld  reasonably  charge  you,  b*^ld  charge  you  for  this 
over  time  as  per  enclosed  bill. 

Trusting  the  above  explanation  will  be  satisfactory  to 
yoa,  and  accorded  with  your  ideas  I  am 

Potsdam  Red  Sandstone  Co., 

Jfalselarr)  itaijelslorie, 

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%wm&.yp£  Mar  oh  16.  83  .  /M' 

Chas.  H.  Davids,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir :  - 

Yours  of  March  16th,  offer ing  your 
resignation  as  Superintendent  tff  the  Mechanical  Dop't.  of  my 
Laboratory  is  to  hand.  X  am  sorry  that  you  should  find  it 
necessary  to  take  this  course,  and  should  you  need  it,  you  can 
refer  to.  me  at  any  time  -its-  regar d^your  ability  t/<°  - 

Yours  truly, 


Eot-sdam  Sandstone, 


Platforms,  flagging.  Carting  and  Crosswalk. 


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The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

dfityneui  .  fcUho.TS'  fScj 
(  ^..r, 

<%«.,  <f'C: 

New  York,  . 


>«-C . 


■  Thomas  A.  Edison 

40-42  Wall  street,  n.  y. 


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OvunrjG  in  {ft  0  art  of  my  house*,' 
bo  tlioi'o  all  rtifM.* 


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|7roin  tlyl  L.O'"'  Office  of 

B.  A<  V^/tiU 
e.  D.  Uf/ino. 

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^  ’  The  Edison  Lamp  Co„ 

a* l.-ej t Wy  *Qy^-^.pigus.t...: 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq:, 

Laboratory,  Orange  N.J. 


Are  there  Six  Pieper  Arc  L^TiT^oase  on. the  top 
floor  of  your  Laboratory  ?  These  were  sent  by  us  to.  the 
Standardizing  Bureau,  and  left  by  this  Bureau  in  your  Laboratory. 
Very  truly  yours, 

Edison  Lamp  Co. 

By  .  _ 


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#55.  Fifth  Ave. , 

New  York. 


For  many  months  your  men  have  been, *off. and  on,  .  fix¬ 
ing  the  insullation  in  the  residence  of  my  friend  and  neighbor 
Mr.  Burke.  He  has  frequently  complained  of  the  inconsistency  of 
expecting  him  to  use  his  parlor  and  Reception-room  for  work¬ 
shops  for  your  men.  The  trouble  on  our  lines  have  been  very 
frequent  lately,  and  we  have  always  traced  them  from  our  catch- 
box  to  that  part  of  the  system  which  feeds  Mr.  Burke's  house.  A 

few  days  ago  Mr.  Burke  carrio  to  me  and  told  me  that  he  was  now 
thoroughly  ‘disgusted,  and  that  he  could  not  allow  his  place  to 
be  made  a  v/ork-shop  of  any  longer  and  begged  me  to  take  the  .matter 
in  hand  myself  and  sec  that  he  could  get  'a  permanent  and  good 
light.  I  thereupon  instructed  Mr.  Batchelor  to  have  it  fixed 
satisfactory  to  Mr.  Burke.  He  immediately  found  two  bad!''  grounds 
in  the  lead,  cable  system,  one  of  which  he  has  cut  out  and  will  send 
to  you.  If  you  will  investigate  this  matter  you  will  seo  that 
for  some  reason  or  other  a  joint  was  put  in  the  cable,  and  that 

make  t! ■  es  joint  i 


onl'y  ::insullat.ior,  put.  th.  it  jui  keep  that  j o in?’ '^diTgrounding  ... 
T,aK  .  or  threft  layers  of  black;,  tape.  My  .opinion  is  that  your 

workman  .know  absolutely  nothin;;  about  this  style  of  work,  and 
your  inspector,  whoever  he  is,  must  know  leas--  to  instruct  a  man 
to  making  such,  a  joint  as  this.  If  ho  didnot  instruct  him  to 

i,  he  must  certainly  have  seen  fchs  a  joint. made 
asked  the  man  how  he  made  t'  is  joint.  he 

was  satisfied  with  the  explainat .on,  Jh  is  not  fit  for  this  bu¬ 
siness.  Undoubtedly  there  are  many  more  joints  in  that  lead 
cable  system,  all  of  which  we  presume  are  made  in  this  way.  If  so 
you  may  be  sure  we  will  have  to  cut  every  one  of  them  out  as  they 
give  us  trouble,  V/hen  »e  took  out  these  two,  our.tHne»  were  per¬ 
fectly  clear,  but  V  is  morning  again,  which  is"'-opL.y  48  hours, 
we  have  a  ground  on  both  sides,  which  we  are  now  investigating. 


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Mw  York . 0.c.t»»... 

Mfr  dear  Mr.  Kennelly:- 

Mr.  Brown  informs  me  that  you  have  very 
kindly  consented  to  loan  him  your  CardetftVolt  meter  and  also  a  line 
of  resistance  lamps  for  use  an  a  1200  volt  alternating  current. 

Mr.  Brorni  was  very  anxious  to  use  this  apparatus  upon  a  rainey 
night,  and  I  believe  telephoned  you  Saturday  but  there  has  evident¬ 
ly  been  some  misunderstanding,  therefore,  if  convenient,  will  you 
kindly  send  these  articles  to  my  office  at  your  earliest  conven¬ 
ience  so  that  we  may  have  them  ready  for  the  first  opportunity. 
Please  also  send  a  table  of  calibration.  Regretting  to  trouble 
you  in  the  matter  and  ready  at  any  time  to  reciprocate  I  remain, 

Secty  &  Treas. 

A.  E  .  Kenhelly,  Esq. 

The  I.aboratoiy , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

^7  u* 



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to  A  18  into  A I)  STREET, 

Mw  York, . 0ot.  -lS*h-l888 . 

My  dear  Mr.  Kennel ly!- 

I  duly  received  your  valued 
favor  of  the  9th  inst. f  since  which  the  pack¬ 
ages  have  also  come  to  hand  and  have  been  deliv¬ 
ered  to  Mr.  Brown.  Mr.  Brown  will  keep  them  un¬ 
til  the  first  rainy  night  and  after  using  than 
I  will  see  that  they  are  returned  in  good  order. 
With  renewed  thanks  for  your  kindness  in  this 
matter  and  ready  at  any  time  to  reciprocate,  j 
I  remain. 

To  A.  E.  Kennelly,  Esq. 
The  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.  J. 


UuutiiUou  tX'uc/ u/u  'Sairtiu/  tuA- 
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WUl/ULiAU /  Jita/W-  />„  -/  lA:  . 

W4W  /Mw-ty 


fat  /  Ulbi-pi  fafa 
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fafaX  muyd^^t  Mu  auD  far 

Dt4uulUm  ddckuJ A wfa  * 

Mr.  Thos  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir!- 

I  beg  to  announce  that  our  Winter  schedule  on 
the  N.  Y.  &  3.  L.  Railway  went  into  effect  on  the  I4th  inst.,  and 
I  have  taken  the  liberty  of  enclosing  you  herewith  card  giving  the 

My  objeot  is  not  only  to  invite  your  attention  to  the  fact  of 
the  change,  but  also  that  we  have  improved  over  last  Winter  on  the 
Orange  Branch  to  the  extent  of  two  more  trains  eastward  and  four 

more  trains  westward,  that  we  are  now  running  new  cars  on  an  im¬ 
proved  road,  and  using  hard  coal  burners,  that  our  23rd  St.  Station 
and  low  commutation  rates  present  considerable  advantages  to  fami¬ 
lies  for  shopping  as  well  as  for  regular  commuters  in  business  in 
the  City.  I  would  also  solicit  your  patronage  in  so  far  as  advis¬ 
ing  your  friends  in  regard  to  our  facilities. 

We  will  be  pleased  to  stop  our  express  leaving  at  10.50  A.M. 

at  your  factory  in  order  to  make  our  line  even  more  convenient  to 
your  visitors,  upon  notification  of  your  desire  that  we  do  so. 

Very  truly, 

— ,, 

General  Passenger  Agent- 

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My  Dear  In  ml  11!- 

I  understand  that  you  are  to  have  some  tests  . 
made  at  the  Laboratory  in  connection  with  Callender  oable.  On 
Saturday  last,  Mr.  Konnelly  brought  me  the  attached  letter  whieh 
he  proposed  sending  to  the  Callender  people,  and  whieh  struck  me 
as  not  being  quite  the  ri^it  kind  of  communieation  to  make  to 
them.  Of  course  I  know  nothing  about  the  facts.  If  you  approve 
of  the  letter,  you  can  send  it  on. 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq,, 

19  Dey  Street, 

N.  Y.  City. 


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(xlit-es  — 

X  have  yours  of  the  11th  inst .  and  as  requested 
have-  instructed  our  factory  to  send  you  a  sample  of  about  30  ft.  of 
our  cable  for  testing,  we  wish  however  to  remark  that  our  object 
was  not  to  have  our  cable  simply  tested  by  Mr.  Edison  or  his  assis¬ 
tants,  but  was  to  have  our  underground  system  tested  because  there 
are  objections  which  might  be  raised  to  our  cable  which  wouldvhave 
no  valid  ground  against  our  system  whon  laid.  We  would, therefore 
'■'  suggest  that  we  should  lay  for  you  a  length  of  about  100  ft.  of  our 
■solid  systemaoriUwhere  in  your  grounds  ,  This  will  allow  Mr.  Edi- 

he  could  possibly  do  as  simply  testing  the  edible.  Of  < 
will  lay  this  short  length  at  our  own  expense. 


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1888.  West  Orange  Laboratory  -  Suppliers  (D-88-56) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  purchase  of  supplies 
for  Edison’s  West  Orange  laboratory  and  the  shipment  of  scientific  instruments, 
tools,  equipment,  machinery,  and  materials  to  the  laboratory.  Some  of  the 
letters  pertain  to  the  purchase  of  furniture  for  the  library. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
catalogs  and  prices:  routine  letters  concerning  the  ordering  and  shipment  of 
supplies  and  equipment  from  the  Edison  Machine  Works,  the  Edison  Lamp  Co. 
and  other  suppliers. 

Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-88-35  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
Machine  Works). 

:  dU- 

7Ka^uJ^e,tu,'U.^L  T©0.*k^c^  Pf  , 

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^)ta~i-t_eLa~a_el_  ^JljL^JtnJ^aJL  cftssjt 

paJb^JbU.  Xo^JLtu^,  gtc. 

Qst-*-*^(Lc<^IL,  7[.  Qi., . JAN ...  .3 .1888 


T.  -A.  Edison  Esq. 

0  range,  N.  j. 
Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  pleased  to  learn  that  on  the  whole  our  goods  are 
satisfactory  to  you.  We  ship  you  as  requested  a  dozen  mo r< 

p^er  scales  for  galvanometers.  m  regard  to  the  two  more 

resistance  boxes  on  which  you  asked  a  price  we  quote  you  as  follows; 
■*®  °§B  fUrniSh  y°U  tTO  "J3”bo  xes  (as  soon  as  adjustment  is  consisted/ 

Hoping  that  whenever  you  are  in  need  *f  anything  in  our  line 
that  you  will  favor  us  with  a  chance  to  figure  on  the  s^e.we-  are. 
Yours  respectfully, 

UJ  o .  KcVi  ■  . 

iss-f-o '  -pH 

Edison' Lamp  Company. 

Harrison,  N.  J 


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✓  <%^  ^  ^  - 

(Dear  sir: — 

Your  faVor  of  the  3rd  inst .  ha3  cone  to  hand,  and 
I  am  very  glad  that  you  received  the  various  specimens  which 
1  sent  you  so  m3ny  months  ago;  because  some  of  them  are  very 
rare.  Now  I  am  sorry  to  say  that  I  cannot  give  you  the 
petrified  eye-ball  which  I  wrote  you  about,  and  also  told 
your  Mr.  English  of;  I  put  it  away  about  a  year  ago,  so 
carefully,  that  now  when  I  look  for  it,  I  cannot  find  it. 

And  the  reason  that  I  am  writing  to  you  is  that  $ou  may  not 
T  disappointed  whenever  you  call  here,  if  you  find  that  I 
not  have  it. 

1  want  to  make  a  preset  of  it  to  you,  and  whenever 
lit  comes  into  my  hands  again,  I  Shall  send  it  to  you  at 

Wishing  you  a  very  happy  and  prosperous  New  Year, 
Very  truly  yours. 

Edison  Lamp  Company. 

?ZCs£6  1/L  /,  Q  JL/ft 

^z-  7/z^££'  ^z-Zt  £?  s).  /£~ 



2  WBBt  14th  Street, 


CL^ ,  (L 


We  send  you  a  circular  of  a  very  fine  and  re¬ 
markable  optical  outfit,  fen-  projection,  in  which  we  think  you  may 
be  interested,  os  it  is  unique.  Should  you  carS  to  purchase  it 
we  would  be  pleased  to  male e  you  special  prices. 

We  have  received  not  ice  of  the  shipment  of  a  large  invoice  of 
apparatus  for  you  from  Dr.  M.Th.  Edelmann. 

We  notioe  that  in  the  orders  which  you  have  given- us,  .there  is 
almost  nothing  of  our.  own  manufacture,  the  orders  being  almost  al¬ 
together  for  importation.  Wo  are  pi  eased  *  o  call  your- attention 
to  the  fact  that  we  have  one  of  tho  beat  managed  and  thoroughly 
equipped  shops  for  t be  .manufacture  of  s  dent  if ic'  apparatus  in  this 
country,  and  in  case  you  should  want  to  have  anything  made  we  ’ 
Should  be  pleased  t  o  give  you  plans  am  specif  reasons  as  we  have 
a  corps  or  reliable  workmen  and  the  person  who  has  clarge  of  the 
manufacture  is  a  first  class  draughtsman  an!  has  had  long  years. of 

experience  in  the  use  and  manufa  cture  of  s  cientific  apparatus.  In 
this  way  xve  feel  ttiat  we  are  better  equipped  for  special  work  at 
present  than  ever  before,  and  should  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  in 
regard  to  anything  whi  ch  you  may  wish  made. 

During  the  visit  of  our  Mr.  Walton  to  Europe  during  this  summer, 
he  purchased  a  large  amount  of  interesting  new  material  which  we 
have  now  in  our  store  ani  should  be  pleased  to  show  you;  there  is 
a  great  deal  of  apparatus,  etc.  which  is  new  and  which  vie  think 
yOi  would  find  interesting,  and  vie  should  be  glad  to  have  you  case 
over  and  spend  a  day  with  us. 

We  shall  be  pleased  to  hear  item  you  and  remain 
very  Respectfully 

_  5k„k  . - . 

M.  LtVOR,  "  “i# 





49  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  jan.v.iasa. 

Mr.Chas, Patchelor, 

Orange , H, J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  enclose  you  letter  of  the  Brown  &  Pharpe  i«fj?,Co.  and 
you  will  please  co-.raiun icat e  direct  with  them  in  relation  to  the  infor¬ 
mation  they  ask  thereon, 

V/s  also  enclose  bill  and  letter  of  S.E. Jones  for  the  two  steam 
Traps  ordered  in  December.  The  defective  Steam  Tran  vou  sent  us  has 
been  oxchan-ed,  and  we  will  send  it  by  express  to  you  to-day. 

Yours  respectfully. 


His  £ita  Uiib  Works,  r;s 

per  jQj 



Edison  Machine  Works, 

19  Dey  St.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Gentlemen;-  Yours  of  5*  inst.  received  requesting 
us  to  ship  Gear  Cutters,  &c.,  to  Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J. 

We  can  send  all  the  Slitting  Saws  at  once,  also  Emery  Wheels.  Will 
make  and  send  Gear  Cutters  as  soon  as  possible.  In  regard  to  taper 
Reaper  ordered,  would  say  that  there  are  two  tapers  on  the  Grinding 
Machine,  one  considerable  smaller  than  the  other;  please  advise  which 
one  you  want  the  Reamer  for.  Also,  please  give  us  the  number  of 
your  Machine,  which  you  will  find  on  the  top  of  the  table  in  the 

Yours  Truly, 

Brown  &  Sharpe  Mfg.  Co. 

s*  per  J.  T.  C» 

P.  S.  Please  advise  by  return  mail  if  we  shall  send  at  once  all  the 
Cutters  on  hand,  or  wait  till  Gear  Cutters  and  Reamer  are  finished. 


he  Edison  llechlno  Works.” 

Iff? -Of-  O') 

THOMAS  A.  EDISON,'  President. 

OHN  kRUESI.  Assist! 


Schenectady.  N„.  Y-^4  ^  j  ^ 


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. ^  tyWX-L^  4^uo»  .  QyC^-Cy^  ^ _ _ _ _  _ 


(/L-  Ui  ji  4. 

(A  v . 


Z^L  fou [!£&:: JM7i 

{yyyf/[r . tysv^j^L^i/  ru-^/n' 

flj ~1hy^  ,  'QsL^yLL  ^ 


Gilbert  *&  Barker  Manufacturing  Co,, 


Springfield  Gas  Machine,  ' j 



And  "PURE  SPIRITS”  Gasolene  for  Gas  Machines,  •  Q 

75  MAIDEN  LANE,”  ‘  i 

ofe™  ^  ganuary  0,  188% 

Thomas  A,  gdison,  £sq,r 

Drangef  W,Ji4 

Dear  Sir;-* 

tto  are  anxious  to  have  your  gas  plant  a  perfect 
success  in  ovary  particular,  and  we  hope  you  will  reel  free  to  drS*  .  j 
on  our  experience  to  adapt  the  gas  to  your  varied  needs,  t  don't 
think  there  is  anything  to  be  done  with  gae  in  your  laboratory,  [ 

except  the  little  glass  blowing,  that  can  be  done  any  better  with 
coal  gas  than  with  the  fuel  gas,  You  will,  however,  bear  in  -  1 

mind  the  fact  that  afe  a  rule  the  burners  used  with  coal  gas  are 
not  adapted  to  the  use  of  fuel  gas,  I  think  you  will  not  have 
any  trouble  with  the  ordinary  Bunsen  burner  that  you  Use,  but  some  ©  j  j 
of  the  other  coal  gas  burners  will  prove  a  failure,  .  I  saw  a 
man  on  Saturday  toying  to  heat  a  tool  for  tempering,  with  complete  .  | 

r allure.  The  same  could  be  done  to  perfeetlon  in  a  little  fire  I 

brick . furnace,  No*  debt*  go  on  and  experiment  with  things 
that  we  have  found  to  fail,  diva  ««  the  thing  to  be  dong,  end 
we  will  tell  you  hoV  todo  it  successfully,  I  shall. go  up  to 
your  Laboratory  next  Wednesday  or  Thursday,  and  as  often  afterward 



Edison  Machine  Works, 

19  Dey  St.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Gentlemenj-  We  are  in  receipt  of  a  letter  dated 
Jan.  9th  from  the  Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J.,  requesting  us  to 
send  what  Slitting  Saws  and  Emery  Wheels  we  could  at  once  by  express 
to  the  Laboratory,  which  we  have  done  to-day.  Have  also  sent  all  the 
Gear  Cutters  we  had. in  stock  and  will  send  balaoe  of  order  as  soon  as 
possible.  Enclosed  please  find  invoice.  You  will, notice  that  we 
have  discounted  25$  from  the  Cutters  ordered;  would  say  we  do  this  on. 
account  of  the  large  quantity  ordered  at  this  time,  but  could  not 
make  the  same  discount  on  a  small  order. 

Hoping  they  will  be  received  promptly,  we  remain, 

Yours  Truly, 

Brown  &  Sharpe  Mfg.  Co. 

S.  per  J.  T.  C. 




Sales  Office.  80  NASSAU  STREET, 

. i 

y:  IJork,. 

: " . /  * . ,,  ,,  ^  .  ( 


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.  .  ^^-  <.* . 1/  -  ^2^/  &SL_£_s 

'  4l/  ^6sis£<£^ 




■*t  Mn^you  feome  days 'should  you  desire,  one  of,,,, 

\  ■  r  ;.'r. r.t  vou 

o  can  come  out  and  connect  up  the  instrument'/:  We  enclose  bil 
to  have  a  te'.; 

d^if/yog  care  to  send  us  check  now,  please  deduct  }  per  c<?nt 

to  cl 

the  baseness  of  *87' to  January  lsfe.'  *51 

I\f  to 

(  $L_,  cJ^JLx  a^^zzjt  $ 

-UXxJljl/  o~*Laj^4jU  7V\/  S>C>Lo<1-Ov-j  i-O  KjUiy|o  </r^cA^Z^^e^CC 

cnyo  '  «x^e-l  ✓-yvjtr't"  <V>-eA^)  gsx^A*~^<l*SU-V  •  T'bs 

Xhrlt^JjZj  '  - - *1  J-£~ 

J'(u>v>^/^'  o^t  W-eA-iV)  «_<l<L^uJji-i  «>>  J&A^)  CKtkvrbjZ 

La  L#vyA>€rrll*srJC  ^O-v-'  ^'*' 

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~Jt  vaJSL  rwS)  -iMy  A*s  ^Jj-^Jb  If.  rr^/C  vW 

'S-° -0^~<  Ct«^f 

®  OL.  51.  Wf, 


are  some  instruments  not  ordered  by  you,  but  which  tte  y  sent  over 
with  the  other  goods,  saying  'that  you  would  take  a  special  interest 
in  them  am  like  to  have  them.  .  They  charged  for  them,  and  we 
send  them  to  you  rather  than  unpack  them  out,,  and  send  the  bill  fa- 
them,  but  with  the  understanding  that  we  do  not  at  a  11  expect  you 
to  keep  them  unless,  you  wish,  H  &  B  sent  t)Bm  in  their  own  reponsi- 
bilit  y\  They  comprise  some  of  their  new  Vo  ltjne te r^'j^a m  also  a 
new  technical  bridge  wKUph  is  a  c curate  t  o  wit  hin /about  1/2  or  1# 

■  and  which  'is  very  cheap.  -,We  think  yq'u  will  probably  find  ttom 
of  interest  and  "useful,  but  If  not ^  pl.ease,  retu  rih  them. 

Very  Heqj  eqtf  ully 

jaimp  W.^ori ,  & Gov  per  r 

U-.o  1S-S-&-OI  _|7 

QTJALMaBT.  W,  H,  WALMSLEY  &  00,, 


Photographic  Stock  Merchants. 

^No,  1016  Chestnut  Street. 

.  Philadelpi  rZsistst/'  A  88  <f~~ 

<-  <z£yr. 

Office  of  T.  G.  SELLEW, 


1 '7b.  Ill  JPulton.  Street, 


\  JX?4u,  ^tn*— 


•  vTc^. 

Resits,  ^jjicc  ami  ||ilxrary  ^urmturc, 

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*  i 


should  be  glad  if  you  would  send 




.145 — aatb,_aaaa — 

'  -  Referring  to  ypuV  letter  of  some  days  since, 
fial  ordered  from  the  Ansonia  Brass  .4  Copper  C-  «•  -  - 
we,_enc lose  you  herewith  a  couijuiiri  cation  which 

■  ^  «  wj  uifiuii  n,  a  tiyn  ,‘Wnicii-  we  have 

?e°pi9>  i.nS,hloh  thiy  state  that  they  exp 
■Y ’*$£§*$ sW.a/1«  K'^ds.  to-day  or 'tomorrow,  and  that  Vour 
/i  llv  bej  cdmple  tod  by  the  Jd5th.  inst.  We  hays  boln  p 
'■..'■ir.cas,sau;tl!y.r-  •  1 

•:  Vour 

tj  mat er~  * 
boratory , 
have  received  from 
>ee’t  to  com- 

Senegal  filap 

pushing  them 



lo  \0  ,  UAj,  |  ?$■?'  ol-^O 

'  JAN  ‘>;i  wv 
Schenectady,  N.  Y.  ■ '  ,, 

Gentl einen:  - 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  18  th  inst., 
in  relation  to  Brass  and  Copper  of  different  foims 
for  Mr.  Edison's  labratory,  part  of  tlio  goods  will 
be  shipped  tomorrow  or  next  day,  and  we  oxpeot  to 
complete  the  entire  order  by  the  S5th  inst.  We  ro- 
gret  the  delay,  but  as  you  are  aware  it  is  very 
slow  work  making  such  small  quantities  of  so  many 
different  sizes  of  goods,  and  our  having  to  take  in. 
vent.ory  and  shutting  do  wn  a  portion  of  our  works 
has  of  course  taken  considerable  time  within  the 
last  month. 

Yours  truly, 

The  Ansonia  Brass  &  Copper  Co. 
A.  £.  Cowles,  Sec'y., 

Office  of  T.  G.  SELLEW, 

tfg-r  -OI-JlJ 


Wwwmm  mm  Wmsawmm* 

No.  Hi  Fulton  Street, 

. . 

-  ‘Vyv  jl. 

. x^r 

. SffK ! 

. ^  X 

■”■  •-fAcsA  £^{4  V  Q^-Z-P  $•<.  >SL/£-jC-fL  J? 

.4*-  N  .  \  _  a 

^rw  - ^  X  .  &nr^.  "/-?>,  Z<C  (K^  ..^,A 

^  ^  X  ^  <Sn^  ^ 

. X07  ^ !f 

fo+jy  .jtz _~4*  _sc  z *jJzc  &' 

yirrJL_ . vr^X/.  ._.. _ _ 

_ _ _^_  ^ 

,/t^  ^  <X' 




Messrs  Chance  Bros,  again  call  our  attention  to 
your  order  for  Discs.  They  are; sending  the  Discs  under  3  inches 
diameter,  in  equal  quantities  of  Hard  and  Soft  Crown,  light  and 
Dense  Flint;  but  for  the  larger  sizes  of  Discs,  they  will  not  do 
anything  until  they  hear  from  you  again.  In  the  first  place,  they 
wish  to  know  whether  the  Discs  are  to  be  used  for  telescopes  or 
Cameras,  or  for  other  Photo  Instruments.  And  then  in  the  larger 
sizes  of  Discs  which  you  order:  One  of  these  Discs  would  be  of 
no  use  if  you  have  not  the  other  to  go  with  it,  as  the  Crown  and 
Flint  have  to  be  used  together,  that  is  they  go  in  pairs.  If  you 
order  the  Disc  of  Crown,  you  ./want  one  of  Flint  also,  unless  you 
have  glass  on  hand  to  take  the  place  of  the  kind  that  you  have  not 

This  also  applies  to  the  plates  ordered. 

Please  oompare  your  order  with  Clianoes  catalogue 

and  advise  us. 


Gilbert  &  Barker  Manufacturing  Co,, 

Springfield  Gas  Machine, 

And  "PURE  SPIRITS”  GASOLENE  for  GAS  Machines, 


Mr.  Charles  Bachelor, 

Harrison,  N.J., 
Dear  Si r;~ 


January  27/  1888. 

We  send  you  some  burners  which  we  think  you  will 
find  useful.  The  small  burner  can  be  arranged  to  fit  into  the 
centre  of  the  large  one,  and  be  Independent  of  the  large  one  in 
operation.  The  supply  pipe  or  the  smaller  one  could  be  cut  off 
about  one  inch  from  the  ring,  and  the  nipple  left  on:--  the  burner 
can  be  threaded,  an  elbow  put  on,  a  short  nipple -and  another  elbow, 
then  a  short  piece  of  pipe  with  a  coupling,  into  which  the  piece 
of  the  burner  stem  cut  of r  oan  be  screwed.  This  arrangement  win 
allow  the  burners  to  stand  on  the  same  level,  and  each  be  inde¬ 
pendent  of  the  other  in  operation.  One  trouble  is  likely jt.« 

occur  with  these  burners  If  used  Just  as  they  are.  There  will 
be  times,  when  the  oil  gets  low  in  the  Generator,  that  no  air  will 
be  required  to  make  the  gas  of  the  right  mixture  for  per root  com¬ 
bustion,  hence  the  burner,  just  as  it  is,  will  induce  too  much 
Bin  To  have  them  just  right  at  all  times;  there  should  be  T 
an  adjustable  covering  for  the  air  inlet.  '  A  metal  sleeve  oan 

January  27, 

Ohas.  Bachelor,  Esq,, 

Page  ; 

"*  '‘1'M  °”  S*'“"  *'  ‘h*‘  th»  b.  placed  the 

“r  'nl*t  “  »»»  hav8  «wd  the  burners  1„  ,h. 

Oas  Griddle. 

*"  *”  «•  “»  «»  f  «...  at  .he  vault, 

«.  think  it  tore  effective  to  uc,  the  ,i,„  the  p,pe 

within  the  ei,  pipe,  had  .hi,  ...had  i.  in  perfect  accord 
ineuranc.  r.gul.tiou.,  The  simples,  .„c  f„  ^ 

remove  that  check  valve  the  vault,  and  run  the  plps 

It  -a,  originally,  „.ko  , ha,  change,  and  i,  ,m  6e  right. 

We  send  you  .a  safety  and  a  vacuum  valve,  and  a 
rough  sketch  of  ho,  the,  should  he  placed,  T.p  th,  ...  plpe 
in  the  vault  for  a  half  inch  pipe,  and  connect  up  with  short 
nipples  as  indicated.  The  ball  on  the  safety  valve  is  too  heavy 
remove  it,  and  put  on  a  weight  that  will  allow  the  valve  to  open 
with  a  pressure  Just  a  little  in  excess  of  your  nonnal  pressure. 

0f  C°UrSe  y°U  ”'1U  °bSerVe  «*•  vacuum  valve  must  downward. 

In  regard  to  the  check  valve  in  the  Generator,  we 
wish  to  say  that  we  consider  it  entirely  useless, 'and  we  have 
never  found  it  required  by  Insurance  men. 

Please  make  these  changes  as  soon  as  convenient  to 

do  so. 


.  I*-** 



'  Providence,  R.  I.  Jan.  27, 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison,.  Orange,  N.  J.  VS 

Dear  Sirs- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  26 «  Inst.,  ahdv„^ 
hand  you  enclosed  herewith^  blue  print  showing  the  various  sizes  of  s 

reamers  which  we  use.  If  any  of  these  reamers  will  answer  your  pur-  a 
pose,  we  shall  be  pleased  to  receive  your  order.  They  all  taper  S> 
1-2*  to  the  foot,  except  the  No.  10,  which  varies  slightly  from  this.NA 
The  No.  1  Milling  Machine  was  made  with  the  No.  10  taper,  and  the  \ 
Universal  Grinding  Machine  with  the  No.  7  taper,  we  think,  so  that  V 
the  two  will  differ  slightly.  A 

Should  you  wi3h  a  reamer  1.2*  taper  to  take  the  place  of  the  No. 

10,  we  could  make  it  for  you.  The  No.  10  was  made  a  great  many  years 
ago,  before  the  present  accurate  methods  of  measuring  were  devised, 
and  we  supposed  it  was  correat.  Now,  we  have  so  many  machines  out 
made  with  it  that  we  cannot  change  without  very  great  difficulty. 

We  would  advise,  your  having  standard  plugs  for  any  tapers  you 
choose  to  use,  as  a  reamer  may  in  grinding  get  lout  of  line  without 
being  noticed.  We  can  furnish  these  plugs. 

Tours  truly, 

ThQraas  A. Edison  Esq..; 

'  Orange^  N.  J,. 

■Dear.  Sirs 

. . explaining,  of  the  great,  delay 

laboratory,,.  I.  a.  happy  *  m  ltat 
most  everything  »=«  has  hee,  shipped  to  yo«.and  „lIcUs 

r.»i.  to.t,  .hipped  win. he  so.,  ,»  ,  te,  days,.  .  douhtlea. 

great  to  youtbut  the  difficult  of  ..King  small  guaatitiaa  of  so  ' 
“W  s,zes  °r  “  *»•  “»  >•»  would,  thtnfc,  and  ».t.»„  „ 

long  to  MU  snob  an  ord.r  i>  It  would  to  rill  a  very  l.c,.  ordat  suon  as  „ 
ordinarily  gst.  M.praaaad  upon  on,  paopla.tha  porta.,.  . f  .ooW. 

dating  you  l,  tbl,  reaped t. and  I.  think  thoy.dld  ail  lhay  ,o„ia..  ,  t 

~r,  much  that. you  ....  has.  .put  to  an,  i.e.nvenlane,.  „  l6a  d.lay.a.d  1.  ,„,t. 

under  the  oircumstances, you  will  excuse  It.. .  j 

yours. /isry  truly. 

Office  of. 

Manning,  Maxwell  &  Moore, 

Railway  and  Machinists’  Tools  and  Supplies, 

Nos.  1  1  I  &  1  13  LIBERTY  STREET. 


The  Edison  Machine  Works, 

19  Dey  St . ,  City  . 

Feby  3rd,  1888. 


Some  veeks  ago  you  gave  us  an  order  for  a  50*  dear 
Cutter  for  the  Orange  labratory.  With  this  machine  we  furnish 
one  arbor  and  will  make  it  of  any  desired  size  that  you  designate. 
The  factory  state  that  they  have  the  machine  running  and  that 
they  have  made  a  number  of  valuable  improvements  on  it  and  would 
like  to.  keep  it  a  day  or  two  longer  to  see  that  -these  new  improve¬ 
ments  are  all  right.  They  believe  that  you  will  feel  fully 

v  -E.e.bry— 3gd.>.....l.H88. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Mr  Chas.  Bacheldor, 

Dear  Sir;- 

ffill  you  be  kind  enough  to  send  at  once  by 
express  to  Mr  Jno.;fL.  Bogert  Flushing,  I..  I.  a  Reamer  for  boring 
the  hole  in -spindle  of  the  two  14in  Lathes  ordered  for  you,  also 
send  with  the  same,  a. standard  of  the  aut  exact  diam.  and  thread 
which  you  want  the  end  of  apindle  to  be  made. 

We  presume  you  have  something  that  you  want  to  interchange 
mth  these  Lathes,  and  we  would  like  to  have  a  template  so  as 
to  make  sure  we  are  right. 

If  you  will  kindly  send  this  at  once,  it  will  help  alopg  the 

Yours  truly 

E.  P,  Bullard 
Dictated  by  '  * 

^"^^zC&z^v-  ~*~u, 

-r  s^&C  „ 

s-c^s:  -j£- 

A^  ~T*~~r-p~+~y+&  „^C  fZgge/f"*- 


•  gi^cLr  y. 



Office  of 

m  '  Manning,  Maxwell  &  Moore, 

antUaatlnga  63'  J  7  JarWiwrir  Co.'*  BoU  Cutters  anti 

wSSr  p„:i  ,  aSa-L, 

SSS  ^ai^way  anc^  Machinists  Tools  and  Supplies,  jsfggSg^ 

"<>'«!  »  "tdi no  ’ 

Nos.  Ill  &  113  LIBERTY  STREET. 



Feby  4th,  T888. 

The  Thomas  A.  Edison  labratory , 

Orange,  N..I. 


Mr  Batchelor's  letter  of  the  3rd  is  received,  and  we 
are  in  receipt  of  invoice  for  the  balance  of  all  the  matters  be¬ 
longing  to  the  Precision  lathe,  including  the  grinding  Drum, 
which  Slate  charged  before  but  now  fin*,  he  omitted  from  the  shlp- 

Hoping  that  this  shipment  will  make  everything  complete 
and  satisfactory,  to  remain 

Yours  respectfully 

Feb*  4+88 

Mr*  Thos*  A*  Edison, 

Orange,  N*  J* 

Dear  Sirl- 

We  are  obliged  for  your  favor  of  the  8rd  explain¬ 
ing  your  order  for  Optical  Qlaas,  and  will  oWtgethe  factory  at 
once  about  it* 

Yours  very  truly. 

il  U  ™  zr 

Q  ^ty'  yw«j  JPnXfi^ 

->F^LCI-'  i%Jtt  ''sZ&viaL*.  *^-vw 

j4tilAr&  GjLt^afJjL,  "st+JLetM,  IaajcA  Oc*Ma*I  %&4Lm2* 

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Ruby  and  Sapphire  Braw  Plates, 

m-  pcr^ 

y/&  t^reac/sctcy/ 

<■  S/'cJ  &<"?■/:.; ^  JZz/y  /6‘JT 

V  tv-ec-e'tsesCS*.  &£*£? 

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<&*-<*-*  tfsi&rt,  <S^eL- 

.  A  tstyts*rt&s'  4s/ 

'  Orr/4^  LrtP^yf^, 

^  n  Jr  ft 

924  Chestnut  Street. 

iMtaj'tojny  _  .. 

Sole  Agents  forTH.  &  H.  DUBOSCQ,  VERDIN, 


Physios  and  Chemistry. 

Philadelphia,  Pa„  u.  s.  a. 




jeb.  13th.  1888. 

,  n.j.  (y^° 

Thomas  A. Edison; 


Dear  Sir; 

Y°u  will  reirester  tint  we  couLd  not  ge  t  t  te 
Ayrton  *  ;erry  Dispersion  Phot  cater  for  ^  om  England,  as  San- 
nett  who  made  it  had  disappeared.  we  f**  t  tat  lvs  can  g.t  ,  ■  la 

«*  Ka  th.  caMoeue  of  &u<>  ^  #Mch 
flni  it  quoted  at  M-170.  Ye  shall  be  pleased  to  import  i*.  f<r 
you  if  you  would  llketoha^:^, 

we  shall  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you  and  remain 
very  Res  peot fully 

'  ,  . . . lvrv”o“i-a, 





19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  Feb.i4,i88a. 

Chas,  Batchelor,  Esq,, 

Care  Edison  Laboratory,  Orange, N.J. 
Dear  Sirj- 

We  enclose  you  herewith  a  letter  from  Browne  &  Sharpe  Ilf g, 
Co.,  for  your  perusal,  together  with  a  bill  for  Three (3)  Taper  Reamers 
We  also  enclose  bill  of  Feb. 10th  from  Me  Nab  &.  Harlin  Mfg.Co,,  and 
bill  of  Feb. 5th  from  Messrs ^Pierson  &  Company.  Please  check,. 

Yours  truly, 

The  Edison  Machine  Work^, 




Edison  teichine  Works,  Shafting  Dept**  X9  Dey  St*, New  York,  N.  Y. 


We  send  you  to-day  the  S  Reamers  ordered*  We  find  j 
that  the  largest  Reamer  is  a  little  soft  at  the  back  end  of  flutes# 

If  it  will  not  answer  your  purpose,please  return  and  we  will  make  a, 
new  one  at  once*  We| enclose  invoice  and  letter  from  the  Edison 

Yours  Truly, 

Brown  &  Sharpe  Mfg#  Co* 
Per  B.  V*  '•'M* 


'1Ric()aif5son  & 




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\  CL  jpis\sr-  J&l;-  . .... . . . . 

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■  <*-**^-^**5/  C^L  JLl^Zy  jCyv7s~co6c/ 

O-fcy  //  -  iM-ll/f ^  e/uaJ/L 

FACTO^^f^^^ .  February  15th  ypp  8. 

The  Laboratory-'  of  ' 

ThospA. Edison, 

- - ' .  Orange,  N.  J.  _  _ _  _  •  A*,  -■  ’ 

Gentlemen:  '  ■  . 

. . 1 . ^Replying  to  :your  favor  of  the  :13th  just  at  hand  The'  tro7j3"  ,~-iuee 

.Boxes, ordered  'by  :you .have .  been  completed  :for  .some  time 

.comparison  test  .of  -.each  .coil  as  asked  for  by  you.  As  re  wish  to  give  yo"u  very 

•  accurate  work,  .it  is  impossible  for  .us  .to  .keep  a  constant .  temperature  during  "—  - 

the  :axtreme  -cold:  weather:  intour  -old  laboratorjr-and  as  -  our  new  .laboratory-  is -not . _ 

•  yet  •oomplBtefrwe  have:been  trying. to.  get .  this  .part  .of  .the  .done  .at  :the  , Johns  ■  ji 

Hopkins  University  .  _  The  result  Is  .that  we  are  looking  for  a  telegram  from 
Dr -Dundan  daily  ,as  he- promised  tho  .writer  to  .let  .us  .know  :as  soon  as  they  are  -ready  i 
■for -us,  andton  .-receipt  of  which  telegram  our  Mr.Prey  .will  •  leave  for  Baltimore  -with' 

the  boxes  :and .  with in  a  -  few  days  -. afterward  you  :■ wi  1 1 : have  .  the  boxes .  ; . .  •'  : 

Hoping. you  will  pardon  the-  seeming  negloct  in  .filling  your  order  ;,  we  remain,  . 

:P.B;The,_thMmometers.^haye  -been  tobtaj-ned :and if  1  tied  'to ■  the '•  hmti>« •  W 

James  W.<  Queen  &  Co.,  February  16,  1888. 

024  Chestnut  Street, 

Philadelphia ,  Pa. 

Small  hydraulic  press  b»nt  here  has  no  pump  to  it.  Is ’there 
one  belonging  to  it?  Answer.-  * 

e  d  iso  m  .  p;- 

<L  ,  To  prevent  loss,  plcasoraulioroii 

2  V4T!?  - 

>  The  E.  S.  Greeley  &  Co., 

Successors  to  L.  6.  Tillolsoq  &  Go., 


'iT’mmT  Telegraph,  Telephone,  Electric  Light, 


And  Bailway  and  Steamship  Supplies, 

Nos.  5  and  7  DEY  STREET, 

Thonas  A. Edison, Esq. , 
Orange,  n.J. 

Dear  Sir 

IZrZ  T 


whl+ho^i3,15  lf  you  wl8h  **>  determine 
MthZ,*  ZJZt!?  n+Zpa,oe  18  pr°P0rly  lighted, 
Wthout  going , to  the  expense  of  carring 
thither  some  <$450. 00  worth  of  Intricate  appar¬ 
atus,  you  can  accomplish  this  result  with 'the 

simple  instrument  herewith.  You  will  know 
when  the  ilghtlng  is  properly  done  by  the 
stiff ness  of  the  shadow. 

Mr.  Gilliland,  who  has  seen  it  w0rk,  can 
explain  the  natter  fully; 



Address'all  Correspondence  to 

From  E.  W.  BLISS  CO., 


17  ADAMS  ST., 

Mr  Thos  A.  Edison, 

Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  ,,  .  __ 

Meh  2nd  1888  j 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Ymir  order  per  letter  29th  ult  has  been  received  and  entered  as  below 

with  our  best  thanks.  If  the  particulars  are  not  correct,  kindly  advise  us  at  once. 

A  Thermometer  that  will  go  up  to  500°  F 

3ay  that  the  Magnetometer  charged  Feb.  I8th.  and  the  spendulum  In¬ 
terrupt  r  are  both  in  oir  store,  wait  ing  t  ill  we  send  you  a  lot  of 
goods.  This  accounts  for  your  not  finding  ttem,  and  we  hope  is  j; 

satisfactory  to  you. 

V«ry  Req?  ectfully 

Tanes  W.Qu0en  &  Co. 

6  ff/1  ' 

1 ^ 

^f-  **^*~/'  „  if.  ITZc) 

%-&y  _  <Z%r&S~j TvZj 

iHST  w.  H.  WALMSLEY  &  CO,-  “s. 

Successors  to  and  Sole  Agonts  for  R.  &  J.  BECK, 


Photographic  Stock  Merchants, 

No.  1016  Chestnut  Street. 




^  P - 

y-\ - — n/P  ** Or  - 

/^c,  j2u-c_!A 



773  and  775  Broad  Street, 
NEWARK.  N.  ,J. 

. - . . . March  .'37  th; 

1  ^  UI^I  a/C  f 

.  j. 

■Thomas  A.  .Edison  .Esq.;, 


Dear  Sir:  — 


.We  .encLqsejyou  bill  .for  the -lot 

completed  and  sent  tcnyou.  We  wish  to  say  a  word,  by  way  Jf  .^ 
in  regard  to  this  bill.  When -your  representative  called  upon^up«] 

or  binding,  which  we^Melj. 


- - -r— ^oiieu  uponrUp«ne  tfflLc 

that  there  would  be  ,2.  poo  ..volumes  that  iyo.u-.would>want'  bou'n'dH^ 
us  a  volume  as  a„  sample.  .  .We.  based  .our  .calculation*  updn'.^^JF 
;ing  only  abJ^^Sne-third  .0 
■the^price-'  that  we:  have  to  ' 
’‘■’upon,  the  same,  basis,  that 

1  H&*3=!£= 

VOlUn,.eS;  fit".  wlBVe  h_im.Ah?  ‘Pile* . ;  There,  being  .only  abi^e-Third  of 
the  quantity  ort|ipany  named  to  us.  of  .course  t.the^price-.  th^t  wa.hav'O  to' 
charge  you  for  binding  this  lot,  cannot  be<fcade£upori.  the  same,  basis, 
the  large  lot  was  figured  upon. 

We  have  however  made  the  .price  upon  the  (juanlitiis  sent  to  osGusi 
as  low  as  if  an  estimate  had  been  given  upon  them  before  going  on  withHhe 
work.  We  . have  also  had  to  make  an  extra  charge  for  mounting  maps,  as  the 

■party  .who  .called  .here,  and  instructed  us  about  mounting  them,  wished  them 
mounted  in  such  a  manner  .as  to  require  a  large  amount  of  .extra  labor  and 
•expense.  -Also  .on  a  great  many  .of  the  books  .he  .wished  a  .considerable  more 
lettering  upon  them,  than  .was  .originally  spoken  .about.  -All  .of  these  things 
•of  .course  .require  extra  labor  and  .expense,  and  we  are  compelled  to  .charge 

•We  have,  as  .we  have  said  before. carefully  gone  over  the  .job,  and 


773  and  775  Broad  Street, 


■have  made  the  .price  .as  low  as  it  is  ipossible  for  us  to  do  them,  and 
the  whole  Job  on  the  average  it  is  a  very  low  iprice  for  the  .work. 

•We  trust  that  it  will  be  satisfactory  to -you,  and  shall  :be  jpleased 
■from  -you  if  you  wish  the  balance  bound. 

;Yours  Respectfully, 



to  hear 

M  A  TTR'IAS  PL  U  M. 


/to-{*ty  Pi 

W.  H.  WALMSLEY  &  CO., 

o  R.  &  J.  BECK, 


Photographic  Supplies, 

No.  1016  Chestnut  Street. 


£  .  •  /  "7  a  ('Hi 

'TV' *5 <%- 
^  6—z^-r  -Ji&td*-.  y  Zl  — 

^V"-^  ?>7«rCy  ^ - * - _  cy^tt^d 

7^-z^  t—^^r  SV^tie^r  A^^-r  -Z^TlZ), 

^c*/~  sy^ti*y  A~^-r  -i^£- 

.  jfos^rztzzzL* 


-.  yts*£-  / 

hand  at  presented'  I  think  one-  sample  wilt  be  as  good1  as.  another  ter  the  .pur^- 
pose  you  mention.  • 

Our  MriSohwelm' says^  that.  he-'Sent  you.  t?;o  ^tcfclrs- a- ftpr;  d*yh  •agcu 

and  a  "letter,  ot  explanation  as  to  their,  adaptation  to  the  phonpgraotu- 
When;  you  *r^  ready  to- take,  down  .plano^fppte-  mustp^  can  gal  one  ot  tfid 
beat;:piap-iflts  tri'Amerlea'  to-  play  for.  the  tnatrumeptitf  yot!r  wOu^d  life*  to  have 
08*  land-  will  appoint-  a  day- and  hour-  for-  ua  to  go  to  Orange..  ' 

'  t-  remain,  - 

924  Chestnut  Street 

Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  s.  a. 


'Htf  JYIEjWjS, 


June  5th.l888. 

Thomas  A. Edison; 

,  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Yours  of*  the  4th.  inst.  is  at  hand,  we  regret 
to  hear  of  the  accident  to  the  mercury  bulb,  but  will  remind  you 
that  under  the  terms  of  our  agreement,  giving  you  the  apparatus  at 
such  a  very  low  rate,  we  took  no  responsibility  of  breakage.  If  you 
wish  us  to  order  the  bulb  from  Emgland  at  your  expense,  we  shall  of 
course,  be  pleased  to  do  so,  but  suppose  that  your  glass  blower  san 
make  another,  and  therefore  await  your  further  communications. 

ver y  He speotfully 

'■a  You  will  remember  that  yo ur  order  to  us-  in- 

cluded  a  Planetarium,  #6715  at  $60.  This  is  no  longer  made, 
and  we  could  not  furnish  it.  We  -.end  you  a  cut  of  a  French  Plan- ' 
otarium,  which  is  50  ctm.  diameter,  enclosed  in  a  crystal  globe, 
worked  by  the  hand  by  the  little  crank  seen  at  the  side.  This  is 
A  on  the  cut.  The  price  of  this  is  Pr.400,  and  with  clockwork  to 
turn  itself  Fr.  500.  The  Planetarium  B,  while  not  so  highly  re¬ 
commended  can  be  furnished  for  58  ctm.  diam,  Fr.  800,  50  ctm.  Fr500 
66  ctm.  Fr550.  ' 

We  should  bo  pleased  to  have  your  order  for  either  of  these. 

Very  keep octfully  _ 

james  W . Queen  &  Co. 

ment  of  your  Quadrant  Electromater  in  charge  of  the  captain  of  the 
3. S. Prussia  from  Glasgow  to  this  port. 

Please  be  kind  enough  to  let  us  know  how  you  wouLd  like  this 
sent  to  you.  For  such  an  expensive  and  delicate  inst  rument,  we 
think  it  would  pay  you  to  said  a  special  messenger,  as'it  might 
be  ruined  in  transport  with  even  the  most  careful  management. 

we  shall  be  pie  ased  to  have  your  opinion  on  the  subject,  and  re¬ 

Very  Respectfully 

james  W. Queen  &  Co, 

The  Quadrant  Electrometer  has  a:  rived,  but 
it  is  so  ltrge  we  find,  being  in  two  heavy  boxes,  that  no  messenger 
could  carry  it.  It  seems  to  us  therfore,  that  the  best  plan  will 
be  for  us  to  give  it  specially  in  charge  of  the  express  agent  here, 
paying  something  extra  to  him  if  necessary  to  claim  his  personal 
care,  and  for  you  to  have  the  train  met  by  some  of  your  people 
and  the  instruments  carefully  removed. 

Plea  e  let  us  know  at  once  if  this  plan  meets  with  your  ap¬ 

very  Respectfully 

janes  W.  Queen  &  Co.  ' 

‘1Ric^arr)0on  &  . 


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,aL^  r/o.  -  /"7^  y'r 

NEW  YORK, . August.  16 th......  13.8.8 . . 1B 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  N  -.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  Bausch  &  lomb  Optical  Oo.,  have  delivered jto  us  a, 
microscope  ^together  with  a  bill  for  $37.00,7  which  they  siate  was 
ordered  by  Mr.  Gilliland  through  Mr.  English  of  Orange,  N.J..  I 
do  not  know  Mr.  English  nor  do  I  know  for  what  purpose  the  micro¬ 
scope  was  ordered.  Should  it  be  sent  out  to  the  laboratory, or  car 
you  enlighten  me  in  any  way  upon  the  subject? 

■  ftp-*9' 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  lid  is  on; 

Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Sir; 

/l _ I 

We  wrote  to  the  Soc ieto  Genevoise  in  regard 
to  the  Hydraulic  Press  which  you  said  w  uld  not  stand  tte  pres¬ 
sure:  They  reply  t*  they  cannot  understard  this,  as  they  tested 
tMs  cylinder  themselves  at.  over  300  atmospheres  and  it  supported 
the  pressure  perfectly.  But  they  s^  in  order  to  give  you  sat- 
isf  act  ion  they  will  mate  and  «rd  a  new  cylinder  of  wrought  iron 
but  that  in  order  to  make  this  ttey  will  have  t  o  as  k  yo  u  t  o  se  id 
the  exact  dimensions,  interior  aid  exterior  of  the  cylinder  which 
is  broken. 

On  receipt  of  this  we  will  forward  it  to  the'  Soc  late  at 


very  Truly  I 

|  James  W. Queen  &  Co. 






ANTWERP,  J&jeJL ^ '  i&tf 

^^U(6U/  Cc  f  6?o£oi#.vt 

\  .  / 1  ^ 

CW  ys/^Py-  f  ^ 

<p£U , 

yi~  '  ""  \  ,  . 

0’Vdjyy-  C£co^C 

C^LECcJa  >^hA^U>LU‘ou/~ 

Electrical  Instruments 
Edison  Phonographs, 

American  Switches,  Cut  Outs,  Sockets, 
Glass  Eusible  Safety  Plugs. 
Edison's  Meters 

All  Devices  for  Theatre  regulation. 


Metallic  Thermometers. 


/-  CtfMe  OJ^dJLkf 

^4-0-]riy^  CIa_aJ  UrtisV  ’ 

t^LA-xf  u^v  T^T  / 

■  Ccutst  o~u\-  cW^T 

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tjfCvU/ly  \J?  CAroU 

~~6\  Q/\Q.oLl^~~ / 





Adresse : 

DYER  {Anvers). 


-Rue^  de  l'^mperejji^ 

...188  r 

O,  (eohjt^tsi 


uctric  Light  and  Telegraph  Dynam 

Ecliaon  Lamps,  ,/2.  i,  a.  3.  4  B  8,  I  -^f\aASc-  (7^C£iAjC<*£  /Hit 

Voltmeters^lIorlabUj1' Voltmeters,^  I  SoiA^ui/-f 

Sma«  Batoy  Edten  s„,icnl  /  , 

3  ^  ^7*?  /  c*-r  -f 

■ilfrCPk  OL^ 


/Ounces  'Ml 

{2  c~f  slflAA^ 


OXXJL  foOjfcu*>Slr\ 

CLaa  ot 

ir  Theatre  regulation. 

Metallic  Thermometers. 


Capital  &  500,000. 

Recording  Barometer, 



manufacturers  OF 

THE  HARKNESS  ]  n#  . 

eh  J^ilogatic  pppin^lep?. 




Equipping  EuilCl.tgs  of  nil  wltf|  Automatic  SotinlclMs 




DEAR  S1R:- 

I  Yours  of  the  4th,  received  an^ 

contents  noted.  In  reply  will  say  frliat  the  riser  will  be  4/2 
inehs,  the  main  pipes  of  the  building  are  from  4  to  2^2- 
inohs  and  the  lines  on  which  the  sprinklers  are  put  tire  from 
2^2-inoh  to  3/l  of  an  inch.  This  is  the  fullest  schedule 
required  by  the  .'«?JWiw:  York  Board  of  Eire  Under-writers". 

We  laid  your  matter  before  The  New  York 
J  Board  of  Eire  Under-writers  to  day  stating  how  the  system 
was  to  be  constructed  with  an  Automatic  Eire  Pump,  Eire  De¬ 
partment  connections.  Hydrant b  &c.  They  say  that  they  can¬ 
not  accept  .  the  Equipment  without  a  tank  but  that  they  will 
accept  it  without  the  puznp.  You  ea^  have  the  pump  or  not 
but  tl^ere  must  be  a  tank.  There  has  been  several  buildings 
burned,  withi£  the  last  12  months  where  they  depended  on  the 
pump  and  the  New  York  Board  and  New  England  Insurance  Com¬ 
panies  will  no  longer  accept  any  sprinkler  equipment  with¬ 
out  a  tank. 

-  Our  proposal  with  the  tank  will  be  accept¬ 

ed  by  the  New  York  Board  of  Eire  Underwriters  and  will  give 
the  lowest  rates  of  Insurance.  Our  Mr.  Harkness  will  call 
at  your  place  to-morrow.  '  ■  Very  Truly. 

.  Ucj3<  -f> 




7,  Rue  de  l’Empereur 
ANTWERP ,  . C,  ^ 

•  ,  Ginas  Fusible  Safety  PlugB, 

Edison's  Meters 

All  Devices  for  Tlieatre  regulation. 


.  Ciipltnl  «  .75,000  X- 


Capital  9  500,000. 

Recording  Steam 
Recording  Gasonje 

de  Gauge, 
r  Gauge, 
nd  Gauge, 


^tflrcLwL^.  ^eV  ^QAJljulQ 


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Ovyu^fiXt  <o^t.  7  lilatvuai 

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^JmHaA/K'  OV  C^kaJ-  *rh~-  UrouL^~~t  j 


Oct.  16th. 1888. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.Kdison; 

0ranfi e,  N.J 

Dear  Sir; 

You  w  ill  doubtles  s  be  pleased  to  hear  that 
the  Folkarfl  Standard  Thermomet  er-  ordered  by  you  for  your  La  bora  to 
some  time  ago,  and  which  it  was  doubtful  if  the  maker  could  furni 
has  arrived,  and  will  be  forwarded  to  you  as  soon  as  possible.  Ou: 
agent  writes  us  that  Folkard  being  at  the  head  of  a  large  Gas  Com 
pany  has  not  the  time  to  devote  to  the  manufacture  of  these  ther¬ 
mometers  that  he  otherwise  would,  and  so  there  was  this  delay. 

Hoping  that  this  will  be  satisfactory  to  you,  we  re  Rain 

Very  Respectfully 

'^Xvrr'  3-'^  ~  HrtvJU  e-«y  «/j_  | 

*$*-  ~j(e  '^uAr**l*-/C  j^-<ruj  Cvi^_  IhVlxKlsUt 

'Ijo-^kj  “V-«/^v  du^cts^nj  /UdtLu>  tctcctf^y^. 

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0&*Ja£Z. ~<r-A>y~-  '  CLaAaJ  OAA^OCJ~£c*Aj  ' 


<J7.  Jn 

<F  jp 

PHILIP  S.  DYER  7.  ^dcl'Empe^ur 

ANTWERP.  ^5s  r 

EUROPEAN  AGENT  ’  . . -10°  6 

AMERICAN  -  rf  <  ^ 


Adresse  TdMgraphique :  £.  r  ^ 

. .  A^'-^ 


Capital  8  250,000. 

pltal  8  250,000.  JL 

J  ,”4,5° 8  .• 

srs,  Portable  Voltmeters,  ^  c — y  / _ - 

Candle  Power, 
tmeters,  Portable  VoItmetL._, 

Battery  Edison  Lamps,  Surgical 
and  .  Dental  Lamps. 

•  ^  c?  o/f 

A?'  ^  " 

-  P  7 Ct^c. 


Cnp.taiJJ50.000  cC 

Electric  Light  and  Telegraph  Dynamos,  // 

5,“^.  ^  /^> 

Edison’s  Underground  Cabel  for  Electric  L/ 

EdiS  Dt?I^La"l™t?o°nd' 

Pasihie  Meta,  S Js  trhed  to  Amper , 


i,  Cut  Outs,  Sock' 
e  Safety  Plugs. 




Capital  8  500,000. 

Recording  Steam  Gauges, 
Recording  Water  &  Tide  Gauge,* 
'Recording  Gasometer  Gauge, 

Recording  Thermometer 
Recording  Barometer, 
Time  System. 






:tric  Light  and  Telegraph  Dynat 

Electrical  Instruments 
Edison  Phonographs, 

American  Switches,  Cut  Outs,  Sockets, 
Glass  Fusible  Safety  Plugs. 

All  Devices  for  Theatre  regulation. 


Metallic  Thermometers. 

- - - - /  7,  Rue  de  l’Empereur 


Recording  Steam  C 

Recording  Gasomete 
Elevator  Indicator  wii 
Recording  Thermo 




. 188^ 

•  (p/-  : 

>Q Tf 

Y  0—la^v  'y^-CX'ir-tsi/S  ^0 

Ok  cma.  f^L cuisicL-Y  ■ 

LlrcCK  J  o 

~(^0~LLAjy  (AHsCt  Sl4Aj,L-<iY- 

-  / 

/Yasvu  CTV&Ch. ^ 4V  %~- 

tn.'  '  in  o/l/cu^  e 

(fyh/Uj  ^  6  f&cOAAsv  'J'Y'f, 

O^K.  cv{  IP'  0-cUtUA-£eO*  % 

syn  exalte,  tut/-  SU’t/'-,  -jAf'U^E  ' 

ftlA  , 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  .J. 

Dear  Sir: 


rfe  are  glad  to  be  able  to  advise  you  regarding  the  Photosssstemicrographic 
aoDaratus  that  we  have  received  the  following  advice  pc'otr,  the  manufacture,  under  date 
of  the  4th  inst. 

I  am  just-  in  receiDt  of  your  kind  pfvor  of  the  35rd  ult.  aha  in  reply 
hasten  to  state,  that  the  orotograohic  aooai^tus  will  be  finished  in  the  course  of  a 
fortnight,  from  the  present,  date.  I  aiyrily  afraid  the  electric  lamp  belonging  to  it, 
will  not  be  delivered  to  m/aTthat  ti^e,  however,  should  it  haooen  to  be  ready  by 
then  you  may  rely  upon  receiving  the"'  co mole te  aooaratus  at  the  above  aoooiinted  time." 

The  above  i 
Trusting  the  above  wi 3 / 

in  answer  to  a  letter  of  ours  urging  ah”  early  shipment, 
be  satisfactory,  we  remain 

Queen  &  Co^ 


4L  .  J—esO^  ^w_('  /2— ? 

0~>-^y^  ^  ^2_. 


J-r~Z  JZ-3 

'  :,;^vV"'.  s^<&- 
■%.  ,' - 

2-^  >5^: 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 



The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power-Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bell 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 

Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  • 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endlck 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W,  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Gregory  Jankunls 

Assistant  Editors 
Keith  A.  Nier 
Gregory  Field 
lisa  Gltelman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowski 

Student  Assistant 

Bethany  Jankunls 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1993  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of  the  microfilm  may 
be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any  means-graphic,  electronic 
mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying,  recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval 
systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State  University,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey 
New  Jersey"3'  d°CUments  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site  at  West  Orange, 

ISBN  0-89093-702-8. 

>LI/  Cdvaoru  lapestA 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrigel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey- 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
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